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Wild or girlish grape (Parthenocissus) is an unpretentious decorative winter-hardy deciduous plant. If there is a desire to obscure a part of a garden plot or a house from prying eyes, then this woody liana will ideally mask everything that is needed with its dense carpet, and will also give the effect of an old mansion. Experienced gardeners prefer this plant for its thirst for life and its ability, with minimal care, to become a real decoration for a long period - from April to the first frost.
This perennial belongs to deciduous plants. The foliage of wild grapes changes color depending on the season. In early spring, it turns into rich light and dark green tones, and towards the beginning of autumn, crimson-red and brown shades appear. Around August-September, inedible fruits of black or dark blue color ripen on the grapes. An ornamental plant is not susceptible to disease and is resistant to pests.
Wild grape care
Wild grapes grow well in shade, partial shade and in a sunny area. When planting a plant along a plastered wall, it must be borne in mind that some grape varieties can damage the surface of the wall by growing into it.
An ornamental perennial can also be grown in a flower pot at home. In the warm season, he feels great on the balcony or veranda, and for the winter he needs to be moved to a cool room.
Wild grapes are also used as a ground cover plant, but it will not be possible to get rid of it in the future. It is worth thinking carefully before planting a shrub in this way.
The vine has the ability to grow very quickly, flying around everything in its path, even smooth plastered walls. When choosing a landing site, it is necessary to immediately build a reliable and strong support, which, even after a few years, will be able to hold the heavy green mass. Near the wall of the house, it can be trellises, and in an open area - a hedge made of metal mesh.
In the first year of grapes life, it is recommended to fix young shoots on a support and direct them in the right direction.
Formative pruning of wild grapes has been carried out regularly since the second season. Since the perennial is easily propagated by self-seeding, it is recommended to cut off the grapes in a timely manner. This will save the nearby area from young growth, as well as from berry mash, which is possible with massive shedding of berries in early autumn.
Shelter for the winter
The shelter procedure is very relevant for residents of central Russia, where winters are more severe and frosts are long. A reliable shelter will help keep the root of the vine from freezing, but sometimes young shoots cannot be saved. True, this does not matter much for the further development of grapes. Routine sanitary pruning in spring will restore the entire shrub in a short amount of time.
Watering and feeding
Moistening and nourishing the soil is important only for young grape seedlings, but an adult plant does well without these two procedures on its own.
Breeding methods for wild grapes
This breeding method does not require human intervention. Wild grapes spread very easily and quickly throughout the plot with the help of their many fruits, which fall off after ripening.
Reproduction by root suckers
The offshoots of the root part of the plant are planted in a prepared area in a fertilized soil and watered abundantly. The distance between plantings is from 70 cm to 1 m.
Propagation by cuttings
Cut cuttings (10-15 cm long) can be placed in the water for rooting or laid horizontally in the soil in the selected area in prepared grooves to a depth of at least two centimeters. From above, the grooves with cuttings must be covered with earth and tamped, after which abundant watering is carried out. With daily watering, rooting will occur in 10-15 days.
Propagation by seedlings
It is necessary to purchase seedlings of one or two years of age. In the planting holes (about 50 cm deep), you first need to pour a drainage layer consisting of crushed stone and sand, and then a soil mixture (from peat, sand and garden soil), into which the seedling is planted. The distance between the landings is 1 meter.
Maiden grapes - 6 ares
Many gardeners are interested in what wild grapes are, or rather maiden grapes. Although the term "wild" is more familiar and understandable, but in this case it cannot be considered correct. This spectacular vine belongs to an independent genus of the Grape family (Vitaceae Juss), has the scientific name Parthenocissus. The plant is also often called "Maiden's Tears", "Ladies '(Ladies') Grapes". Its small bluish-black berries, although harmless to health, are completely inedible.
Girlish grapes (pictured) are used for vertical gardening and decoration of hedges, fences, arches, gazebos, residential and office buildings
Frankly speaking, not every amateur gardener will agree to plant a "indefatigable" plant in a small area. But from the point of view of gardening and landscape design, this wonderful vine is admirable. Many people place wild grapes on a fence, near a house wall, or near any vertical support. Expanding, it creates a solid green curtain, masking nondescript buildings or forming shady canopies. Fast-growing climbing shoots can be freely directed to the desired direction and create a variety of beautiful shapes.
What is a maiden five-leaf grape
On a sultry summer afternoon, a cozy gazebo, which is completely covered with green foliage girlish grapes, becomes a real salvation! Lush greenery gives a refreshing coolness, and even if it does not look as impressive as climbing roses, it requires almost no maintenance.
In the photo, landscaping with girlish grapes
Of ten species of vines of the genus Parthenocissus (parthenocissus), growing in East Asia and North America, only three are used for decorative purposes: ivy grapes (tri-pointed), attached, and also virgin or five-leafed. The latter species is best suited for growing in Russian conditions, since the plant, even without shelter, is able to tolerate frosty winters well.
Why are decorative grapes called maiden? There is a simple explanation for this: the flowers of a plant do not need pollen fertilization to form seeds. It is because of this "immaculate conception" that the liana was named "virgin ivy" (in Greek: partenos kisses).Video about beautiful girlish grapes
Since the 17th century, public parks and private estates have been decorated with virgin grapes. Gazebos, arches, terraces and balconies twined with green ivy look very picturesque! The popular liana is often used to decorate the walls of houses, outbuildings, pillars, and is also grown as a hedge.
Climbing shoots of parthenocissus can reach 15-20 m, climbing up the support or gracefully drooping down. In the summer months, the vines are densely covered with dark green five-part leaves, by the fall, the foliage acquires a bright purple color, and clusters of small bluish-black berries (inedible) stand out beautifully against its background.
The plant reproduces both generatively (by seeds) and vegetatively: by cuttings (lignified or green), as well as by layering. Cutting and sowing of seeds of maiden grapes can be carried out during the entire growing season. As a rule, annual shoots, from which cuttings are harvested, have the highest ability to root and resume growth. In the fall, suitable stems are cut just above the second bud from the ground, the tops are separated, and the shoots themselves are cut so that each part has at least two nodes. The bottom pair of leaves is removed completely.
Self-preparation of planting material is not particularly difficult
Rooting of cuttings is carried out in water, in soil or soil mixtures in containers, which is preferable. These can be seedling boxes filled with a substrate consisting of clean river sand with humus or peat in a 1: 1 ratio. The finished container with well-moistened soil is placed in a shady, cool place. Further care for the cuttings is reduced to timely watering, which does not allow the land to dry out. For successful overwintering, the containers are removed to an unheated, but frost-free room. In the spring, seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
These are not flowers for you!
If everything is not so difficult with flowers (from the point of view of legislation), then unauthorized planting of larger plants in the courtyards - bushes and trees - may just fall under the aforementioned administrative punishment. Small seedlings will eventually grow into large trees and, planted in the wrong place, will begin to violate the rules of insolation, shading the windows of apartments on the lower floors, destroy the foundation and other structures with their roots, and interfere with power lines with branches.
The wrong place for planting a tree in the yard can turn into trouble in the future.
However, you can plant trees in your yard - you just need to contact the administration. There they will indicate possible landing sites - taking into account the current rules, sanitary and building codes. They will give recommendations on the species allowed for planting in urban conditions, and, possibly, will provide not only administrative support.
"Even in paradise you will have neighbors"
At least, this is what one of the ironic aphorisms published by the Polish magazine "Pshekruj" under the heading "Thoughts of great people, average people and Fafik the doggie" says. Neighbors, of course, are the number one problem for the lover of flowers at the entrance.
But, even having received carte blanche from neighbors to create a flower bed, you can still run into trouble. The city gardener is not protected from vandalism: from lovers of a bouquet "for free", from dogs and cats tearing up plantings, from children - both from babies trying to pick a beautiful flower, and from little robbers who deliberately trample the planted. And also from their mothers and grandmothers, who unanimously repeat: "This is a child!". Gardeners also get in the way of motorists - sometimes their ideas about a good parking space coincide with the location of the flower bed.
Dogs are not always so cute
You, most likely, will not be able to protect your plantings day and night. And you have no right to put fences and block access. The only way out is diplomacy and friendly relations with neighbors.
This spring, I planted a climbing tree in my front garden rose (Rambler) variety "Super Dorothy"... The bush was small, young, for some time it grew on poor sandy soil, and the length of the whips was 0.5 - 0.7 m, no more. Therefore, I had one desire - for the bush to take root!
Characteristics of Amur grapes: yield, berry taste, bush parameters
Description and taste of berries: sugar accumulation at the level of 21-22%, in general, this figure is above average. The berries are sweet and tasty with plenty of juice. Bunches weigh from 300 to 800 grams, but there are also larger specimens weighing up to 1.5 kg. The frost resistance of northern varieties is simply record-breaking. They survive well at low temperatures. Ripening: late July or early August, depending on the region. Reviews and tasting marks are positive.
Motor-pumps for irrigation of summer cottages and farmland
Agriculture requires a caring attitude towards itself in everything, including irrigation of planted crops. And the size of farmland does not matter, it can be large fields stretching for many hectares, and there can be a summer cottage for several hectares - to grow a crop in the desired volume and of proper quality, in any case, soil moisture is required, and for this it is far from always enough rains.