Growing spruce indoors

Growing spruce indoors

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Christmas tree

Tsar Peter borrowed the custom of decorating houses and streets with Christmas trees, pines and junipers on New Year's Eve from Protestant Germany. The ancient Germans revered the spruce as a sacred tree and believed that the forest spirit lives in its needles, protecting all life on earth. Ate was decorated with ribbons, amulets, candles were lit at the foot - this was how they appeased the forest spirit and prayed to the gods to grant them a happy year. In Russia, this tradition took root with difficulty, without coercion, trees began to decorate only at the end of the reign of Catherine II.

Nowadays, on New Year's Eve, live or artificial trees are decorated, as well as a variety of conifers in containers that continue to live after the holidays. It is always a pity for the felled forest beauties who rule the winter ball for such a short time.

Christmas trees are increasingly used in containers that need to be properly prepared for home warmth.

A few weeks before the holiday, container spruces, junipers, pines from open ground are gradually accustomed to a higher temperature, keeping them in stages in a cold garage, on a glazed loggia and, finally, they are placed in the coldest part of the room - at the balcony door, window, where the temperature is air does not exceed 10-12 ° C.

Decorations can be used only light and no candles, so as not to damage the needles.

They are kept in the room for no more than a week, watering and sprinkling. Further, if they plan to plant a Christmas tree in the garden, they also gradually accustom it to low temperatures: they keep it in a cold room for several days, and transfer it to the balcony during the thaw.

On a frost-free day in March - April, you can plant a Christmas tree in the garden. It must be said that such a plant has little chance of surviving due to the high contrast of temperatures and the exit from dormancy.

You can do otherwise: for the winter holidays and other everyday life, grow coniferous plants in pots at home, taking them out to the balcony in the summer or adding them directly to the pots in the garden. For this purpose, various varieties and forms of thuja, cypress, cypress, juniper are suitable. It is very beneficial for your health and mood. In winter, they need a bright place without drafts and an air temperature of 10-12 ° C, moderate watering and spraying.

Elegant greenery and resinous scent will always give a sense of celebration.

E. Kuzmina

Types of spruce

There are about fifty different types of spruce. Let's take a look at a few of the most popular ones.

Norway spruce grows in central Russia. It reaches 50 meters in height and can live for three hundred years. This species prefers acidic and well-drained soils and does not tolerate salinization and stagnant water.

The Canadian spruce has a dense conical crown and gray needles. Such a tree can grow up to 30 meters. Its branches are directed obliquely upwards. However, in old trees, they are somewhat omitted. Such a spruce is completely undemanding to the characteristics of the soil. It is drought and winter hardy. Lives about 400-500 years.

Colorado spruce grows no more than 25 meters in height. Occasionally, specimens up to 45 meters are found in nature. This light-loving species lives for about 100 years. The pyramidal crown is decorated with dense tiers of regular-shaped branches. The color of prickly needles is from greenish to silvery. Thorny spruce is resistant to various atmospheric pollution. This tree does not like fertile and highly moist soil.

Engelman's spruce has a dense pyramidal crown and grows up to 50 meters high. Such a tree can live up to 400 years. Slightly drooping branches with tough silvery needles give this plant a chic look. Engelman's spruce is a winter-hardy tree. She prefers sufficiently moist soils. This species propagates by seeds, grafting and cuttings.

Raw materials for growing

In addition to the main raw materials, it is necessary to select soil or logs for the industrial cultivation of boletus. For the porcini mushroom, both options work. Boletus grows fruitfully on logs if you feed it. The substrate for the mycelium is prepared independently from a mixture of manure, compost and sawdust.

This method is more suitable for trial cultivation of porcini mushrooms on an industrial scale. To do this, collect myceliums together with boletus. The size of the cap of the porcini mushroom must be more than 15 cm. The caps are removed and placed in water with sugar. For 10 liters of water you need 3-4 tbsp. l. sugar or alcohol. The solution is kept for 1 day in a warm place with high humidity. At the end of the period, drain the water, grind the porcini mushrooms until smooth. The resulting mixture is spread in a layer over the substrate or logs, sprinkled with earth. Before the appearance of boletus, there should be no light in the room. The first crop is harvested 20-25 days after planting.

Raw materials in the form of mycelium are suitable for industrial cultivation of porcini mushrooms all year round. The vegetative body of mycelium is bought from large organizations that are engaged in the production of porcini mushrooms on an industrial scale. Purchase mycelium in plastic or plastic bags. Transportation is carried out in refrigerated containers with a minimum positive temperature. Purchased good quality mycelium has the following characteristics:

  • White color
  • pronounced smell of mycelium
  • homogeneous structure

You can remove the mycelium on your own if you have laboratory equipment. The porcini mushroom, or part of it, is placed in a test tube, then stored in a dark place at a temperature of + 25 ° C. The shelf life is 2 weeks, after the expiration of the period, the finished raw materials are planted in the ground. Planting mycelium in the ground:

  • package with mycelium cooled
  • crushed without opening the bag
  • part of the soil is mixed with mycelium, placed in the beds
  • sprinkle with a layer of earth 5 cm.

Watering and feeding

Spruce is a capricious tree, so care for it must be correct, and especially watering. The earth ball must be constantly moist. Waterlogging or dryness can lead to the death of the plant. It is necessary to water the plant with the addition of mineral fertilizer from May to September. Fertilize twice a month. When the dormant period from November to March comes, completely cancel the fertilization.

In the winter period of rest, there should be special care for the spruce, if it is at home, it is imperative to spray on the needles from a fine spray, if there are heating devices in the room.

Watering is reduced to 2 times a month, if the regime is observed from 5 to 15 degrees. If the spruce is in a cool room, in which the temperature is about 0 degrees, watering once a month will be enough.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Landing... Seeds for seedlings are sown at the beginning of February, and planting of seedlings in open soil is carried out after 8-10 weeks (approximately in mid-May).
  2. Bloom... It starts in May and ends in September.
  3. Illumination... Needs lots of bright sunlight.
  4. Priming... Loose sandy loam or loamy, not too nutritious.
  5. Watering... The soil is often moistened, especially in hot weather. When growing ampelous species and varieties, they are watered twice a day.
  6. Fertilizer... For feeding, use a mineral complex fertilizer for flowering plants. The first time fertilizer is applied to the soil half a month after planting seedlings in the garden, and the second and third - during flowering. It is not recommended to use organic fertilizers for feeding.
  7. Reproduction... By dividing the roots and by seed method. Terry varieties are propagated exclusively by cuttings.
  8. Harmful insects... Aphids, spider mites and slugs.
  9. Diseases... White mold, rust, leaf and stem bacteriosis, leaf bronzing virus.

Wisteria (wisteria). Growing, planting and care

Wisteria (wisteria) is a vine

Wisteria (Wisteria) - it is an ornamental plant, belongs to the vines... Seeing her once, you will fall in love with her for life! She can be safely called the queen of lianas, her beauty is truly royal.

If at least once in your life you are lucky enough to get out of the garden, where wisterias grow, you will feel yourself just in a fairy tale, looking at these luxurious hanging flowers it seems as if a flock of little fairies are about to fly out and the magic music of elves will play!

No wonder Wisteria (wisteria) was sung by many poets. In China and Japan, this vine occupies a special place in their culture, everyone knows that the people of these countries are special admirers of beauty, Wisteria grows there literally at every step, her images are everywhere, in paintings, on clothes, on tableware and many descriptions of Wisteria in poetry of these countries.

Many artists have depicted these flowers, in their paintings trying to embody all the beauty and luxury of these stunning, simply incredibly beautiful flowers. They seem to have come to us from some fabulous country to make our world more beautiful. And the unique sweet scent of flowers can be inhaled just endlessly, it beckons and fascinates us, it is incredibly gentle and feminine, like a bride's veil covers everything around.

The flowering period will give you a lot of pleasure and positive emotions, resting under their crown, you will feel peace and tranquility, enjoying the beauty.

The dormant period of the vine looks no less beautiful, its powerful and strong crown looks like a wriggling sleeping dragon. There is also a legend that Wisteria is a stiff dragon that swallowed a girl of incredible beauty, and her braids hang from his mouth and every spring the beauty of a girl wakes up and blooms with beautiful flowers.

Characteristics of wisteria (wisteria)

Wisteria (Wisteria) blue

Wisteria is a vine... Its second name is Wisteria. Today, 9 species of this vine are known, but perhaps not all of them have been studied and classified. Wisteria belongs to the legume family, in growing it is simple enough and not whimsicalthan quite suitable for inexperienced gardeners... Some varieties can grow up to 20 meters tall, it blooms in May-June, some varieties can bloom again in August-September, mainly Wisteria chinese.

You really have to wait for flowering, it does not bloom right away, after planting you will have to wait from 3 to 5 years, and in some cases you will have to be patient, since your Wisteria can give you the first flowers in 7 years, but I think your expectations will be worth the result that you get. The average life of a plant reaches 60 years, and the most "adult" Wisteria at the time of death was about 150 years old, which will allow, having planted it once, enjoy it all your life.

At the end of flowering, fruits appear on it in the form of legume pods with seeds inside, the seeds are reddish in color. The flowers resemble in shape the flowers of Lupine, already well known to us. The color scheme is different - the flowers are painted in white, yellow, pink, blue, lilac colors (depending on the variety). It blooms with brushes, has a powerful and dense crown. She is not whimsical in leaving.

Planting wisteria (wisteria)

Let's start with how you can plant wisteria. Wisteria (wisteria) is grown both by layering, cuttings, and seeds... It is worth noting that the process of growing from seeds is very time consuming and laborious, and the process of waiting for its flowering will also take longer. And so if you nevertheless decide to grow your brainchild on your own from a grain, then first, of course, you need to buy or collect Wisteria seeds.

Sowing must be carried out from December to February. Next, soak the seeds in a solution to accelerate growth for a couple of hours, it should not be cold, at room temperature, which can be purchased at any specialized store, based on your budget, you can certainly do without aids, but then the process will take a little longer.

Wisteria (Wisteria) pink

Next, we sow the seeds in a container for sowing seeds or simply in a flower pot of a suitable size for you, depending on the number of seeds sown. For planting, it is best to purchase a substrate. You will receive the first shoots in two to three weeks, and possibly only in a month. For germination, it is necessary to create a greenhouse covering the container with a film, the container should be in a bright place, but not in the sun, the temperature in the room should be 20-25 degrees C - not lower and preferably not higher, do not allow the seeds to dry out, but you should not fill it , it is necessary to maintain a moderate soil moisture.

After the sprouts appear, you need to remove the film and start accustoming the sprouts to the sun, start gradually putting them in the sun, not for long, then you can put them on the non-sunny side.

Wisteria (Wisteria) red

After the leaves appear, the sprouts must be transplanted into separate containers and start preparing them in open ground. It is necessary to start hardening the plants by taking them outside for several hours every day. Pay special attention to the fact that Wisterias grown in this way (i.e. from seeds) may never bloom!

Now let's move on to the more familiar and popular method of planting wisteria (wisteria), planting cuttings. It is better to plant cuttings in April for better rooting. Choose a side that is not too sunny and well protected from the wind for planting, because Wisteria does not tolerate wind well. Next, we prepare the soil, the earth must be dug up with humus, then prepare a hole for planting with a depth of 40-50 cm. Add substrate and drainage to the hole so that the water does not stagnate. After planting, pour abundantly with water at room temperature.

Wisteria care (wisteria)

When you have already chosen planted Wisteria, you can immediately start caring for her... The first thing you need to do right after planting is to provide support, the vine grows very quickly and it needs support on which it can begin to trail. If you decide to plant several plants, then it is worth planting them away from each other because the plant will grow large enough and take up a lot of space.

Watering wisteria (wisteria)

Wisteria (wisteria) needs regular, moderate watering avoiding drying out or flooding of the soil under the plant. In the hot period during flowering, the soil should not be allowed to dry out, otherwise the vine will drop its buds and stop blooming. It is also impossible to fill in the soil, because excess water can constantly damage the roots. She also needs to be sprayed. In September, watering should be stopped altogether.

Pruning wisteria (wisteria)

Wisteria (Wisteria) lilac

In the first year, Wisteria forms one or two main shoots, which subsequently form a strong crown for formation. One major fall escape cut off or pinch 90 cm from the soil. The second is formed at an angle of approximately 40-45 °. The rest of the shoots that are flexible can already be formed as needed as needed, depending on how you want your vine to grow.

In the second year, it is necessary to form vertical shoots and be sure to cut them by a third, this will stimulate further growth of lateral shoots. An adult plant is pruned annually, each branch is pruned into 3-4 buds to stimulate flowering... The length of the pruning further occurs depending on how you want to shape the vine, as a standard tree or as a hedge.

Soil for wisteria (wisteria)

The soil under Wisteria should be loosened regularly... In the spring, fertilizers such as manure and humus are applied to the soil. Avoid the growth of weeds around the vine. It is impossible for them to pull nutrients from the soil that it needs for growth and, of course, flowering.A large amount of alkali in the soil is also unacceptable, this can lead to a disease of a plant called Horoz . Signs of this disease are the appearance of yellowness on the foliage.

Wintering wisteria (wisteria)

Wisteria gets through the winter hard, it does not tolerate frosts below 20 ° C. If your winters are more severe and the temperature regime is lower, then for the winter you need to remove all branches from the supports and lay them neatly on the ground near the trunk and cover with a non-woven cloth to shelter the plants. For these purposes, a specialized covering material is suitable, which can be purchased in special stores.

Useful properties of wisteria (wisteria)

Like everything growing on our land Wisteria, of course, also has beneficial properties and has found its place in medicine.... The pollen of flowers of this beauty perfectly copes with coli tuberculosis and is even capable of killing her. If you grow it indoors, then you can forget about infections, it kills all infections in the air.

What can be harmful to Wisteria (wisteria)?

It's hard to imagine, but a beauty like Wisteria can be harmful. This beautiful creation of nature can be a brutal killer. She kills everything that grows near her, the soul with her shoots, so she must grow away from other trees and plants.

Lacking support, she is even able to strangle herself. Do not plant it near a pond with fish, leaves and flowers falling into the water emit poison that can kill the inhabitants of your pond.

Also, in no case should you eat leaves, flowers, and especially seeds for food, they are poisonous.

Can cause - colic, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness and even loss of consciousness. Immediately explain to your children that you cannot take these beautiful flowers and seeds from the pods in their mouths. Control that animals do not eat either.

The wisteria plant is very strong, so when planting it near the walls, make sure that it is strong, because the vine can destroy it. The supports on which it grows must also have good strength to avoid their destruction. It is not worth planting wisteria (wisteria) near the house, its powerful roots can destroy the foundation of your home.

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