How to grow house plants correctly, tips for a novice florist
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You decided to do an exciting business: growing indoor plants... Here are some helpful tips to help beginners avoid many of the mistakes and losses of their favorite plants.
Get the necessary equipment. You will need: a watering can, a sprayer, good soil, a set of pots, props and ropes, a bottle of liquid fertilizer, a pest control antiseptic, and a soft sponge, old forks, spoons, and other equipment.
Choose your plants correctly. The conditions that you can provide for the plant must be suitable. Even an experienced florist cannot grow a shade-loving plant on a sunny windowsill.
Take proper care of each plant. Learn about the peculiarities of caring for each new plant that has appeared in your "home greenhouse". The necessary information can be obtained in special literature, which is now a lot on store shelves.
Learn to water properly. Do not flood the plants. Their roots need not only water, but also air. Constantly waterlogged soil means certain death for most plants.
You can't do without a transplant. Learn to transplant your pets. After a year or two after the acquisition, most of the plants lose their attractiveness. Most often, in this case, they just need to be transplanted into a larger pot.
Don't forget about pests. Trouble happens to both skilled growers and beginners. One or two scabbards, as soon as they appear, are easy to destroy. Once they have covered the entire plant, they are almost impossible to deal with. Learn to recognize trouble early and take the necessary pest control measures in time.
Winter maintenance. Almost all indoor plants need rest in winter, i.e. they need to be watered less often, fed less and kept at a lower temperature than during the period of active growth.
In winter, the air in a centrally heated room is dry, like in a desert. Create a humid atmosphere for your plants. Moisture can be increased by spraying, grouping, or "double pot" (the plant pot is placed in another container filled with moist peat).
Diseases and pests
Like other cultivated plants, dahlias are susceptible to diseases and attacks of insect pests. Most often, flowers infect fungal diseases, which can be caused by improper care, violation of crop rotation and infection from neighboring crops.
Botrytis, or gray rot, forms bright brown spots on the leaves and watery formations on the inflorescences of the plant. The disease leads to wilting of leaves and flowers, as a result of which the seedling may die. To combat the disease, it is necessary to remove the affected parts and treat the plant with fungicides.
As a result of fusarium, the roots and tubers of the dahlia rot. The affected flower begins to dry out and wither, a pinkish bloom forms on the leaves. The tubers of a diseased plant should be dug up and burned, and the plantings should be treated with Fundazol or other systemic fungicides.
Yellowed, curled leaves indicate that aphids have chosen the dahlia. Insects feed on plant juices and can spread fungal and viral infections. The parasite should be washed off the leaves with soapy water and the plant should be treated with insecticides.
Diseases and pests are the result of improper crop management. Good growth and long blooming of dahlias provide constant care of the plant, as well as the prevention of infection with diseases.
You can learn more about how to grow annual dahlias from seeds in the following video.
Catharanthus ampelous: growing from seeds and characteristics of the plant
Arriving from the hot peninsula of Madagascar, the catharanthus settled not only in the garden plots of the inhabitants of the middle lane, but also found his place in ordinary city apartments, where it is sometimes much easier to provide him with comfortable conditions. Growing ampelous catharanthus from seeds is much easier than it might seem to a novice grower, but handling the plant itself requires caution due to some of its features.
Varieties of decorative begonias for the home
There are about 800 varieties of begonias in natural conditions and about 2 thousand artificially bred varieties. Therefore, it is so difficult to choose the perfect ornamental plant variety for growing at home. To decorate the landscape or carry out vertical gardening, tuberous plants are ideal, and hybrids of root begonias are ideal for home maintenance. There are 2 categories of these plants:
- Decorative blooming - favorite varieties of florists. This group of plants is easy to care for and, if properly maintained, will bloom almost all year round. The Begonia semperflorens cultivar is the ideal choice for an inexperienced grower. All year round, the chic bush pleases the eye with flowers. Upon the arrival of heat, this variety can, if desired, be planted in a flower bed, and in winter it can be transplanted again onto the windowsill.
- Decorative deciduous... They do not have luxurious colors, but they look no less beautiful than the first group. This species stands out for its brightness, large size and patterns on the leaves. It is recommended to get acquainted with Begonia rex (Royal) begonias of this species. The modesty in the care of this plant allows anyone to grow a source of admiration on their windowsill, because the leaves of the royal begonia are striking in their uniqueness.
Coral begonia allows you to enjoy both magnificent flowers and unusual leaves. This variety reaches considerable sizes - a hundred centimeters in height, so one day you will have to rearrange the pot from the windowsill to a special stand.
So, let's start with the fact that you have a country house or cottage! Mostly people buy a place far from the city to take a break from the bustle of the city, change the environment, breathe in the clean fresh air and equip their land ...
The first question is, where do we start developing the suburban area?
- Home improvement or garden development?
- What plants should you plant and how should you care for them?
Of course, at first glance, there are a lot of questions in this matter. And each person decides them according to their own convictions. Most novice summer residents, after acquiring a suburban area, immediately begin to plant all kinds of plants - just to just plant something. And an experienced summer resident first of all plans his site, divides it into sections and distributes planting sites!
Suburban area layout
The correct layout of the suburban area is a very painstaking business, but you should not neglect it. Do not be lazy, measure your site. On a sheet of paper, you can plan the approximate places of your future plantings, greenhouses, sheds, baths, and do not forget about a place to rest, because a summer cottage is not only "hard" work, but also a place where you can relax your soul.
Getting started in the garden
It is better to get rid of old, diseased and useless plants immediately, and those trees that you do not need should also be removed from the site.
It is also advisable to uproot the roots, in the future they can interfere with new buildings or a vegetable garden.
Branches from trees can be used as mulch by chopping them into chips with a shredder.
When your plot is carefully planned out, you can begin to prepare the land for sowing. The fertile layer of soil (soil) located near the buildings must be removed and transferred to those areas where you plan to plant fruit plants.
Think about what type of farming you will use in your garden - a traditional vegetable garden or a vegetable garden without digging. More details here.
You can make tall beds. They are easier to care for, and the plants grow better.
The first time it is also recommended to dig up the entire site, the famous "miracle shovel" will come to the rescue. With its help, you, without straining your back, loosen the earth, and most importantly, do not harm its fertile layer and microorganisms that live in it.
In the beginning, if you have never come across seedlings for planting, it is best to purchase ready-made seedlings, in the spring you can buy them at almost any market or garden store.
You should also take care of the tool for working in the garden. You should have a few shovels and rakes, pitchforks, watering cans, buckets and other garden tools. Make a list of things you can use in your garden. If you are going to grow vegetables and your climatic conditions are unimportant, then consider building a greenhouse. In it, you can plant seedlings yourself, and then plant them in open ground. Seedlings in the greenhouse grow and harden much faster, this gives you the opportunity to get a good harvest earlier.
The seedlings should be watered at least once a day, as the greenhouse provides additional heat. If there is no time to systematically come to the dacha, you can resort to drip irrigation of plants or use a do-it-yourself bottle system.
Of course, everyone equips his summer cottage the way he wants! But if you have taken on such a difficult and noble cause, then you need to work hard! At the same time, be optimistic about your work! After all, every plant feels your state of mind! I hope that these tips for a novice summer resident have come in handy and you have a good harvest, Lord summer residents!
Where to begin
When purchasing indoor plants, all growers are ready to pay attention to them in different ways. Someone will become a professional and devote all their free time to flowers, someone from time to time will look at the windowsill where the prickly aloe (or agave) is located and will remember that it needs to be watered. Some love the lush curly green of plants, others, despite the "bald" stem, will admire the beautiful flowers. If you want to get real pleasure from your pets, then you should understand not only their decorative qualities, but also know different groups of plants. This will help you place them correctly, grow and breed them successfully.
An experienced florist has precise knowledge of the various requirements of his plants. And before choosing a plant, you need to decide which plant you would like to see at home and whether you can create appropriate conditions for it for growth and development, as well as for flowering (some plants need a special climate and care for flowering).
Many indoor flower lovers have different plants, both decorative-flowering and decorative-deciduous: they choose flowers so that there is a lot of greenery and flowers on the windowsill or table by the window. An experienced grower has knowledge of the different requirements of his pets, which helps to place plants, with common features in keeping together, to create a beautiful arrangement or group, and at the same time make it easier for himself to care.
Practical and life-giving advice: which potted flowers can be given as a gift on March 8, which are not worth buying. Why you shouldn't buy any beautiful potted flower. What to look for when buying.
Fifteen of the best plants for free, forget about hyacinths if you don't want banality. What else besides flowers can be bought for lovers of indoor flowers as a gift.
Probably not everyone knows that store-bought plants experience double stress. The first stress the plant receives is when it is delivered to the store. Houseplants for sale are grown, as a rule, in greenhouses where high humidity, temperature and appropriate illumination are maintained. Most of the shops now offer flowers from Holland, Thailand and other countries. Even if the company has tried to carry out the delivery as correctly and carefully as possible, the plant will still be under stress, while it will look good. So, the plant got into the store, where certain conditions are created for it. Before the plant had time to get used to it, they bought it.
It is easy enough to find tips for buying a plant, there are articles on this topic in all books and sites about indoor plants. However, the question is what to do with the plant at home when it has already been bought or donated. Another question that arises with the acquisition of a new plant is whether it needs to be transplanted, especially if it was bought in autumn or winter.
Sometimes they write that drainage is not needed in a clay pot, which I would like to object to - you can fill the plant in any pot, both in plastic and in clay, so a novice florist can be advised to put a layer of drainage in any pot, it will not hurt. Although if you water it too often and too much, then the drainage may also not help and the plant will be flooded.
All of us someday begin to do something for the first time. Someone, before starting to grow flowers, is interested in how difficult it is, where to start, where to get it, how to root, etc. But most hobbyists "fall ill" with indoor plants suddenly, seeing a beautiful flower or a fruit-bearing tree, or having received it as a gift. And when the plant is already at home, a lot of questions arise, most of which relate to general issues of growing. Let's try again to understand them and organize them.
Indoor plants in our life very often decorate not only living quarters, but also work premises, those in which, in fact, we spend most of our time. When choosing plants for the office, you should first of all pay attention to how much your office is suitable for growing plants in general - if they smoke incessantly or it is too dark in the room even for people, then it is better to have the most hardy plants or artificial flowers. The specifics of growing or keeping plants in the office are somewhat different than at home. The pros and cons of growing plants in the office, as well as two different views on the same factor, can be summarized as follows.