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Garden asparagus zone plants


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Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! A perennial vegetable grown in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9, asparagus Asparagus officinalis does best when grown with certain other plants. These companion plants benefit asparagus by repelling asparagus pests, attracting pollinators or providing nutrients that generally improve the overall vigor and health of the asparagus. Several companion plants can be used to naturally keep asparagus beetles away from your crop. Tomatoes Solanum lycopersicum and asparagus are perfect garden companions.

Content:
  • Asparagus Growing and Harvest Information
  • Double Your Harvest: Grow ½ ton of Food in 200 Square Feet from One Planting
  • Cornell Cooperative Extension
  • How to Plant & Grow Asparagus
  • Companion Plants for Asparagus
  • Aspiring Asparagus
  • Learn More About Growing Asparagus
  • How to grow asparagus
  • How to Plant Asparagus
  • Asparagus Growing and Care Calendar
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: How to Grow Asparagus

Asparagus Growing and Harvest Information

How to grow strawberries and asparagus in the same bed and double your yields without chemicals. A well-managed perennial bed will continue to produce for 20 or even 30 years.

Strawberries and asparagus are natural companions. Both are early spring crops that will begin to produce after your last frost date. They root on different levels to maximize the nutrient return in your garden.

Both should be mulched to keep down weeds and to maximize yields. Strawberries usually have a 4-year life span, but the plants runner, self-planting new strawberry plants in the same area for years. I prefer midseason strawberry varieties for this application because they will give you a long harvest season but also give you runners to maintain the bed. Some modern gardening methods recommend planting asparagus just 6 inches deep, but if you are going to companion plant with strawberries, plant your asparagus at least 12 inches deep, and plant your strawberries 4 to 6 inches deep.

In this way, they will draw nutrients from different levels of the garden bed. For the best results, it is important to choose varieties that were specially bred for your climate. Choose winter hardy strawberries for northern gardens. Do some research once you find out what is available. When researching, after the fact, I found that this variety was bred in California and not exceptionally hardy.

My zone is on the edge of its hardiness zone. I lost the plants in the second winter. So, remember to consider where varieties originate if you are unsure how to grow strawberries, or new to it.

While you can grow asparagus from seed, you will have a more productive patch if you begin with 1-year-old or 2-year-old crowns and choose an all-male variety. Asparagus plants are either male or female. The male plants produce more spears than female plants. The female plants spend their energy in seed production, which curtails their spear yield the following spring.

By choosing an all-male variety, you will have bigger harvests each spring. If you are subject to late-season frosts, pick a variety of asparagus that comes up later in the spring, such as Guelph millennium, which was extended a full week in trials, but produced more spears over the season.

Frost that comes when the spears are up will kill the spears back, reducing yields, so in an area with late spring frost, later yielding varieties will be better. Asparagus likes well-drained soil. Too much soil moisture will rot the roots. It likes full sun but will grow with some dappled shade.

Pick your spot thoughtfully. Your asparagus will be growing in the same area for decades. You are going to prepare an area that is 10 feet wide by 20 feet long or around square feet. You will have a space large enough for 50 asparagus plants and 75 strawberry plants. Placed on a gentle slope the bed will frost drain, protecting the plants from late spring frosts.

Twenty-five asparagus plants are enough for a family of 4 for the asparagus season. Fifty plants will give you enough asparagus to preserve for winter eating. To prepare the area, remove all the weeds. Rototill the area or prepare it with a broad fork to loosen the soil. Add 4 inches of finished compost, 1 gallon of bone meal, and about a 1-gallon bucket of wood ashes. Fully incorporate these amendments into the bed. The initial planting time is your chance to amend the soil for long-term harvests.

Later the strawberries will send out runners into the spots between the asparagus, filling in the area. You will want to thin out the runners as the plants are growing to leave room to step inside the bed so that you can harvest both asparagus and strawberries in June and July every year. Depending on your strawberry variety, they can fill all available room in the bed with runners. Runners can also be pruned back in the early portion of the growing season, to encourage more berry production.

Plant asparagus in trenches. Mark 7 rows using a plumb line, to ensure that your rows are straight. Dig trenches 6 inches wide by 12 inches deep. Place your trenches 2 feet apart. Then mound the soil up inside the trenches at least 6 inches. Soak your asparagus crown roots in compost tea while you prepare the trenches. When you are ready to plant, drape the asparagus crowns over the mound in the trench, letting the roots wrap down on either side of the mound.

Space your asparagus plants 17 inches apart with 7 plants per foot trench. Cover the crown with dirt, until the soil is level with the ground. Now place two strawberry plants in between each asparagus crown, 10 to 12 strawberry plants per row. Plant the strawberry plants 4 to 6 inches deep, ensuring that the crown of the strawberry is above the soil surface. Firm the soil in around the plants. Water well. Then mulch with 4 inches of straw between the rows to keep the weeds in check and control the moisture levels.

Each year you will need to transplant the runners from your strawberry plants into the rows, and in year 4 remove the no longer bearing mother plants. If you plant all-male two-year-old crowns, your asparagus should give you 15 to 20 lbs of asparagus each year, after year 4. There is some loss to mold, weeds, and wildlife. Last year I had a wild grouse and her 7 baby grouse helping themselves to the strawberries.

It was worth the loss to see these healthy babies repopulating our homestead. These yield calculations are just estimates and not guaranteed. There are a lot of factors that contribute to your actual yields. The nice thing about strawberries and asparagus is that you keep getting second chances every spring. If you planted 2-year-old asparagus crowns, you would get your first small harvest in the 3 rd spring after planting. Harvest only those spears that are at least finger thick.

Harvest for 6-weeks and then allow the rest to grow into tall ferns. These ferns feed the root and prepare it with nourishment for the winter. Once the ferns die back in the fall, you can clip them and remove them from the bed. Once your bed is well established, you can expect 50 to 70 lbs of organic strawberries and 20 pounds of organic asparagus every year.

Here in BC, both those crops are premium priced. That makes it well worth the effort to prepare the bed and get this going as soon as you can, once you have your homestead. Replace the mulch between the rows every spring before the spears emerge. Mulch at least 4 to 6 inches deep and cover the rows with mulch around the strawberry plants.

The asparagus spears will appear through the mulch. Mulch will keep the weeds down, retain moisture levels, and keep the berries clean and mold-free. Pull any weeds that grow through the mulch and keep the bed weed-free. Water, only if necessary, to maintain soil moisture. Too much water will cause the ripening berries to mold.

This keeps chickweed and other spreading weeds from growing under the strawberry leaves and causing mold and mildew. Harvest asparagus spears when they are 7 to 10 inches long and are finger thick, by cutting or breaking them off at ground level. During the peak of the season, you may need to harvest twice a day. Harvest for 4 to 6 weeks in the 3 rd year and then stop and allow the fronds to grow and nourish the root system. Harvest strawberries as they ripen in the second year, and each year after that.

Strawberries do not continue to ripen after picking so wait until the berries are entirely red before picking. Midseason varieties have a long harvest season of at least four weeks from mid-June to mid-July, depending on your last frost date.

Hand-pick slugs and other pests from the plants. Keep the bed weed-free. Add more mulch if it becomes reduced by compaction or decomposition. After the harvest, pull back the mulch on the rows and side dress the rows with finished compost and add additional straw mulch around the plants. Plant strawberry runners in the rows and allow them to establish by the end of August.

Remove any 4-year-old strawberry plants and replace them with fresh runner plants. Allow asparagus fonds to die back before clipping and removing them from the bed.

If you get reliable snow the winter snow cover is enough protection for the bed. When we planted our asparagus bed, we interplanted strawberries with them.The bed was 10 x 20 feet, on a gentle slope to act as a frost drain and held 50 asparagus crowns Millennium all-male variety and 75 mid-season strawberry plants Cavendish variety. The asparagus will extract nutrients from the soil at a deeper level than the strawberries, better utilizing the space and giving two crops that are ready early in the season before the other garden work is demanding.

Once the harvest is over, the asparagus and strawberry bed can be mulched well to reduce weeding.


Double Your Harvest: Grow ½ ton of Food in 200 Square Feet from One Planting

Asparagus officinalis Asparagus is a cool-climate perennial plant that is fairly well adapted to all but the hottest areas of the South. Its tender spears, which arise from the crowns in the spring, make it an appetizing product of the home garden. Asparagus Harvesting and Weeding. Georgia Vegetable Gardening Publications. Asparagus is native to Europe and Asia where it has been cultivated for more than 2, years. The asparagus planting will take a few years to get into full production, so you will not want to move the bed around. Plant asparagus as soon as the ground can be worked in the spring.

plant type. Vegetable ; height. 6 to 12 inches; 1 to 3 feet; 3 to 8 feet ; width. From 1 to 3 feet ; zones. 4; 5; 6; 7; 8; 9 ; propagation. Division · Seed.

Cornell Cooperative Extension

Log In. There is a PDF version of this document for downloading and printing. Versatile asparagus is a nutritional powerhouse that pairs well with fish, beef, shrimp, veal, chicken, and pasta, but is also great on its own as a side dish. Rich in antioxidants, fiber, and vitamins, asparagus is as nutritious as it is delicious. One of the first vegetables to arrive in spring, this beautiful perennial looks like a soft fern in the landscape. Asparagus is one of the few perennial vegetables we can grow in North Carolina. Once established, an asparagus bed can produce for many years. When and Where to Plant Plant asparagus in winter, between mid-January and mid-March, while the plants are dormant. Plants will be most productive when grown in full sun.

How to Plant & Grow Asparagus

Among the earliest crops in spring, plantings of this hardy perennial can last for decades if well cared for, and the fine foliage makes it a natural for edible landscaping. The tender spears are tastiest when eaten as soon as possible after harvest. Small, yellowish green. Older varieties such as Mary Washington have male and female flowers on separate plants. Male flowers are larger and longer than female.

Download Resource. Asparagus is a perennial crop that produces spears year after year for 10 to 15 years or longer if the plants are given adequate care.

Companion Plants for Asparagus

Like most vegetables, homegrown asparagus is rich in nutrients and abounds in flavor. It takes a couple of years to get the plant established enough before you can start harvesting its tasty bright green stems in spring. Once started, the perennial crop can thrive for 10 years or more. There are male and female asparagus plants. Since male plants can be three to five times more productive than female plants, choose a male plant whenever possible.

Aspiring Asparagus

Asparagus is one of those perennial vegetables that people seem to either love or hate. In my experience most of the people who claim to hate asparagus dislike all sorts of delicious, healthy vegetables. Asparagusic acid is the substance in asparagus that breaks down sulfurous elements during digestion. For others, it is so offensive that it makes them avoid asparagus entirely. If you are reading this, though, I suspect you fall into the love camp too and have a healthy respect for asparagusic acid and all the other awesome qualities asparagus brings to the table. Asparagus is pretty easy to grow. It can be grown in almost any climate, including places like Hawaii and California.

After a few years of growing asparagus, you'll have a high-yielding plant that keeps Sow seeds 12 to 14 weeks before the last frost date in your area.

Learn More About Growing Asparagus

For details on growing many other vegetables and fruits, visit our Crop at a Glance collection page. A hardy perennial adapted in Zones 3 to 8, asparagus grows best in well-drained soil with a near-neutral pH between 6. The edible part of the asparagus plant is the young stem shoot, which emerges as soil temperatures rise above 50 degrees Fahrenheit in spring.

How to grow asparagus

RELATED VIDEO: Companion Planting Asparagus and Strawberries (No-till, Ruth Stout)

Asparagus Asparagus officinalis is one of the earliest harvested vegetables each spring. Asparagus spears are crisp, tender and flavorful. The asparagus harvest season lasts about weeks, from early May to late June in Minnesota.In the peak of asparagus season, asparagus spears can grow up to 2 inches per day, producing bountiful harvests for gardeners to enjoy. Asparagus is a unique crop. It is one of the few perennial vegetables grown in Minnesota; others include horseradish and rhubarb.

Asparagus prefers an area with full sun and well-drained, sandy loam soil. The asparagus bed should be kept free of perennial weeds such as field bindweed, bermudagrass, or johnsongrass.

How to Plant Asparagus

Asparagus is high in vitamins A,C,E, K, folate, riboflavin, thiamine and fibre. The Canadian Food Guide recommends that roughly half of the food on your plate should be fruits and vegetables. Asparagus needs full to partial sun for best growth. Asparagus is not suitable for partial shade or shady areas. Since asparagus is a long-lived perennial vegetable, choose a site that won't become shaded by nearby trees in years to come. Asparagus grows best in sandy, sandy loam or loam soil that is well draining.

Asparagus Growing and Care Calendar

Unlike most vegetables, asparagus is a perennial, meaning it lives for more than two seasons. Asparagus stalks increase in circumference and number over time — it definitely gets better with age. Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links.



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