How to accelerate seed germination: soaking, germination and other techniques
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Every summer resident wants the planted seeds to germinate as quickly as possible, as a result of which the process of obtaining fruits is noticeably accelerated. But sometimes this is impossible due to poor quality seeds, which are generally unable to germinate. Despite various obstacles, gardeners still learned several tricks that help the seeds germinate faster.
How to speed up seed germination
The most common ways to increase the rate of seed germination is to soak and germinate them. Some vegetables, such as carrots and parsley, can only germinate faster by using a special technique called "rinsing" on their seeds. Quite often, gardeners prefer fertilizers or the use of chemicals that stimulate plant growth.
Soaking seeds is a classic method to speed up seed germination. This method was also used by our mothers, grandmothers and great-grandmothers. If previously soaked seeds are sown in the ground, their germination occurs 2 or 3 days faster.
There are several ways to soak seeds: take a small deep bowl, pour the seeds into it, and pour water on top, or place the seeds in a small gauze bag and then put it in water. Features such as the temperature regime of the water and the time for soaking the seeds completely depends on what kind of culture it is, as well as on its variety.
If the plant is thermophilic, for example, tomatoes, cucumbers, pumpkin, watermelon, zucchini, the water temperature should be in the range from twenty to twenty-five degrees. Plant crops that are not thermophilic are recommended to be soaked in water with a temperature of 15-20 degrees. A large number of gardeners insist that melt water is best for soaking seeds.
As mentioned earlier, all crops are soaked for different times. For example, legumes are soaked for up to 5 hours, radishes, radishes, pumpkins, zucchini are soaked for half a day, tomatoes and beets - for a day, but asparagus beans, parsley, carrots and onions must be soaked for at least two days.
The only drawback in soaking seeds is that every 4 hours you need to change the water and mix the seeds a little. Swelling of the seeds is considered to be an indicator that the soaking can be completed.
Swollen seeds are planted in moderately moist soil. It is important to monitor the water balance, because if there is a lot of water, the seeds will not be able to take root, and if there is not enough water, they will simply dry out.
This method is considered the most popular and in terms of its frequency of use significantly exceeds the soaking of seeds. This method has achieved such popularity due to the fact that it makes it possible to get sprouted seeds a week earlier than expected.
The process of germinating seeds is that a piece of cloth soaked in water is laid out on a small saucer, you can use gauze or a cotton pad. On this piece of fabric, all the seeds are laid out in a thin layer and covered on top with exactly the same piece of fabric or a cotton pad. Next, the saucer is placed in a polyethylene bag (this allows the water to evaporate more slowly) and placed in a warm room. If these are crops that are not related to thermophilic, then the optimal temperature is 15-20 degrees, thermophilic crops, in turn, require a temperature regime in the range of 25-28 degrees. Do not tighten the bag too tight; it is best to leave a small crack for air to enter.
Occasionally, the seeds need to be fully opened so that they have the opportunity to "breathe", and it is also recommended to turn them over. If necessary, add water. Once a day, they are washed right on the saucer with running water. Germination of seeds ends when most of them have small sprouts of white or beige color and small roots.
Planting such seeds is carried out in a previously loosened warm soil with moderate humidity. If the seeds have sprouted early enough and you cannot plant them right away, it is recommended to place them in a cool place (the temperature should be 3-4 degrees).
As in the previous method, the timing of seed germination is unique for each crop. For example, cabbage, peas and radishes germinate for about 3 days, tomatoes and beets - about 4 days, carrots, parsley and onions germinate in four or five days, and peppers and eggplants take five to ten days to germinate. ...
Seed treatment with stimulants
For some gardeners, the above two methods are considered too complicated, so they prefer the use of stimulants. The most common and high-quality plant growth stimulants are Zircon, Epin and Novosil.
When processing plant seeds with a stimulant, a small bag of gauze is taken, all the seeds are placed in it, and after that this bag is placed in a solution from any stimulant for one day. Typically, solutions of stimulants are made in a ratio of 4 drops of stimulant to 1 glass of slightly warm, preferably boiled water. After a day, the seeds are sown into the ground.
When the first leaf appears on the plant, it is treated with a special solution with a regulator. The solution is created in the ratio of 3 drops of the regulator per 100 grams of water, necessarily boiled. This treatment increases the growth rate of the plant, helps to get rid of various pests and improves its immune system.
"Rinsing" the seeds
This method allows certain types of plants to germinate already somewhere around the 5th day after planting (for example, carrots, parsnips, parsley).
The process of "rinsing" consists in placing the seeds in a bag of gauze and then rinsing this bag in hot water (the water temperature should be within 48-50 degrees). This "rinse" is carried out to flush out essential oils from the seeds. After that, the bag is dried, and the seeds are planted in the ground.
Of course, in addition to the above methods, there are others, but they are much more complicated, the results are given with great difficulty, especially difficult for novice gardeners. However, this does not mean that they are worse or less effective. You are free to decide which seed germination method to use.
Germinating cucumber seeds is the first step to a good harvest
It is much more pleasant to eat a fresh cucumber grown in your garden than a purchased one. That is why every owner of a dacha or vegetable garden necessarily grows these "green soldiers". To get a good harvest of cucumbers, it is extremely important to ensure that the first shoots are powerful, simultaneous, and friendly. To achieve this, the seed must be properly prepared. Study this article and you will learn how to properly germinate cucumber seeds.
It is carried out to determine the quality of seeds: they are immersed in an aqueous 3-5% solution of table salt (or in water), vigorously stirred and 3-5 minutes. defend. The solution with floating seeds is drained, and the ones that have settled to the bottom of the vessel are washed well in running water and dried in the shade or in a draft (not in the sun or near a radiator!).
The solution with floating seeds is drained. Photo site diy.sndimg.com
Small-seeded crops can be sorted with an electrified plastic stick. To do this, sprinkle the seeds in a thin layer on a sheet of paper, and hold over them (at a height of 1-2 cm) with a stick rubbed with a woolen cloth. Empty and unfulfilled seeds will be attracted to electrified plastic.
2 secrets to speed up the germination of cucumber seeds
There is no secret at this stage.
No nutrient solution is needed. Prepare clean warm water, linen napkin. Previously, they used a linen napkin, but a small handkerchief will work as well. The main thing is that the fabric is not fluffy and dense. And, of course, I often use toilet paper (in two layers), which, when softened, does not cling to the emerging roots.
Moisten the tissue by dipping it in water and wringing it out. Spread out the seeds and spray them with water again. Wrap the seed napkin so that it looks like an envelope, and put the envelope in a plastic bag.
Now the seeds need a warm place to germinate, so that there is a constant uniform temperature. Here we will reveal 2 secrets of such a warm place for cucumber seeds.
Germination of cucumber seeds
Secret # 1
Our ancestors knew such a "secret" place: under a woman's breast! Place a bag under your chest (you can put it in a bra, and if you have some seeds, then without it). You will be surprised how quickly the seeds hatch. You won't even feel any particular inconvenience during the day. The seeds come to life so quickly that literally in 5-6 hours white root embryos appear. Checked! And in the evening you can already plant cucumbers at home for seedlings in any loose substance, even in sawdust, even in moss.
Germination will speed up if you soak your own cucumber seeds.
It is only necessary to grow cucumbers at home up to the cotyledons. Don't miss this time! When the cucumbers have a couple of open cotyledon leaves, and the first real one is still just outlined, then plant them in beds under a shelter (in a greenhouse or in open ground - it doesn't matter).
Secret # 2
This is an interesting time for planting slightly grown seedlings: a cucumber, throwing out the first true leaf, will still grow the root system and therefore, by planting it in a garden bed, you do not damage the root system. This means that the risk of survival is reduced to zero! A cucumber literally from the first minutes begins to live and develop without stress, as if it were immediately planted in a permanent place. This gives you speed in growing the entire lash and shortens the waiting time for the first harvest.
When planting early in the greenhouse, install a double cover: for this, first put low arcs with light lutrasil, and then the second arches higher, with denser matter (from sudden cold snaps and frosts).
Benefits of pre-germination
Plants can grow and bear fruit without germinating seeds. Some gardeners do just that. The same cucumbers are sown as often as possible, then, after they sprout, they are thinned out so that the plants do not interfere with each other. Then they wait for the harvest. With such a sowing, many seeds simply do not germinate, since they were of poor quality. Germination is not one-time - the spread in time can be up to a week. Due to unfavorable growth conditions, unavailability of seeds, plants develop slowly with such sowing: they grow weak and give a low yield. It is very important to help the plants at the initial stage of life when sprouting and the development of the first shoots. This can be done by artificially stimulating germination before placing them in the soil.
Cucumber seeds with sprouted roots. ready to board
Using germination, the gardener achieves the following goals:
- Sows only high-quality seeds, rejecting non-viable ones.
- Reaches a germination rate of 100%.
- Simultaneous germination: germinated seeds germinate almost in one day.
- Simplification of the care of seedlings and adult plants, since they are all at the same stage of development.
There is only one argument against germination: the relative laboriousness of the process. The gardener should painstakingly perform all the necessary procedures, withstand the temperature, and carefully monitor the process. It is necessary to plant the germinated seeds in the ground on time and very carefully, without damaging the delicate sprouts and roots. But, the one who wants to have a good result must work hard to get it.
Sowing parsley in open ground
After processing the seeds with vodka peroxide and germination, we proceed to planting seeds in the garden bed. Planting technologies are as follows:
- For planting, make small grooves up to 5 cm deep.The distance between the grooves is 20-25 cm.
- The parsley seeds are laid out in the grooves. To prevent wet small seeds from sticking to your fingers, mix them with flour, dry sand or talcum powder. Talc, sand takes some of the moisture, it will be more convenient to sow such seeds. Sowing finger movements - as if you "salt" the bed with a mixture of sand and seeds.
- The grooves are sprinkled with earth to the top and watered with water. When watering, the soil settles in the grooves, forming depressions.
The soil is covered with polyethylene to preserve moisture. After the first shoots appear, the polyethylene is removed and the ground is covered with mulch.