Forms of succulents

Forms of succulents

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Strange, bizarre and peculiar shapes of succulents

Some Cactaceae especially those cultivated, sometimes take on bizarre forms as real morphological anomalies occur, very rare in nature and highly sought after by collectors of succulent plants.In practice, the stem instead of growing normally begins to produce new vegetation where it does not it should grow. Vegetative apexes are thought to go crazy and start producing abnormal tissue. This character can be transmitted only by cuttings and not by seed as it is not a genetic modification.

Let's look at this for example Cereus peruvianis which has even become variety monstruosus.

8 beautiful and easy to care for houseplants

Particularly loved by those who declare they do not have a green thumb, the succulents for houseplants actually give great satisfaction even to plant lover more experienced. To get an idea of ​​the phenomenon, just take a look at Instagram, where profiles from hundreds of thousands of followers such as @succulentcity ("the largest online community dedicated to cacti and succulents") and the hashtag #cactuslover exceeds 2 million posts.

Succulent indoor plants

Succulents - also known as succulents - also grow well indoors: thanks to the colorful explosion of flowers and to the variety of shapes it is possible to create a terrarium or a shelf able to brighten theenvironment domestic. Succulents can withstand periods of drought by retaining water, however the type of it is important dwelling in order to choose the most suitable plant. In general they love the light and grow best in environments with a low rate of humidity. Among the most beautiful specimens and resistant we find Echinocactus grusonii, or mother-in-law's pillow, Echevieria, Graptopetalum is Aeonium, similar to a flower with fleshy leaves with purple hues.

Preparing cacti and succulents for spring: exposure, fertilization, here's what to do

Bright blooms, new and fleshy leaves, brilliant thorns that sprout from the vegetative apexes: for succulent plants, spring represents a real rebirth. The vegetative stasis that characterizes the winter of most succulent families ends between the second half of February and the beginning of March, when the plants gradually begin to vegetate and reactivate the root system. For some families the restart is evident: it is the case of Cactaceae, which as early as February show new thorns and, in many cases, the first floral buds (genera such as Stenocactus, many species of Turbinicarpus, some Mammillaria, etc.). Too many leafy succulents, like Crassula, Echeveria, Portulacaria, Aloe, Adenium, they stand out by producing new shoots, new branches and leaves. In other cases the recovery is less evident, as for the species of the family of Agavaceae, which slowly form new shoots in the center of the apical rose, destined to be noticed only within a few months, when the separation of the actual leaves takes place.

Whether the recovery is sudden and flashy or slow and disguised, in March it is important to devote some more care to the succulents: in this way it will be possible to have healthy and robust plants and able to express their full potential in terms of development. and flowering. In this article, let's see everything we can do at this time of the year, especially if we don't have a greenhouse and we grow on the windowsill, on the balcony, on a terrace or directly in the garden. Not without a warning: whatever there is to do, with succulents and cacti in particular, you must not be in a hurry: in a hurry to water, in a hurry to carry out treatments, in a hurry to move the plants ... Get caught up in haste, with anxiety , from the fear of making something wrong, is the best way to run into mistakes. So let's see how to avoid them. (...)

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Succulents: dame of the dunes

They are always green and grow in unfavorable conditions for usual plants such as violets or primroses. Succulents for this reason they can be found in the most disparate forms and with patterns of out-of-the-ordinary weaves. This makes this vegetable so peculiar and loved.

?Fat plants: Let's talk about science

Of various shapes, colors and sizes, the succulent, this is the scientific name, they recreate some spectacular ones desert gardens outdoors, but they are also perfect at home. In addition to the classics cactus, originating in the arid areas of America, there are many other varieties, belonging to at least 20 families different and spread in habitat. In particular, cacti are distinguished from other succulents by their areolas, the felted pads from which the spines, hairs and flowers develop.

They all have one main feature in common. The presence of a fleshy tissue in the stems, leaves or roots, which allows them to store water and therefore resist well to long periods of drought.

Precisely on the basis of the fabric used to store water, succulent succulent plants tend to be divided into three main groups:

  • With succulent stems (family of the euphorbiacee, of the asclepiadaceae, cactaceae).
  • Leaf succulents (aloe, echeveria, lithops, sedum…).
  • Caduciform succulents (with a basal swelling that acts as a water conservation tissue often extended to the stems, families of the apocynaceae, cucurbitaceae, convulvulaceae ...)

A precious gift from succulents is their purifying potential. During their metabolic cycle, they take in air and also suck up numerous other pollutants, present without us realizing it: sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, formaldehyde, various solvents and even the notorious fine dust (pm10) that afflicts our cities so much, especially in winter.

Some plant species, including certain types of Cactaceae, for example the classic "ball" cactus, Echinocactus, and some succulents such as Sansevieria, are not damaged by these harmful substances. Their metabolism confines the toxic microparticles within particular cells.

Thanks to this phenomenon, they have the ability to significantly reduce the amount of pollutants present in the air we breathe. The phenomenon has been studied for a long time by numerous teams of researchers, including the Department of Environmental Sciences of the University of Parma through a series of authoritative scientific experiments. Certainly they will not be able to help forget the urban smog, but at home and in the office they give us a small, precious help to clean the air and give beauty.

? Fat plants & Desert flowers

A common rumor expresses the fact that succulents do not bloom, so let's debunk this myth: IT IS ABSOLUTELY NOT THAT!

In addition, there are several varieties that between spring and autumn are colored with splendid flowers, which appear when they reach maturity (which it can take from 1 to 40 years!) is they last from a single day up to 3-4 months, depending on the variety.

These are delicate with bright and warm colors, from deep yellow to scarlet and carmine. Here are some varieties of flowers from simple flowering:

? Rebutia Minuscula, of the family of Cactaceae, is native to the desert highlands of Bolivia and Argentina. It has a rounded shape and remains low. It stands out from the cold and adapts better to the outdoors and on the ground than in pots. Between spring and autumn it produces orange, red or yellow flowers depending on the variety, which develop from the stem.

? Mammillaria zeilmanniana, is a cactus native to Central Mexico, suitable for both the garden and the home. It has the classic globular shape. It does not grow too tall, but grows wider, remaining squat. Her surface is covered with thorns white and in the summer at the peak of pretty white flowers in the variant albiflora, pink or violet.

? Sedum Acre. It has small fleshy leaves and is thornless. It is present both in the desert regions than in mountainous regions (also in the Himalayan mountains). From the family of Crassulaceae, it is suitable in the garden even close to walls, because it resists cold and frosts. Since February it produces some pretty ones yellow flowers in the shape of a star. Has anti-inflammatory and moisturizing properties like aloe vera.

?Fat plants: "Not all roses have thorns"

There are also succulents without the quills. Some even have hairy leaves, but all are characterized by a certain fleshiness that serves to better retain water and survive in an arid environment:

? Lithops, group of plants of the family of Aizoaceae, from the incredible 'stone' shape. Hence also the name. They love the sun but not excessive heat and can also be placed in pots, as long as they are large enough to accommodate the roots, which are well developed. They even make gods small yellow flowers.

? Jovibarba Sobolifera, is a very popular succulent for balconies and terraces, because it resists well to any type of climate and adapts to any environment, from the sunny rock to the alpine valleys, to the city. Indeed, it is considered a real one antismog plant. It reproduces very quickly and in spring little ones appear yellow-green flowers which remain until autumn.

? Echeveria, group of succulents of the family of Crassulaceae, originating in Mexico. All the various species have fleshy leaves gray-green or thinner and red, arranged in pink. They also make gods flowers bellflower pink or red which bloom in spring from the center of the stem. They fear the direct rays of the sun and are therefore more suitable for shade. They also withstand very cold temperatures.

? Cephalocereus senilis, roundish, it stretches as it grows and is covered with a dense down, which is why it is also called 'old man's head'.

? Fat plants: How do we take care of them?

A fat plant it does not need a lot of care or too much particular, since by nature it is not a fragile plant. But we must follow with our friends of the desert only small precautions:

Succulents FOR OUTDOORS:

  • choose a sunny and frost-protected spot on well-draining soil or compost.
  • do not buy specimens that are slightly wilted or with flaccid and dry segments, giving preference to healthy and not spotted plants, which show signs of regrowth or floral buds.
  • common garden soil is not enough which is not sufficiently drained, it must be replaced or supplemented with a suitable growing medium.

In general, to develop succulents well they require heat, lots of light and good ventilation


  • Low bowls are ideal for prostrate and crawling species, while large vases and urns are better suited to larger ones, such as agave attenuata.
  • To grow in pots at home, use small containers for single plants or large bowls to bring different species together, as long as they are compatible.
  • A respectable scenographic effect is guaranteed by the garden tubs, filled with different species with similar cultural needs.
  • For original and creative compositions indulge your fantasies with planters, while the hanging baskets will be the best answer to climbing or hanging species.
  • The focal point can be made up of one or two erect plants (cleistocactus and cephalocereus), while the remaining space can be dedicated to smaller species, such as echeveria and haworthia.
  • Add some bright colors of flowering cacti (the mamillaria or the parody).
  • Even the hanging baskets, where hanging cacti (eg the evaporocatus flagelliformis) or climbing succulents (such as the kalanchoes already discussed above) make their figure.

? Succulents: How Much Water?

  • Never supply water during retirement, unless temperatures are too high: in that case water to avoid total dehydration.
  • Invegetative period moisten the soil or compost evenly, leaving it almost completely dry before watering again.
  • Always water early in the morning or late in the evening, because the drops of water under the strong sun could burn the plants. Alternatively, immerse the jars in a basin of water, to allow it to be absorbed by the compote without wetting the stems and leaves.
  • As soon as the earth is moist, remove the container from the water and let it drain. For epiphytic plants and those that love shade, proceed only with light sprays to maintain a good level of humidity, without wetting them.

? In design

The succulent seedlings and their particular compositions also become a design element with green and eco-friendly notes!

Perhaps dragged by the disruptive force of Frida Kahlo, which has become an icon of fashion and design, and of the landscapes associated with it. Maybe encouraged by the tropical mood that has been raging for a couple of years already. Strong of the immediately recognizable shape, of the possibility of playing with a style that evokes cartoons. The fact is that the cactus is now ubiquitous in fashion. The cactus is a vase, a hanger, a jewelry holder, a set of cups, a lamp. It's the print on the sheets, the patch on the jacket. It is even jewel, from costume jewelery to the Cartier collection which is simply called Cactus. More and more often, fusion restaurants with Central American evocations are encountered that offer the cactus on the menu. Taking a cue from the recipe for Mexican nopales, but also the prickly pear shovels are no less.

Many, infinite are the ideas to furnish your rooms in an original way. Among these there are also the compositions with sand and succulents, a very recent trend that finds space not only in important office locations, such as meeting rooms and desks, but also in private homes. A practical solution that requires aextreme creative simplicity it's a very little care. Let's see some concrete examples to put into practice immediately.


Compositions of sand and succulents of different sizes, from small jars / glasses to vases of 10 cm in diameter, embellish the most important environments: tables, wardrobes and shelves in meeting rooms, desks for managers, furniture in the relaxation area.

The ideas are manifold and respond to all styles. For example, for a meeting room table with an elongated shape (oval or rectangular) you can

think of 3 - 4 jars one in a row, with an equal space between one and the other so as to

cover the entire length without crowding too much. A small, delicate and non-invasive touch of class, to be played at will with customized colors and compositions. In addition to succulents, you can insert pebbles, colorful flowers, small accessories such as amphorae: a lot depends on the size of the vase and the combination with the surrounding furniture.

For the personal desks they are recommended small compositions, with a single succulent plant, with neutral colored sand interspersed with small colored grains.

Home ?

Pots, jars and glasses with sand and succulents are becoming more and more popular kitchens. Small, discreet and captivating design elements, for a touch of living green in one of the most important rooms of your home. You can really free all the imagination in you: square or circular shaped jars, round bowls, clay pots, vintage jars, boxes, cylindrical glasses, and then again neutral sand mixed with pebbles, stones, colored sand , embellishment items such as bows and ribbons A reference to the sea and the summer season always alive under the eyes, an adjuvant to relaxation and a good mood.

Globe cactus

A minimal and well-structured home workspace helps concentration, especially if we insert a touch of green between books and containers. By placing cacti of different heights in equal pots we will emphasize the desired rigor. The so-called globose cactaceae with an enlarged stem have taken this shape to contain a greater reserve of water.

Sonia Santella green designer

Video: How and When to Water Succulents for Beginners. Succulent Tips for Beginners


  1. Ordway

    Quite an interesting and informative topic

  2. Blyth

    An incomparable theme ....

  3. Kigak

    Do not be upset! More fun!

  4. Bac

    Shame and disgrace!

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