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San Andreas strawberry: a remontant variety of American origin

 San Andreas strawberry: a remontant variety of American origin


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San Andreas is one of the trendiest varieties of remontant strawberries. This fashion has a reason: the variety really has a lot of advantages, although there are minor problems with its cultivation. But they are overlapped by good yields and good commercial qualities of berries.

Description of the San Andreas strawberry variety and its characteristics

The San Andreas repair strawberry is native to Southern California, where it was obtained in 2002 from the well-known Albion variety. It is often called that by gardeners: "improved Albion". The improvement slightly affected the appearance of the berries, and also added unpretentiousness to the growing conditions. In our country, the variety appeared almost immediately, but for a long time it did not find wide distribution: after all, gardeners began to really become interested in remontant strawberries only in recent years.

Fruiting is not continuous, 3-4 waves are observed during the season. It grows in the form of a compact, medium-sized bush. Leaves are light green in color. The variety almost does not form a whisker, as a result of which it mainly reproduces by dividing the bush and seeds. The variety does not like high temperatures: in the heat it practically does not bear fruit.

The berries are in the shape of a cone, rounded at the crown, the color is bright red with a strong sheen. The seeds are pressed into the flesh, so the surface of the berry is fairly even. The inside of the berries are red-orange in color, dense, perhaps even too hard. The size of the berries is above average: they generally weigh in the range of 20-30 g, some reach 50 g. Separating the berries from the stalk is so difficult that you often have to use scissors when harvesting. The taste of the berries is considered good, it has a sour aftertaste, as a result of which the tasting score is close to 4 points. The pulp is so dense that a slight crunch is felt when fresh berries are consumed. Very dense berries allow you to transport the crop over long distances without problems.

San Andreas is considered a high-yielding variety: at least 1 kg of berries are harvested from one bush per season. The variety is characterized by moderate disease resistance, in the absence of proper care, it can suffer from spotting and powdery mildew, as well as be affected by strawberry mites. Drought and frost resistance are low, which limits the distribution of strawberries in the regions: in the north, they can be grown only in protected ground, and in the south, care is complicated not only by the need for frequent watering, but also by the fact that in extreme heat the berries of this strawberry are not tied at all. The variety thrives best in the central regions.

A large number of berries ripening at the same time fall on the ground, therefore mulching the garden is very desirable

San Andreas is a variety of the so-called neutral daylight hours. This means that the level of yield depends little on the season: in each wave of fruiting, the number of berries on the bushes is approximately the same. Therefore, in hot regions, you can cover the beds from the hot sun with translucent nets. The first berries ripen at the end of May, the last - shortly before frost. Autumn berries seem a little more tasty and aromatic.

Berry appearance

The San Andreas strawberry bears fruit with rather elegant berries. They are large and have an almost regular conical shape without tuberosity. The reddening of the berries goes evenly, not in spots, and at the time of full maturity they are painted in a bright red color, which is sometimes called scarlet, but scarlet berries are those that are not yet fully ripe. The seeds are depressed and do not strongly contrast with the main background in color.

The berries are pretty pretty, quite marketable, evenly colored

Advantages and disadvantages, differences from other varieties

Not all gardeners like San Andreas strawberries, but most note the many advantages of the variety, for example:

  • high productivity;
  • early receipt of the first harvest;
  • good taste of berries;
  • large-fruited;
  • exceptional density of berries, which makes them easy to transport;
  • good presentation of the crop;
  • versatility of use.

The disadvantages of the variety are:

  • the impossibility of growing it in any climatic regions;
  • high exactingness to soil conditions;
  • some moodiness, which does not allow recommending the variety to a novice gardener.

A striking difference of the variety from other remontant varieties of large-fruited strawberries is the exceptional hardness of the berries, which allows them to be transported, but not everyone likes it when fresh berries are consumed. The overall yield of the variety is at the level of the most productive varieties such as Garland or Elizabeth II. The taste is not outstanding: according to this indicator, the variety is clearly ahead of, for example, the same Elizabeth II, Koketka or Fireworks. Not San Andreas and very easy to grow. Thus, among the remontant strawberry varieties, this variety, apparently, cannot be recognized as the best, although there are many positive reviews about it. Basically, it is good for its yield, the elegance of the berries and their exceptional density.

Coquette strawberries are considered more delicious

Harvest use

San Andreas can be called a variety of universal use, but not everyone likes fresh berries: many, especially children, prefer softer and sweeter strawberries. However, since the hardness of the berries allows them to be stored for a rather long time (they do not rot and do not drain out of juice during storage), the period of fresh consumption can be extended: the berries can be eaten even after the next wave of the harvest has declined, which is an undoubted plus. In addition, the variety can be used in dietetics.

San Andreas strawberries are suitable for any kind of processing. You can make jam, compotes, jams from it, freeze for the winter. Freezing is one of the most effective methods of storing strawberries: at the same time, the sugar content decreases slightly, but all the useful substances are preserved.

Defrost frozen strawberries in winter slowly.

Growing features

The propagation of San Andreas strawberries with the help of a mustache is difficult: this variety almost does not form them. The easiest way to propagate this strawberry is by dividing the bush. This is done at the age of 3-4 years, when the bushes are already powerful, and the plantation begins to age. You can divide the bushes almost at any time, it is better to do this in mid-May. A healthy bush is dug up and carefully, using a sharp knife, the youngest fragments with developed roots, an intact horn and 3-4 strong leaves are separated from it for planting. Planting bushes in a new place is done immediately, unless the bright sun is shining. It is recommended not to let the strawberries bear fruit in the first year: the flower buds that appear are cut off.

When dividing an old bush, all suspicious divisions should be thrown away without pity

At first, the planted plants are watered almost every day, then, when they take root and resume growth, strawberries of this variety are watered 2-3 times a month. We must try not to wet the leaves, flowers and berries unnecessarily. In no case is waterlogging of the beds allowed. Loosening the soil and removing weeds are essential.

Adult plants are fed at least 4 times per season. Before flowering, fertilize with urea, after the first wave of fruiting with mullein infusion, after the second - with wood ash infusion, and for the winter, mulch the garden with humus abundantly. During the summer, it is helpful to keep strawberries under a layer of mulch made from straw, sawdust, or pine needles.

In preparation for winter, after harvesting, almost all the foliage is cut from the bushes, leaving a small amount of the youngest and healthiest leaves, and the remains of the peduncles are removed. Then the bed is covered with humus with a layer of 3-4 cm, and coniferous spruce branches are placed on top. Frost protection is required everywhere except in the southern regions.

Video: San Andreas strawberry plantation

Reviews of San Andreas strawberries

The San Andreas strawberry is a good remontant variety of American origin. It does not grow equally well everywhere, but in regions with a temperate climate it gives high yields of marketable berries of good taste.


Strawberry Asia

Strawberries are a familiar berry to everyone, and every owner of at least a few acres of land necessarily strives to grow it on his site. Of course, in order to get a good harvest, you need to make an effort, because strawberries are not a berry for the lazy, they require attention and constant care. Therefore, the desire of every gardener to find and plant a strawberry variety that would please with a good harvest and excellent berry taste is understandable. And it also happens that a person puts in maximum effort, and as a result, the cat cries of the berries, or it turns out to be sour and is good only for jam.

One such variety that is unlikely to disappoint anyone, especially with proper care, is the Asia strawberry.

This variety, despite its relative youth, has already managed to win the hearts of not only many summer residents and gardeners, but also professionals. What did many lovers of this delicious berry in the Asia variety find so attractive?

In this article, you can find not only a description of the Asia strawberry variety, but also a photo of it, as well as reviews of gardeners who have had experience growing it on their backyard plots.


Gardening tips for spring feeding

San Diaz strawberries need an additional source of vitamins and minerals in the spring. Organic and mineral fertilizers will help to better adapt to climate change and fill the lack of nutrients. Many gardeners, in a fit of generosity, deliberately give the plant more fertilizer than it needs. This approach will really increase the size of the shrubs. But this does not mean that the berry will give a high-quality harvest.

San Diaz is growing at a fairly fast pace and the quality of the bushes will depend directly on the correct feeding of young shoots. During the spring season, some growers do not feed the variety at all or are limited to basic organic supplements. Dung, manure, or sodium sulfate solution are good sources of nutrients.


Agricultural technology for growing strawberries Tuscany

The repair strawberry Tuscany is zoned for cultivation in the southern and central European part of Russia, that is, in warm or temperate climates. The hybrid does not tolerate cold temperatures, therefore it is not grown in the northern regions.

Landing dates

The bushes of the Tuscany hybrid are planted in spring or autumn - in March by seed and in May-June by seedlings. Thus, already in the current season, it will be possible to enjoy the blooming view.

Landing rules

Planting seeds for seedlings is carried out in the following way:

  1. The container is filled with soil.
  2. Seeds are poured onto the surface of the soil. You do not need to deepen them.
  3. A little more earth is poured over the seeds with a thin layer, after which the soil is moistened by spraying the seedlings from a spray bottle and covered with a film.
  4. The next step is to move the container to a warm, well-ventilated germination area.
  5. Moisten the soil once a day.
  6. As soon as the first shoots appear, the seedlings are rearranged on the windowsill, continuing regular moistening.
  7. When 2 leaves grow on the seedlings, the strawberries must be dived.
  8. Then the seedlings are seated in separate containers (pots or cups).

Strawberries are planted in open ground at a considerable distance from each other, since its bushes grow strongly to the sides due to the rapid formation of a mustache. When planted close, the shoots of plants will be layered on the branches of neighboring bushes and thus deprive the neighbor of light. As a result, the berries are crushed, and the intertwined shoots will make harvesting very difficult.

There should be at least 70-80 cm of free space between two adjacent bushes. It is even better if it is possible to plant strawberries at a distance of one and a half meters. You can also arrange strawberry bushes along paths in the garden or hang them in baskets. In this case, each plant accounts for about 3 liters of land.

Regardless of where the Tuscany strawberries are planted, the requirements for the soil remain the same - the seedlings are lowered into fertile, breathable soil. The composition of the soil mixture for planting bushes assumes the presence of peat, compost, turf and sand in a ratio of 6: 3: 3: 1. Otherwise, this variety does not have any special requirements for the type of soil.

Care features

The main thing in caring for Tuscany strawberries is frequent abundant watering, especially at the very beginning of the growing season. With the onset of fruiting, the frequency of watering is usually reduced.

On hot days, the bushes are watered 2 times a day, morning and evening. At the same time, the water should be warm, since when watering with cold water, the risk of root decay increases. Chlorine-containing water can cause fungal infections.

This hybrid does not need feeding, but responds well to soil fertilization. The optimal frequency of plant feeding is soil enrichment every two weeks. If desired, you can improve the color of the flowers through potash fertilizers and cultivation in partial shade. The growth of berries is well stimulated by complex fertilizers, which include sodium, potassium and phosphorus in a ratio of 1: 2: 6.

Vigorous, branchy strawberry bushes in Tuscany need to be pruned periodically, as rapid shoots can deplete the plant, thus reducing its yield. The pruning procedure is carried out every two weeks, while almost all of the mustache is removed, leaving only 2-3 sockets.

Harvesting

The flowering and ripening processes of this variety are almost continuous, which leads to a consistently high yield of the hybrid.

Bushes bear fruit in two waves. The first lasts about 30 days. After 1-2 weeks, the second wave of fruiting begins.

You can pick berries when the fruits are filled with a rich pink color and become moderately dense. It is better not to leave them on the shoots so that they do not overripe. Overripe berries deteriorate much faster.

On average, 1-1.5 kg of berries are harvested from each bush.

Preparing for winter

In the southern and temperate latitudes, there is no need to shelter the Tuscany variety, but in the northern regions it is better to insulate the bushes for the winter. The hybrid freezes at temperatures below –10 ° C.

Almost any material is suitable as insulation. The bushes are mulched with sawdust, spruce needles or humus. You can insulate with ordinary film.

If strawberries grow in containers, they can simply be brought indoors and stored between –2 ° C and + 2 ° C.


Diseases of small-fruited strawberries

Since this culture is practically not affected by the main diseases of garden strawberries, and it has very few pests, it can be grown in one place for many years. It is only necessary to rejuvenate the bushes regularly, at least once every 2 years. At the moment when the bushes are dug up and separated, they carry out a deep digging of the soil (with a full bayonet of a shovel) and refueling with organic matter (the standard rate is -1 bucket per 1 square meter). With such a dressing, additional fertilizing with mineral fertilizers during the next two years of cultivation, as a rule, is not necessary.

This culture practically does not suffer from diseases and pests. For this reason, there is no need to carry out treatments with chemical plant protection products, which gives us the opportunity to grow environmentally friendly berries.


Video

The following videos, filmed by experienced gardeners and professional farmers in Belarus, the Oryol region and the Krasnodar Territory, tell about the potential of the variety:



For several years she worked as a TV program editor with leading producers of ornamental plants in Ukraine. At the dacha, of all types of agricultural work, he prefers harvesting, but for the sake of this she is ready to regularly weed, pick, pinch, water, tie, thin out, etc. I am convinced that the most delicious vegetables and fruits are grown by your own hands!

Found a bug? Select the text with the mouse and click:

It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. Flowers are supposed to be picked with hands, breaking off rough pedicels. The collected flowers and herbs are dried, scattered in a thin layer, in a cool room at a natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.

Both humus and compost are rightfully the basis of organic farming. Their presence in the soil significantly increases the yield and improves the taste of vegetables and fruits. They are very similar in properties and appearance, but they should not be confused. Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. Compost - rotted organic residues of various origins (spoiled food from the kitchen, tops, weeds, thin twigs). Humus is considered a better fertilizer, compost is more readily available.

From varietal tomatoes you can get "your" seeds for sowing next year (if you really like the variety). And it is useless to do it with hybrid ones: the seeds will work out, but they will carry the hereditary material not of the plant from which they were taken, but of its numerous “ancestors”.

The homeland of pepper is America, but the main breeding work on the development of sweet varieties was carried out, in particular, by Ferenc Horvat (Hungary) in the 20s. XX century in Europe, mainly in the Balkans. Pepper came to Russia from Bulgaria, therefore it got its usual name - "Bulgarian".

Oklahoma farmer Carl Burns has developed an unusual variety of colorful corn called Rainbow Corn. The grains on each ear are of different colors and shades: brown, pink, purple, blue, green, etc. This result was achieved through many years of selection of the most colored common varieties and their crossing.

Compost - rotted organic residues of various origins. How to do it? Everything is stacked in a heap, a hole or a large box: kitchen leftovers, tops of garden crops, weeds mown before flowering, thin twigs. All this is interlayered with phosphate rock, sometimes with straw, earth or peat. (Some summer residents add special composting accelerators.) Cover with foil. In the process of overheating, the pile is periodically ted up or pierced for the flow of fresh air. Usually compost “matures” for 2 years, but with modern additives it can be ready in one summer season.

Tomatoes have no natural protection against late blight. If late blight attacks, any tomatoes (and potatoes too) die, no matter what is said in the description of varieties ("varieties resistant to late blight" is just a marketing ploy).

In Australia, scientists have begun experiments to clone several grape varieties from colder regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their disappearance. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.

The novelty of American developers is the Tertill robot, which weeds in the garden. The device was invented under the guidance of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and operates autonomously in all weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. In doing so, he cuts all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.


Watch the video: Strawberry Variety Taste Test!


Comments:

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  3. Trymian

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  4. Tojalkis

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