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Horticultural therapy techniques

Horticultural therapy techniques


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Candice Shoemaker , Chair Dr. Summary In the past five to ten years, there has been increasing research of the healing, social, and therapeutic benefits that plants impart to human life. With all of the resultant new information, people have become confused by the many facets of people-plant interactions, including the meaning of horticultural therapy. Much of this mismatching and misunderstanding has occurred at the university level as horticulture faculty members, well-versed in crop production and basic science, have begun to try to understand and share with students the value of horticultural commodities to the consumer.

Content:
  • HORTICULTURE THERAPY ACTIVITIES
  • Horticulture Therapy In Atlanta, GA
  • How Rogers implements horticultural therapy in eating disorder recovery
  • Horticultural therapy
  • How Horticultural Therapy Can Help Kids With Autism (And Everyone)
  • Therapeutic Benefits of Gardening
  • Horticultural therapy defined
  • HORTICULTURE THERAPY: COMPARISONS WITH OTHER ALLIED THERAPIES AND CURRENT STATUS OF THE PROFESSION
WATCH RELATED VIDEO: Horticultural Therapy: Natural Therapy From the Garden

HORTICULTURE THERAPY ACTIVITIES

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Improving cognitive function is one of the most challenging global issues in cognitive impairment population. Horticultural therapy involves the expertise of a horticultural therapist who establishes a treatment plan for horticultural activities that aim to achieve cognitive changes, and thereby improve health-related quality of life.

However, more convincing evidence demonstrating the effect of horticultural therapy on cognitive function is essential. The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of controlled trials testing the effect of horticultural therapy on cognitive function and the findings indicate that horticultural therapy programs significantly improved cognitive function.

The effect size of the horticultural therapy program was large. Findings of this meta-analysis have important implications for practice and policies. Governments and policy-makers should consider horticultural therapy as an important tool to prevent the decline of cognitive function in cognitive impairment population.

Population aging has led to serious healthcare problems in many countries. The decline of cognitive impairment is one of the characteristics of the aging population. Cognitive impairment affects social support 1 , quality of life 2 , and health 3 , 4 and increases the risk of dementia 5 , 6. When cognitive impairment progresses to dementia, the resultant potential economic and social burdens can be substantial 7 , 8 , especially on caregivers 9.

The promotion of cognitive function or prevention of cognitive impairment has become one of the most challenging issues in the world. Horticultural therapy involves the expertise of a horticultural therapist who establishes a treatment plan involving horticultural activities that aims to achieve specific goals 10 which results in psychological, physiological, and cognitive changes that improve health-related quality of life 11 , 12 , 13 and biological changes that prevent chronic diseasesSeveral theories explained the impact of horticultural therapy on cognitive function.

The attention restoration theory states that viewing natural settings and natural plants may restore direct attentional capacity from fatigue and induce the feeling of being-away from stress 15 ,Horticultural therapy establishes a sense of control, empowerment, and cooperation to satisfy the requirement of safety and stabilization from cognitive overburden status according to trauma recovery conceptHorticultural therapy provides reminiscence benefits to promote memory and cognitive skills through olfactory sense and gustatory senseBased on the above theories, horticultural therapy may improve attention, a sense of control, memory and cognitive skills.

In many countries, for example Taiwan, improvement of cognitive function through horticultural therapy is not considered within mainstream medical and healthcare systems due to a lack of supporting scientific evidence.There are some trials in the literature that support the positive effects of horticultural therapy on cognitive function; however these studies do not have control groups 18 , 19 , 20 ,Higher level evidence is lacking. There are also some randomized controlled trials available, but of these, some are compromised by ambiguous methodology e.

High-quality randomized controlled trials are scarce in horticultural therapy because they are the most challenging to design and implement. Evidence from available non-randomized, controlled trials have shown that horticultural therapy programs did not affect cognitive function 17 , 23 ,One possible reason is that the sample sizes are small, and therefore statistically significant treatment effects are not able to be detectedMeta-analysis is a useful method to address research challenges such as small sample sizes and lowered statistical power.

It computes a summary effect of individual studies through the process of search strategy, data extraction, quality assessment, and data analysisSurprisingly, only one study, Soga et al. However, the study of Soga et al. There is an urgent need to focus analysis on studies that determine the effect between horticultural therapy and cognitive function alone.

The meta-analysis of controlled trials will likely provide a higher level of evidence. Therefore, this meta-analysis of controlled trials aimed to investigate the effect of horticultural therapy on cognitive function.

In the level of evidence, the controlled trials without randomization stand at a higher level than case—control, cohort studies, and descriptive studies although meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials have the highest level of evidenceHowever, few horticultural therapy studies are randomized controlled trials. Therefore, this study focused on not only randomized controlled trials but also well-designed controlled trials without randomization.

The hypothesis is that horticultural therapy has a positive effect on cognitive function. A total of records were searched and identified after duplicates were removed Fig. After irrelevant topics were removed, 50 studies on horticultural therapy were screened. Of these, 36 full-text articles were excluded including 19 without control groups, 5 that did not measure cognitive function, 7 review articles, 2 study protocols and 3 abstracts, resulting in 14 full-text articles that met inclusion eligibility.

The final analyzed dataset included 9 articles 17 , 23 , 24 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , after qualitative synthesis and feasibility evaluation of effect estimates which excluded 5 articles due to insufficient information for the evaluation of effect estimates. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses PRISMA 43 , 44 flow diagram for search, selection, and identification process of this study. A total of 10 studies Table 1 were controlled trials without randomization because no valid randomized controlled trial that fit within the scope of this study was found.

The studies were conducted in the data extraction and quality assessment because one of the included articles had two independent studiesThe evaluation results are presented in Supplementary Table S1. Figure 2 illustrates the quality assessment and represents a risk of bias. The scores of the included 10 studies ranged from 14 toTwo studies were assessed to be of fair quality and excellent quality, respectively. Meta-analysis was conducted using the 10 included studies because the quality assessment of all included studies was higher than poor quality.

All datasets of included studies in the meta-analysis are shown in Supplementary Table S2. Cumulative meta-analysis by study publication year indicated that the effect size tended to stabilize, followed by increasing publication year and number of samples Fig.

There was no evidence of temporal bias. A one-study-removed meta-analysis indicated that removal of any single study still tends to stabilize effect sizes and is still a significant estimate Fig. This result supports the hypothesis that horticultural therapy programs positively improve cognitive function in the cognitively impaired population when compared with a control group.

First, the asymmetrical funnel plot at the bottom of the graph Fig. The imputed point estimate was 0. These methods showed that publication bias is insufficient to influence the results of this study.

Assessments of publication bias in the meta-analysis. A Funnel plot with one imputed study of the relationship between the mean effect size and standard error for included study. B Funnel plot with one imputed study of the relationship between the mean effect size and the precision of included study.

This meta-analysis of 10 non-randomized controlled trials determined that horticultural therapy significantly improved cognitive function.All 10 included studies were Asian studies because no non-Asian studies were found in search, selection, and identification process for this study. Non-Asian studies were excluded in the process of full-text articles assessed for eligibility due to non-controlled trials. There is no evidence of publication bias affecting the results of this study.

The eligible studies included a master thesis, which was also verified to be fair to excellent quality by the process quality. This study selected a random-effects model to test the effect sizes because the nature of included studies was heterogeneous due to different sample characteristics, duration, frequency, and types of horticultural therapy, and cognitive measures. This study directly evaluated the combined effect size of included studies because no statistical heterogeneity was observed between the effect size combined of included studies in the meta-analysis.

The effect size was stable and was not affected by the publication year and repeated removal of any single study. This study contributed valuable evidence. Based on this meta-analysis of non-randomized controlled trials: horticultural therapy programs significantly improved cognitive function. The effect size of horticultural therapy was large. In the process of meta-analysis, we found that the 19 horticultural therapy studies lacked control groups Fig.

Further, this study extracted eight studies with detailed information on the method and results e. This information is presented in Supplementary Table S3 online, and includes the studies by Park et al. Seven studies showed a positive effect direction in the cognitive measure of the experimental group. Although one study had a significant negative effect direction, it explains that the horticultural therapy may have slowed the cognitive decline due to a lower cognitive decline in similar prevalence studiesThe all experimental group also have positive effect direction in the included studies of meta-analysis.

Overall, the effect direction of experimental group was similar between the included studies and above eight studies without control group.

All included studies presented comparisons of demographic characteristics, socioeconomic, disease, or cognitive function to increase appropriateness of the control group to be compared with the experimental group. This study accessed the inclusion criteria of four included studies 24 , 31 , 32 , 33 e. Although the four studies reported the inclusion of patients Supplementary Table S1 , the criteria was found to be inadequate.

The inadequate information made it difficult to assess the appropriateness of the control group. Six included studies 17 , 23 , 28 , 29 , 30 outlined clear inclusion criteria, such as age, diagnosis of a specific disease by a professional, physical ability, etc. This increased the appropriateness of the control group, enabling comparisons with the experimental group.

This study suggested that clear inclusion criteria should be explained in future studies. In addition, while the included studies clearly explained the horticultural therapy program, they rarely explained the activity of control group.

This should be also be clearly explained in future studies. There are certain limitations of this study. The heterogeneity of the sample characteristics, duration, frequency, and types of horticultural therapy, and cognitive measure of included studies may affect the results. However, few related studies have similar parameters. Future study should implement related horticultural therapy studies and meta-analyze the horticultural therapy studies those with similar sample characteristics, activity characteristics, and cognitive measure.

No valid randomized controlled trial that fit within the scope of this study was found. The search strategy and inclusion criteria did not limit randomized controlled trial.

Although the meta-analysis of high-quality randomized controlled trials would provide stronger evidence, few horticultural therapy programs executed randomized controlled study designs due to operational difficulties. Recently, an increasing number of studies on horticultural therapy have tried to conduct randomized controlled trials. However, these low-quality randomized controlled trials were not able to contribute to a meaningful meta-analysis


Horticulture Therapy In Atlanta, GA

This study was conducted to determine the effects of a horticultural therapy HT program, based on B. Twenty-four participants 10 males, 14 females, in grades 1 to 3 with intellectual disabilities were recruited from a special education class at an elementary school in Seoul, South Korea. Twelve children participated in the HT program after-school for 6 months Mar. Difference in attention was not significant between groups.In conclusion, the HT program improved the sociality of children with intellectual disabilities. To maximize the therapeutic effects of the HT program for attention, the program should be revised and supplemented based on the results in this study.

The Canadian association defines horticultural therapy as “a formal practice that uses plants, horticultural activities, and the garden landscape to promote.

How Rogers implements horticultural therapy in eating disorder recovery

Seniors especially can benefit from interacting with nature through horticultural therapy. Planting and enjoying the results of a therapeutic garden is considered one of many proven, holistic treatments for those in need of rehabilitation and healing, stimulation, social engagement and more. Seniors experience remarkable benefits from connecting to the earth. The practice of planting flowers and vegetables, getting their hands dirty and watching their efforts turn into beautiful results gives them a sense of empowerment that too often vanishes with age. Simply being outside in the fresh air and sunshine provides a sense of mental clarity and overall well-being. Nonetheless, experts have done significant research on our interaction with the natural world, recording the evidence of its many benefits. According to the American Horticultural Therapy Association AHTA , the benefits of horticultural therapy have been proven by time itself, with documented studies dating back to the nineteenth century. Today, the practice of gardening is often used for rehabilitation of lost skills, memory improvement, balance and muscle coordination, stress management and social connection. Therapeutic gardens are becoming increasingly popular among senior living communities for their unique and comprehensive benefits.

Horticultural therapy

Where Change Is Possible. Horticultural therapy is a process through which plants, gardening activities and the innate closeness we all feel toward nature are used as vehicles in professionally conducted programs of therapy and rehabilitation. Horticultural therapy HT is a time-proven practice. In the 19th century, Dr. Benjamin Rush, a signer of the Declaration of Independence and recognized as the "Father of American Psychiatry," was first to document the positive effect working in the garden had on individuals with mental illness.

Gardening is a wonderfully flexible medium that can transform lives and Thrive sees first-hand how gardening can help everyone, regardless of age or disability.

How Horticultural Therapy Can Help Kids With Autism (And Everyone)

Every child has his or her own set of unique strengths, difficulties, and interests, and our clinicians consider these needs and opportunities when implementing individual treatment plans. In recognition of the necessity of diverse and targeted programming, we introduced Horticulture Therapy to our campus inHorticultural Therapy is a formal practice that uses plants, horticultural activities, and the garden landscape to promote well-being for those engaging in the activities. Horticultural therapy is a time-proven practice and the cognitive and therapeutic benefits of garden environments for individuals with a mental illness have been documented since the early 19th century. Horticulture Therapy sessions are administered by professionally trained Horticultural Therapists, like the certified Horticulture therapist we have on-site at Hillside. By participating in Horticulture Therapy, children enhance their self-esteem and self-worth through activities which engage exploration of nature, creative expression, and mindfulness.

Therapeutic Benefits of Gardening

For the safety and well-being of our clients, families and staff, HopeWay will require all clients receiving in-person treatment to be fully vaccinated starting Monday, September 13 th. We are currently accepting admissions into our Residential , Partial Hospitalization and Intensive Outpatient Programs. To inquire about services or make a referral, please contact the Admissions Team at or by submitting an Inquiry Form here. The main educational goal of the horticultural therapy program is to offer clients knowledge that will allow them to transfer skills from HopeWay to home, such as stress reduction, increased mindfulness, improved self-care and social skills. The practice of horticultural therapy uses plants, gardens, and nature-based activities to promote well-being. Its practice is an effective, evidence-based therapeutic modality similar to music, art, recreation and other experiential therapies. Horticultural therapists assess emotional well-being, social functioning, communication abilities, cognitive and physical abilities, and horticultural interest. In collaboration with the interdisciplinary treatment team, horticultural therapists design treatment programs to address specific goals.

Evaluate tools, equipment, structures, and techniques used by participants in horticultural therapy activities. Design and construct adaptive tools and.

Horticultural therapy defined

Learn more. If you have passions for both plants and helping people, horticultural therapy offers the best of both by teaching you how to bring people and the natural environment together for healing purposes. Acquire the therapeutic skills and horticultural techniques needed to serve a diverse population of people in need. The NYBG Horticultural Therapy Certificate Program helps students begin or complement their careers through an in-depth exploration of innovative methods using plants and the growing environment to heal and rehabilitate people.

HORTICULTURE THERAPY: COMPARISONS WITH OTHER ALLIED THERAPIES AND CURRENT STATUS OF THE PROFESSION

At Soil to Supper we believe that everyone of all ages and abilities needs a connection with nature and to experience a sense of joy and the health benefits gained from gardening activities and fresh food. I am blessed to share my passion for gardening, my skills and knowledge in Horticulture and Therapeutic Horticulture to provide support to individuals and organisations to create wellness throughout the community. Therapeutic Gardening Program The Soil to Supper Therapeutic Gardening Program is a unique initiative that offers NDIS Participants with opportunities to improve their mental and physical health, learn new skills, develop confidence and enhance social connection through gardening activities and growing fresh food. We offer specialised training and development workshops to provide skills and knowledge required to deliver therapeutic gardening programs to clients. Training programs provide the necessary information and skills to deliver gardening activities, support a therapeutic garden and align within Aged Care and NDIS standards. Our Onsite Consultation service guides and supports organisations to establish therapeutic and kitchen gardens and deliver gardening programs to residents and clients.

Horticultural therapy also known as social and therapeutic horticulture or STH is defined by the American Horticultural Therapy Association AHTA as the engagement of a person in gardening and plant-based activities, facilitated by a trained therapist , to achieve specific therapeutic treatment goals. The use of horticulture to calm the senses dates as far back as BC in ancient Mesopotamia, and around BC, ancient Persians created gardens to soothe the senses by involving beauty, fragrance, flowing water, and cool temperatures.

This is a great time of year for horticultural therapy contracts. Everyone is itching to start planning and prepping for a successful horticultural therapy outdoor garden program, and our excitement level is right there with them. The possibilities are endless with the added perk of being very affordable and therapeutically significant. When gearing up for gardening season, I focus my horticultural therapy activities on three topics: seed plantings, propagation, and transplanting. All three topics not only have a wonderful educational component, but also serve as meaningful therapeutic activities. Seed planting, or seed germination, activities serve an educational and therapeutic purpose.

PCC provides the core horticulture therapy requirements for registration as a horticultural therapist and a Therapeutic Horticulture Activity Specialist certificate for students not yet meeting the American Horticultural Therapy Association AHTA registered horticultural therapist requirements. This enables students to develop the knowledge and skills to utilize therapeutic horticulture with diverse populations in a variety of settings. See the AHTA internship handbook for more information. Contact Melissa Bierman for details.


Watch the video: Η θεραπεία της Ιδεοψυχαναγκαστικής Διατααχής


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