Peacock flower, or Episation: how to provide her with decent care at home
We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The peacock flower, or Episcia, is a beautiful indoor ampelous plant. Its luxurious picturesque foliage, smooth and shiny in some varieties or velvety in others, amazes with the richness of colors: green, purple, silver, copper, reddish, brown. And during flowering, the episode is completely transformed: against the background of motley-colored leaves, bright gramophones bloom. In addition to the classic red ones, there are lilac, white, orange inflorescences. Knowing the nuances of caring for them at home, you can get excellent results.
Description of the episode
Belongs to the Gesneriev family. The genus Episia contains about 30 species. The spectacular plant with brightly colored and textured foliage has many names - Peacock Flower, Purple Flame, Chameleon Plant, African Violet.
Spectacular miniature plant with whitish-pink leaves will decorate any collection of house plants
It occurs naturally in the tropical forests of Brazil, Mexico, Colombia and the Antilles, where twilight reigns even at noon. Apparently, that is why such a name for a flower is shaded. It grows under bushes in the form of a low-growing creeping grass with leaves collected in a rosette and numerous shoots.
The tropical flower is also grown as an indoor culture. It is not capricious, it has a long flowering - from early spring to autumn. But it makes increased demands on heat and moisture.
Abundant flowering begins in spring and ends in autumn
The episode is usually grown as an ampel. Young shoots are initially kept upright, over time, with the growth of many long (up to 40-60 cm) lateral processes, they lodge and form a beautiful cascade.
Beauty episode - video
At home, most often they grow copper and clove episodes, less often creeping, as well as numerous varieties obtained from these species.
Over a hundred varieties have been bred, and each has a unique color and unique pattern.
The copper episode is characterized by creeping shoots. Large (up to 15 cm long) oval leaves, pubescent, olive green with a light stripe along the vein. The underside of the leaf plate is reddish with a white dividing strip. The flowers are medium-sized (2 cm in length), bright red with a yellow throat.
Copper Red Episode is used to breed new varieties
Episation clove has two types of shoots: shortened twigs with leaves and long whiskers with rosettes. Leaves are less expressive, small (3 cm long and 2 cm wide), pubescent, green, with rounded teeth at the edges, burgundy midrib. The flowers are white, with specks along the throat, fringed.
Corolla of a snow-white flower along the edge of the limb is fringed
A creeping episode with creeping shoots is grown only as an ampel. The leaves are long (5–10 cm), green or brown in color, with patterns and spots on the edging. The flowers are red with a pink pharynx.
Episode creeping is more prized for ornamental leaves
Increasingly, growers are paying attention to new varieties.
Examples of varieties in the photo
Comfortable growing conditions - table
Planting and transplanting
Good development and flowering is facilitated by plant transplantation and the renewal of depleted land.
For abundant flowering, the plant is transplanted into new soil.
Episcii prefer a light and airy growing environment. The soil should be of medium acidity (pH 5.5 - 6.5). The soil mixture is prepared from leafy soil, peat and river sand (3: 1: 1), adding sphagnum moss and ash. A slightly acidic substrate for violets is also suitable.
The containers are selected low and wide. Expanded clay, crushed polystyrene with a layer of 3 cm, is placed on the bottom as a drainage material.
Essence works best in a low and wide pot
Transplanting a flower: a step-by-step guide
The flower grows very quickly, so every spring it is transferred, without violating the integrity of the earthen coma, into a more spacious (2-3 cm) container. The maximum diameter of the pot is 18–20 cm.
The plant is transplanted every 2-3 years, completely renewing the soil.
- Before transplanting, the flower is watered. Remove carefully from the pot.
- The roots are carefully examined. Dry or rotted areas are removed.
- A drainage layer is laid on the bottom of the container. Prepared soil is poured.
- A flower is planted and watering is carried out.
Transfer and transshipment - video
Episode care at home: what to consider
In order for the episode to fully reveal its decorative qualities and flourish magnificently, a number of requirements must be met.
In spring and summer, regular watering is required, every 3-4 days. Excessive watering or watering with cool water can cause disease. Water the plants through a tray or at the roots, until water begins to penetrate through the drainage holes. After a few minutes, the excess water is removed from the pan.
With the help of such a watering can it is convenient to water the plants without splashing water on the leaves.
In winter, watering is carried out less often, 1-2 times a week, when the surface layer of the soil dries up. Use warm soft water.
Moisten the soil carefully so that drops do not fall on the leaves. A watering can with a long spout is useful for this. Water is added along the edge of the pot or bottom watering is applied.
A visitor from the tropics needs a humid atmosphere. For this purpose, regular spraying is carried out near the flower, in no case wetting the leaves. You can increase the moisture by placing the pot on a layer of wet gravel so that the bottom does not come into contact with water. Often, small aquariums are selected for growing watercolor episodes, in which a humid microclimate is maintained. The flower pot is placed on a litter of moistened sphagnum moss. The soil surface can be decorated with colored stones.
Planting watercolor episodes in small aquariums creates a humid microclimate
They are fed in summer and spring, combining organic matter and mineral fertilizers. At the same time, the soil is enriched, the growth of plants is enhanced, and their immunity is increased. Before feeding, be sure to moisten an earthen lump.
You can use complex fertilizers for flowering plants, produced in liquid form, in granules and powders. In a liquid state, nutrients are better absorbed. Doses should be exactly as directed. In autumn and winter, fertilizers are not applied.
From organic fertilizers, it is good to use ash containing potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc. It is mixed with the soil when transplanting plants or make a liquid top dressing (1 tbsp. L. Per 1 l of water).
Actively stimulates flower growth and a nutrient solution from yeast: 10 g of yeast and 1 tbsp. sugar is dissolved in 1 liter of warm water, insisted for 2 hours, diluted 1: 5 and fertilized.
Leaves are the main decoration of the episodes
You can also fertilize with onion infusion: 50 g of onion husks are boiled in 2 liters of water for 10 minutes, infused for 3 hours, cooled and filtered.
You should not go to extremes and feed your green pet too generously. The main thing is to observe the measure.
Growing Tips - Video
The flower reproduces well with stem cuttings, leaves and seeds. During seed propagation, varietal characteristics are lost.
The easiest way is to separate a young outlet with 4 leaves from the mustache, place it in a plastic glass, pressing it to the ground, water it, cover it with foil. After 10 days, the roots will appear, and the outlet is planted in a permanent place.
Can be rooted with a mustache without cutting off from the plant. The hanging shoot is lightly sprinkled with earth. After rooting, it is separated and transplanted.
The flower is easily propagated by side shoots:
A shoot with 3–4 nodes without lateral processes is lowered shallowly into water with activated charcoal, or dropped by 1–1.5 cm into moistened soil, covered with a film.
The greenhouse is regularly ventilated.
The shoot takes root after 7-10 days. After the roots appear, young plants are planted in a substrate.
The monthly growing flower is transferred to a larger pot.
After rooting, young plants are planted in the ground
The leaf propagation process takes longer, 2-3 months.
- The sheet is cut at an angle of 45 degrees and the cut is dusted with ash or activated carbon.
- Then the leaf cutting is placed in water to a depth of 1–1.5 cm.
- Cover the container with a film to create a greenhouse effect - a warm and humid microclimate is required for rooting. Be sure to regularly ventilate and remove condensation formed on the film. Good lighting is not required yet.
- After the formation of callus (an outgrowth, from which the roots then grow), a leaf cutting at an angle of 45 degrees is planted in a greenhouse in a loose and moist soil with the addition of peat or in wet sphagnum moss to a depth of 1.5 cm. Often peat tablets are used, which ensure successful rooting of the cutting and germination of children. They are placed in a bright place.
- Be sure to maintain the air temperature + 23-25 degrees, ventilate.
- After 1.5-2 months, a tiny socket should appear. One should not rush to separate it from the mother leaf - they do this only when it reaches a size of 3-4 cm. The process of propagation by leaf cuttings is long - 3-4 months.
- The separated small children are carefully transplanted into a pot so as not to damage the thin roots.
After the formation of the kallus, the leaf stalk is planted in a greenhouse.
When propagated by a leaf, flowering will be only in the second year.
You can propagate an episode by cuttings at any time of the year.
At first, a young plant should be protected from the bright sun, drafts and temperature stresses.
Reproduction from a leaf - video
Pruning and shaping the crown
The episode is grown in the form of a bush and as an ampel. Growing uncontrollably, it can take on an untidy look. To form a beautiful plant, pruning is carried out after flowering. The shoots are shortened, and for the splendor of the bush, several rosettes remaining after this are planted in a pot.
How to make an episode bloom
The tropical beauty is distinguished by long flowering - from April to October. But it is necessary to take care of it and create optimal conditions for its growth and bud formation.
Good care is the key to flowering
- For an episode that does not like intense sunlight, it is necessary to provide diffused light - this will have a beneficial effect on flowering.
- You should not overfeed the plant - on overly fertilized soil, it will increase the leaf mass, but it will not bloom.
- Lack of moisture and dry soil can also be the reasons for the lack of flowering.
- It is necessary to create the desired temperature regime - at low temperatures, flower buds are not laid.
- Provides lush flowering and timely pruning of numerous shoots.
Episodes do not have a dormant period, receiving a sufficient amount of light, they continue to grow in winter, but do not bloom.
By carefully examining the flower, you can immediately determine from it what mistakes were made in the care.
Possible problems - table
Diseases and prevention measures: why a plant can be ill
Healthy episodes rarely get sick. However, they can become infected from other indoor plants. The most dangerous are aphids, mealybugs, and root nematodes.
Diseases and preventive measures - table
Episode is recognized as one of the most beautiful indoor plants. It perfectly combines the spectacularity of bright flowers and the decorativeness of the leaves, decorated with bizarre multi-colored patterns. This is a very grateful plant, and having settled on your windowsill, with proper care, it will delight with its beauty, regardless of whether it is in bloom or not.
Rate the article:
(1 vote, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Flowering ampelous plant Episation: home care, watering and feeding a beautiful flower with silvery leaves
Episcia is a flowering ampelous plant from the Gesneriev family. In the wild, it grows in the dark and humid regions of Central and South America. The name of the culture is translated from the Greek "episkios" (dark, shaded). Due to the silvery color on the leaves, they seem to reflect light. Because of this feature, the episode is also called "chameleon" and "peacock flower".
Episation is popular among florists. Unlike its tropical relatives, it is not so demanding on the conditions of detention. Not only bright flowers of the culture, but also its original variegated leaves are of decorative value. In beauty, it is not inferior to other representatives of the Gesnerievs: Saintpaulia, Coleria, Streptocarpus.
- Types and varieties of episodes for growing at home
- Home care
- Location and lighting
- The choice of a flowerpot and soil
- Planting and transplanting
- Content temperature
- Air humidity
- Top dressing and fertilizers
- Flowering and resting period
- Pruning and shaping the crown
- Reproduction methods
- Features of seasonal care
- Care errors and their elimination
- Diseases and pests, control methods
- Episode in the house: signs and superstitions
Planting a raspberry tree, care and reproduction
Raspberry tree: planting and care, photos, reproduction and other aspects of growing this plant are considered in this material. Another name for this plant is standard raspberry. This is a fertile berry culture. As for the word "shtamb" itself, it is used for bushes, the crown of which is more like a tree.
When growing these varieties of raspberries, an important feature is that no support is required for the bushes. Due to the strong branches, the bush will bend itself perfectly and will not break even under the weight of the berries. Such a tree requires special care after planting, and also has its own characteristics in its reproduction.
We propose to consider options for how to treat currants from pests in the spring.
About landing rules
On the one hand, the raspberry tree requires certain rules of care, on the other hand, the plant is unpretentious. Troubles arise at the time of buying seedlings, if you meet an unscrupulous seller.
How to choose a quality tree when buying:
• You need to buy seedlings only in specialized nurseries or from a seller who has already earned the trust of you personally or from your close friends.
• Be sure to check the documentation with new sellers, whether they have the required papers for trading.
• Cheap does not mean at all that it is of high quality. Most often, cheap seedlings, below the market price for this product, are a pointer to a spoiled product.
When a high-quality seedling is purchased, for which planting on the site you need to find the best place: so that the bush bears fruit a lot and efficiently. The video on planting and caring for a raspberry tree with a photo (as well as reproduction) says that dark places with large trees are not suitable for this plant. The best place for a seedling is a bright area. Moreover, make sure that cucumbers and tomatoes, cabbage and potatoes do not grow nearby. Otherwise, the likelihood of contamination of raspberries with various infectious diseases will be high.
As for the timing of planting, it can be very early or early spring. You should not rush, wait until the snow melts and the ground warms up. It is recommended to first fertilize the soil with ash or use humus for this.
Advice! To plant several seedlings in the ground, you need to dig holes at a distance of 50 cm from each other. Be sure to put a mineral or organic fertilizer on the bottom. Dig the roots with earth, and then tamp the soil.
About caring for a raspberry tree
When a raspberry tree is grown: planting and care, photos, reproduction and reviews help to understand what kind of care to provide. Here, by the way, there are no distinctive features in comparison with other varieties of raspberries. The plant loves moisture, especially when it bears fruit. If you want the berry to be juicy, and not dry, the bush needs to be watered often.
Advice! Sometimes forecasters already on the eve of summer say that the time will be dry. In such a year, it is recommended to mulch with onion husks near the tree trunk. Instead of onion husks for mulching, you can use sunflower seed husks. Grass is not used to mulch the raspberry tree, because it quickly decays. Pay attention to when it is best to plant pepper seedlings outdoors.
Top dressing of a raspberry tree during its growth is required in the spring. For this, standard mineral fertilizers or home-made fertilizers based on chicken manure and urea are used.
Weeding raspberries, as well as destroying weeds, you need a part. Otherwise, the weeds will quickly attack the tree, and it will completely overgrow. To prevent raspberries from constantly stretching upwards, it is recommended to pinch the top of the bush. If this is not done, the tree, of course, will grow high, but there will be very few fruitful shoots. So, it is imperative to form the crown of the tree so that it grows in width, and not in length.
As for the price of a raspberry tree, it can be very different. We talk about planting, care and reproduction of a raspberry tree with a photo and a thematic video. Pests often attack this plant. So, prevention should be carried out in advance and on time, so as not to lose the entire crop and even the seedling.
Important! Please note that it is the raspberry bushes, like the raspberry tree, that are most often susceptible to the development of diseases or the attack of parasites.
The most dangerous pests for the raspberry tree:
• The raspberry beetle can live in the soil under the bush itself. His favorite delicacy is raspberry flowers, as well as juicy healthy leaves. The larvae can eat berries to the point that they eat them completely. In order to avoid an attack, you need to huddle the soil around the plant, and the tree is treated by spraying before flowering.
• A moth that lives in old shoots if not pruned in time before winter. It is very important to prune the tree completely and not leave small shoots. When the buds appear, and there is a moth, it begins to suck the juice out of them and destroy the crop. To get rid of moths during the period of swelling of the buds, it is imperative to spray the raspberry tree.
• The weevil lives on a tree and lays larvae in the buds. When they are born, they begin to actively feed on the stalk of the flower. For prevention, treat the bush before the first spring flowering by spraying.
We recommend reading about how to properly care for strawberries in the spring.
So, a raspberry tree: planting and care, photos, reproduction, all aspects are discussed in detail in this material. If you buy a young seedling correctly, choose a bright place for planting it away from plants that can interfere with active growth, then you will soon harvest your first crop. In the spring before flowering, when the first buds are formed, it is important to carry out preventive spraying of the raspberry tree from parasites and pests. Remember, raspberries love water.
Episode: how to care for a flower at home.
Episode refers to ornamental deciduous plants intended for cultivation at home and in greenhouses. Against the background of dark green foliage with a bronze tint, small flowers in the form of gramophones stand out brightly. At home, the flower is grown in ampelous form, and the requirements for caring for it are very similar to the Uzambara violet, which belongs to the same plant family. The main requirements for the content of the episode are correct watering and a temperature not lower than +16 ° C.
The genus Episcia includes 40 species of perennial herbaceous plants. Along with columnea and achimenes, these flowers belong to the Gesneriev family. Like all species of the Gesnerievs, the episodes were brought to Europe from the tropical countries of South America. Representatives of the genus are valued for their decorative leaves (their flowers are small) and are cultivated at home, in winter gardens and greenhouses as an ampelous plant. Whiskers grow from the leaf sinuses, on which small rosettes are formed. These rosettes, in turn, also release a whisker and the plant forms a lush, drooping cascade of leaves.
The flower is quite rare in stores. The best time to get an episode is spring. When buying, you need to pay attention to the absence of yellowed or diseased leaves. Choose plants with well-formed foliage.
The plant produces many lateral leafless shoots, which in adult specimens reach a length of 50 cm. Leaves are paired, opposite, or single, broadly oval. Aerial shoots are pubescent. A thick tuberous shoot is formed underground. Small but bright single flowers appear in summer (July-October). They grow from the axils of the leaves. Their color is white, yellow, blue or bright red, the shape is tubular, with a 5-lobed limb. Several species and varieties are grown in culture, differing in size, color and leaf pattern:
- Episcia cupreata. It has creeping, easily rooting shoots. The leaves of the plant are round-elliptical, almost cordate at the base, their surface is covered with pubescence. The size of the leaves is 6-13 cm in length and 4-8 cm in width. The plant gets its name from the brown, almost coppery tint of the foliage covered with white spots. There is a white stripe along the central vein. This is the most decorative type of inscription. The brilliant and Varietta varieties have a particularly striking pattern. Most varieties have bright red flowers, up to 2.5 cm long, inside - yellow with red small spots. The variety Tropical Topaz has yellow flowers.
- Creeping episode (Episcia reptans). It grows long, branched shoots. Elliptical, slightly wrinkled leaves are 4-8 cm long and 2-5 cm wide. The color of the leaves is olive green above and reddish below. Serrated edges. There is a silvery-green stripe along the middle vein. Flowers are single, axillary, pink inside, red outside, up to 3.5 cm long.
- Episcia dianthiphlora. Its dark emerald foliage is adorned with white flowers with a fringed, finely cut edge like a carnation. The flowers are larger than those of the previous two species - up to 4.5 cm. On one plant there can be 3-5 of them at the same time. The leaves are small, 4 cm long, with denticles at the edges, velvety, collected in a beautiful rosette. Some varieties have red veins.
- Episcia lilacina. It has white flowers with a lilac border and a light yellow core. The leaves are bronze-green in color with a rough surface, their length reaches 10 cm. Episcia punctata has olive-green leaves, and the flowers are yellow with brown dots in the throat. There is a variety of pink flowers.
The episode of heat is not afraid, as far as I have noticed, it even endures overdrying, only it does not tolerate the bay.
I went to the flower shop, knowing nothing about the episode. I wanted to buy some ampelous plant. I was warned that the color changes depending on the lighting. And now, in two months I was convinced of this. The color of the leaves was not initially so pink, it acquired a rich tone already at my place. The bottom three leaves are not quite pink and not so pretty. They have retained the shade they used to be.
Good lighting is the key to blooming episodes. Moreover, it will bloom all year round. Mine is on the east window, last year it bloomed all winter, despite the short cloudy winter evenings ... Light, light, and more light!
My husband gave it to me about a year and a half ago. The flower was small. I immediately transplanted him into a beautiful pot, did not create special conditions for him when transplanting, everything is as usual. Now the flower has grown, pleases us with its beautiful flowers, and it blooms from the very beginning of spring until late autumn. As for leaving: it does not take much of my time. Episode loves shaded places - it is on my windowsill (not on the sunny side). Once I put it on the sunny side, it began to fade, the leaves became very sparse, there was a tendency to increase in branches with a very small number of leaves. I water the episode, like the violet, into a plate, and the flower already knows how much water it needs. I water it 2-3 times a week. I try to feed the plant with ordinary fertilizers for flowers as needed. Mainly I feed in the spring, when, in principle, all plants need vitamins. Buy yourself an episode and you will be very happy, it will not disappoint you.
Each sheet of the episode is an individuality, they can be viewed, they can be admired for hours. It overwinters in my light plan a little under inappropriate conditions, so the leaf is lighter, silvery-green. In summer, when the light is stronger, it acquires a slightly darker, chocolate-like pattern on the silvery-green field of the leaf. The episode blooms with bright red small flowers, the number of which also depends on the illumination. The more sun, the more flowers. Episation is very fond of feeding during the growth period; regular watering is needed. But here you must not overdo it, otherwise the root will instantly rot. From my growing experience, I will say that she loves wide pots, always with a drainage hole. It should be transplanted every 2-3 years into a larger pot. For example, I plant several plants in one pot to make the flower more fluffy and attractive. The episode grows very quickly, so you can not regret it and cut it off, especially after flowering. To be honest, I'm very sorry to do this, but near the root the stem is stretched out, there are few leaves, and all the rosettes are at the bottom of the ampelous shoots. Not very attractive. This is how you have to cut off, almost crying. But then what a lush flowering and juicy leaves! The episode produces a lot of aerial shoots that root perfectly. In general, I can talk about this amazingly beautiful flower for hours. Look, maybe you would like to have one at home?
I decided to start an episode quite recently. I liked the decorative leaves and the beautiful (albeit small) flowers. The description requires diffused light, high humidity. The episode also needs warm content. In winter, the air temperature in the room should be at least 18 ° C. Propagated by rooting shoots in spring or summer. The flowers, although small, but, if you look closely at them, are very beautiful and interesting. They do not smell, which I am only infinitely happy about, because I do not like foreign smells in the house. In general, the episode does not give me any special problems, but pleases me all year round.
The episode is quite capricious and demanding on the conditions of detention. If you do not pay attention to her "wishes", she dies very quickly. Those growers who have learned to understand the plant, correctly interpret the signals given by it and react to them, are rewarded with the opportunity to admire the exotic beauty of an elegant flower.