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Maceron - Aromatic and vegetable garden - Sow, plant, maintain, harvest, cook ...

Maceron - Aromatic and vegetable garden - Sow, plant, maintain, harvest, cook ...


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Everything is good in the maceron!

Not to be confused with the Macron in which… We cannot say if everything is good… or not. Maceron, a superb aromatic plant less known than thyme, basil, etc… is an aromatic and vegetable plant. Its fruits can be used a bit like pepper to spice up dishes. and in the kitchen, you can use its leaves, ribs and even its roots.

This aromatic plant can reach a beautiful height of up to 1.5 meters. The stem is hollow and branchy. its leaves can also reach a good size, but we prefer the young shoots, more delicate, which can be cooked in butter or in juice or simply blanched like spinach. The "tender" ribs can be eaten in a salad. The roots can be used raw or cooked. The flavors of maceron are slightly spicy, sometimes strong, a bit like celery!

It is sometimes called gros parsley, horse parsley or vegetable maceron, the maceron was once found on a wide swath stretching from the coasts of western France from south to north.

Botanical name:

• Smyrnium olusatrum Linnaeus.

Plant type:

Family : Apiaceae, apiaceae
• Cycle: Biennial plant
• Hardiness: Hardy plant (-15 ° C)
Foliage : Persistent
Exposure : Sun and partial shade
Ground : Rich in humus, fertile, loose and fresh
• Harbor : Upright stems
• Rooting: Roots
• Origin: Southern europe
• Toxicity: no

Special features and health advantage:

• Health & nutrition: maceron is an anti-asthmatic, anti-scurvy, diuretic, stomachic, digestive, purifying aperitif….
• Essential oil : Maceron contains essential oil.
• Vitamins: Rich in vitamins C and other vitamins.
• Mineral salts : Contains mineral salts
• Crop rotation: The maceron stays in place for 2 years and can only be replaced in the same place after 3 to 4 years.
• Toxic: No
• Honey plant: the flowers are very visited by bees and other pollinators ...

Advantage in the garden:

• Very easy to grow.

Description:

Maceron is a tall plant with highly branched (branching) stems that can reach 1 to 1.5 meters in height. It produces flowers in umbels, yellow or white. its leaves are divided into serrated fragments, they resemble those of flat parsley but larger.

What soil to plant the maceron:

• Rich in humus, fertile, loose and fresh

When to sow

• In place : in spring, in March and April or in autumn September October.

How to sow it?

• Work the soil without turning it over
• Incorporate potting soil if necessary.
• Sow directly in place in pockets of 4 to 5 seeds.
• Place them 15-20 cm apart and 2 cm deep MAX.
• Lines 30 cm apart.
• Cover with potting soil.
• Tamp and water.
• Keep the soil moist until emergence.

When to plant / transplant nursery maceron:

• In the spring and into the fall.

How to plant:

• Work the soil without turning it over, to loosen it well.
• Amend it with compost and planting potting soil to promote recovery.
• Place the lovage plants 20 to 30 cm apart.
• Recap and tamp without damaging the roots.
• Water.
• Keep the soil cool for a few days.

What exposure for the maceron?

Sunny.
• In very sunny and hot areas, it is rather advisable to plant them in partial shade.

Harvest and conservation?

• Harvest leaves as needed to use immediately.
• The roots don't like to wait too long after they've been pulled out, but a few days are fine anyway.

From the second year, harvest to preserve:

The leaves of the maceron:

• Harvest the leaves before flowering.
• Dry them in a shelter.
• Place them in airtight container to protect from light.

The roots of the maceron:

• You will have taken care to quickly cut the floral stems ...
• Root harvest can take place from fall until early spring.

The fruits of the maceron:

• They appear after flowering, around June of the 2nd year.
• Young fruits can be candied in vinegar like capers!
• By letting them dry you use them like pepper in a mill.

The maceron fruits measure 5 mm in diameter.

Caring for the maceron

• Hoe and weed in hot weather.
• Mulch the stump in case of drought.
• Watering if necessary.

Varieties:

• A single variety of maceron.

Maceron and good company in the vegetable garden

• The maceron seems to have only friends in the vegetable garden.
• In the ornamental garden, plant it not far from a cluster of aromatic perennials: thyme, rosemary, mint, sage, savory, oregano ...
• Be careful, pot culture gives poor results.

Crop rotation?

• The plant remains in place for 2 years. It will take 3 years to replant it in the same place.

Diseases of the maceron?

• The plant seems to suffer from no diseases.

Maceron in the kitchen:

Sheets best used in soups, stews, casseroles or to spice up flavors, or simply chopped and sprinkled over cooked vegetables. Young stems can also be used.
The root cooks like celery or potatoes, salsify, and other roots. Baked in butter with or without skin, or steamed.

Quick sheet:

And on the recipe side?

• Cook the young leaves braised in butter, or cook them like spinach.
• The larger leaves can replace celery in soup dishes, meat stuffing, stew, waterzoï, marinated mussels….
• The roots are eaten raw or cooked in water and then seasoned with vinaigrette ...

Image by H. Zell - Own work - Under Creative Commons License - On Wikipedia.org - CC BY-SA 3.0


Plant aromatic plants

Follow our advice to succeed in all your aromatic plants : how and when plant your aromatics? They are grown both in the ground and in pot, in all climates of France. They each require different growing conditions: basil, thyme, rosemary, parsley, chives, mint, chervil, coriander, tarragon. Pass them all!

Known for their aromatic and medicinal qualities, these herbs have been adopted by humans for millennia. Each plant has its story, ranging from basil, a royal plant, to lavender, which scents the breath to cover the smell of alcohol, to saffron, used by Cleopatra for its cosmetic and coloring properties.

Among the most famous aromatic plants, we can mention jumbled together: dill, anise, basil, chamomile, chervil, chives, coriander, tarragon, fennel, bay leaf, lavender , mint, parsley, burnet, licorice, saffron, savory, officinal sage, lemon balm, verbena, wild thyme, rosemary and thyme.
You can grow different aromatics in one container, as long as they have the same soil and watering requirements.


Planting Oregano - Complete Growing Guide

Oregano (Origanum vulgare) , also called wild marjoram or perennial marjoram , is a must for aromatic herbs often found in aromatic spirals.

Where to put oregano in the garden? Plant oregano in the ground

Oregano is a relatively hardy plant that is content with many types of soil. It seems that only soils that keep moisture too long are not suitable for it. It will therefore be necessary to ensure that the ground in which you are going to plant or sow oregano in May will be sufficiently ventilated so as not to accumulate too much water.

Oregano can find many unused places in the garden © Marta Jonina

If your floor is too heavy, bring sand and some gravel to lighten it.

Add a little compost (not too much) at the bottom of your planting hole that you will have in full sun, facing south, and plant your oregano there, packing the soil well using all your weight.

Oregano on your balcony

As with planting in the ground, oregano doesn't need a lot to thrive. A good sized pot is however necessary in which you will place clay balls or gravel at the bottom to ensure drainage.

Finally, before finding its place on your balcony, take into account the fact that, if you take good care of it, your oregano can reach a size of 65 centimeters high.


Growing basil

A single, well-grown basil plant is sufficient for two people to consume. A few more plants are essential for pesto lovers! However, basil is a companion plant to several other vegetables, it is good to combine it with these plants to protect them and improve their production. So don't hesitate to grow several basil plants to pair with your tomatoes, eggplants, peppers and cabbage.


How to prune and maintain thyme?

Thyme is an easy plant to grow and care for. No addition of fertilizer is necessary. It is most fragrant in dry, poor soils. On the other hand, weed and hoe regularly around the plant to loosen and aerate the soil.

Thyme is pruned after flowering. We then fold the stems below the first flowers. New stems will form, thinner. Your thyme will again form a compact ball as it grows back. In the spring, you can also remove dead stems from the harshness of winter.

Blooming thyme


What is layering?

Layering is one of the easiest methods of vegetative propagation. It has the advantage of producing plants without having to touch the mother plant. The principle is to put part of the stem in contact with soil so that it emits new roots. The layered part continues to receive sap until the stem is severed. When the new roots are emitted it suffices to wean by cutting the stem between the mother plant and the new plant.

There are different layering techniques: by runners, by coating, in serpentine, by ridging or in cépée, the aerial and the layering of the ends. In the rest of this article we will mainly see layering by coating.

Principle of layering - By Pearson Scott Foresman - Wikipedia


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