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How to deal with snails and slugs in the garden

How to deal with snails and slugs in the garden


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From letters to the editor:

Heavy rains have passed, it has become warmer, which means that soon snails and slugs will appear in the garden, which will actively begin to "help" us to harvest lettuce, cabbage, strawberries and other crops. Are there any effective ways to combat these slippery pests? What will help defeat them?

Vladimir

It cannot be said that there is any one remedy that will help us defeat slugs and snails. However, over many years of confrontation, gardeners and summer residents still have accumulated quite a wealth of experience on how to completely destroy these pests or significantly reduce their number.

Perhaps the easiest and most effective way is manual collection of pests. It is most suitable for those gardeners and summer residents who constantly live on their site or often visit it. As soon as you notice the first specimens of pests on the plants, you need to immediately walk through all the beds and collect the slugs in some container: a jar, a bucket, into which it is advisable to pour a liquid in which they will die. A simple option: a third of a bucket of water, into which pour a glass of table salt. Once there, slugs and snails will die. Then they need to be disposed of. It would seem that the best option is to pour your "catch" into a compost heap, let them "work" for the harvest. But experience has shown that they, decomposing there, will stink strongly. Therefore, the easiest way is to dig a hole and bury them in it.

Also, when slugs appear, you need to actively use traps. These pests do not like the bright sun and dry air, so during the hottest part of the day they hide in some secluded shaded and preferably humid places. Your goal is to create several of these secluded places on your site. Popular experience has shown that the role of such places can be played by pieces of wet boards, slate, roofing material, pieces of tin or wet thick cloth. They must be laid on the ground in shady places, after wetting the soil under them. Slugs will definitely find these hiding places, you just need to raise these traps every few days and collect pests hidden under them. And then again moisten the ground under them, i.e. prepare traps for work.

The more difficult the beer trap. It turns out that these destroyers of juicy greens on our site are also gourmets - they love a frothy intoxicating drink. Therefore, some vessel is taken, filled to 2/3 of its volume with beer and buried in secluded corners (so that you yourself do not step on it) in the ground so that the edges of the dishes protrude about two centimeters on the surface. Crawling on a fragrant intoxicating smell, slugs will fall into the dishes and drown in the beer. All you have to do is to collect the drowned pests and change the beer in the vessel to fresh one every 3-4 days.

To prevent the appearance and reproduction of slugs on the site, it is very important to control weeds on the site. Often, pests first appear on them, and then move to the beds. Therefore, you need to carefully weed out the weeds in and around your beds and mow the grass outside the site.

Also, experienced gardeners suggest mulching the beds and their edges with dry needles, sawdust, ash, sprinkle superphosphate granules around the crops. Slugs do not like rough and sharp surfaces, or coatings that stick to their bodies (such as ash) and will look for another bed.

Some birds and hedgehogs will also help fight slugs. But for this, it was necessary from the winter to attract them to your site with feeders.

And, finally, chemical agents have now appeared on the market that help to destroy pests, for example, Groza, Meta, Slizneed, Gerold and others. For example, in the instructions for the Slug-Eater it is written that it is intended to get rid of slugs and snails on vegetables, fruits, berries, citrus fruits, flower-ornamental crops and grapes. It is used by scattering granules of the preparation over the soil surface of row spacings and paths.

But you need to remember that the active ingredient of the drug is metaldehyde. Like any chemical, it can have harmful effects on your crop, especially if dosage or timing is not followed. For example, it is unlikely that you will begin to use such a drug on the beds of salad, which in a few days you will pluck to the table.

There are many ways to fight - choose the one that suits you.

E. Valentinov

Photo by Olga Rubtsova


How to deal with slugs in the garden: how to destroy slugs once and for all

Dampness and rain are a favorable environment for the appearance of a large number of slugs and snails in suburban areas. Despite the fact that these molluscs are quite slow, they destroy crops very quickly. You can get rid of slugs on the site by applying a number of recommendations presented below.


How to get rid of slugs in the garden

Slug, another name for the pest "slug", is the real enemy of the owners of personal plots. The question of how to get rid of slugs is painful for them. Why is the pest so dangerous?

Description, features, life cycle

The slug is a relative of the snail, only without a shell. This is one of the most common pests in the home garden. The gastropod land mollusk moves by muscle contraction. Its presence can be determined by the eaten leaves, holes in tubers, heads of cabbage and fruits.

Moving on surfaces, he leaves behind a shiny dried mother-of-pearl path, as his body is abundantly covered with mucus. On the head there are tentacles in the form of horns, and the eyes are located here. The parasite's appetite is excellent. With a sickle-shaped mouth and a tongue with many tiny teeth called a grater, it is able to scrape food off various surfaces.

Ruthlessly cracking down on almost all horticultural crops, it causes irreparable harm to the leaves of cabbage, lettuce, devours cucumbers, tomatoes, all berries, many types of ornamental plants, with great pleasure it destroys stocks of fruits and vegetables harvested for the winter.

Only knowing how to get rid of slugs and prevent their spread can you save the crop from the pest. Its rapid reproduction is facilitated by high humidity and relatively low air temperature.

Dry years significantly reduce the activity of slugs: pests produce fewer offspring, feed worse, which means they do less harm. The slug waits for an unfavorable period, wrapped in a cocoon. But during the rains, he feasts in the gardens and, which is especially dangerous, simultaneously spreads fungal and viral diseases to the plants.

Preventive measures

Getting rid of slugs in an area is more difficult than preventing them from spreading. What should be done?

  1. In early spring, it is necessary to cultivate the soil with special care and diligence. Simple steps will help to significantly reduce the number of overwintered eggs.
  2. In the summer, watering the garden many times, it is necessary to loosen the ground often and deeply, throwing out hummocks and roots. It is in them that these parasites often hide.
  3. Planting plants should be carried out at the recommended intervals. In shady thickened places, the most favorable conditions for existence are created for the pest. For the same reason, the aisles and the entire territory should be kept especially clean, as well as dry damp areas.


What is the harm from slugs

  • The greatest damage to garden and horticultural crops is caused in the dark.
  • Vegetable crops act as food.
  • In the damaged areas, the process of photosynthesis is disrupted, from which the garden plant can die.
  • Molluscs carry spores of harmful fungi on their bodies.
  • Slugs are the hosts of helminths (parasitic worms), which infect domestic animals, and sometimes people.
  • If an infected individual is pecked by a chicken, it becomes infected with a pressure tapeworm. If the symptoms are not noticed immediately and the disease can be fatal.


Several popular ways to deal with snails and slugs

Slugs and snails are intolerant to coffee. Given this, to scare away slugs and snails from the garden, a solution of strong coffee is made, which is sprayed on plants and soil. If you are a lover of brewed coffee, then consider that you have already defeated all pests. Every time a coffee is brewed, a large amount of grounds remain This mass is poured directly onto the soil between the plants, thus forming paths that will become a serious slug repeller.

Slugs do not tolerate ordinary table salt, with its help you can build barriers

You can make your own means for repelling slugs: pour 50 g of mustard powder with 300 ml of boiling water. After letting it brew with the infusion, it is diluted with another 600-700 ml of water. The resulting composition is sprayed on the leaves and fruits of plants.

If only root crops are planted on the bed, that is, carrots, beets, radishes, etc., then such a bed can be safely sprayed with a solution of slaked lime. To prepare the solution, you will need 10 liters of warm water, in which it is necessary to dilute 300 g of dry slaked lime.


Practical advice

1. Experienced gardeners are advised to use a little trick. The garden can be sprinkled with tobacco or makhorka. Acidified water will also help in this matter. Coniferous needles proved to be no less effective.

2. Try to find out the active habitat of the snails. Sprinkle with ground pepper. You can treat the leaves and soil with the composition. Black or red pepper will harm the molluscs, after which they are unlikely to return.

3. Dig small ditches around the area or plants. Sprinkle the gutter with pepper, ash, or tobacco. Slugs and snails simply cannot overcome such an obstacle. In most cases, pests escape to the neighboring garden.

4. Try to find out which plants are preferred by snails. Plant garlic, onion, or sage around them. Alternatively, rosemary, bay leaf, and parsley also performed well.


Alternate watering with loosening

The first signs of the presence of molluscs in the garden are a silvery trace of their mucus on the paths. In this case, snails usually annoy areas located near water bodies, and slugs love shady places. Both pests are not averse to feasting on almost all growing plants and vegetables. Cabbage, beets, carrots, cucumbers, tomatoes and potatoes are especially affected. In foliage and fruits, they eat up large holes. Slugs are also commonly found on strawberries. The berry bitten by them is considered spoiled. With the onset of cold weather, pests move to the cellars of country houses, where they continue to spoil the harvest. The remnants of their mucus and feces accelerate the decay of vegetables.

“Slugs and snails, as well as kivsaki and wireworms, love moisture, so the most important thing in the fight against garden pests is to observe the watering regime. The rule says: there should be two parts of the earth, three parts of air and one part of water, - says agronomist with 25 years of experience Lyudmila Pashnina... - The site should be illuminated by the sun as much as possible, and watering in two days is better to alternate with loosening.

Despite the fact that there are many chemicals in specialized stores to combat slugs and snails, the agronomist does not recommend using them. After all, no one can give a 100% guarantee of their safety for human health.


Watch the video: Slug Control In Garden - How To Get Rid Of Slugs


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