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Hovea is a bushy palm tree, unpretentious, quite hardy. It has adapted to living in apartments and, together with dracaena, yucca, ficus and many other plants, grows gorgeous on balconies, loggias, and is used in office decor. Originally from the Pacific Islands. It grows up to fifteen meters, and in indoor conditions - up to two. Hovea is a giant, so the apartment will claim a decent chunk of space. She grows slowly, but caring for her is quite simple.
The room temperature is quite satisfied hoveyu, and at 20-26 degrees, it feels great. She easily tolerates a slight decrease in temperature, therefore, for the summer period, a palm tree can decorate a front garden or balcony. An increase in temperature will affect the general condition, which will lead to the death of the foliage. It is necessary to increase the humidity of the air, spray it with water at room temperature once every ten days. In winter, the temperature should not drop below 16 degrees. Drafts are deadly for her.
Hovea does not tolerate direct sunlight. If brown marks appear on the leaves, then the plant has received excess sunlight and it is time for partial shade. The percentage of illumination can be determined by the number of leaves. If hovee 4-6 leaves, the light is not enough, and if the 9-12, the optimal lighting.
Watering and humidity
In the spring and summer, the soil should be slightly damp; it is necessary to water it with warm water. And in the autumn-winter season, the earthen lump should be slightly dried. The water in the ground should not stagnate, otherwise brown spots will begin to appear on the tips of the leaves. There is lime in the water, so irrigation should be done with rain or snow water. It is necessary to increase the air humidity at any time. It is necessary to spray the palm tree in the summer in the morning and in the evening at elevated air temperatures. Palma is very fond of water treatments. If it is in the air, then you can arrange a dousing with warm water.
Used balanced complex fertilizer for palms during plant growth from May to September. Top dressing is done every week or once every two weeks along with irrigation water. Organic fertilizers alternate with mineral supplements. Hovea reacts very well to mixtures with nettle tincture. In another period, feeding is added once a month, and in winter this process is completed. Lack of magnesium and potassium occurs in palms after ten years. They are fertilized from April to August with special mixtures and additives for indoor plants.
We transplant hovea in April together with an earthen lump so as not to damage the fragile root system. It is advisable to transplant with a roll, so as not to break the palm tree and not damage the root system. Young plants are transplanted every year, and adults are transplanted every three years, as the roots fill the pot. The soil level after transplanting should be at the primary level, as before. The base of the pot should have a heavy bottom for stability.
Huge plants do not tolerate transplants; it is enough for them to change the upper ball of the earth without touching the roots. Perhaps make the palm planting mix ourselves. She is considered the best option. It is necessary:
- turf land - four servings
- humus or manure - two servings
- leafy ground - one serving
- sand - one piece
Charcoal can be added. Drainage is also needed, which will save from stagnant water.
Dormant period begins at the palm from October and lasts until February. At this time, it does not grow.
How insignificant is needed pruning... When removing dead and broken leaves, it is necessary not to damage the trunk of the palm tree.
The process takes place by seed or by dividing the bush. It is not convenient to propagate by seeds, it is long, laborious. Germination of seeds lasts from two to twelve months at a temperature of 22-24 degrees, in a greenhouse with heating from below. The division of the bush takes place during transplantation. Side shoots are separated and set in the ground. In greenhouse conditions the root system will get stronger faster, and better palm tree to take root.
And as a result: Hove, feng shui carries a powerful positive energy. Increases efficiency, improves mood. In nature, hovea exists as a natural filter. It cleans and humidifies dry indoor air. Hovea gets along well in offices and childcare facilities.
10 indoor plants that prefer shady corners
In any house or apartment there are certain dark areas that don't get enough light. One of the ways to ennoble such corners is to decorate the interior with green indoor plants. However, which plants put up with the lack of lighting? Felix Theopold, a gardener at Berlin-based interior gardening company 2bloom, has many years of practical experience and knows which of the following ten plants are easy to maintain.
With its dark green fleshy leaves, Zamioculcas zamiifolia adorns any, even a shady corner of the house. “This plant, popularly referred to as the 'tree of happiness' or 'dollar tree', comes from East Africa. It easily tolerates poor lighting and can grow indoors even with artificial light. Naturally, a lack of adequate sunlight can lead to a slowdown in growth, but the leaves retain their rich green color, ”says crop expert Felix Theopold. "In principle, we can state the fact that indoor plants with very dark, rich green foliage tolerate shade better than those with spotty, that is, variegated leaves."
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: Zamioculcas does not need much care. The only thing he needs is regular watering, which is carried out once every 7-14 days. “The dropping of the top pair of leaves may indicate that the soil in the pot is dry,” explains Theopold. "However, try to avoid stagnant moisture, this plant does not like."
Sansevieria, also known as mother-in-law's tongue or snake plant with its erect, sword-shaped leaves, tolerates both shade and sun well. This plant of the agave family, which grows wild in Africa, South Asia and the Arabian Peninsula, is suitable for beginner growers. “Sansevieria is capable of not only surviving in semi-darkness for many years in a row, but also growing,” says a German crop expert.
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: “It is enough to water the sansevieria once every two to three weeks. Be sure to check the soil before watering. If the top layer of wet, then put off watering until the next day, "- says Teopold. "This is a houseplant, not only pleases the eye with its appearance, but also remarkable in that it is almost impossible to kill. In principle, we can say that shade-loving indoor plants need to be watered much less frequently than plants that prefer the sun. As a guideline, the amount of water should be halved. "
Dracaena is a genus of plants in the Asparagus family, native to the Canary Islands. This shade-tolerant houseplant, which provides many different types, is immensely popular among flower growers. A characteristic feature of this genus of plants is the arrangement of linear, belt-like or lanceolate leaves around a thin trunk.
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: “Water the dracaena is worth it as the soil layer in the pot dries. In summer, the watering frequency is about once a week, in winter - and even less often, ”advises Theopold.
4. Hoveya Forster
“Howea forsteriana is considered a shade-tolerant plant that even naturally grows in the shade of tall trees,” says Theodor. "In nature, in low light conditions, these simple-looking yet elegant palms reach up to ten meters in height, while indoors, these plants do not exceed two meters."
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: Forster's hovea needs regular watering, its roots cannot stand drying out. “A plant in the shade should be watered less frequently, about once a week. However, regularity is very important in watering, ”says the expert.
5. Ficus or rubber tree
In room culture, rubbery ficus (Ficus elastica) adapts well to the surrounding conditions, but direct sunlight has a detrimental effect on its condition. “If you want to decorate a corridor or other dark corner of an apartment with a green plant, a ficus is ideal for this purpose,” says Theopold. "After all, excessive heat and excess sunlight can lead to the fact that the leaves become lethargic and saggy."
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: rubbery ficus does not need abundant watering. “About half an hour after watering, pour out the excess water that has accumulated in the sump,” the expert advises. By the next watering, the soil in the pot must definitely dry out. This can sometimes take several weeks. "From time to time, dust should be removed from the leaves."
There is hardly a more hardy houseplant than the cactus (Cactaceae), which belongs to the succulent family. “They feel great both in shady places, for example, on the staircase, or in the far corner of the bedroom, and near the north window. In no case do not put your cactus directly near radiators, "- said Teopold.
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: Succulents require little or no watering. It is enough to water young plants once every two weeks. In the winter months, watering is carried out even less often, since the metabolism of plants slows down.
“Soleirolia soleirolii is a completely unpretentious houseplant that can thrive in the sun, in partial shade, and in the shade. However, it should be shaded from direct sunlight, ”says the expert. This perennial herb, native to Sardinia and Korsac, is interesting for its numerous small rounded leaves on thin filamentous shoots, which, intertwining, form a green ball.
Tips for caring for shade-tolerant indoor plants: bottom watering is preferred for saltium. To do this, the pot must be placed in a container with water and allowed to saturate the substrate with moisture. After watering, the potting medium should be evenly moist, but not wet. But the leaves of the plant do not like water at all.
“The ideal place for Calathea is a bright and spacious room. However, it is a tropical plant primeval forests is well tolerated and shadow ", - says Teopold.
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant houseplant: Calathea is not very fond of excess moisture, as a result of which the roots can rot. “The main principle of watering is to keep the calathea's soil always slightly moist, but not wet. With insufficient watering, the edges of the leaves dry out. Excess sunlight triggers curling leaves ", - says the expert.
It is quite difficult to imagine modern apartments for amateur flower growers without Monstera deliciosa with large, cut, dark green, leathery leaves, which came to us from Central and South America. This plant feels equally well in the sun, in partial shade, and in the shade. “The more light a monstera receives, the faster it grows. In the shade, only leaf petioles are extended in length, the leaves themselves remain small. "
Tips for caring for a shade-tolerant indoor plant: Water a monster in the shade once a week or every 14 days - gently, without flooding. "Keep the earthen room was not wet or dried up" - warns Teopold. With excessive watering, black spots appear at the edges of the leaves. In addition, the expert advises to wipe the large leaves from dust and dirt.
It's hard to believe, but there are indoor plants that bloom in a shady corner, in the literal sense of the word. “For example, Spathiphyllum, a perennial evergreen with dark green leaves that form a bunch straight out of the soil and inflorescences on a long stem, does well in a shady environment,” says Theopold. In the sun, the leaves brighten and wither quickly.
Shade-tolerant indoor plant care tips: Although spathiphyllum can do without bright sunlight, it is not considered an easy-to-maintain indoor plant. “Spathiphyllum requires a constantly moist soil. Drying out as well as overmoistening of the substrate in the pot can be fatal for it, ”the expert explains. "This plant prefers high humidity, so well suited for landscaping dark bathrooms."
What kind of indoor plants decorate the shady corners of your home?
Translation: Lesya V.
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The plant belongs to the palm family (Palmae).
Hovea is widespread on the islands located near the Australian mainland.
The genus includes 2 species, differing from each other in leaf shape and color. Both species are cultivated indoors: Hoveya Forster (N. forsteriana) and hovei Belmora (N. belmoreana).
The plant is great for creating interiors, looks great in spacious, bright offices. Howe is a decorative hardwood palm reaching room conditions 2-2,5 m in height. The stem of the plant is short, formed by the remnants of petioles from dead leaves. Leaves are bright green, dense, feathery, containing up to 40-50 segments. The leaves grow slowly (each for 5-6 months), reaching 3 m in length. The segments of the leaves are about 50 cm long. The leaves sit on long and very dense petioles.
Hovea is a light-loving plant. However, shading from the sun is required. The optimum indoor air temperature is 22-24 ° C in summer and 18-20 ° C in winter.
The plant is afraid of drafts and does not tolerate sudden changes in temperature. At low air humidity, the tips of the leaves begin to dry out. On summer days, the hovei can be taken out onto the balcony.
It is recommended to water the plant abundantly and often - 3-4 times a week. In winter, daily spraying with warm, lime-free water is very beneficial. In the summer, you can put the flower under the shower for a short time.
A young plant should be transplanted annually, an adult should be reloaded every 4-5 years. The plant is fed only during the period of active growth, using complex mineral fertilizers diluted in warm water, which should be alternated with organic fertilizers.
The palm tree propagates only by seeds.
The main pests are scale insects, spider mites and thrips. In order to prevent their appearance, you need to regularly wash the leaves and stem with a damp sponge. If pests do appear, then you can get rid of them with the help of a soapy solution.
- tall palms (10-12 meters), endemic to Lord Howe Island in the Pacific Ocean
- most famous in culture Hoveya Forster, less common Hovea Belmora
Hovea (Howea) - a small genus of flowering plants of the Arecaceae family (Arecaceae)... This includes only two species of palm, Forster's Hove and Belmore's Hove, both endemic to the small island of Lord Howe in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Australia, hence the name of the genus. Often these plants are found under the name Kentia. (Kentia), which comes from the name of the capital of Lord Howe Island - the city of Kentia. Large tracts of these palms also grow on Norfolk Island. The collection and sale of seeds and young plants forms the basis of commercial activities here and is highly regulated so as not to harm natural populations.
Hovei are relatively slow-growing palms, their average size in natural growth is about 10 meters. In nature, both species form rather large massifs, Forster's hovea is more often found on the plains in coastal forests, Belmore's hovea gravitates more towards low mountain slopes, although mixed thickets of both species are also found.
The stems of these palms are straight, smooth, with clear marks from fallen leaves, often have an extension at the base, the upper part of the trunk is covered with fibers from fallen leaves. Hovea do not have a "cylinder" characteristic of many palms - a tight-fitting sheath at the base of the leaf petioles at the top of the plant. The leaves are pinnate. Hovei are monoecious plants, female and male flowers are collected in one long spike-shaped inflorescence, which at first grows vertically, and as it grows, it tilts and hangs down. Inflorescences are located between the leaves, sometimes grow from under the already fallen ones.
Species can interbreed with each other, although flowering separated by several weeks makes it difficult to form hybrids.
In places of natural growth, on Lord Howe Island, the climate is subtropical. In summer, the temperature is set from +18 to +22 o C (+27 o C) with regular rains. In winter, it is a little cooler, + 17 + 20 o C (sometimes up to +12 o C). The average air humidity all year round is kept within 60-70%. In addition to the subtropics, hovei can grow in warm conditions of a temperate climate, and can be found in the tropics. The heat is poorly tolerated, adult specimens are able to tolerate the open sun, young plants need protection from the sun's rays. Hovei can tolerate more sun near bodies of water.
Hoveya Forster (Howea forsteriana) it received its specific name in honor of the Governor-General of Australia, G.W. Forster.
It grows as a single-stemmed tree, reaching a height of about 10-15 m in nature. In culture, the size usually does not exceed 4-5 m. The trunk is thin, smooth, covered with closely spaced rings from fallen leaves, at the base the trunk often has an extension. In the crown - up to 30 graceful non-curved pinnate, up to 3 m long, leaves. The leaves are dark green, from below along the veins with brownish scales, grow in one plane, elegantly hang down on both sides of the rachis (central part of the leaf), up to 1 m long and up to 5 cm wide, with several well-protruding veins giving a slight corrugation to the plates. On a short green peduncle, from 3 to 7 spike-shaped inflorescences about 1 m long are formed. Male and female white flowers are formed in one inflorescence. The fruits are reddish, ovoid, about 4 cm.
Hovea Belmora (Howea belmoreana) named after the fourth Earl of Belmore, Governor of New South Wales from 1868-1872.
It grows as a single-stemmed tree up to 12 m tall, in culture no more than 4-5 m. The stem is green, up to 15 cm in diameter, covered with closely spaced scars from fallen leaves. This species grows even more slowly, so the scars on the trunk are thicker. The leaves, unlike the previous species, are noticeably curved, forming an almost semicircle, bending outward and downward. The leaf itself is long, but not as wide. The leaves are shorter, up to 60 cm, growing from the rachis in different directions upwards, forming a V-shape, in contrast to Forster's hovea, in which they are located in the same plane and gracefully fall down. The structure of the inflorescences is also different, the spike-shaped inflorescences in this species are unbranched. Fruits in shape and color resemble those of Forster's hovei.
At a young age, the species are quite similar, and you can distinguish them by the shorter and reddish petioles of the leaves, as well as by the narrower leaves at the Belmora hovei.
Hovei have long and willingly been grown as indoor plants. Since the end of the 19th century, Forster's hovea has become an indispensable attribute of all wealthy houses in Europe. Unpretentiousness, shade tolerance and ease of cultivation have made hovea a very popular plant for landscaping spacious rooms, halls, hotels and offices. Hoveya Belmora, although in general a strong plant, is considered weaker in culture - it is more easily attacked by a spider mite, worse tolerates mistakes in care, therefore Forster's hovea has become more widespread.
Caring for Forster's heva at home
From the moment you plant or purchase this plant, the fascinating process of caring for a palm tree begins. Of course, there are several components here: feeding, watering, pruning, as well as replanting the palm tree in a new pot.
Watering the plant
Hevoy Forster needs timely and moderate watering throughout the year. You can choose the time for watering by observing the state of the soil in the pot.
If a crust has formed on the top layer, then your palm needs liquid and it's time to water it. In summer, the need for watering increases, and you yourself will notice that the soil begins to dry out faster.
But in winter, with a decrease in the amount of light in the room, the need for watering will decrease, and the soil will retain moisture longer. For this reason, carefully monitor the condition of the plant, so as not to overmoisten the soil, which will cause negative consequences.
Try to keep the same "golden mean", as excess moisture can damage the plant and contribute to the appearance of brown spots on the leaves. Watering errors are the most damaging to the plant.
Palm tree feeding
When growing absolutely any plant, fertilizer is far from last. So, our palm tree, with its active growth, needs to be fertilized twice a month, and the rest of the time we need to feed less often. In winter, when plant growth stops, feeding should be excluded. Do not fertilize the plants in the year of transplantation, but rather wait until next year.
The excellent growth of Forster's hovea will provide feeding with organic compounds, for example, infusion of cow dung (it should be diluted in water) although this can be replaced and mineral mixture for indoor plants.
Palms that are more than ten years old often have a lack of potassium and magnesium, which should also be taken into account when choosing a fertilizer.
This type of palm does not need constant pruning, and only broken and dead leaves need to be removed from the owner. It is worth considering that the cuts should be made at a distance of a couple of centimeters from the trunk and with precise, careful movements so as not to accidentally damage the plant.
Important:do not remove more leaves than there are in a year.
If in the room where the palm tree is located, the air is dry and the tips of the leaves have dried out a little, then they also need to be removed, but only the part that has dried up.
All about the annual transplant
For plants that have recently been planted, annual replanting will be very beneficial. But adult plants should not be transplanted so often, since they can easily grow in the same pot for up to three years, you just need to change the top of the soil in time. It is best to transplant in April.
Hovea Forster has a rather fragile root system, so you need to be very careful with it. Like other palm crops, this plant must be transplanted with a lump of earth, waiting for the moment when the root system fits into the entire container.
As you can see, caring for Forster's hove is not very difficult, and you will not spend much time on it than when growing other plants.
She is quite famous for her unpretentious "character" in terms of content, and due to this she won love in the circles of plant breeders.
This palm tree was brought to the mainland from the island of Lord Howe, from which the name of the palm tree was obtained, and since the Victorian era it has been often grown in private estates (if you adore English cinema, you probably noticed that hevoy very often appears in the frame near dear hotels and wealthy houses).
Yes, this palm cannot be confidently called a truly lush decoration, but still its appearance speaks volumes. - refinement and grace.
All types of hevoy (especially Forster, which are often grown at home) are single-stemmed palm trees, but in order for it to look better, several shoots are planted in one large pot.
Since each hovea belongs to the genus of palm trees, not in artificial conditions the tree can reach up to 12 meters in height. The length of the leaves varies from 2.6 to 4.4 meters (but in the open sale you will only find trees up to one and a half meters high). They are characterized by a low rate of development and growth, and new leaves appear in only a few pieces per year.
In addition to Forster's hovea, it is often grown and hoveu Belmore, which in the features of care and development is in many ways similar to the first. But the plants themselves still have significant differences, for example, the petioles of Forster's hovea are almost not curved, unlike Belmore.
Interesting:Often, florists use this type not only for landscaping a site or room, but also for better air filtration. This plant is an excellent natural filter that copes well with harmful chemical elements in the environment.
Maintenance and care
How to humidify the air
Dry indoor air contributes to the fact that the leaves of the palm turn yellow. An unusual way to humidify is to put several pots of plants in the room.
They will release moisture into the surrounding atmosphere, which will give the room an optimal microclimate. Another popular method is to use a household humidifier.
It is necessary all year round for fresh air so that the tips of the leaves do not dry out. At temperatures below 0 ° C, windows and vents should be opened for a short time, but often. The room temperature should be within 20 ° C.