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Shy mimosa is a very delicate and fragile flower, a real princess who needs careful care. This plant is very much appreciated by true flower growers. The plant belongs to annuals, in indoor conditions it reaches a height of 30-40 cm, and in its natural habitat up to one and a half meters. It has very delicate leaves. Mimosa is native to the tropical climates of America, Africa and Asia. A representative of the mimosa family, in general, it includes from 300 to 450 species.
Description of the flower mimosa bashful
The plant is a small shrub with small spherical flowers, the leaves of which are similar in appearance to those of a fern. Its flowers resemble dandelion balls, only lilac in color. Such balls bloom up to four months. In its habitat, it is a perennial plant, but the cultivated mimosa dies in winter.
Mimosa leaves curl up from any external stimulus, hence its name - "bashful". Any touch, light wind or temperature change can be an irritant.
The flower lives according to its own rhythm, similar to the rhythm of a person: sleep and wakefulness. Every 22 hours, mimosa leaves folding, which, by the way, does not depend in any way on the time of day.
Such a reaction to the world around us gives rise to many flower growers to think that it seems to be alive. This property attracts attention. Curled leaves restore their original position after half an hour.
Caring for bashful mimosa at home
One would assume that the bashful mimosa is very capricious to the conditions of caring for her. But in fact, it is not so difficult to maintain it. All that is required is to create the conditions of her native tropical habitat, and then the mimosa will bloom to the delight of the grower.
Location and lighting
The plant is very light-loving and is not afraid of direct rays. At mid-latitudes, it should be placed from the south. In a hotter environment, the southeast will suit her. In extreme cases, it can be placed from the west or east by the window. If in hot climates the plant is in the south, then it is necessary to provide the mimosa with a small shade for several hours.
If mimosa was purchased in a rainy period or in constantly cloudy weather, then when clear days come, getting used to the light should be gradual.
It should be noted that bashful mimosa should be kept at a height inaccessible to small children. The fact that a flower folds leaves under any stimulus can be perceived by them as a game. The plant spends a certain amount of energy on folding, so frequent touching can cause it to dry out.
Important! Adverse factors for mimosa are smoke, both cigarette smoke and smoke that forms when cooking food, and drafts are also not recommended.
From the beginning of spring to October, there is a period of intense growth and vegetation. The most optimal temperature regime for mimosa at this time is approximately 20-24 degrees. The winter period takes place at a temperature of 16-18 degrees.
It is necessary to provide a high level of humidity, approximately 70% or more. How can this be done? This can be done by spraying (by no means on the plant), a container, or a tray of water. The pallet must be positioned so that it does not touch the mimosa pot.
During the 8-month flowering period, from March to October, you need to water the plant every two days, in the morning or evening. A dry top layer of the substrate will serve as a clue. In winter, watering is carried out so that the soil in the pot is constantly moistened. Water must be used purified, and so that it is not hard.
Soil and fertilizers
The flower feels good in light soil, which allows air and water to pass through. A mixture of turf, sand and peat in equal proportions works best. Using expanded clay will provide the drainage that the bashful mimosa needs.
During the growing season, twice a month, you need to feed the plant. It is enough to use common fertilizers for flowering indoor plants. Dilute the resulting solution by half.
Shy mimosa is grown as an annual flower, so there is no need to transplant it. But if there is still such a need, then the transplant must be carried out carefully, not spraying a clod of earth, but transplanting it together with all the sod into another pot.
The process is used to grow mimosa seeds. As you know, pollination in the natural environment occurs with the help of wind or insects. At home, pollination can be done with the help of a gentle transfer of pollen with a thin soft brush, or you can make the mimosa flowers lightly touch each other.
Reproduction of bashful mimosa
As already mentioned, mimosa is an annual plant, therefore, in order for a flower to grow in you for more than one season, you need to reproduce it every year. There are two ways: with seeds and cuttings.
As for the seeds, they can be grown at home or purchased from the store. At home, the mimosa fruit is a small pod that contains from 6 to 10 seeds. The fruit can be picked when it is completely dry. They are harvested for the winter and stored in the refrigerator. March is the time for boarding. They are opened and soaked in water at room temperature for about half an hour.
It is advisable to purchase special soil for planting. Indeed, ordinary turf can contain bacteria that prevent the germination of the plant.
The pot should be small, it needs to be equipped with drainage. The bottom is filled with expanded clay, then the soil itself is placed. It should be wet. Next, seeds are placed on its surface and sprinkled with a loose layer (about 1 centimeter). The pot is wrapped in a protective film, creating a greenhouse effect, and placed in a warm place.
Mimosa bashful - NEEDLESS
It is imperative to maintain a constant temperature of 25-30 degrees and humidity. The pot is ventilated by removing the film from time to time. Watering is carried out by spraying.
Seed rise usually occurs 20-25 days after planting. After that, the mimosa is exposed to the light, but not under direct rays, and again the temperature is maintained at no lower than 24 degrees. When a plant has 3 leaves, then it can be transplanted into a separate pot, while protecting the fragile roots. It should be remembered that young shoots should not be exposed directly to the sun's rays.
Propagation by cuttings
The cuttings method has many nuances and low efficiency, so it was practically abandoned. Although it is possible to do this, mainly in the aquatic environment or in peat.
Care problems, diseases and pests
Among the possible problems with the content of bashful mimosa, the following should be noted:
- The leaves of the plant curl up due to the presence of smoke in the room. As mentioned earlier, this is undesirable for a flower.
- If you notice that the leaves acquire a yellow tint and become lethargic, and sometimes completely fall off, then most likely the plant suffers from a lack of moisture. It is necessary either to humidify the room, or to water the flower more often.
- There is the opposite problem: the leaves are not opened at all. This happens if the plant has received too much moisture, or the appropriate temperature regime is not observed in the room.
- The stems take on a more elongated shape. This signals that the mimosa lacks light. The solution to the problem can be to move the flower to a lighter corner of the room, or to compensate for the lack of sunlight with artificial lighting.
- The mimosa does not have a flowering period. This indicates an extremely low temperature for a plant - less than 16-18 degrees.
- If you observe a slowdown in the growth of a flower, or the leaves take on bizarre shapes, then this means that the plant has been struck by a disease. It usually develops from spider mites or aphids.
Important! Finally, it should be noted that people who are allergic to pollen, keeping bashful mimosa at home is dangerous to health.
Mimosa Shy in bloom ...
What does mimosa look like and where does it grow: photo and description
An amazing plant is mimosa.
It has become popular due to its unusual property - to react to the lightest touch, by folding the leaves, creating the illusion of movement.
Few people know that the mimosa, which we are used to seeing in early spring, is not a flower, but a shrub.
Her homeland is Australia.
What do women want: roses or mimosas?
A few more days - and the calendar spring will come. Let the snow not melt yet, and the cold is fierce, but soon the first streams will run and the air will smell in spring. Very soon, with the delicate scent of snowdrops, we will breathe in the enchanting aromas of hyacinths, tulips, daffodils and mimosa. It just so happened that it was the first spring flowers, the harbingers of love and happiness, a symbol of grace and tenderness, that became a traditional gift to all women for the Day of March 8.
In Soviet times, when there was no such choice of goods and flowers on store shelves as now, International Women's Day was certainly associated with a sprig of fluffy mimosa, as an addition to a bottle of perfume or a box of chocolates. Years have passed, times have changed, and now almost any flowers are on sale all year round, but the love for mimosa has remained unchanged. And this is not surprising, because the one who once inhaled this intoxicating aroma will never forget it.
The tradition of giving mimosas for the Day of March 8 came to us from Europe. Back in March 1946, Italian women from the Unione Donne Italiane, at the first post-war meeting in Rome, proclaimed mimosa, in which the whole city was drowning in flowering yellow clusters, a symbol of women's solidarity. And since then, on the eve of March 8, millions of mimosa sprigs have been sold in Italy. Men give them to their wives, grandmothers, girls as a gracious gesture of gratitude. 90% of all flowering twigs that are sold throughout the country come from the north of Italy - Liguria, known for its mild climate.
It is not difficult to grow here low, but fast-growing trees, which are subjected to radical pruning every year. In the province of Imperia alone, over 150,000 cardboard boxes with fluffy yellow branches are packed annually and sent to the flower market in San Remo.
Real and false mimosa
What is popularly called mimosa is actually a completely different plant - this is the acacia (Acacia dealbata) native to the southeastern part of Australia. Silver acacia does not tolerate any frost, and this may explain the fact that the custom of giving a branch with golden fluffy balls to the Day of March 8 did not take root in Northern Europe. The real mimosa - bashful mimosa (Mimosa pudica) - is a delicate low shrub native to Brazil, which can be found today in almost all tropical regions. This ornamental plant, capable of showing its light pink or pale lilac flowers, similar to balls, already three months after germination, is a real touchy!
One has only to slightly touch the mimosa, as it instantly folds its feathery leaves in turn. After half an hour, the plant opens again. The reason for this unusual reaction of leaves to mechanical stress is still not fully understood. Some botanists believe that this is how the plant is protected from tropical rains or winds, while others - from being eaten by insects. In our country, this evergreen plant is grown indoors. It does not require special care. All that the bashful mimosa needs is bright light, regular watering and humid air. She does not like drafts and tobacco smoke - she immediately drops the leaves. Do not experiment and play with the plant: frequent touching the leaves can lead to the death of the plant. With proper care, touch-me-not mimosa produces many seeds, which allows it to be cultivated for many years.
When we hear or talk about mimosa, fluffy and fragrant bunches of golden ball flowers immediately appear in our imagination, rather than pink-lilac flowers. In fact, the March 8 mimosa is a silver acacia (Acacia dealbata). Apparently, due to the similarity of its leaves with the leaves of mimosa, the bashful acacia is silvery and is popularly called "mimosa".
In its homeland, a fast-growing, evergreen tree reaches up to 20 m in height, in Europe - up to 10 m. Today, whole groves of silver acacia adorn the shores of Lake Maggiore, on the border between Switzerland and Italy, as well as the entire Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. It is his flowering branches that end up in our flower shops on the eve of the Women's Day. Unfortunately, these solar branches lose their freshness very quickly in the vase. On the eve of the holiday, there is a lot of talk and writing on television and in the press about how to keep the freshness of cut flowers longer. So, before you put the cut branches of mimosa in the vase, you need to remove the lower leaves. In water, mimosa does not crumble for 3-4 days, and without water it can last even longer. To increase the fluffiness of the branches, sellers sometimes dip them in hot water. After such a procedure, the flowering branches look especially beautiful and fresh, but not for long, the very next day they can crumble. "Boiled" mimosa can be easily recognized - it is odorless.
You can extend the joy of contemplating the shaggy yellow balls-inflorescences if you grow silver acacia in a tub. This fast-growing tree with very delicate and fluffy golden inflorescences and beautiful openwork bluish foliage, even silvery-green in color, will perfectly fit into any interior and will become a highlight in the living room, bright hall or on the staircase, on the terrace or in the winter garden. Taking care of such a plant is not difficult at all. It only looks so gentle, but in fact it is quite hardy - just like our women!
For the abundant and lush flowering of silver acacia, fertile soil with good structure is ideal, providing both moisture and drainage. It is recommended to enrich the soil with humus once a year, so that the plant will receive all the necessary nutrients, and the soil structure will improve. Silvery acacias with flattened branches are more hardy in less acidic soils. The plant must be replanted every two years. The new pot should not be too big: on the one hand, it does not look very aesthetically pleasing, and on the other hand, there is no need to disturb the balance between the underground and above-ground parts of the plant.
The silver tub acacia must be placed in a warm and bright place and provided with abundant watering with lime-free water. The earth ball should not dry out, otherwise the plant may die. In winter, watering should be reduced. From February to August, every two weeks, the plant is fertilized with mineral and organic fertilizers.
In winter, the plant is kept in a cool and bright room, where the air temperature should be in the range of +2 0 C - +10 0 C. In a warmer room or with insufficient watering, acacia leaves crumble or flowers dry.
The fast-growing silver acacia blooms from January to April. She tolerates pruning very well. If you cut off the main shoots of a young plant, you can get a bushy shape. To give the same tree-like shape, the lower branches of the young acacia are removed. In order to maintain their shape, a strong pruning is performed immediately after flowering.
Spring is the time of the sun and the first tender greenery. And blooming mimosa is a lot of small golden sun droplets playing among openwork greenery, one touch - and they scatter, flooding the whole house with their light and warmth. Give your loved ones mimosas, and with them joy, and the scent of the coming spring!
Translation: Lesya V.
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Experienced florist's calendar: february - bokogrey
February in Russia was impatiently awaited - a little time will pass and spring and winter will meet on Sretenye, on February 15. And after Sretenya it is time to prepare for Shrovetide - to see off the winter. Shrovetide this year begins on February 20 and lasts until the 26th.
February winds and cold are not a reason to eat pancakes, without caring about flowers. In the garden and on the personal plot, they constantly check the movement of snow from the winds and be sure to add snow to places where perennials grow, to ridges with seeds of flower plants.
Particular attention, when observing the snow cover, is paid to elevated places: alpine hills (rockeries), planting flowers near buildings, fences and large trees.
Snow around perennials is compacted to protect it from rodents. Birds are attracted by systematic feeding for future nesting or visiting the site.
Starting from February, they are intensively preparing for the season, they buy fertilizers, manure, peat, garden tools and prepare stakes, seed boxes, labels, etc.
In February, birds are attracted to the garden. Photo: Delenka
The length of daylight hours in February increased significantly, but is still insufficient for indoor plants. Plants, due to lack of light, are placed on or near windows.
Watering is very moderate with settled tap water (or boiled) or snow at a temperature slightly above room temperature.
The surface of the ground in azaleas, camellias and some cacti is moistened with a layering of snow.
Cyclamens watered from the pallet. They constantly take care of the leaf surface, wiping off the dust with a damp cloth and then washing with water with the addition of a small amount of laundry soap. You need to ventilate the room so that the plants do not get a direct stream of cold air or drafts.
Flowering plants in February - azaleas, hippeastrum, clivia, columnea, primroses, saintpaulias, bromelets and orchids are constantly moistened with warm water, preventing the substrate or the earth from drying out. Once a month, they are fed with a weak solution of a complete mineral or organic fertilizer.
Succulents are watered once a month, and then only on clear days.
Plants dormant, need to check the condition of the tubers. Rotten tubers are removed completely, rotten ones are cleaned of rot and sprinkled with crushed charcoal. Shriveled and soft tubers improve substrate moisture.
The tubers of begonias and gloxinia are cleaned of the remnants of old roots, planted in a new earthen mixture and, after watering, set in a warm place.
Start grafting begonias, fuchsias, hydrangeas, pelargoniums, rhodendron, passionflower, nightshade and other crops.
When grafting, the best rooting results are achieved in the water of a bowl or jar with clean boiled river sand poured onto the bottom after dusting the cuttings with heteroauxin.
Maslenitsa. Artist: Kustodiev. 1916 year
In February sow the seeds of the summer, for landscaping the balcony and premises, for example: marigolds, summer dahlias, levkoi, nasturtium, sweet peas, bashful mimosa, winged tunbergia, decorative pepper, basil, garden balsam, etc.
Distillation. Bulbous plants prepared for distillation are put into the light. Hyacinths and daffodils bloom through tulips - saffron (crocuses) -
The optimum air temperature for tulips and hyacinths is 18 ° C, daffodils - 14 ° C, saffron - ° C. The room is well systematically ventilated, the plants are often and abundantly watered. Premature flowering is stopped by lowering the temperature; in this mode, plants can be kept for up to 2 weeks, while the quality of the flowers does not deteriorate.
|Day among the people||date||Folk omens|
|Makaryev day||1st of February||"If the weather outside is clear, they will meet early spring."|
|Efimiy||February 2||"The sky is clear this day - early spring"|
|Timofey-Polusimnik||4 february||"With Timothy ahead of the blizzard, and the blizzard"|
|Aksinya-spring pointer||February 6||"Spring is visible on this day"|
|Ephraim||10 february||"On this day the winds promise a wet year"|
|Presentation||February, 15||"Winter has met with spring" "What day is Presentation - such is spring" "It snows on Presentation - spring is rainy and if the weather is warm - early spring will come"|
|Nikolay-Studenny||February 17||"To be strong frost"|
|Prokhor||February 23||“Before Prokhor, the old woman groaned: Oh! How cold it is! "|
|Vlas||24 February||"Prokhor came up, yes Vlas - soon spring is with us"|
|Maslenitsa week||Maslenitsa||Fun for the whole week, farewell to winter. Monday - a meeting of the Wide Maslenitsa Tuesday - amusing games Wednesday - a tasty day Thursday - festivities in grand style Friday - mother-in-law evenings Saturday - gatherings with family "Forgiveness Sunday" - forgiveness from relatives and friends, farewell to Maslenitsa.|
To obtain blue color in flowers of white varieties of hydrangeas use aqueous solutions of aluminum or ammonia alum per 1 liter of water, followed by dilution of the solution with water 1:10).
The rearing azalea is regularly fed. At a temperature of ° C, azalea blooms after
With the beginning of intensive growth under gerberas and freesias regularly apply mineral fertilizers (the concentration of solutions can reach 0.3—0.4%). Water and feed them in the morning.
Gerberas are fed in February. Photo: Pinterest.com
Begonia vegetation begins in February. - you need to increase watering and feeding. Lateral shoots with leaves are neatly broken out and subsequently serve as cuttings for rooting.
It is convenient to root the cuttings in water, while the wilting of the leaves is excluded, which is often the case when cutting in the substrate. Plants obtained from cuttings develop rapidly and bloom in May-June.
The composition of the soil mixture depends on the type of plant and on the condition of the roots:
- Plants with thin weak roots (begonias, gloxinia, saintpaulias and others) need a light and loose substrate of leafy, peat soil, humus and sand (3: 1: 1: 1).
- Plants with denser roots (pelargonium, cordilina, dracaena, clivia, fuchsia, cyperus, rose, ficus) grow well in a mixture of sod, leafy soil, humus, peat and sand (2: 2: 2: 1: 1).
- Plants with thick and powerful roots (palm trees, laurel, hibiscus, large dracaena) thrive better in heavy soil with a predominance of sod land and the addition of clay, peat and sand (3: 1: 1: 1).
- A complete mineral fertilizer is added to all mixtures of substrates.
Dangerous neighborhood. What flower can not be kept at home
Legends of deep antiquity
Since ancient times, people have believed closely in the relationship of the animal and plant world, they continue to believe even now. Psychics talk on TV, grannies at the entrance, colleagues at the Champion talk about which plants cannot be kept at home, so as not to cause trouble. anti-rating work - cactus. The arguments against it are strong:
If the husband gets drunk, that is
There will be no money, happiness, passion and what
Yes, you can't keep a flower of love at home - that's how it is. In justification of the thorn, one can argue that cacti help to overcome shyness, they establish sleep and absorb the radiation of electrical appliances.
The second place is occupied by ivy and other vines. They are suspected of having an aura of human parasitism and distortion of home energy. Main charges:
It can only grow among, therefore, women are expelled from the house of all men.
all in families lies and mistrust
At night, people are sucked out of energy
Poor ivy, of course, here it is, but it's only to blame for a good wife of your husband that you can't drive out a stick, that he has some kind of flowers.
Bronze winners - asparagus, ficus, cypress. Accused:
In the vampirism of strife into strong families
According to another version, ficus helps women get pregnant, protects against poverty, and helps to overcome stress.
With sound reasoning, everyone can be advised: one thing is to keep flowers at home, which he really liked. And the suspicious ones are solid!
throw out whims
There are flowers that are enough to stick into the ground and water once a week. others and there are - real tyrants who subordinate their entire house to schedule and rhythm. What indoor plants cannot be kept at home without providing them with ideal lives? conditions Who are they, these wonderful care, sissies for which require colossal dedication?
capricious top plants are headed by bashful mimosa. the sun Loves, but after a few cloudy days, direct exposure to the rays causes her to burn. it should be kept at 15-18º in winter, which is not very comfortable for the owners, especially at high (80%) humidity. watering Likes, but does not like stagnant water. By the way, only settled water will do!
Needs constant spraying and feeding. And even if you create all the gratitude for her, in the conditions for the work done, it can dry out safely by winter.
A very difficult tropical beauty alone, a vanda of the most charming orchids. Her motto: "No, no - the sun of flowers!", However, from 11 to 15 o'clock it is necessary to shade not to burn the leaves. She needs changes in night and day temperatures, and not sharp, but gradual. air If it is colder + 20º, it will not bloom.
Next, azalea: follow, capable of freezing its owners in flowers, the name of unearthly beauty, whimsical fuchsia, graceful camellia, in need of greenhouse conditions for diplomacy, invasions from gardenia suffering from parasites.
What flower cannot be kept at home for reasonable reasons? Any of Oni. of the above are intended for the most sophisticated real, expert flower growers.
We will provide safety for loved ones
There is a group of plants that are beautiful and which, strong, should not be started at home for very specific reasons. They are poisonous. You cannot risk your loved ones health for the sake of a spectacular interior solution. if especially in the house there are children of any animals and age, with the exception of fish:
There will be no rating, which flower should never be kept at home, but which one is still possible. You need to know their names, refrain from buying new plants and already get rid of existing flowers.