Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Pepper
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Fancy tomatoes can be grown on their own in the garden. The variety of tomato that has peppers-like fruits is called pepper-shaped.
Description and characteristics of tomato Pepper
Hybrid tomato Pepper bred on the basis of the variety Cream. Tomatoes have an elongated shape that looks like peppers. Their color varies depending on the variety. It can be red, yellow, orange, etc.
Most varieties of pepper tomato are indeterminate type (although there are varieties of the determinant type) with unlimited stem growth and reach a height of 1.5 - 2 meters.
The plants are highly branched with large leaves, so they must be pinned. Can be grown both in the open field and in the greenhouse.
The first brush on the bush is laid between the 6th and 11th leaves. Subsequent brushes appear every three leaves. There are about 6 fruits in the bunch.
The variety belongs to the class mid-season tomatoes. The fruiting period of the bushes is from mid-July to almost the end of October. But this period can be increased if the cultivation is carried out in greenhouses.
This hybrid is fruitful, characterized by good fruit set.
Tomatoes are used for fresh consumption and for conservation. They can be stuffed as they are fleshy and do not crack when cooked.
- has two seed chambers;
- tasty, fleshy, not very juicy tomatoes;
- medium-sized fruit, weight from 80 to 100 gr;
The stalk may have a greenish spot, but this does not affect the taste of the fruit.
Tomato varieties in the pepper-shaped series
Pepper tomatoes are not a separate tomato variety. This species combines several varieties. What all these plants have in common is the shape of the fruit. They are vary in color, fruit size and stem height.
Depending on the variety, ripe tomatoes have the following colors:
- yellow (hybrid Pepper yellow);
- red (pepper red);
- raspberry (Pepper pink);
- orange (pepper orange);
- unusual colors (Pepper striped).
Basically, pepper tomatoes are of the indeterminate type (stem height up to 2 m), but there are varieties that are also determinant. This class includes striped pepper (in a greenhouse, the height of the stem can reach 1m, and in the open field - 70cm).
A common tomato has a small pepper-shaped fruit size. Its weight is up to 150 grams.
To get a large tomato, a tomato is planted Pepper-shaped giant, the mass of the fruits of which reaches 250 g and more... This variety was created by breeders Mikhail Gilev and Zoya Shott. It has been grown in our country since 2007.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of pepper tomatoes include:
- good taste;
- high yield;
- versatility, can be grown in open ground, greenhouses or greenhouses;
- original shape of the fruit;
- the fruit is fleshy, the pulp is crumbly, sweetish in taste;
- it is good to use it for pasta, preservation, stuffing.
The disadvantages of the variety include:
- install a trellis system;
- necessity constant tying (for indeterminate tomatoes).
Soil requirements for planting
Pepper tomatoes grow well and bear fruit on neutral or slightly acidic soils... If your soil is very acidic, then the soil for the beds should be treated with lime, which will help reduce acidity.
The best soil for a tomato is loams... They are not heavy, so the root system can develop normally.
The timing of sowing seeds for seedlings depends on the region, since tomatoes are planted in the ground after the frost has ended. The approximate period of growing seedlings - 45-65 days.
Since Pepper is a hybrid, the seeds are not collected by gardeners on their own, they must be purchased in stores. These seeds are sold already processed and therefore do not need to be soaked.
For planting seedlings, the soil is prepared independently or purchased a ready-made mixture in the store.
If you decide to prepare the soil yourself, then you need to take:
- 2 parts of peat;
- 1 part of sod (or garden) land;
- 1 part compost;
- 0.5 parts of sand.
In addition, 1 glass of wood ash is added to a bucket of the finished mixture, as well as a complex fertilizer that contains phosphorus, potassium and, in a smaller volume, nitrogen.
Seeds are sown into grooves with a depth of 1.5-2 cm. For tomato seedlings it is advisable to make a pick... This will allow the plant to quickly grow a root system.
The pick is performed after the formation of the first true leaves. Seedlings are grown for about 2 months. When 6 true leaves grow on the plants, the seedlings can be planted.
Transplanting tomatoes into open ground
Tomatoes love sunny, sheltered from the winds... Since this variety belongs to the group of tall plants, it is necessary to provide for a trellis system for tying the stem.
Before planting, the soil must be prepared. It is recommended in autumn and spring to apply 4 kg of manure per 1 m2 of soil to the prepared area.
Disembarkation is performed on the basis of 3-4 plants per 1m2 or according to the scheme 70x50 cm... In this case, you can form tomatoes in two stems. If the planting is more dense, then the stem is left alone. For landing, holes are prepared with dimensions of at least 15x15 and a depth of a shovel bayonet.
Caring for tall tomatoes is not difficult. It consists in the constant performance of certain operations:
- garter stem.
If a layer of straw or dry grass mulch is laid around the plant, then loosening can be skipped, and watering is performed less often. Lay a layer of mulch with a thickness of at least 5 cm.
Stealing is removing stepchildren from the bush... This will form the plant into one to two stems. This will prevent the planting from thickening and, as a result, the tomatoes will be well ventilated.
You also need feed three times per season... Manure or chicken droppings work well for this. In August, the top of the bush must be pinned. In this case, those tomatoes that have already set will have time to ripen.
Diseases and their prevention
Pepper is resistant to most diseases. but affected by late blight... Phytophthora develops at low temperatures and high humidity. Therefore, for prevention, it is necessary that tomatoes grow in sunny, well-ventilated areas.
Landings should not be thickened... Treatment of bushes with fungicides is performed before the onset of the disease according to the description or instructions.
The subtleties of successful cultivation
There are no special subtleties in growing a pepper-shaped tomato variety. To obtain a high yield, the main thing is to properly care for the plant and it will thank you with a good harvest.
Pepper Tomato is recommended to be included in the collection of tomatoes of every gardener, since such fruits will decorate your table.
Indeterminate, medium late, productive variety tomato. In the middle lane, it is recommended to grow it in a greenhouse.
Bush height 2-2.2 meters in the greenhouse, in the open field below. A garter of a plant to a support and pinching is required. A good yield was obtained when formed in 2 stems.
The main qualities of the fruit
The fruits are pepper-shaped, beautiful, at the stage of maturity, red-brown, fleshy, tasty, practically without seeds. Average weight 200-350 grams... Thick skin. These tomatoes are well suited for fresh consumption and preparation of juices, sauces.
The fruits also have good keeping quality.
A site about tomato varieties with true gardeners' reviews - Tomatland.
Characteristics of the variety
Cuban pepper tomato belongs to hybrids, medium late variety. Outwardly, the fruits resemble bell peppers. The bushes are tall, up to 2 m in size. The best result can be obtained when growing a crop with 2 stems. It is necessary to start planting work 2 months before the planned planting of seedlings in the ground.
Tomatoes are pepper-shaped, represented by a burgundy color. The weight of the tomato is about 350 grams. The tomatoes are delicious, juicy, fleshy.
It is quite simple to cultivate a tomato. Seedlings are planted in a permanent place at the age of 60-65 days, 3-4 bushes per square meter.
Seedlings (aged 60-65 days) are planted in a permanent place with a density of 3-4 bushes per 1 m 2
Further care comes down to pinching, garter and pinching of the stems, loosening the soil, preventive treatments for diseases, watering and feeding. The plants do not require any additional efforts and the use of special agrotechnical techniques. Given the stable yield and versatility of the use of fruits, the variety can be recommended for cultivation even for inexperienced summer residents.
The pepper-shaped type of tomato includes several hybrid varieties, which are represented by low and tall plants with increased resistance to most existing diseases. Tomatoes bear fruit abundantly in open ground and greenhouses.
Breeders have created a variety of varieties to meet the demand of even remote regions for plentifully fruiting tomatoes. The varieties with yellow and red fruits are especially prized as they bring the greatest yield.
The biological species of tomato has 3 subspecies:
- Cultured - as a rule, the fruits are round or flattened, rather large.
- Semi-cultural - the fruits are pear-shaped, plum-shaped, elongated. The fruits are medium in size.
- Wild - (currant, racemose) - fruits are small, slightly larger than nightshade.
Pepper tomatoes were obtained by breeders using a semi-cultivated subspecies.
A mid-season variety that is ready for use 115 days after planting seeds for seedlings. Fruiting begins in the second decade of July and ends no later than the end of September. The striped type of tomato is suitable for open ground (grows up to 1 m) and greenhouses, in which the bush reaches 120-130 cm.
The bushes are strong, with a lush aerial part. The leaves are dark green. Plants form 5-6 clusters, which tie 8 to 10 fruits. Greenhouse specimens are grown in one stem, in the open field - in 2-3 stems, which are tied up so that the shoots do not break under their own weight.
The fruits look like peppers. They are characterized by a cylindrical, elongated (up to 15 cm) shape, and the weight reaches 120-160 g. The striped tomato is dense, smooth, has a red-yellow hue that resembles a tiger's color. The pulp is juicy, firm, fleshy and tender.
Striped pepper tomato is resistant to most diseases inherent in this culture. Calmly tolerates temperature extremes, direct sunlight and weak watering.
Fruiting is abundant: at least 7 kg of tomatoes are harvested from one bush of this variety, and if agricultural technology is observed, the yield reaches 10 kg. Tomatoes can be eaten fresh and used for winter harvesting, especially for preservation as a whole.
The American tomato Banana Legs served as the prototype for this variety. Medium early culture bears fruit in open ground and greenhouses. The height of the bush is 120 cm, sometimes it reaches 150-180 cm.The leaves are sparse, dark green. The yellow-fruited variety has a simple type of inflorescence.
A distinctive characteristic of this variety is the formation of small, even, cylindrical fruits. Tomatoes ripen in 6 pieces. on one brush and weigh at least 70 g each. Harvesting begins when the fruit turns yellow. The pulp of tomatoes is juicy, aromatic.
Yellow peppery tomato is resistant to fungal diseases, temperature extremes and drought, but prolonged cold snap causes the vegetation process to stop. In regions with late spring frosts, planting in the ground is postponed until the temperature has stabilized.
A yellow-fruited tomato variety brings from 3 to 6.5 kg of yield per bush, subject to all care requirements. The fruits are suitable for salads, winter preparations (canning and salting).
Orange pepper tomato is an early maturing greenhouse variety that is not adapted to open ground due to the threat of late frosts. Fruits ripen 90 days after sowing seeds for seedlings.
The height of the indeterminate variety bush is 1.5-1.8 m. The branchy plant is prone to the formation of numerous stepchildren. Leaves are medium in size, light green in color. A bush with rare intermediate inflorescences that tie up to 6 fruits on one cluster.
Fruit length - up to 15 cm, the average weight of one tomato reaches 150-200 g. The skin is thick, has a bright orange hue. The fruit has a soft, juicy pulp and 3-4 seed chambers.
Plants are resistant to diseases, but cannot tolerate temperature extremes, which stop growth and fruiting. An early ripe variety brings up to 5-6 kg of tomatoes from one bush, which are eaten fresh or canned. Orange pepper tomato is rich in carotene and vitamin C, therefore it is suitable for toning juices in winter.
The Krepysh variety is distinguished by early fruiting
Pepper Tomato Krepysh was created specifically for the climate of Siberia, where the warm season is limited. He was taken out for growing in open ground conditions. Early ripe variety: fruiting occurs 110 days after the first shoots appear.
The standard plant reaches only 0.4 m in height, it is undemanding to pinching and tying. The culture received this name due to the large size of the bush.
The fruit is cylindrical in shape, with a dense skin, which at the stage of maturity acquires a pink tint. A characteristic feature is a small spot of a greenish tint at the stalk. The pulp of the tomato is juicy.
Low-growing plants are adapted to growing in any climatic zone, as they were bred specifically for cold regions with low light. They are resistant to most known diseases.
Strong is a medium-yielding species. No more than 4 kg of fruits are harvested from one bush per season. Tomatoes are used for salads, preservation, making juices, tomato sauces, etc.
The Cuban black subspecies is classified as a mid-season variety, since the first fruits are harvested 120 days after sowing. Culture does not stop growing on its own. Greenhouse specimens reach 3 m, and grown in open ground - 150 cm.
Cuban tomato requires obligatory pinching and tying, otherwise the plant will not support its own weight.
The bush is well leafy, with ordinary leaves and a powerful stem. Forms plants into several stems, which increases productivity. The fruits are massive, pepper-shaped and reach 200-350 g. Cuban is harvested from the garden when the skin becomes burgundy. The pulp of tomatoes is juicy, fleshy.
The description of the species will be incomplete without mentioning its resistance to various diseases and pests: late blight, spider mite. Cuban pepper tomato is a high-yielding variety that yields up to 7 kg of fruits from one bush, and when grown in 2-3 stems, these figures reach 10 kg. Tomatoes are consumed fresh or harvested for the winter.
This variety of pepper tomatoes can be grown both outdoors and in a greenhouse. You need to buy seeds from the Sedek company.Otherwise, you can get a poor harvest that does not meet the declared characteristics.
The royal tomato is a mid-season tomato that begins to bear fruit 107 days after germination.
It is an indeterminate plant, the height of which is more than 1.7 m. The bush is low-leaved, with leaves typical of tomatoes. Fruits are small, oblong, the average weight reaches 85 g. Tomatoes are ready to harvest when they acquire a bright red hue. The skin is firm and resistant to cracking. The pulp is fleshy, juicy, has a sweet taste.
The hybrid is resistant to common diseases, tolerates transportation well and has a long shelf life. The tomato produces a bountiful harvest that is great for fresh consumption and pickling.
The fruits are used to make juices
The vegetable crop is suitable for growing in different regions, but in areas with harsh climates, it must be cultivated in specialized greenhouses. The mid-season variety bears a harvest 110-112 days after the first shoots appear.
Minusinsky long variety forms bushes of at least 2 m with sparsely leafy shoots. The main feature of a vegetable crop is a weak stem, which requires additional support. The plant is tied up with fabric bands to stakes that are driven in next to the stem.
The characteristic highlights the distinctive feature of the fruit of the variety - a shape resembling a paprika. The length of the tomatoes is 10-12 cm, and the weight is 80-100 g. The fruit is bright red, with dense skin and fleshy, moderately juicy pulp.
The tomato is resistant to most diseases, which is important under greenhouse growing conditions. Compliance with agricultural techniques will help to collect at least 5 kg from one bush per season. The sweet and bright tomato flavor makes the fruit an ideal raw material for juices, sauces, pastes, and canning.
The mid-early variety is grown in open ground and in a greenhouse. The first fruits ripen a maximum of 110 days after sprouting. The soil for the tomato is selected nutritious and not heavy.
The bush reaches no more than 1.6 m in height, has a green mass of medium density, and has dark green leaves. The red subspecies brings tomatoes weighing 120 g, elongated, with a pointed nose. The skin is thin, has a red tint and a rich, sweet tomato flavor.
The description will be incomplete without mentioning the main feature of the tomato - abundant fruiting, thanks to which the variety is in the lead among all subspecies. Like all hybrids, red pepper tomato is resistant to common diseases that all tomato varieties are susceptible to. It is suitable for salads, preservation and freezing.
The pink tomato has an average fruiting period, the harvest is harvested 110 days after germination. It is grown in open ground and in greenhouses, which require good ventilation so that moisture does not stagnate.
Low bushes reach no more than 150 cm in greenhouses, in open ground they grow up to 1-1.2 m. The plant is medium-leafy. It is recommended to form the variety into one stem and tie up the brushes, which can break from the number of tomatoes.
The fruit is large, reaching a mass of 180 g. The skin at the stage of tomato ripening acquires a raspberry hue, and the pulp becomes fleshy and juicy.
Plants are resistant to fungal diseases and common pests. The yield of one bush is small and amounts to 3.5 kg per season. Due to their raspberry color, tomatoes look beautiful in salads and jars.
Chainmail tomatoes are classified as indeterminate plants that require formation and garter. Mid-season variety suitable for outdoor cultivation. The main feature is abundant fruiting. At least 6.5 kg are removed from the bush per season.
The mass of fruits at the time of ripeness is at least 80-100 g, and the skin becomes red. The pulp is fleshy, juicy, saturated with sugars and vitamins. The variety is versatile in use due to the sweet taste of the fruit. Tomatoes are eaten in salads, rolled up in jars for the winter.
In Russia, tomatoes are mainly grown through seedlings. The Pepper striped variety is no exception. It is not easy to grow healthy seedlings: you need to select only high-quality seeds, make competent sowing at the right time, and provide planting with a comfortable external environment. The better the bushes are prepared for planting in the garden, the more abundant the harvest will be.
Seeds are sown on average 65-70 days before planting in a permanent place of growth. Seedlings after sowing appear rather quickly, on average after 5-6 days. Therefore, taking into account all the nuances, sowing is best done in mid-March, so that by the end of May all tomato seedlings are "ripe" for the transplantation procedure.
Soil and seed preparation
Mostly purchased seeds from well-known companies have already passed all the treatments. Therefore, additional manipulations are not needed. However, if you doubt their quality, then it is better to first disinfect them in a 1% manganese solution.
Such treatment kills all pathogens of various bacterial, viral, fungal diseases that could be found in seed spores.
To ensure earlier fruiting, you can soak the seeds in a weak soda solution. And soaked seeds in aloe juice will gain endurance and strong immunity.
The soil mixture in which the seedlings will grow should consist of turf, sand and humus. Before sowing, it also needs to be disinfected. For this, the soil is either moistened with a manganese solution or calcined in an oven at a high temperature.
You should not start sowing right away. It is better to moisten the soil well and let it stand for several days so that beneficial microorganisms form in the ground.
The seeds are sown in seedling boxes or directly into separate peat pots, with the help of which the diving procedure can be avoided. If sowing occurs in a common container, long narrow grooves must be made in the ground, the distance between which should be 3-4 centimeters. Seeds are placed in the grooves (planting depth - 1 cm, 2 centimeters apart) and slightly deepened. The less often plantings are, the longer the seedlings will be able to live in seedling containers. After sowing, sprinkle with soil and watered.
To create a humid and warm microclimate, the boxes are covered with foil and placed on the windowsill in the part of the house where the sun stays the longest. The humidity inside the box should be 80-90%. The temperature for fast germination of seeds is 25-30 degrees. Therefore, it is better to install the boxes next to the battery.
Humidity should be constant, but it is also worth protecting the ground from waterlogging. If water accumulates on the surface of the ground, it can lead to the formation of mold. To avoid this, the film needs to be slightly opened and the seedlings ventilated. Conversely, dry soil will prevent sprouts from growing, so it is recommended to regularly spray the soil with water from a spray bottle.
The first shoots will hatch in 5-7 days.
After all the seeds have sprout, the film is removed. Now for tomatoes you need to create ideal conditions for rapid growth. The higher the temperature and the longer the sun shines, the more water the seedlings drink. Therefore, you need to ensure that the humidity is at the same level.
Conditions for the correct growth of seedlings:
- An abundance of sunlight. Seedling boxes are placed on the windowsill. If there is not enough sunlight, the seedlings are artificially illuminated.
- High humidity. Water is life for plants. The seedlings will stretch upward in a humid environment. The earth and air must always be well humidified.
- Heat. The most comfortable temperature for hybrid seedlings is 25-28 degrees Celsius during the day and 20 degrees at night.
After 10-14 days, the first leaves will appear on the seedlings. This will indicate that the time has come for a dive. And although the tomato transplantation procedure is well tolerated, it is still recommended to drag the seedlings along with a lump of earth on the roots in order to harm them less. Containers for further germination should be at least 200 milliliters.
After a month and a half, the first flower brush will appear on the seedlings. At this time, plants are planted in a permanent place. It is impossible to tighten with planting, otherwise the bushes will reduce their productivity. Properly grown seedlings are endowed with a strong, thick stem, large leaves and a developed rhizome.
Landing in the ground
Only hardened seedlings should be planted in the ground. To prepare her for the new conditions, a couple of weeks before the transplant, it is worth regularly taking her out to the veranda or street (if not too cold) so that she gets used to the temperature unusual for her. Seedlings prepared in this way will tolerate planting much better and will quickly take to growth.
Tomato seedlings are planted in the holes at a distance of 40 centimeters from each other. The soil for a tomato bed should be fertile, light, loose. For this, sand or peat is added to the ground, as well as humus and a complex of mineral elements. Minerals (superphosphate and ash) are also added to the well, they moisturize well. The stem of the seedlings is slightly deepened (by two centimeters) and sprinkled with dry earth.
In order for the yield to be high, you need to organize the correct system of care, which includes watering, feeding, processing bushes and soil.
Growing tomatoes outdoors is much easier. On the street, natural ventilation and pollination is created, the air and earth are rarely waterlogged. In the greenhouse, however, everything is somewhat more complicated. Due to the greenhouse effect, fungal diseases often develop that are difficult to control. Therefore, it is important to keep track of temperature, humidity, and lighting. But first things first.
Watering tomato beds is rarely necessary, but abundant. In the open field, water is often watered, since evaporation is faster. In the greenhouse, less often - so as not to cause a fungal disease. Too frequent and scanty watering is harmful as well as excessive watering. Lack of moisture leads to damage to the bushes with apical rot and late blight.
Watering tomatoes is only at the root. A prerequisite is pouring and the stems must be dry. It is better to use drip irrigation.
The first 10 days after planting the plant is best left alone and not watered. And when intense flowering begins, the need for water increases dramatically. If there is little rain in summer, then you need to water the bushes 3 times a week, pouring 3-5 liters of water under each plant.
To keep moisture in the soil longer, you can mulch the beds. Mulch made from straw, sawdust or grass protects the soil from excessive sun rays, preventing the sudden evaporation of water. In addition, mulch is an excellent additional fertilizer.
For the first time, tomatoes are fed two weeks after transplanting. Urea, superphosphate, potassium salt are added under each bush. In general, any organic mixtures and complex nitrogen, phosphorus and potash fertilizers are suitable.
The following dressings are carried out every three weeks, depending on the condition of the plants. According to the schedule, fertilizers must be applied during the flowering period and the harvest of the first wave of the crop. Large amounts of nitrogen-containing mixtures are required only at the first make-up, since nitrogen contributes to the growth of green mass. Liquid fertilizers from organic matter (mullein or bird droppings solution) are well used. Subsequently, the amount of nitrogen is reduced, and the abundance of phosphorus and potassium is given priority.
It is also useful to carry out foliar dressing (through the leaf). Highly soluble fertilizers are suitable for this species. So urea, superphosphate and potassium sulfate are suitable. Do not feed tomatoes with compounds that contain chlorine. Tomatoes do not tolerate this element well.
After each watering, the soil is loosened to ensure the flow of air and water to a depth. If you do not loosen, the earth will be covered with a crust, which will not allow water to be absorbed and the plants will not grow properly.
Don't forget about weeding. Since the weed grows much faster than a tomato, it will take all the nutrients from the ground onto itself, thereby leaving the plants without strength.
Many gardeners also recommend hilling tomatoes. Although this procedure is not required. In general, you can judge whether you need to huddle tomatoes by the appearance of the bushes. If they grow poorly or the stems are not too strong, then you can huddle. This will ensure the growth of the root system, which will more intensively nourish the plant.
Bushes of pepper-shaped striped tomatoes do not grow too tall, but it is still recommended to form them, removing all unnecessary stepchildren. Formation leads to an earlier harvest. In the open field, you need to lead plants in one stem. Two stems are left in the greenhouse.
Most of us are used to the fact that tomatoes are round and red in color. Whereas the family of this vegetable has numerous species that have different shapes and colors. One of these striking representatives is the Pepper Tomato - it looks like sweet peppers in appearance and even in section (hence the name).
The Russian hybrid was bred relatively recently (2001) by crossing several varieties, but the base is the Slivka variety.
Pepper tomatoes can be used both for canning and consumed fresh in salads. They also make excellent tomato juice.
Description and characteristics
Having gained relatively recently popularity, the Pepper tomato (description and characteristics of the variety will be presented below) began to be successfully grown by Russian gardeners. The variety is classified as tall, since the maximum height of the bush reaches one and a half meters, or even higher. Therefore, an adult plant needs good support. Do not forget to pinch, as the bush branches heavily. The bush also requires support for the reason that it has giant fruits that have orange, yellow, red or pink colors, like peppers. It is very interesting, from the point of view of aesthetics, cooking, a striped tomato looks, as a rule, red with yellowish veins.
The first brush is laid somewhere between 6 and 11 leaves, the next brush is placed every three leaves. Each cluster grows up to 7-8 fleshy with a sweetish taste, with a small amount of seeds of large elongated fruits. The average weight of the fruit is about 80 grams with a length of up to 15 cm. Together with an elongated shape, this gives an excellent opportunity to preserve them whole without cutting.
The variety is fruitful - up to 10 kg or more can be harvested from one square of plantings. Refers to mid-season - from planting to harvesting the first harvest takes about 110-115 days. Fruiting lasts from mid-July to the last days of October.
The variety is frost-resistant, so it can be grown not only in a greenhouse, but also in the open field. This variety will not only give fruit, but also decorate your garden with its uniqueness. In addition, during the practice, the tomato showed an excellent property - resistance to almost all diseases of tomatoes and pests.
Successful varieties of tomato
Pepper varieties of tomatoes are classified into subspecies, but we will indicate here only those that have passed official registration:
- Tomato variety Pepper.Registered in 2001. Mid-ripening indeterminate with good yield (up to 8 kg on average). Fruits are small in size - 70-80 gr., But with good care you can get one hundred gram fruits. Usually stuffed dishes are prepared from them, since the walls of the fruits are thick and dense
- Giant.A variety of Siberian selection. The name speaks for itself - the weight of the fruit is about 200 grams, three hundred grams of tomatoes are marked. When fully ripe, the fruits take on a deep red color. Tomato taste is sweet
- Pepper yellow.This variety appeared in 2005. Also applies to indeterminate and mid-season. Fruits are small, dense, yellow in color. Differs in a variety of high resistance to heat and drought
- Pepper orange.Also in 2005, breeders bred this variety. Indeterminate, therefore pinning and garter are required. Unlike the above-described variety, Orange fruits reach an average of 150 grams. Productivity - more than 9 kg per square, this is only in the open field. With the greenhouse method, the yield is even higher. A distinctive feature of the variety is its resistance to lack of lighting. Therefore, it can be planted in partial shade.
Tomato Pepper Orange
- Red Pepper. The variety was bred quite recently - in 2015. In addition to the color of the fruit, this variety is no different from the orange variety. Is that the yield is slightly higher, and the color is more traditional for a tomato.
- Peppery raspberry. Also obtained in 2015. A distinctive feature of the variety is that it is determinant, that is, the height of the bush does not exceed one meter. At the same time, it is distinguished by large fruits (up to 250 grams) and high productivity (in greenhouses, up to 15 kg per square are obtained from it). An early ripening variety, ripening time - up to 100 days.
First of all, we prepare seeds and soil for seedlings. Due to the fact that the variety belongs to hybrid, it will not be possible to prepare seeds on our own, we buy them only in the store. Therefore, you should not believe people who say that they cook Pepper seeds themselves. Remember that seeds cannot be obtained from hybrids.
There is a minus in such an acquisition - the cost. But there are much more advantages: store seeds do not require additional processing, and their germination is guaranteed by the agricultural company.
It is also recommended to take the soil from the store. But you can save money and cook it yourself. For this you need:
- 1 bucket of well-rotted humus
- 1 liter can of sawdust in a semi-mature state
- half-liter can of sand
- 1 tbsp double superphosphate granules
- 3 tbsp. l. wood ash.
All this must be thoroughly mixed with a bucket of garden soil. The soil is ready.
It must be decomposed into prepared containers, after which the seeds can be planted. The landing is carried out to a depth of no more than a centimeter. The containers must be placed in a room where the correct temperature regime is observed. In our case, the room needs to be maintained at +25 above zero. Seedlings should be planted in early March.
After two true leaves appear, the seedlings can be transplanted in separate containers. In open ground, disembarkation is carried out during May, depending on the region and climate, this can be done at the beginning of the month or at the end.
Experts recommend planting no more than four sprouts per square, in which case they will feel most comfortable. This means that they will give the maximum yield.
For planting in open ground, you need to choose lands with neutral acidity or slightly acidic. You can reduce the acidity of the soil by liming. It is advisable to first add ash or humus to the soil.
The best soil for Pepper is loam, in which the root system of the plant develops well.
Important! Tomatoes should not be planted after potatoes. These are related plants, and planting tomatoes will not be able to get the necessary substances from the soil, since the potatoes have already "sucked" them. And you shouldn't forget about pests and diseases, despite the high resistance of tomato to them..
Despite the fact that the Pepper tomato does not differ in high demands on care, it is still necessary to follow simple, but no less important recommendations. The main ones are the organization of correct watering and timely pinching.
Organization of watering
The yield depends on how the tomato is watered. The intensity of watering does not depend on the color of the tomato - both strong and yellow require the same amount of water. Of the capricious in this respect, we can single out the "Kubinsky" variety.
The intensity depends on the height of the variety. Low-growing ones are watered four times a season:
- Immediately after landing in the ground
- The second time twenty days after the first watering
- Third time after flowering
- And for the last time at the end of June.
If the variety belongs to tall species, then watering is carried out a little more often. If the season is dry, then watering is done every three days.
Tomatoes will absorb water much better if watering is not carried out from above from a watering can, and water is poured into a trench that needs to be dug along the plantings. Thus, the roots will have access to moisture, and the water consumption will be significantly reduced.
Attention! For irrigation, it is recommended to take infused spring or rain water. The use of a tap or well is not recommended. Also, cold water is not used for irrigation, only room water or warmed up to ambient temperature.
Usually a month after planting, lateral roots are formed. At this time, it is recommended to feed the sprout with chicken droppings or manure. During flowering, ash must be added to the soil.
If the bushes are dry, then we feed them with nitrogen fertilizers. Sometimes it happens that they too quickly gain green mass to the detriment of fruiting, then phosphates will help.
When growing in open ground tomato Pepper, we pay special attention to the timely removal of stepchildren.
Stepsons are lateral processes. They are harmful because they take nutrients and water from the main stem. Because of this, gardeners are missing a large part of the harvest.
The stepsons need to be removed on time. Experienced gardeners recommend removing them while they are less than 5 cm. It is possible later, when they become much longer, but the longer the length of the removed stepson, the more stress the plant itself will receive. In addition, the wound will be larger, this can lead to the death of the tomato.
Important! Some gardeners do not remove stepchildren at all, but this is not true. Indeed, in this case, there will be practically no tomato fruiting.
The pinching procedure should be carried out in sunny weather, in such weather, the wounds inflicted on the plant will heal much faster. This means that the plant will more quickly and easily endure stress.
In addition, you will need to prune new leaves that appear with the first flowers. They, like stepchildren, take water and trace elements, which again leads to a decrease in yield.
Diseases and pests
Pepper shows excellent disease resistance. But late blight can affect plantings. Especially if the plantings grow in high humidity and low temperatures.
Treatment is carried out with fungicidal preparations. Prevention of the disease is as follows - we plant in well-ventilated sunny places, they should not be thickened.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
The advantages are as follows:
- Great taste
- Good yield
- The variety belongs to the universal, it can be grown both in greenhouse conditions and in the open field.
- The fruit has an original shape, which is very appealing to many gardeners.
- Fleshy tomato fruit with crumbly pulp and slightly sweet taste
- The fruits can be preserved, eaten fresh, boiled and baked.
Not without disadvantages:
- As you grow, the installation of trellises is required
- Indeterminate varieties need to be tied up constantly
- Seed cost
- The impossibility of self-procurement of seeds.
Concluding the story about an unusual variety of Pepper tomatoes, it is worth noting that, despite the rather large fruits of an unusual shape, thanks to which the tomatoes got their name, the hybrid described above is quite capricious in care, picky about soils.