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The Chinese rose has been cultivated for a long time. In Asia, hibiscus was used for rituals: wreaths for newlyweds were woven from flowers and a drink was prepared that arouses passion among newlyweds.
In Europe, the plant has a negative trail: it was called the flower of death because it supposedly emits bad energy that destroys health and family relationships. There are many signs associated with hibiscus, and all of them are not flattering to the plant.
However, the fact that the Chinese rose is very beautiful is not disputed even by superstitious people. So should you deny yourself the pleasure of admiring hibiscus because of dubious inventions?
In our article, you will find comprehensive information on how to properly care for hibiscus.
Perennial gypsophila - planting and care in the open field, photo varieties
Like a sparkling waterfall of tiny flowers, gypsophila flows, flowing around the roses and larkspur growing on the flower beds. She brings romantic lightness to the garden, which cannot be done by another perennial. Gypsophila are fully or partially frost-resistant annuals and perennials, planted in flower beds, in rocky gardens. This article provides information on how to plant and care for perennial gypsophila, photos of popular species.
- Description of the plant
- Popular species and varieties
- Kachim graceful
- Panicled swing
- Other interesting species and varieties
- Basic information about growing
- Choosing a growing place
- Reproduction, sowing and planting
- Watering and fertilizing
- Collecting flowers for bouquets
- Diseases and pests
What is the peculiarity of landscape design?
Its main difference from interior design is that it is not static. The next season comes, and everything changes before our eyes - flowers bloom and fade, seedlings grow, leaves fly around. Atmospheric phenomena have a great influence. In general, care for the landscape is required constantly. However, there are no impossible tasks here. In order to create a stylish and enviable landscape design, you need only desire. All materials for this are now available in a wide range. You can find out how and what to do on our website.
Planting in open ground and caring for bushes
The site for the Alexandria variety is chosen sunny. Humus and 400 g of wood ash per well are mixed with the soil. The most optimal way of growing is a two-line placement of Alexandria strawberry bushes on a bed 1.1 m wide.The interval between rows is 0.5 m.The bushes are planted in holes 25 x 25 x 25 cm, spilled with water, and located after 25-30 cm.
- The first peduncles on strawberries are carefully cut off so that the plant grows stronger. The next 4-5 peduncles are left to ripen, 4-5 berries on each
- In the second year, the bushes of the Alexandria variety give up to 20 peduncles
- At the end of summer, the reddened leaves are removed.
Having compacted the soil around the planted strawberry bushes Alexandria, the whole garden bed is mulched. For organic mulch, take straw, dry hay, peat, pine needles or old sawdust. Fresh sawdust must be spilled with water and left for a while, otherwise they will take on all the moisture from the soil. Organic matter over time becomes a good fertilizer in the beds. After 2-3 months, a new mulch is applied, and the old one is removed.
They also mulch with foil and agrotextile. The material is stretched in the garden bed and holes are cut in the places of the holes through which the strawberries are planted. This mulch inhibits the growth of weeds and keeps the soil warm. But in prolonged rainy periods, strawberry roots under polyethylene can rot.
Until the mulch is laid, the soil in the aisles is systematically loosened and weeds are removed. Loosening provides easy air access to the strawberry roots, and also retains moisture. Before the berries ripen, the soil must be loosened at least 3 times. When fruiting, soil cultivation is not carried out.
After planting, Alexandria strawberries are watered abundantly 2 times a week. It is necessary to count that 10 liters of warm, up to 20 ° C, water is enough for sufficient moistening of the hole and all roots for 10-12 bushes. In the growth phase of young leaves, watered once a week. Strawberries do not like too high humidity.
The Alexandria variety is fertilized with a solution of humus or infusion of bird droppings in a ratio of 1:15 every time the ovaries begin to form. The retail network offers ready-made fertilizing based on organic matter. The EM series (effective microorganisms) is popular: Baikal EM1, BakSib R, Vostok EM1. Targeted mineral complexes for strawberries are also used: Strawberry, Kristalon, Kemira and others, according to the instructions.
Disease and pest control methods
Alexandria strawberries are resistant to fungal diseases. If the plants are infected, they are treated with fungicides after picking the berries.
Protect against pests by spring soil cultivation with Bordeaux liquid or copper sulfate solution. Spray with vitriol carefully, without touching the plants.
Pros and cons of the variety
Any food product has positive and negative sides. The benefits of purple potatoes include:
- Healing effect on the body. With the regular addition of root crops of this type to the diet, blood pressure in hypertensive patients decreases, the walls of blood vessels are strengthened. They serve as the prevention of atherosclerosis and the development of cancer.
- Contains a high amount of vitamin C, which is necessary to improve the immune system.
- Slowing down the aging process due to the presence of antioxidants in the composition.
- The high starch content prevents the risk of obesity and overweight.
One of the downsides is consumer preference. Not every person is ready to experiment, so he may be confused by a purple vegetable in a dish familiar to him, he will not like its smell and taste. On the negative side, not all people can add such roots. It is contraindicated for those who suffer from low blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, chronic constipation, malfunctioning of the stomach, especially gastritis or ulcers.
A dish made from this vegetable, eat it strictly in moderation. Overeating will provoke pain and bloating. If you add it to the diet for the first time, then first eat a small amount and continue to use it only if there is no allergic reaction, in the form of skin redness, rash, itching or swelling. Take an allergy medication if you see any side effects.
Pumpkin Smile is a variety loved by many gardeners, both experienced and beginners. A distinctive feature is the unpretentiousness of the culture - it is not required to create special conditions for growing. In addition, the yield will be high regardless of the weather conditions. Due to the high level of cold resistance, the fruits can perfectly tolerate short-term frosts. If necessary, ripe pumpkins can be transported over long distances without losing their appearance, which is very beneficial if they are cultivated on a production scale for further sale.
Growing and care
If you grow eggplant seedlings from seed at home, pay attention to the fact that low-growing varieties sprout without picking within one and a half months, and those requiring picking - up to two months. When planting seeds, be sure to take this fact into account so as not to overexpose the seedlings in greenhouse conditions and transplant them into the soil in time.
Eggplant is one of the plants that does not tolerate transplanting well, therefore, seedlings must be grown in special planting peat pots. Low-growing varieties of eggplant sprout well at a temperature of 23-25 0 C. As soon as the sprouts appear above the soil surface, the temperature is lowered to 19-20 0 C, and the seedlings are kept in this mode for 2-3 days. After that, the temperature is raised again to 23-25 0 С.
Two to three days before transplanting low-growing eggplants into open ground, the seedlings are adapted to direct sunlight. To do this, planting containers with seedlings are daily taken out into the open sun, gradually increasing the hardening time from 15 minutes to 1 hour.
Landing in open ground
Low-growing varieties of eggplant are planted in open ground according to the following scheme:
- On the site, equip even beds with planting grooves and holes for eggplant
- The distance between the beds should not be less than 50 cm
- The distance between the holes is within 25-35 cm.
Before planting the seedlings, the holes are poured abundantly with warm, settled water, then the eggplants are dipped in them and sprinkled with a dry substrate. The next watering is carried out only for 2-3 days. This method will enable the undersized varieties to take root well.
For the first time, fertilization is applied to the soil 2-3 weeks after planting the seedlings, and then fertilizing is repeated every 3 weeks. Previously, it is not recommended to introduce fertilizers, since eggplant is a crop with weak roots and in the early stages of development is not able to absorb large amounts of nutrients. For the entire period of growth of undersized eggplant, it is necessary to make at least 5 dressings.
After the undersized eggplants begin to bear fruit, it is recommended to introduce a fertilizing containing nitrogen-phosphate elements. To do this, dilute 1 teaspoon of ammonium nitrate and 1 tablespoon of superphosphate in 10 liters of warm water. Fertilizer is introduced into the soil with care, since phosphate fertilization actively affects the growth of the leaf and stem, but not the fruit itself.
From natural fertilizers for feeding undersized eggplants, gardeners use the drug "Biud", one of the components of which is mullein. It is necessary to dilute the product in compliance with the proportions indicated in the instructions. Today "Biud" is considered the best organic fertilizer for stimulating fruit growth.
In the process of growth, mineral, nitrogen and organic fertilizers must be alternated, and during the ripening period of the fruits, add a little ash to the soil.
Growing up, leaving
Since tomatoes of this variety are medium-late varieties, they should be planted for seedlings at the end of February, otherwise they will not have time to show their full potential.
Before sowing, the seeds need to be prepared. You can go the traditional way: calibrate them, pickle them in fungicide or potassium permanganate, soak them in a growth promoter, germinate. But this method does not guarantee that all planted seeds will be completely healthy, as well as the plants obtained from them. New drugs have appeared on the market that are able to stimulate germination only completely free from pathogens of seeds, the rest simply will not sprout. They also reject all seeds with a damaged embryo. The composition of Flora-S and Fitopa-Flora-S contains humic acids, they have exactly these properties.
What are the benefits of using these substances?
- Increase of germination energy in some cases up to 18%.
- Increase in seed germination by about 5%.
- The power of the root system doubles.
- Tomatoes take root faster after transplanting.
- Fruits grow larger on tomato bushes.
- The adaptive capacity of plants is increased.
Tomatoes will need 2 to 3 days of aging in this preparation.
After soaking, the seeds are sown in the traditional way, but it is better immediately in separate containers, which are filled with fertile soil. It is optimal if it is taken from its own beds, but not from those where nightshade crops have been planted for the previous 3 years. For safety, it is better to freeze the soil.
Seedling keeping conditions
- The night temperature is about 18 degrees, the daytime is about 22.
- Regular watering as the soil clod dries. The water should be warm and settled.
- A pick in the phase of a pair of true leaves, if tomato seeds were sown in one container.
- Content on a well-lit windowsill. If necessary, supplementary lighting with phytolamps. For a tomato of the Wonder of the World variety, it may be needed, since it is sown at a time when the daylight hours are still short.
- With a weak development, additional fertilizing will be required either with biofertilizer or with a complex mineral fertilizer of a weak concentration.
It also has its own peculiarities. Tomato is a thermophilic crop, its roots will not function if the soil temperature is less than 15 degrees Celsius. Therefore, everything must be done so that the soil in the greenhouse warms up faster. The Wonder of the World tomato variety has a powerful root system, so such plants need to be planted less often - a meter apart and fed very well.
For planting, pits are made at a distance of a meter. They must have a half-meter diameter and a depth of at least 40 cm. The pit is filled with a mixture of humus and the removed top layer of soil. Add 2-3 handfuls of ash, Art. a spoonful of complex fertilizer and spill well. If you want to get a more powerful root system, you can plant the seedlings horizontally, removing some of the leaves. Orient it with the top of the head to the north.
After planting, the soil around the bushes is mulched with a ten-centimeter layer of organic material: dried cut grass, straw, hay.
It also has its own peculiarities. Tomatoes Wonder of the World need to be fed regularly. The first feeding is carried out with mullein infusion 12-14 days after planting. In the future, plants will need more potassium. They are fed with a complex mineral fertilizer intended for tomatoes once a decade.
During flowering, brushes 2 and 3, tomatoes are sprayed with a solution of boric acid so that all the numerous flowers turn into ovaries.
For feeding, you can prepare a herbal cocktail. A barrel with a volume of 200 liters will require:
- a third of the volume of nettles
- a couple of shovels of cow dung
- 3 l of milk whey
- 2 kg baker's yeast.
The contents of the barrel are filled with water for a couple of weeks.
After insisting, a liter of nutrient solution is added to each bucket of water. You can water them the Miracle of the World tomatoes at the root every decade.
The Wonder of the World tomato is considered a drought-resistant variety, but with timely weekly watering it will feel more comfortable.
There are features in the formation of plants. In addition to a high-quality garter of both trunks and each brush, regular pinching and leaf removal will be required after the fruit has formed below the brush.
Usually, tomatoes in the greenhouse are pinched at the end of July. But experienced gardeners advise not to do this at the Miracle of the World tomato, but to give it the opportunity to grow to the roof of the greenhouse. If you are not sure that all the tomatoes will ripen, you should remove an 8-10 brush.
Liana tomatoes Wonder of the world require special careful care, but it pays off a hundredfold with the huge harvest that they can give.
Additional information about the Wonder of the World tomato - on the video: