Conifers and evergreens
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Nursery "Fawn" offers for sale zoned seedlings of blue spruce, cedar, fir, pine, larch and spruce, fruit trees and shrubs. Guarantees for survival but also for the safety of the crown +7 (952) 245-43-66
A brief overview and characteristics of the most frequently used evergreen herbaceous plants in landscape design in the North-West region: tenacious, heuchera, iberis, aubrieta, saxifrage, cat's paw, lungwort, young, euphorbia, fescue, sedum
Novofert packs for amateurs an exclusively professional product, that is, the same fertilizers that are used in agricultural production, in nurseries for growing planting material, in vegetable growing. 8 (910) 313-80-13
Plants for arranging a drought-resistant garden should be selected based on their degree of resistance to high temperatures and low air humidity. I will give examples and a brief description of the most drought-resistant ornamental trees and shrubs
The beauty of conifers is striking especially in winter. Certain types of thuja, cypress, spruce, yew and juniper are especially suitable for creating impenetrable green walls. They can be easily shaped to the desired shape.
A brief overview and characteristics of the most commonly used evergreen herbaceous plants in landscape design in the North-West region: fern, wormwood, primroses, arabis, tiarella, thyme, purse
Unfortunately, when creating hedges, many gardeners make many serious mistakes, and especially often if conifers are used for this, for example, spruce, pine, transplanted from the nearest forest.
Today, this landscape style has a number of features that almost everyone will be able to list: the use of compositions of stones and pebbles, mosses, bamboo and flowering trees; obligatory presence of reservoirs with flowing or standing water
There is one subtlety in the classification of evergreens. Two groups overwinter in a green state under the snow: evergreens, whose leaves live for 2-3 years, and wintergreens, whose leaves live for one year.
The garden planning options presented on the pages of landscape design magazines are, for the most part, labor intensive. And it's not just about creating such a garden. The problem is in the subsequent maintenance of it in an appropriate state
Using elements of regularity is the best way to bring a touch of solemnity to the exterior of a country house. However, it should be remembered that even the most modest composition in a regular style is a luxury item, since its elements cannot be cheap by definition.
Among the thujas there are dwarf plants for the rock garden, as well as excellent trees for single plantings in curbs or on the lawn. These evergreens can be used to make a living fence, which must be trimmed in the spring and re-trimmed at the end of summer.
Let's make a reservation right away: despite the more northern position of Norway in relation to the Moscow region, the climate in most of the country is much milder than ours. The temperature in winter here does not drop below -2 ...- 5 degrees, and summer does not exhaust with excessive heat
It is often called incorrectly - Korean cedar, or Manchu cedar pine. Very similar to Siberian pine (cedar). Outwardly it differs in significantly larger cones: 10-15 cm long and 5-9 cm wide, which fall to the ground in October-November
We often have species rhododendrons, and they can be propagated by seeds. But this is a complex process, usually inaccessible to amateurs. Seedlings grow slowly and are susceptible to many diseases. Therefore, it is easier to propagate rhododendrons by cuttings.
Fairs open in spring, where gardeners are greeted with an abundance of seedlings, seedlings, roots and perennial bulbs. What to choose, how not to make a mistake and plant something in the garden that will successfully grow and delight the owners? And when is it wise to buy seedlings and roots?
Theorists highlight the details inherent in gardens of different eras, styles and countries. The combination of these details evokes associations associated with certain images. The landscape solution of the site is the use of characteristic details to create a garden in the chosen style.
The planting hole should be deep enough so that the top of the earthen coma is 3 cm below soil level. The width of the pit should be sufficient so that a clod of earth is surrounded on all sides by a layer of planting mixture 7-10 cm thick
From time to time, woody plants are rejuvenated. Irga needs rejuvenation, shedding foliage barberry, hazel, sucker, hibiscus, kolkhvizia, privet, honeysuckle, mock orange, spirea, lilac, viburnum, weigela and others.
Probably, precisely because of the scarcity of our knowledge about biology, the properties of juniper, there is still so little of it in our dachas and horticultural plots. To verify this, go through any village or gardening and get a visual confirmation of this idea. But this is a very interesting and extremely useful plant. It should be on every garden plot, even the smallest one. And then the juniper will become not only a source of health, but also an adornment of any garden.
In early spring, when most of the plants have not yet woken up after the snow melts, you will unexpectedly see the fresh and vigorous green of the winter-green azarum plants, preserved after the severe frosts. As if he had just washed himself with melt water, he is impeccable surrounded by other plants that survived the winter.
Indoor cypress - types, features, reproduction, cultivation. How to keep a beautiful coniferous plant indoors.
Among the thujas there are dwarf plants for the rock garden, as well as excellent trees for single plantings in curbs or on the lawn. These evergreens can be used to make a living fence, which must be trimmed in the spring and re-trimmed at the end of summer. Tiny scaly leaves are arranged oppositely on the stems, and the lateral branches lie in the same plane, like a cypress.
Most pine trees are mighty trees that are appropriate in a wooded garden. If you really have a lot of space, plant Scotch Pine, Black Pine, Yellow Pine, or another tall species, but if space is limited, consider buying a more compact pine.
Flowers of azaleas and rhododendrons have a wide variety of colors, except for pure blue and, of course, black. Flowering usually occurs in May, but some species bloom in early spring, while others do not bloom until August.
Nowadays, dwarf and ground cover junipers are especially popular. These plants are extremely frost-hardy, they are not afraid of cold winds in open places, they are not demanding on the soil, and calcareous, acidic, and stony soil are quite suitable for them. In addition, they are much more drought-resistant than most conifers, prefer dry and sunny places. These plants tolerate pruning well.
Small periwinkle, its synonyms are vinca, burial ground, Ivan da Marya (Vinca minor L.) is an evergreen ground cover plant. In nature, it grows from the Baltic to the Black Sea in deciduous, mixed and pine forests, among shrubs, in clearings. In our North-West, periwinkle is found mainly - only in culture, in nature - an invasive plant, as it easily runs wild.
Evergreens and evergreen shrubs adorn the garden even in winter, as they remain attractive throughout the year. The next plant that is actively used in garden design is the cypress.
The most famous common spruce is the familiar New Year tree. This plant is not for the garden - an attractive conical young tree over the years often stretches and becomes columnar. It is better to buy not the original wild-growing species, but one of its varieties. For example, the variety Nidiformis has a flat-topped bushy crown with horizontal tiers of branches; the height of an adult plant does not exceed one meter.
Now let's talk about some general rules: how to buy, plant and care for evergreens correctly. It is very important when decorating a site, which plant you purchased. Some of them need moist soil and partial shade, while others need sandy soil and bright sun.
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Choosing dwarf conifers
Many people wonder where these "gnomes" came from. This breed is a long-term work of breeders who, as a result of crossing and making changes to each species, managed to create such an ornamental plant.
It is almost impossible to grow plants yourself from ordinary seeds, since they do not retain all the data about the dwarf variety, and as a result, an ordinary, tall spruce grows. Such trees for landscape design can only be purchased already in small seedlings, which will further grow and develop in your garden plot.
Before purchasing a dwarf spruce, you should carefully study the features of its type, the shape of the crown, and most importantly, the rules of care. An artificially bred variety does not have a high level of resistance to negative environmental factors, therefore such a plant needs special care in order to exclude its sudden death. Also, you need to make sure that the root system of the tree is not damaged in any way. Therefore, before buying, you should carefully study all the characteristics of the tree.
The cost of the dwarf ephedra in comparison with other conifers is quite high. But, it is worth noting that before going on public sale, this small tree is grown for several years in a special nursery. On average, it will take 2 to 3 years to grow a 10 cm tall spruce. In general, it is not difficult to care for such a tree, the main thing is to observe all the features of watering and feeding.
Competent care and thoughtful planting of young evergreen seedlings in landscape design using conifers is a guarantee that the site will be beautiful at any time of the year. The main thing is that they do not shade each other and do not oppress less viable forms with their phytoncides. For example, other conifers do not get along near a single larch or gradually degrade.
Today dwarf conifers are presented in a wide range. Each of these trees has the main feature - the ability to use dwarf coniferous when decorating a garden plot is diverse, so they have gained wide popularity among landscape designers.
Such a small coniferous tree will be an excellent decoration for a flower garden, alpine slide, flower bed. Since such trees are characterized by slow growth, it is possible to predict in advance how this or that object will look on the site in a few years.
The small size of coniferous trees makes it possible to use them in small summer cottages and household plots. Some even grow them on the balcony. Dwarfs are not demanding on the soil and live very well next to other plants.
Mountain pine "Gnome"
Dwarf dense coniferous shrub 2.5 m high, 1.5-2.5 m in diameter. It grows slowly. At a young age, it grows in breadth, later it begins to stretch upward. The needles are dark green, short, 4-5 cm long, tough. Cones are small, grow one or three, up to 4 cm long, ripen in the second year. Pine loves sunny places. Undemanding, grows in all well-drained soils, from acidic to alkaline. Drought-resistant. Frost resistant. Not afraid of diseases and pests.
In favorable conditions it can grow up to 4 m. Ideal for rockeries, containers in patios. The best time to plant pine trees is spring (late April - early May) or autumn (late August - mid September). When planting, the distance between trees should be at least 1.5 m. The root collar should be at ground level. After planting, mulch the trunk circle and water abundantly.
Conifers - photo with names
Coniferous shrubs and trees allow you to decorate every garden. The popularity of evergreen conifers is due to its attractive appearance throughout the year, a variety of forms. Skillfully selected plants look great in gardens and will decorate terraces. Their presence near the dacha, at home, means staying in a healthy microclimate filled with essential oils. Plants grow well near conifers that require high air humidity and temperature.
Before planting conifers in the garden, let's get acquainted with their diversity. What are conifers, photos and names of shrubs, popular varieties of conifers are presented in our review article.
- Brief description and classification
- Description of species
- Mountain pine
- Yellow pine (Pinus ponderosa)
- Weymouth Pine (American)
- Common spruce
- Silver spruce
- Siberian spruce
- Serbian spruce
- Caucasian Nordman fir
- Silver fir
- Korean fir
- Balsam fir
How to plant ephedra
- - seedlings of coniferous plants
- - shovel
- - water
- - ropes
- - wooden pegs.
Regardless of the shape of the garden, the correct planting of a coniferous plant is almost 100% of future success. It is better to spend more time preparing the planting site than pulling the plant out of the "coma" for years.
Understand the environmental conditions on your site and compare them with the necessary conditions for growing the plants you like. Almost all conifers thrive on drained soils and do not tolerate stagnant water well. The composition of the soil for different plants will be different. Spruce, fir, yew and thuja prefer rich, fertile soil. Larch and pine trees feel better if the earthen substrate for planting is with the addition of sand so that air can freely penetrate to the roots.
From the second year of planting, conifers can be fed, but only with special fertilizers for conifers. The main thing here is not to overdo it with quantity. On overly fertile soils in coniferous plants, the bark cracks and the loss of varietal, a decrease in winter hardiness. Mineral fertilizers applied to the big one cause the needles to dry out.
When digging a planting hole, do not forget that the plant will grow in size, and the root system, accordingly, will also grow. The prepared planting pit should be larger than the existing earthen lump.
When transplanting a coniferous plant or planting a young seedling with an open root system, you need to preserve the soil on the roots as much as possible. Do not leave the roots of the plant without dusting them with earth or covering them with damp burlap. Otherwise, the seedling will take root for a long time, since the root hairs on the roots live in the open air for only a few seconds.
The planting hole for the plant should be filled with fertile substrate and well tamped. A coniferous plant is planted in a hole, the roots are gently straightened with hands and covered with earth, the backfill is slightly compacted. Do not forget about the level of the root collar. During the first 2-3 weeks, pay particular attention to soil moisture, water regularly. If the plant is large, it should be secured with stretchers and stakes so that the root system is secured and takes root quickly.
Protecting conifers from sunburn in spring
The second factor that is dangerous for conifers and often leads to their death is a sharp increase in air temperature in spring, when the earth has not yet thawed. At this time, the needles are actively working (photosynthesis begins), evaporating moisture, and the roots are not yet able to extract it from the frozen ground. A kind of "dehydration" occurs.Therefore, sometimes the plants remain green after winter, and in May we suddenly find blackened skeletons with crumbling brown needles. To preserve the conifers, the ground under them is watered with warm water immediately after the snow melts. Conifers need to be additionally protected from solar radiation.
In March, the sun's rays, enhanced by the reflection from the snow cover, can destroy those parts of the plants that are above the snow level. Thawing time is the most dangerous period for conifers. Therefore, at the end of February, the plant is tied with twine and loosely wrapped in burlap, light cotton cloth or kraft paper, preferably in several layers. The use of plastic wrap is unacceptable (everything will squeak), and non-woven material is practically useless, since it transmits ultraviolet rays.
The most effective way of protection is to install screens from the most illuminated side. In this case, there is no contact with the needles, the branches are not jammed. The shelter is removed after the snow melts.
Protecting conifers from sunburn in winter
The older the plant, the more resistant it to solar radiation, but up to five years it will have to be covered.
Some species and varieties of conifers are quite resistant to burns, but there are some that cannot be saved, no matter how hard you try. The latter include gray spruce, or Canadian, conic shape (Picea glauca f. conica). True, it is believed that its newest varieties do not "fade".
Evergreens in the interior
Conifers prefer temperate climates and are widespread throughout the world. Botanists classify them as gymnosperms, as the seeds develop in cones. A characteristic feature is modified foliage, resembling needles or flat scales... Due to the small surface, the needles evaporate little water, allowing the plant not to shed foliage for the winter. The needles are arranged in a spiral, this helps to better capture the sun's rays.
Differences between coniferous flora and deciduous:
- Conifers are the oldest specimens of the plant kingdom.
- Most species are trees that have one trunk with branches branching out to the sides. There are also bush forms.
- Almost all species are centenarians.
- In nature, conifers grow up to a hundred meters or more.
- There is resin in the wood, it has medicinal properties, it has a strong peculiar smell.
Plants have a powerful root that allows them to extract moisture from the depths and hold firmly in mountainous terrain or in sandy soil. Conifers are widely used in landscape interiors and landscaping of apartments.... Most of them are evergreen, therefore, comfort and beauty in a room does not depend on the season.
Evergreens for every taste
A huge assortment of "undying" cultures makes it possible to implement the most daring ideas. It's not just about conifers. There are many climbing shrubs with amazing flowering.
Every evergreen crop is different:
- speed of development
- crown size
- terms of life.
Thanks to this, the plants are suitable for both spacious areas and limited areas. In the last century, conifers, for example, were planted only on city streets or squares. Today, they decorate the backyard plots of country houses.
The most popular are:
Deciduous evergreens that have come to us from hot countries are no less attractive. They successfully tolerate cold weather and quickly take root in mid-latitudes.
The most famous views:
- star anise.
These evergreen representatives of the flora are used to create hedges, specimen plantings and group compositions. Their presence dilutes the monotonous landscape during the cold season. Helps to create an original microclimate for relaxation on the site. Let's get to know each of them better.
When planting conifers in group compositions, the size of the root system of adult trees should be taken into account.
Majestic spruce for the home landscape
"The Forest Raised a Christmas Tree". The words of the children's song remind us of the origin of the evergreen tree. Although biologists believe that the plant originated from the mountainous regions of China. It has tough needles. Not afraid of low temperatures. It develops wonderfully on any kind of soil. Easily tolerates an abundance of rainfall. Therefore, the spruce feels wonderful not only in city squares, but also in summer cottages.
Scientists count about 45 plant species. Most Popular:
- Akrokona. The maximum height is about 4 m. In the spring, the wide compact crown is decorated with lilac-crimson cones.
- Ohlendorfi. A low-growing multi-peaked spruce grows up to 2 m in 10 years. The ends of the branches are directed upwards. The needles are colored green with a golden tint.
- Herman Nau. Spectacular dwarf variety with a cushion-shaped crown. The needles are colored bluish-gray. The maximum plant height is 1.5 m.
Spruce is actively used for landscaping personal plots. It looks original near the front entrance of a residential building. Emerald hedges are made from dwarf species. Grown in rockeries and mixborders.
Evergreens - unsurpassed thuja
In its natural environment, the tree is found in North America. Belongs to the family of coniferous crops. Gardeners note 5 main types of plants.
Let's pay attention to the most popular varieties:
- Western. It grows up to 20 m. It has a compact crown. Famous varieties: "Gold of Europe", "Globoza", "Brabant", "Maria".
- Eastern. The height of an adult tree is 15 m, the width of the cone-shaped crown is about 4 m. Varieties: Siboldi, Aurea Nana, Westmont, Golden Pigmy.
- Giant. Conical crown shape. Plant height 15 m. Famous subspecies: "Kornik", "Zebrina", "Jan".
The variety of species shows that thuja fits wonderfully into any landscape design. It is combined with juniper, barberry and boxwood. Suitable for arranging hedges and single plantings.
Western thuja “Maria” subspecies can be grown in containers and displayed on terraces.
A proud guest from the tropics - cypress
The evergreen long-liver, originally from Lebanon, grows to a maximum of 25 m. It has a spreading or pyramidal crown shape. Dwarf specimens are no higher than 2 m.Trees and shrubs are actively used to decorate garden plots.
The most popular varieties:
- Tuyuid. It has an upright trunk with a reddish bark, a conical crown. Needles gradually turn into a scaly type. It is colored green with a bluish tint.
- Large-fruited. In its natural environment, it grows up to 40 m. The cultivated version has yellowish needles. Exudes a lemon scent.
- Leyland. The hybrid is distinguished by a column-shaped crown, scaly needles and a reddish glossy bark. Known species: "Variegata", "Robinson Gold", "Green Spier".
Both tall and dwarf varieties are suitable for a garden plot. Cypress tolerates a haircut wonderfully. It does not require special care. Regardless of the season, it always looks attractive and stylish.
When pruning cypress trees, it is advisable to wear gloves to protect the skin from the poisonous sap of the plant.
A modest decoration of the garden - fir
The culture has a dense cone-shaped crown. The long stem is slightly curved, but this does not spoil the appearance of the plant. The fir has bright green needles. And the buds are colored purple. She loves an abundance of moisture. Therefore, it needs additional watering.
Evergreen fir is actively used to decorate garden and park urban areas. They are planted both in single variations and in the company with barberry, birch and tall flowers. Dwarf firs are used to form green hedges. Tall trees are planted in remote corners of the suburban area for recreation areas.
Evergreens - Yews
The unpretentious evergreen culture is distinguished by dark green needles. The thick trunk is decorated with reddish bark. The crown is rounded. Scarlet fruits appear on it every season. Yew is not afraid of shaded areas, so it is planted to create a stylish backdrop. Rock gardens or topiary compositions are formed nearby.
Yew tolerates pruning wonderfully. Thanks to this, a variety of forms for landscape design are made from its crown.
The needles, bark and cones of the culture contain toxic components.
Not only evergreen trees are suitable for decorating a garden, but also shrubs that effectively fit into the country landscape. Ornamental or edible honeysuckle is a perennial flowering plant. The bent branches are covered with reddish bark and covered with soft villi. Small sheet plates have the shape of an oval with a wavy frame.
Depending on the variety of the culture, the inflorescences are painted in the following tones:
Edible bushes produce orange, blue, red or black fruits. They taste sweet and sour or slightly bitter. More than 200 species are found in their natural environment. To decorate the garden landscape, erect or climbing shrubs are used.
Erect shrubs look original in group plantings. Often they are used for zoning a territory or a hedge. Edible varieties not only decorate the site, but also give the owner useful fruits. Climbing vines of an evergreen plant are grown next to a gazebo, along sidewalks or outbuildings. Squat honeysuckle is placed in rockeries against the background of granite stones.
The plant is a creeping shrub with many small branches. Its height ranges from 30 to 70 cm. The triangular leaves are slightly wrapped in a tube and painted in a deep green color. Every season in the middle of summer, the plant is decorated with many pink-lilac bells. Autumn colors the leaves in burgundy and yellowish colors.
There are about 500 varieties of common heather. In gardening the garden is used:
Evergreen heather looks great in uniform plantings. A beautiful garden decoration is obtained by combining several varieties. Shrubs are planted along artificial reservoirs. And also in the company with juniper or thuja.
Evergreens - Camellias
An amazing plant, which, many years ago, was brought from the Philippines, can truly revive the country landscape. The evergreen camellia belongs to the Tea family. It is a shrub or tree up to 10 m high. In its natural environment, it grows in humid forests, not far from water bodies. Wonderfully takes root in summer cottages.
Abundantly flowering bushes of evergreen camellia are often planted at the front entrance of a country residence. In the garden, single plantings are practiced against the backdrop of green lawns.
This lovely plant is found everywhere. It adorns city squares, the territory of state institutions and, of course, summer cottages. Boxwood is a perennial crop that tolerates winter cold. It grows very slowly, so it is ideal for decorating the landscape. Its small leaves give off a pleasant aroma. Branches are not afraid of frequent haircuts.
Each of them is widely used to decorate green spaces. Various geometric shapes are formed from the crown of the boxwood. And artists carve green "statues" of animals or birds from bushes. The plant is planted as a hedge or graceful borders.
In the natural environment, there are specimens up to 14 m in height. Low-growing varieties are used for design.
Star anise (anise)
In nature, the shrub grows up to 15 m in height. Has a pyramidal crown. Differs in dense foliage of large sizes. The buds are yellow, scarlet and burgundy. After pollination, stellate fruits appear, which are used in cooking.
The culture has a graceful outline and original colors. Therefore, they fit harmoniously into any landscape. In spring, star anise is combined with irises, in autumn with asters, and in winter, the "sleeping" garden refreshes. It is planted near artificial reservoirs or in rock gardens.
Bright photos and names of evergreen plants for the garden evoke pleasant feelings. After all, cultures give the countryside a special chic for 365 days. Each of them is beautiful in its own way, but harmoniously fits into a variety of landscapes. How good it is when evergreen crops grow on the site.