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Gioforba - bottle palm

Gioforba - bottle palm


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An evergreen plant that is a perennial like gioforba (Hyophorbe) belongs to the palm or arec family (Arecaceae, Palmae). In nature, it can be found on the islands of the Indian Ocean.

This palm has a smooth trunk, and it has a thickening in the middle. The foliage is feathery, fan-shaped.

Gioforba care at home

Illumination

Bright lighting is necessary, but at the same time it should be diffused. It is best to place it near the east or west windows. When placed on a south window, you need to shade from the direct rays of the sun.

Temperature regime

In summer, the plant will feel great at temperatures from 20 to 25 degrees, and in winter - at 16-18 degrees. Remember that the room should not be colder than 12 degrees. Such a plant needs fresh air throughout the year. However, it is necessary to ventilate carefully, since the palm tree reacts negatively to drafts.

Humidity

The plant thrives on high humidity. In this regard, daily spraying is recommended, and once or twice in 4 weeks, the leaves should be washed from dust with plain water. During cold wintering, foliage cannot be moistened.

How to water

Watering in spring and summer should be abundant. In this case, it is necessary to water after the top layer of the soil dries up. Make sure that the soil in the pot does not dry out completely. Watering should be done less frequently in winter. So, watering is carried out 2-3 days after the topsoil dries up. In winter, both overdrying of the soil and stagnation of liquid in it should not be allowed.

Top dressing

Top dressing is carried out from March to September 2 times a month. To do this, use a special fertilizer for palms.

Transplant features

This palm tree reacts extremely negatively to transplantation, therefore, for young specimens, it is carried out 1 time in 1-2 years. They use a transshipment method in order not to damage the root system. The transplant of adult specimens is carried out once every 4–5 years, but once a year it is necessary to change the topsoil to a new one. The soil mixture consists of leaf and sod land, as well as sand (2: 2: 1). You can take ready-made soil for palm trees for planting. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom.

Breeding features

You can propagate by seeds. For their germination, a temperature of 25 to 35 degrees is needed. Sowing is carried out in pots filled with a mixture of moss or sand with sawdust. A relatively thick drainage layer is made at the bottom of the container, while it is recommended to pour pieces of charcoal into it. After a couple of months, the first seedlings should appear. It is better to grow them in a mini-greenhouse at first, because they are very sensitive to changes in air humidity and drafts.

Diseases and pests

The scale insect, spider mite can settle.

Main types

Gioforba bottle-barreled (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis)

Such a palm tree grows very slowly and has a relatively short trunk (no more than 150 centimeters in height). The barrel has the shape of a bottle, while the diameter of the narrow part is 15 centimeters, and the wide one is 40 centimeters. The feathery leaf reaches a length of 150 centimeters. There are from 30 to 40 pairs of feathers, which are 40 centimeters long and 5 centimeters wide. Pale red at the base of the petiole reaches 40 centimeters in length. Under the crown of the foliage, in the narrow part of the trunk, there is an inflorescence that reaches 40 to 50 centimeters in length.

Hyophorbe verschaffeltii

This palm tree also grows rather slowly, but it has a spindle-shaped trunk. In the middle, the grayish trunk has an extension, and in height it can reach 8 meters. Green, tough, feathery leaves are 150 to 200 centimeters long. There are from 30 to 50 pairs of feather leaves, which are 2-3 centimeters wide and 40 centimeters long. On the seamy surface, there is a well-defined midrib. A short (6–7 centimeters) petiole has a yellowish stripe. The branched inflorescence, the length of which is 60–70 centimeters, is located in the expanded part of the trunk below the crown of the leaves. Fragrant flowers are small in size.


Trachikarpus

The plant trachycarpus (Trachycarpus) is a representative of the Palm family. This genus includes 9 species that live in East Asian countries. Most often, trachycarpus can be found in China, Japan, and Burma. As an ornamental plant, this palm is found all over the world. Depending on the conditions, trachycarpus can be grown both outdoors and at home. Due to sufficient frost resistance, of the whole variety of palms, it is trachycarpus that most often adorn the Crimean and Caucasian coasts, being used for landscaping.

A distinctive feature of the palm is its high frost resistance, which is important when caring for trachycarpus at home. The plant can safely withstand temperatures as low as -10 degrees. Unfortunately, other representatives of Palmovs are not so winter-hardy. Trachikarpus is often a decoration for greenhouses. If conditions permit, the trachycarpus palm can be safely grown as a houseplant.


There are no varieties of gioforba as such. There are only five types of gioforba, each of which is individual in its own way.

Gioforba amaricaulis

The second name of the plant is Loneliest palm. This type of palm grows exclusively on its native islands. There is no documentary evidence of the importation and cultivation in Europe. Endemic plant. First described in the 1700s. It is currently under protection as it faces complete extinction.

The palm tree grows up to 12 m high. The trunk is thin, gray. The crown of the palm is waxy, and consists of many heavily dissected, fan-like leaves. It blooms cream or white, it is composed of branched inflorescences. Fruits, ripening, become red. They grow up to 4 cm in length. From year to year, botanists try to germinate them, but to no avail.

Gioforba indica

Another species that is threatened with extinction. The island of Renyuon is considered native to him. Grows in humid forests at an altitude of 200-600 m above sea level. The palm tree is tall, stretches upward for at least 10 m. The species is very similar to others, but its main difference is white or milky inflorescences, which branch not into three, but into four secondary branches. At the end of flowering, an orange-red fruit is formed. Representatives of the species growing in France are colored red (growing mainly in the Tampon region) and green (common on the east coast of Réunion).

Gioforba lagenicaulis

The species also has other names - palm gargoletta, bottle palm. His homeland is the Round Islands, Mauritius. The first thing that catches your eye is the unnaturally thick tree trunk. There is an opinion that the plant thus accumulates and stores water. Bottle palms release only a few wide, unfolded leaves (no more than 6). At a young age, the leaves are colored red or orange, later they turn dark green without any shade. As soon as the plant enters the flowering phase, yellow or milky flowers break through in the crown between the bases of the leaves. The fruits of the bottle palm are small - no more than 2.5 cm in diameter, colored orange or black. As the tree ages, its trunk acquires a smoother shape, the bulge becomes less noticeable.

Gioforba vaughanii

A kind of blooming palm tree, the birthplace of which is Mauritius Its natural habitat is determined by the subtropics and tropics, in particular - forests. The trunk of the plant consists of many rings, which distinguishes the species from other relatives. The trunk is thin, has no expansion. The palm leaves have a bright orange tint. Inflorescences emit simple, branching only three orders of magnitude. They are made up of yellow-orange flowers. After wilting, small orange or red-brown fruits are formed (the largest fruit reaches no more than 5 cm in length). Plants of the species are strictly prohibited from cutting down, since the fruits are very weak to germination, and there are not so many adult specimens left. Used for landscape decoration mainly in Mauritius.

Gioforb Vershaffelt

The species is protected as it is also at high risk of extinction. His homeland is the Rodrigues Islands, Mauritius. Often cultivated at home. The palm tree reaches up to 6 m. The trunk is strongly widened at the base, gradually tapering towards the top. Leaves are slightly spread, feathery. The species is valuable precisely due to its increased decorative effect. Cuttings are rather short, semi-erect. The crown of a palm tree consists of 8-10 leaves of a light gray-green color. Flower thorns appear from the inside of the crown. The inflorescences are simple, consisting of three orders of yellow flowers. Fruits become darker as they ripen, gradually reaching black. Endangered species. In the wild, there are only about 50 specimens. It takes root quite quickly, it can grow in any tropical country.


Domesticated bokarnea and not only

According to the calculations of scientists, 29 species of nolina have been found in nature. Most of them are registered in the American continents. For example, bokarnei bent (recurvata), compressed and long-leaved - originally from the center of Mexico. But two varieties, Nolina long-leaved and Bokarneya small-fruited, live on the Black Sea coast, in the Caucasus and in the Crimea. For home content, Bokarnea is best suited for the bent (recurvata).

Bokarnea unbent (Nolina recurvata) is the most popular type of bokarnea in floriculture. The recurvata has a classic caudex shape: a curved trunk with a thickening at the base, narrow dense leaves from above are collected in a rosette. Under natural conditions, it reaches 8 meters, blooms with small pinkish flowers that form "panicles". In Nolin's house, the bent one does not bloom and grows about one and a half meters.

Nolina recurvata is by right the most popular vidolina

Compressed bokarnea is very similar to the bent one. She also has a lush "hairstyle" of leaves in the form of straps and a bottle barrel. But the trunk of the compressed nolina is straight, not curved.

Compressed bokarnea in many ways resembles Nolina bent

Nolina Nelson is called the blue grass because of the color of the leaves. In young plants, the trunk is barely visible, and the leaves are initially directed upward and only slightly droop with age.

Beaucarney Nelson attracts attention with the bluish color of the foliage

Nolina Lindemeira is one of the lowest species. In Mexico, she was nicknamed "the devil's string." Strong, long leaves cover the ground around the small trunk and are easy to get entangled in.

Bocarnea Lindemeira is not so beautiful, but very cunning

Bocarnea long-leaved grows up to 10 meters. Its rounded trunk has a thick cork-like bark; by old age, it becomes covered with deep cracks. The bottom of the trunk is covered, as if with a skirt, with old dried leaves. At the top is a rosette of long pointed foliage.

Nolina long-leaved, like Nolina small-fruited, has long been grown in city parks and greenhouses of the Black Sea coast, in the Crimea and the Caucasus

Bokarneya Matapskaya in nature does not grow more than 2 meters. Its old leaves do not fall off for a long time, forming a "skirt" at the bottom. For a panicle of very narrow leaves, the Mexicans call it "Bergrass tree".
Bergrass is a herbaceous plant with a thin and pointed leaf blade.

This Bokarnea Matapskaya did not have a very attractive "skirt" made of dried leaves - traces of a haircut are visible

Bocarnea Parry is not the largest representative of the genus, its height reaches 1–2 meters, with deformation of the top, two or more rosettes of leaves can form on the plant. Green or gray, hard foliage has serrated edges and grows in length up to 50-120 cm.
At home, in Central America, Bocarnea Parry blooms, forming racemose inflorescences from 1.2 to 4 meters long.

Bocarney Parry blooms with luxurious white, pinkish or yellowish flowers


False palms as an alternative - top 5 most famous

If, for one reason or another, it is difficult to settle a real palm tree in an apartment, you can get a false one. In nature, there are enough representatives of the flora, outwardly similar to the "princes of the plant world", but belonging to other families. The five most common false palms include:

Dracaena genus

Dracaena bordered (D. marginata) from the Asparagus family - a frequent "inhabitant" of apartments and offices, which is valued for its ability to purify the air from harmful vapors of xylene and formaldehyde. The plant is characterized by a straight unbranched stem, the upper part of which is crowned with a cap of narrow straight leaves with a picturesque border.

ON THE PICTURE: Palm tree in miniature represents Dracaena bordered.

Easy care Dracaena fragrant (D. fragrans)stands out with a rosette of long curved leaves of green or variegated color.

ON THE PICTURE: In nature, the flowers of Dracaena fragrant exude a wonderful aroma; at home, flowering is very rare.

Have Dracaena dragon (D. draco) gray-green leathery leaves, collected in large bunches at the top of the trunk. False palms are slow growing.

ON THE PICTURE: For a year, the growth of Dracaena dragon increases only by 10 cm.

Rod Yucca

The name itself Yucca giant (Y. gigantea) hints that this indoor false palm tree is suitable for decorating rooms with high ceilings - a restaurant or a shopping center.

ON THE PICTURE: Is Yucca giant as a piece of furniture in a music studio? Why not.

Have Yucca filamentous (Y. filamentosa) the stem is practically absent, nevertheless, its numerous linear-lanceolate leaves diverging to the sides resemble a palm crown. An additional decoration is thin threads hanging along the edges of the foliage.

ON THE PICTURE: Variegated varieties of Yucca filamentous look especially impressive.

Genus Cordilin (Cordyline)

Southern cordilina (C. australis) from the Agave family - a frequenter of official institutions, outwardly similar to Dracena.ON THE PICTURE: A light stripe runs along the central part of the leaves of the southern Cordilina, and red-leaved varieties are also found.

Rod Zamia

Spreading feathery leaves Zamia rough (Z. furfuracea) - just like a palm tree. For this plant it received its second name "Cardboard Palm".

ON THE PICTURE: Indoor Zamia rough usually does not grow more than a meter in height.

Wide-leaved zamia (Z.muricata) - short false palm with 2–4 long feathery leaves on a very short stem.

ON THE PICTURE: Zamia broadleaf looks more like a fern than a palm tree.

Genus Dieffenbachia

Despite the poisonous milky juice, Dieffenbachia adorable (D. amoena) almost all lovers of large-sized people give birth to houses. As the stem grows, the large leaves in the lower part of it gradually fall off and the plant conditionally becomes similar to a palm tree.

ON THE PICTURE: Dieffenbachia is adorable, rather shade-tolerant, tolerates dry indoor air well.

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Watch the video: Growing a bottle palm up north


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