Jatropha: home care, reproduction and transplantation, species, photo
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Houseplants Published: September 15, 2011 Reprinted: Last edits:
Genus jatropha (lat.Jatropha) is a member of the Euphorbia family and has 150 species in the region. Shrubs, trees and perennials of this genus containing milky sap grow preferentially in the tropical regions of America and Africa.
Because Jatropha mainly grows in rocky areas and deserts, where there is practically no possibility to form water-storing roots; jatropha has a specific trunk that tapers from a thick base to a narrow top. This allows the jatrof to accumulate moisture in the lower, thicker part of the trunk. The petioles of the jatropha are attached closer to the middle part of the leaf plate, and not at its edge, which is another feature of this plant. In our country it is quite difficult to buy jatropha in a store, because this plant is usually found only in botanical gardens and private collectors. Most often, Jatropha podagrica is grown at home, which is very expensive, despite the rather simple maintenance of it. The plant grows up to half a meter with a little.
If, nevertheless, it was possible to purchase a room jatropha, then it will perfectly decorate the interior. At home, jatropha often begins to bloom in May, before the leaves bloom - it blooms with inflorescences similar to umbrellas, which are held on a long stem. Leaves appear after the beginning of flowering - broad-lobed on long petioles up to 20 cm in length.
Briefly about growing
- Bloom: from March to October.
- Lighting: bright sunlight with shade in the afternoon.
- Temperature: in summer - 18-22 ºC, in winter - 14-17 ºC.
- Watering: from spring to autumn - as soon as the top layer of soil in the pot dries up, watering is reduced by winter, and if the plant has dropped its leaves, then it is stopped altogether.
- Air humidity: common for living quarters.
- Top dressing: in summer and spring - once a month with fertilizer for succulents and cacti. In the fall, feeding is reduced, and by winter it is completely stopped.
- Rest period: from October to February.
- Transfer: once every two to three years, in March.
- Substrate: a mixture of peat, sand, turf and leaf land in equal proportions with the addition of a small amount of expanded clay.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: thrips and spider mites.
- Diseases: root rot.
- Properties: jatropha is poisonous!
Read more about growing jatropha below.
Jatropha care at home
Despite the fact that the houseplant jatropha loves the sun, it is better to hide it in the shade from the midday heat. It is also worth gradually accustoming the plant to the sun, if the plant was just purchased or after prolonged cloudy weather - otherwise, sunburns may appear on the leaves. It grows well both at the southern windows and at the windows from the west and east.
Jatropha in indoor conditions feels good in summer at temperatures from 18 to 22 ° C. And if the temperature in the room in winter is 14-17 ° C, then this will make it easier to care for the plant, because this is its optimum winter temperature. The dry air of homemade jatropha is tolerated without problems, so there is no need to spray it. It is advisable to periodically wipe the leaves with a damp sponge.
Watering the jatropha
After the top layer of the substrate begins to dry, the plant is watered with settled water from spring to autumn. In no case do not overdo it with watering, as in this case the houseplant jatropha can rot. In winter, watering is reduced, or completely stopped, if in autumn or winter the jatropha has dropped its leaves. You can put a cloth in the pot and moisten it with water from time to time. Only when new shoots appear on the jatrof should the usual irrigation regime be resumed.
Reproduction is carried out by cuttings or seeds (seeds quickly become unusable, so it is rather difficult to find them). During the flowering period (mainly in summer and spring), it is advisable to feed every month with fertilizers. Fertilizers are the same as for cacti.
Once every two to three years, the jatropha is transplanted into a slightly larger pot. A mixture of peat, sand, leaf and turf soil, with the addition of small stones or fine bricks is best suited. Good drains are very important for Yatrofe. The pot should be short, but very wide.
The homemade jatropha flower is propagated by cuttings at a temperature of 27 to 31 ° C. The woody cuttings are placed in a distribution box, where they should take root within three to five weeks. The cuttings that have taken root are transplanted into low pots (about 7 cm high) with a substrate of sand, humus and sod land, 1/3 of each.
Growing from seeds
If the jatropha gave seeds, then they must be sown in a mixture of turf, peat, sand and leafy earth (in equal parts). The pot is covered with glass and placed in a place where the soil temperature will be maintained at 25 ° C.
It is important to know that the plant is poisonous, so be sure to wash your hands with soap and water after transplanting or touching the plant. The main pests are thrips and spider mites.
Jatropha gouty / Jatropha podagrica
This succulent is native to Central America. A shrub with a height of up to 0.5 m, which sheds leaves and has a trunk (expanding downward), similar to a tuber. It blooms in late spring - early summer with umbrella-shaped, collected red flowers, which are located at the top of the shoots. Leaves up to 20 cm long, thyroid, three to five lobed. The plant is flowering.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Euphorbia family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
Sections: Houseplants Beautifully flowering Euphorbiaceae (Euphorbiaceae) Ornamental deciduous succulents Plants on I
Miltonia - types of orchids with a name and photo, features of care, reproduction and transplantation of a flower at home
Miltonia is whimsical in her care. At home, this flower requires certain conditions that can be created if desired.
This flower got its name in honor of the English orchid scientist Milton. This plant variety was discovered in the 19th century and was originally classified as a genus of oncidiums. Although in fact, miltonia belongs to the genus of airy orchids. They grow in the tropics in South America, and most often on trees through which they receive food and consume moisture from the air.
Avid florists have long learned to breed new species of this plant, so there are more and more miltonia hybrids.
But is it really that difficult to care for a flower? Let's see if it is difficult to grow miltonia at home.
All vegetative organs of the cycad contain neurotoxins that have a strong toxic effect. They can lead to burns, serious illness and even death. This fact must be taken into account when growing cicas in residential premises.
Care should be taken when working with the plant, exclude contact with children and pets. In regions where cycad grows in large numbers, a special type of starch (sago) is produced from its trunks and seeds, which is used after detoxification.
Brugmansia: home care. Briefly
Brugmansia at home requires certain care:
|Temperature regime||Indoor in summer, not higher than + 15 ° in winter.|
|Air humidity||Requires a high humidity level of at least 60%.|
|Lighting||Intense, shaded south-facing position.|
|Watering||The substrate must be kept moist at all times.|
|Priming||Light, fertile, always with a drainage layer.|
|Top dressing and fertilization||Requires constant use of fertilizers.|
|Brugmansia transplant||As it grows, sometimes up to 2-3 times a year.|
|Reproduction||Seeds or apical cuttings.|
|Growing features||Requires constant shaping and trimming.|
Caring for the plant consists in proper watering, timely feeding, proper formation of the bush and the fight against diseases and pests.
Florists note the plant's great need for water. However, it is important to observe the measure here. In warm summer weather, you will need to water the arrowroot once every 2 days, making sure that the soil in the pot is moist all the time (but not excessively damp!). Water must be taken at room temperature, soft, settled.
During the rest period, watering is reduced to 1 time per week - in cool conditions, the soil should be allowed to dry by 1-2 cm.
For feeding, special formulations are used for decorative leafy indoor flowers (for example, Pokon, Agricola). During growth - in summer and spring - it is necessary to fertilize arrowroot 2 times a month. Fertilizers are prepared in low concentration - 2 times less than indicated in the instructions.
To feed arrowroot, you can use special formulations for decorative leafy indoor flowers
If in winter the arrowroot is placed in a dormant period (the room temperature is reduced and watering is reduced), then feeding can be stopped. Otherwise, the plant should be fertilized once a month.
Under favorable conditions, the arrowroot produces a thin peduncle on which a small white, light pink or light yellow flower blooms. Since flowers do not play a special decorative role and, moreover, weaken the plant, some growers prefer to cut the peduncles before the flowers bloom. If arrowroot is still allowed to bloom, after wilting, it loses its leaves and goes to rest, which lasts for several months.
Arrowroot flowers are not as decorative as leaves.
Flowering can begin in early spring and last for several months.
The rest time lasts from October to February. During this period, the plant is provided with a not very high temperature (17 ° C), a rare watering regime (once a week or less). The lighting should remain natural - you don't need to hide the arrowroot in the dark.
Bush formation: pruning according to the rules
In early spring, when the plant comes out of the dormant period, flower growers recommend pruning - remove all leaves completely. Within 1–1.5 months, arrowroot is restored thanks to a strong root system. New leaves are brighter.
After pruning under the root of arrowroot, it releases new, brighter leaves
If the arrowroot has many long shoots, they can be pruned to produce propagation cuttings. In addition, this will make the bush more neat.
Caring for varieties of chlorophytum Bonnie and orange at home
Chlorophytum variety Bonnie has a clear white stripe along the central vein, which almost does not change color under unfavorable conditions for the plant. Particularly attractive are the slightly curled leaves, to which this variety owes the popular name "curly". Unlike other crested chlorophytums, the whiskers in this variety rarely exceed 50 cm in length. Caring for Bonnie's chlorophytum at home is easier, since this plant is relatively compact.
Chlorophytum varieties green orange and orange, are distinguished by magnificent dark green broad-lanceolate leaves with orange petioles.
When caring for orange chlorophytum at home, the timely removal of the peduncles that have appeared will help to preserve the bright color of the petioles and leaves.
In order for chlorophytum orange to be orange, not only in name, you need to provide it with the right lighting. The light should be bright diffused, but not direct, otherwise its leaves will turn pale.
The leaves of this variety are very sensitive to chemicals. Therefore, it is advisable to carry out feeding, pest control by cultivating the soil, and not the leaves.
You can use the basilisk flower in any way you like. We have posted a photo of an exemplary application in the landscape in the publication. You can plant a plant along the edges of gazebos, near ponds, decorate the borders with them, just place it in flower beds.
Basil does not tolerate the close proximity of other plants, but in one area it is perfectly combined with any flowering and non-flowering plants. Other flowers can be planted both in the foreground and in the background.