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Acidanthera (Latin Acidanthera) is a genus of herbaceous perennials of the Iris family. The name of the genus comes from two Greek words that translate as "sharp" and "flower" and describe the pointed lobes of the perianth of the acidantera. There are about 40 species in the genus that grow in the tropics of the African continent. In culture, it is mainly grown acidantera bicolor, or acidantera Muriel, or gladiolus Muriel, or skewer Muriel, or beautiful-flowered gladiolus, or fragrant gladiolus.
Homeland - southern Europe. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant, the height of which is from 8 to 35 cm. It has tuberous, irregularly shaped roots. The stem is straight, the leaves are irregular, double-tripartite, bluish-green in color.
The flowers, which are up to 25 mm long, are pink-purple or yellow in color. Flowers are collected in loose, multi-flowered, racemose inflorescences. The plant blooms in April, for three weeks.
Corydalis is an ephemeroid plant of the poppy family, that is, leaves, and its flowers bloom at the same time. By the end of May - at the beginning of June, they already have time to gain the energy of the sun, after which the entire above-ground part of the plant withers away. Only the tuber, which is deep in the soil, is preserved.
The leaves and buds of this plant can grow in winter under the snow. The fruit is a pod-shaped, oblong capsule. Seeds are shiny, black. Propagated by seeds, vegetatively - by parts of the root.
It is a frost-resistant, shade-loving plant. Grows well in shade and partial shade. The soil for growing Corydalis must be loose. Fertile, sufficiently hydrated. Planted in group plantings.
The most valuable are the following types:
Corydalis Yellow (yellow or orange-yellow flowers),
Corydalis Large-flowered (bright yellow flowers),
Corydalis Hollow (yellow, purple-pink flowers),
Haller's Corydalis (pink-purple flowers),
Marshall's Crested (pink flowers).
Homeland - Southern Europe, Asia. Perennial herb, rhizome plant family of labiates... The height of the central stem of mint reaches 80-100 cm and has lateral, densely leafy shoots.
The leaves are dark green, ovate-oblong, pubescent, contain essential oil. Therefore, they have a specific mint aroma and are pleasant to the taste. The flowers are small, lilac-pink, red-violet, lilac, collected in whorled inflorescences, located on the main and lateral shoots.
Mint blooms in June-July, the fruit contains this herb of the family Labiatae, which consists of four nut-like lobes of dark brown color. The plant is propagated by dividing rhizomes, rarely by seeds. It is a frost-resistant, light-loving, moisture-loving plant.
The soil for its cultivation must be rich in mineral and organic fertilizers, moist. It grows well on floodplain, fertile chernozems, but it can also grow on poor soils. On plantations without transplanting it grows up to 2-4 years.
Mint is planted in rocky and alpine gardens, mixborders. They are also widely used in medicine and food industry.
The following types of mint are known:
Spearmint (lilac-pink flowers),
Peppermint (flowers lilac-pink or red-purple),
Long-leaved mint (light lilac flowers),
Field mint (pink-purple flowers).