Crocuses: planting and care in the open field, when to dig, photo
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Crocus (Latin Crocus), or saffron, forms a genus of herbaceous corms of the Iris family. In nature, crocus saffron grows in the steppes, forests and meadows of the Mediterranean, Central, Southern and Northern Europe, Asia Minor and Central Asia and the Middle East. Scientists have described about 80 species and 300 varieties of crocuses.
The name "crocus" comes from the Greek word meaning "thread, fiber", and the word "saffron" - from the Arabic word, which translates as "yellow" - this is the color of the stigma of the crocus flower. Crocus is mentioned in Egyptian papyri - philosophers and doctors wrote about it.
Crocus is interesting for modern flower growers because it is one of the most beautiful primroses - early spring flowers. However, not everyone knows that there are many crocuses that bloom in the fall.
Planting and caring for crocuses
- Landing: spring-flowering species are planted in autumn, autumn-flowering species in summer.
- Bloom: spring species bloom for 2-3 weeks in April, autumn - in September-October.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: permeable light loams, some species are comfortable even in heavy clay soils.
- Watering: will only be needed if there was no snow in winter and rain in spring.
- Top dressing: full mineral fertilizer in the spring over the snow and potassium-phosphorus during flowering. Organic matter cannot be used.
- Reproduction: daughter bulbs, and spring species can be propagated by seeds.
- Pests: field mice, wireworms, aphids, thrips.
- Diseases: viral diseases, gray rot, fusarium, penicillosis, sclerocial rot.
Read more about growing crocuses below.
Features of growing crocuses
Crocus plant is short, reaching a height of about 10 cm. Flattened or rounded crocus bulbs reach a diameter of 3 cm, they are dressed in scales and have a bunch of fibrous roots. Crocuses do not develop a stem. Narrow, linear, basal leaves that appear during or after flowering are collected in a bunch and covered with scales. Single goblet crocus flowers with a diameter of 2 to 5 cm, white, cream, blue, lilac, purple, yellow or orange, blooming on a short leafless peduncle, surrounded by membranous scales. There are varieties of crocuses with a spotted or two-tone color. The mass bloom of crocuses lasts from two to three weeks. Types and varieties of crocuses are divided into 15 groups.
Planting crocuses in open ground
When to plant
Spring crocuses are planted in the ground in autumn, and autumnal ones in summer, the plot is chosen sunny, although crocuses grow well in partial shade and even in the shade. The soil for growing crocuses is preferable to be light, dry, loose and nutritious. When preparing a plot for crocuses, it is advisable to place fine gravel or coarse river sand in the soil for drainage. As an organic additive, compost, rotted manure or peat with lime are added to the soil for digging, since crocuses do not like acidic soils. Ash is introduced into clay soil. For those species that do not tolerate wet soils, they arrange high beds with crushed stone or gravel as a drainage layer. The planting material must be free from defects and damage.
In the photo: How crocuses bloom
To see the blooming of crocuses in spring, their bulbs are planted in open ground in September. Planting crocuses in loose soil involves planting the bulb to a depth of twice its size. If the soil is heavy, a depth of one size is sufficient. The average distance between the bulbs is from 7 to 10 cm. After planting, the area is watered.
Do not thicken the planting, because crocuses grow in one place from 3 to 5 years, and during this time one bulb grows over a whole colony of children, and the area with crocuses turns into a solid carpet of flowers. After a five-year period, crocuses need to be planted.
Planting crocuses for forcing
Many flower growers yearn without their favorite garden flowers in winter, so even in winter they grow them in their apartment. The easiest way to grow a bouquet is from bulbs, including crocuses. Large-flowered Dutch varieties are most suitable for forcing. Crocus bulbs of about the same size are planted from five to ten pieces in shallow wide pots in order to get a whole bunch of primroses by the appointed time. The soil for crocuses planted for forcing should be neutral, loose, air and water permeable.
We described the procedure and conditions for forcing crocuses in a separate article.
Crocus bulbs are not thrown away after flowering, they continue to be watered and even fed with a weak solution of complex mineral fertilizers for indoor plants. When the leaves begin to turn yellow, watering is gradually reduced until it stops completely. After the leaves have completely dried out, the bulbs are removed from the pot, cleaned of soil, wrapped in a napkin, placed in a cardboard box and stored in a dark, dry place until planting in open ground in the fall.
Outdoor crocus care
Garden care rules
Crocus care is simple. They need to be watered only if the winter was snowless and the spring was without rains. The height of the crocuses depends on the amount of moisture received, but in general they are quite drought-resistant. The soil on the site must be loosened and freed from weeds. During active growth, crocuses need additional feeding, and the use of fresh organic matter is unacceptable. But crocuses love mineral fertilizers, however, to a greater extent they require phosphorus and potassium, but the excess nitrogen fertilization in wet weather can provoke fungal diseases. For the first time, complex mineral fertilizers at the rate of 30-40 g per m² are applied in early spring in the snow, the second top dressing, with a reduced dose of nitrogen, is carried out during flowering.
How to care for daffodils - tried and tested tips
After the foliage on spring-blooming crocuses turns yellow, you can forget about them until autumn, unless, of course, the time has come to dig their bulbs out of the ground. Autumn flowering varieties will remind you of themselves when their flowers open in September.
In the photo: Crocuses still unopened
It is not necessary to dig up crocus bulbs every year for the winter, but once every three to four years in the middle of summer, when the crocuses have a dormant period, it is necessary to do this, because over such a long period of time, the mother corm increases greatly due to the many daughter bulbs, which every year, in depending on the species and variety, it grows from one to ten. Onions begin to interfere with each other, and from this crocus flowers become smaller.
When to dig up crocuses? The bulbs are planted once every three to five years, but if you need planting material, you can dig, divide and transplant crocus bulbs more often. Bulbs of autumn-flowering crocuses, again depending on the species and variety, are dug up from June to August, bulbs of spring-flowering ones - from July to September. The bulbs extracted from the ground are dried, defective scales, dead roots are removed from them, diseased bulbs are discarded, and mechanical damage is treated with crushed coal or ash. Before landing in the ground, they are stored in a cool and dry place.
The propagation of crocuses by daughter bulbs, or babies, which are separated from the mother bulb during transplantation, we have just described. Planting crocuses in the ground after dividing the bulb is carried out according to the rules described in the corresponding section. Depending on the variety or species, the separated and planted baby will bloom in the third or fourth year. Spring crocuses also reproduce by seeds, but crocuses bloom from seeds only in the fourth or fifth year, so seed propagation is not as popular as vegetative propagation. The seeds of autumn-flowering crocuses do not have time to ripen in our conditions.
When to plant tulips - detailed information
Pests and diseases
Subject to the rules of agricultural technology, crocuses are almost not affected by diseases or pests from the world of insects. The worst enemy of crocuses is rodents, field mice, which gladly eat the bulbs of flowers, so do not leave the planting material laid out to dry unattended. It is very convenient to keep them in egg cartons, laid out in the cells.
In the photo: How crocus blooms
Sometimes in the bulbs of crocuses, holes are found made by a wireworm - the larva of a click beetle. It is yellow and hard to the touch. If there are a lot of pests on crocuses, at the end of April or the beginning of May, spread bunches of last year's unripe grass, hay or straw over the site, moisten them and cover them with boards - wireworms will gladly get over these traps, after which the traps with larvae are burned at the stake. If necessary, this unpleasant procedure must be repeated. Sometimes crocuses are harmed by slugs, which have to be collected by hand.
Self-seeding of crocuses and their germination in the most unexpected places can become a problem, as a result of which the culture is reborn into a weed.
Sometimes you can find a specimen in a flowerbed with crocuses with flattened flowers in gray spots on the petals that do not fully open. This is a sign of a viral disease, which can be carried by mice, thrips and aphids. Diseased plants must be immediately dug up and destroyed before the disease spreads to other plants. The soil where the flowers affected by the virus grew is disinfected with a strong hot solution of potassium permanganate.
In the photo: Blooming crocuses in a flower bed
With improper or insufficient care, the crocus in the garden can be affected by fungal diseases of gray, penicillous or sclerocial rot, as well as fusarium. Warm and damp weather increases the risk of illness. To avoid this problem, carefully examine the planting material when buying, try not to damage the bulbs when digging up, and if you do accidentally scratch or cut the bulb, sprinkle the wound with ash and dry it at room temperature.
Before planting, etch the planting material in a fungicide solution.
Crocuses after flowering
How to care for crocuses after they have faded? When the flowers fade, the stalks can be cut off, but the green crocus bushes will decorate your garden for a long time until the leaves turn yellow and fade. Once the leaves have dried naturally, the spring-flowering bulbs can be dug up and dried to be planted again in September.
However, as already mentioned, it is not necessary to dig up crocus bulbs every year.
If you planted them no earlier than three years ago, and soil is still visible between the crocus bushes, just mulch the crocus area for the winter with a thick layer of peat or dry leaves. That is all there is to say about caring for crocuses after flowering.
In the photo: Yellow crocuses
Digging up crocuses (when digging)
When to dig up crocuses after flowering? The annual cycle of spring-blooming crocus begins with the regrowth of leaves in late winter or early spring. Their dormant period begins closer to mid-June. In autumn, crocuses become active again, begin to grow roots and accumulate food. At the same time, the process of formation of the renewal bud is completed. That is why it is very important to keep the crocus leaves intact during the dormant period. The digging of spring flowering plants, like their planting, is carried out during the dormant period, that is, from mid-June to the end of summer.
The cycle of an autumn-flowering crocus usually begins in August with flowering, during which leaves grow and a replacement corm is formed. And their dormant period begins a month earlier than that of spring-flowering ones. Therefore, it is necessary to dig up the bulbs of crocuses blooming in autumn, if such a need is ripe, from early June to mid-August.
Storing the bulbs
After being removed from the soil, crocus bulbs are dried in the shade, cleaned of soil, dead roots and scales, laid out in one layer in a box or box. The smallest onions can be arranged in candy boxes. Until August, the storage temperature should be at least 22 ºC, because a lower temperature will prevent buds from forming. In August, the temperature is lowered to 20 ºC, and a week later to 15 ºC. But these are ideal storage conditions that are created only in specialized farms. At home, crocus bulbs are stored in a dark, dry place with room temperature and good ventilation before planting.
Photo: Growing crocuses in the garden
Types and varieties
All crocus varieties are classified into 15 groups. The first group includes autumn-flowering crocuses, and the remaining 14 groups represent spring-flowering species and varieties of crocuses. Spring crocus was the basis for many varieties and hybrids, most of which belong to the authorship of Dutch breeders. The most popular commercial varieties are classified as Dutch hybrids. Another popular group of commercial varieties in culture is Chrysanthus, which was formed by hybrids between golden, two-flowered crocuses and its hybrids. We offer you a quick introduction to these groups and their best varieties.
Spring-flowering crocus species:
Spring crocus (Crocus vernus)
Grows up to 17 cm in height. The corm is flattened, covered with mesh scales, the leaves are narrow, linear, dark green with a longitudinal silvery-white stripe. Purple or white flowers with a long tube, bell-funnel-shaped, in the amount of one or two, develop from one corm and bloom in spring for about three weeks. In culture, since 1561.
In the photo: Spring crocus (Crocus vernus)
It is found in nature from Italy to Iran, as well as in the Caucasus and Crimea. It has a variety of natural forms: with white flowers, lilac-blue with brown spots on the outside of the petals, white with violet-brown stripes, white on the inside and violet-brown on the outside. The pharynx of flowers is white or yellow.
In the photo: Crocus biflorus
Golden crocus (Crocus chrysanthus)
Grows on the rocky slopes of the Balkans and Asia Minor. It reaches a height of 20 cm, its corms are spherical, but flattened, the leaves are very narrow, the flowers are golden yellow in color with the perianths bending back, shiny from the outside. Some forms have brown streaks or tan marks on the outside of the petals. Anthers are orange, columns are reddish. Blooms in April for three weeks. In culture since 1841. The following varieties are common in floriculture:
- Blue Bonnet - flowers up to 3 cm long with a pale blue perianth and yellow fauces;
- Nanette - variety with large yellow-cream flowers with purple stripes on the outside;
- I. Gee. Bowels - crocus with very large bright yellow flowers on the inside and gray-brownish on the outside.
In the photo: Crocus chrysanthus
In natural conditions, it grows in deciduous forests and on the hillsides of Hungary and the countries of the former Yugoslavia. It has pink-lilac perianth leaves, sometimes with a white border around the edge. The open flowers are in the shape of a star with a white throat. The flower tube is white. From one corm develops up to three flowers up to 6 cm high.This species blooms in April for three weeks. Crocus Tomasini, one of the most popular species, has been cultivated since 1847. The most famous varieties:
- Laylek Beauty - wide-open, almost flat flowers up to 3 cm in diameter with yellow anthers and oval-elongated narrow lobes of lilac color on the outside and a lighter shade on the inside;
- Whitwell Purple - large, wide-open, almost flat purple-violet flowers up to 4 cm in diameter with narrow elongated lobes. White tube up to 3.5 cm long.
In the photo: Crocus tommasinianus
In addition to those described, such spring-flowering crocuses are known in the culture: narrow-leaved, reticulated, Crimean, Korolkova, Imperate, Sieber, yellow, Geufel, Ankyrian, Alataevsky, Adam, Corsican, Dalmatian, Etruscan, Fleischer, Malia and the smallest.
Autumn flowering crocuses:
Beautiful crocus (Crocus speciosus)
Grows on the edges of forests in the mountainous regions of the Crimea, the Balkans and Asia Minor. Its leaves reach a length of 30 cm, lilac-violet flowers with longitudinal purple veins up to 7 cm in diameter bloom in early autumn. In culture since 1800. Garden forms of this species are known with dark blue, white, blue, lilac and light purple flowers. The best varieties:
- Albus - white-flowered variation with a cream-colored tube;
- Artabir - flowers of sky-blue color with bracts covered with dark veins;
- Oksinan - The flowers are violet-blue with a wide dark perianth and sharp, drawn leaves.
In the photo: Beautiful Crocus (Crocus speciosus)
Cute crocus (Crocus pulchellus)
A very beautiful plant with light purple flowers in dark stripes, the diameter of which is from 6 to 8 cm, and the height is from 7 to 10 cm. On each plant in September or October, 5-10 flowers open. The cute crocus is not afraid of light frosts.
Banat crocus (Crocus banaticus)
Grows in the Carpathians, Romania and the Balkans. The name was given in honor of the historical region of Banat, located in Romania. It has linear silvery-gray leaves up to 15 cm long. Graceful light lilac flowers with yellow anthers rise 12-14 cm above the ground surface. The outer tepals are up to 4.5 cm long, the inner ones are narrower and twice as short. It has been cultivated since 1629.
In culture, autumn-flowering crocuses are also grown beautiful, Pallas, Holmovoy, Sharoyana, Gulimi, holo-flowered, Kardukhor, medium, Cartwright, Kochi, trellised, medium, yellow-white and late.
In the photo: Crocus banaticus
Dutch hybrids, or large-flowered crocuses, are unpretentious and fertile spring-flowering plants, the flowers of which are on average twice as large as those of the original species. The first varieties of Dutch hybrids appeared in 1897. Now there are more than 50 of them, and they are divided into groups according to the color of the flowers. The first group includes varieties with pure white flowers or white with a spot of a different color at the base of each lobe of the bracts. The second group combines varieties with purple, lilac and lilac colors. The third represents varieties with a net or striped color of flowers with or without a spot at the base of the lobes. Hybrids bloom during May, flowering lasts from 10 to 17 days. We recommend you several varieties that grow well in our climate:
- Albion - white goblet flowers up to 4 cm in diameter with rounded lobes, with a tube up to 5 cm long with a rare lilac streak;
- Vanguard - cupped, open bluish-lilac flowers up to 4 cm in diameter with elongated oval lobes with small spots of a darker color at the base, with a bluish-lilac tube up to 4.5 cm long;
- Jubilee - goblet blue flowers with a barely noticeable purple-violet tinge and with a clear light purple spot at the base of the lobes, as well as a narrow light border along the edge. The tube is light purple, up to 5.5 cm long;
- Sniper Banner - goblet flowers up to 4 cm in diameter with oval lobes of mesh color - a light grayish-lilac shade on the outside and with a densely lilac mesh on the inside. The lobes of the inner circle are lighter in color than the lobes of the outer one. At the base of the lobes there is a small but very distinct dark lilac speck. Tube up to 4 cm long, dark lilac;
- Kathleen Parlow - cupped white flowers up to 4 cm in diameter with a short lilac streak at the base of the inner lobes and with a white tube up to 5 cm long.
Spring-flowering hybrids, in the formation of which golden crocuses participated, natural forms of two-flowered crocus and their hybrids. The flowers of this group are not as large as the flowers of the "Dutch", but among the chrysanthus there are many varieties with yellow and bluish flowers. The most famous varieties:
- Gypsy Girl - cupped, wide-open flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter, light yellow inside with a dark yellow throat, and yellowish cream outside. There is a small brown speck on the inside of the lobes. Cream tube up to 3 cm long with dusty lilac streaks;
- Marietta - wide-open, almost flat flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter with oval narrow dark cream lobes with a yellow throat, outside at the base of the lobes of the outer circle, covered with dense dark purple stripes, a greenish-brown spot. A tube up to 3 cm long in a light gray-green shade;
- Lady Keeler - cupped, almost flat flowers up to 3 cm in diameter with elongated oval lobes of white color from the inside, the lobes of the inner circle are white outside, and the outer ones are dark purple with a white border and a small dark-gray spot at the base. Purple bud, tube up to 3 cm long, dark purple-violet hue;
- Saturnus - wide-open, flat flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter with slightly elongated tops of the lobes of the outer circle. The color is yellowish cream with a bright yellow throat. Outside, at the base there is a greenish-brown spot, the lobes of the outer circle are streaked with thick lilac strokes. The tube is grayish-green, up to 2.5 cm long.
In the photo: Crocus meadow
From the latest achievements of breeders, the following varieties of chrysanthus are on sale: Ay Catcher, Miss Wayne, Parkinson's, Skyline, Zvanenburg Bronze and others.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Irisaceae
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
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Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Blooming Bulbous flowers Plants on K Iris (Iris)
These small-bulbous flowers belong to the Iris family. In the wild, crocuses grow in Europe and some Asian countries. Their flowering occurs earlier than in daffodils, hyacinths, tulips, but a little later than in snowdrops.
Crocus compositions look very impressive. Goblet flowers grow on straight, shortened stems. Depending on the variety of crocuses, the color of their petals differs. Leaves are dark green, linear. Corms can be flat or spherical, covered with a thin film on top.
On a note! Crocus bulbs are edible, so they are often damaged by rodents.
Flowers surprise with a wide variety of species and varieties. According to David Hession's simplified classification, crocuses are divided into three groups, differing in flowering time and flower size:
- Early spring crocuses... The most famous representative of the group is the Golden Crocus. The flower is sometimes also called the snow crocus due to the fact that its inflorescences emerge directly from under the unfinished snow. The flower blooms forward of daffodils, hyacinths, tulips.
The color of its petals can be cream, yellow, blue. Plant height - 8-9 cm, blossoming buds smell nice. This crocus is cold-resistant, it is not afraid of frost even during flowering.
- Spring-flowering crocuses. In the middle lane, this species is more common than others. Crocuses have another name - large-flowered. Their flowering occurs 10-15 days later than the early flowering species. The maximum plant height is 15 cm. The varieties of this group were bred on the basis of early flowering crocuses.
The color of the buds can be white, blue, purple. Some hybrids have variegated-striped petals.
- Autumn blooming crocuses... The flowering period in this group can fall on September-December, the timing depends on the climatic conditions in the growing zone.
The color of the buds can be white, blue, purple, lilac. Leaves in autumn-flowering crocuses appear in early spring, like in other members of the family, and die off in mid-June.
Each group has its own popular crocus varieties. Today, manufacturers offer the following varieties of bulbs for planting:
Blue Pearl... The flowers are pale blue with a yellow center, 8 cm in diameter. Plant height is about 10 cm. It belongs to the group of early spring crocuses. Can be grown in a container. Prefers to grow in a sunny location.
Princess Beatrix... Another early spring crocus. Low-growing plant. The color of the petals smoothly passes from pure white to a lilac shade along the edge of the petals. It reproduces easily by self-seeding. The diameter of the flowers is 8 cm. Closely growing crocuses give the impression of a flower carpet.
Beauty Cream... An early spring unpretentious crocus. Plant height - 7-10 cm. Buds are medium in size, golden cream color. Flowers illuminated by the sun look especially impressive. Ideal for group planting on alpine slides.
Jeanne d'arc... Snow-white large-flowered crocus. Plant height - 15 cm. Belongs to the spring-flowering group. Grows well in a sunny place. Can be grown on a windowsill.
Golden Yellow... Plant with a height of 15 cm with April flowering. The color of the petals is bright yellow, almost orange. Inflorescences are large, goblet-shaped. A prolific and unpretentious plant.
Flower Rackord... Low-growing spring-flowering crocus. The maximum plant height is 10 cm. The inflorescences are goblet-shaped, large. The petals are painted in a rich lilac color. Contrasting yellow stamens stand out against their background.
From autumn crocuses in gardens grows Holo-flowered Crocus with purple goblet buds, White ocher crocus with cream flowers, Beautiful Crocus, the petals of which can be white, blue and purple in color with dark veins. Crocus seed also blooms in the fall and is known for its pistils used to make saffron.
Types and varieties of crocuses
Nowadays, there are about 300 varieties of crocuses. All of them are divided into autumn-flowering and spring-flowering varieties. In order to obtain raw materials for medicines or spices, only one crocus variety is used for the industrial cultivation of saffron, namely the crocus (Crocus sativus). This is an autumn-blooming saffron variety. This variety does not occur in the wild.
Crocuses for growing at home are Dutch hybrids - large-flowered crocuses. For example: varieties ""Grand maitre», «Vanguard», « Gell" and etc.
The most diverse types of crocuses are presented in the crocus catalogs - white crocuses, golden, yellow, purple, bicolor.
You can enjoy the beauty of this flower even in the middle of winter. These flowers feel quite well in the apartment, especially the Dutch varieties with large inflorescences. Healthy, undamaged bulbs, preferably of the same diameter, are planted in wide pots of shallow depth, several pieces at a time.
The substrate should be light, water and breathable, with neutral acidity. A drainage layer is required at the bottom of the tank.
After the inflorescences wither, care for the bulbs continues, they are regularly watered and fed. Complexes of mineral substances intended for indoor flowering plants are used as fertilizers, however, the concentration indicated on the label is halved.
Moisture is gradually reduced after the foliage of the flower begins to turn yellow. After final drying, the saffron is dug out, cleaned of soil and wrapped in paper, put into a cardboard box. Keep it in a dark, dry place until autumn approaches.
Crocuses - planting and care secrets
Adding an article to a new collection
Do you like primroses, but do not know how to plant them correctly? Do you want to enjoy the beauty of crocuses, but are afraid to make a mistake? We will dispel your doubts and give answers to all questions.
The secrets to successfully growing early crocuses are correct fall planting and subsequent plant care.
Crocuses planted in mid-September will bloom in April-May. The flower bed will be bright and beautiful if you choose the right one in the fall planting material... Corms are considered to be of high quality:
- no mechanical damage
- without regrown roots, stems
- dense, with dry scales.
If there is a desire to breed crocuses, planting and care in the open field are carried out taking into account all the conditions of agricultural technology:
- this flower belongs to the light-loving and is afraid of drafts, although in the hot south it develops better in the "openwork" shade
- cultivation requires fertile soil with good water and air permeability
- crocuses are planted in sufficiently moist, loosened soil.
The land in the flowerbed is prepared in advance. If it is weakly draining, it is recommended to add river sand to the composition. Sod land, compost, peat will help to improve fertility. You can use manure, but only rotted - crocuses do not tolerate fresh organic matter.
Preparing the soil for planting
The site where the saffron planting is planned is well dug up and subject to harrowing. Then grooves are formed in which corms will be planted or seeds will be sown.
The planting depth is important, it depends on the selected material:
- if adult onions are transplanted, they are buried 10-12 cm
- it is better to lower children in the fall by 6-8 cm, with a spring planting, 4-5 cm is enough
- seeds are introduced into the soil closer to the surface (no deeper than 3-4 cm) so that they germinate faster.
These parameters are averaged, the summer resident will also have to take into account the quality of the soil. On heavy soils, the planting depth should not exceed the size of the bulb itself. On lightweight soils, the hole can be doubled.
On a note! A distance of 5 cm is maintained between the bulbs, but if the flowers remain in the flower bed for several years, then the gap is made a little less - 3 cm. As soon as the tubers are in the ground, they are squeezed and sprinkled with mulch.
The most famous varieties of crocus
- "Flower Record": bright violet-lilac.
- "Grand Mater": lavender purple.
- Jeanne d'Arc: pure white.
- "King of the Striped": purple with lighter stripes.
- Pickwick: Very pale blue with white stripes.
- Rigrygeus Grandiflorus: purple.
- "Queen of the Blues": dark blue with a lighter shade around the edge.
- "Memory": deep purple blue (the best variety for room forcing).
- Striped — Stripes on a white background.
Crocuses are essential in every garden. Together with snowdrops, winter aconites and chionodoxes, they are the harbingers of spring. You can do a general planting of crocuses on the lawn. In doing so, you are trying to get the most natural effect. To achieve a visual aesthetic effect, use a large volume: 125-150 corms per square meter.
With this planting, you can use a wide variety of colors, but keep in mind that blue and purple are the least flashy colors. Crocus yellow is very popular both in single planting and in a group with other flowers. It is good to use in group planting the ratio with long flowering varieties of blue and purple color 50%, 25% yellow, 15% white and 10% striped.
Crocus variety “Chrysanth” is also recommended for planting on the lawn, and crocus “Tammasinianus” looks elegant when grown in grass. Planting crocuses on the lawn requires some adjustment, for this it is necessary to mow the grass.To ensure abundant flowering next year, you do not need to mow the lawn immediately after the crocus has finished blooming, you need to wait about six weeks.
Any variety of crocuses goes well with perennials. Long before the flowering of perennials, crocuses will provide you with joy in the first, spring days. Small varieties can be combined well with perennials such as Pulmonaria, Helleborus Hepatica, Pulsatilla and Primula.
Species with few leaves and small flowers, such as the Flower Rackord crocus, are very suitable for a rock garden. Naturalize crocus is easy to leave under bushes and in areas with sparse trees. Crocus in a flowerbed looks not only stylish, but also produces a good effect in combination with early daffodils and tulips.
After the early flowering of the crocus, it will be the turn of other bulbous plants such as hyacinths, tulips and daffodils. Planting crocuses with other bulbous plants that bloom a little later will be the most optimal solution.
If you are not a fan of daffodils and tulips, then early blooming crocuses can be planted with their relatives. A very good combination can be achieved with different crocus varieties that will bloom later, with Erica Carnea, Myretoun Ruby (burgundy), Vivellii '(purple red), Snow Queen (white) and King George "(Purple-pink). Some crocuses bloom in autumn.
Know! Crocuses from Holland are sold in mixed colors.
P.S. Quite often I buy a houseplant, succumbing to feeling, impulse, conquered by the beauty of the flower and the desire to possess it as quickly as possible. I will not deny that such fleeting acquisitions often lead to disastrous results! And so, I thought, what if I buy home flowers in a botanical garden, or even better in a plant nursery, where they will not only help you choose a healthy plant, but also tell you about the conditions of detention and share valuable advice.