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Kalanchoe

Kalanchoe


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According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Cancer (June 22 - July 22) flower astrologers include the following plants: modest agraonema, Mason's begonia, hybrid fuchsia, bushy peperomias, wavy cotyledon, pearl havortia, warty gastria, cleansing (thick-leaved, red-colored, Adolphus) , aloe (tree-like, spinous, presemous, variegated), rejuvenated, calamus cereal, adorable dieffenbachia, agave, Kalanchoe.

The perennial evergreen succulent Kalanchoe came to our windowsills from tropical and subtropical latitudes of America, Australia, Asia and Africa. This genus has the richest assortment of varieties and forms, consisting of both erect and creeping shrubs and shrubs with fleshy succulent leaves. Numerous species cultivated in home floriculture are conventionally subdivided into three large groups - flowering Kalanchoe (Blossfelda, Fedchenko, bouquet-flowered, Mangina, Marniera, single-flowered), viviparous Kalanchoe (Degremona, pinnate, tubal) and Kalanchoe, decorative - deciduous ( Millett). Most of the Kalanchoe grown indoors are characterized by medium-sized sizes (with the exception of the Behar Kalanchoe, which, under favorable conditions, reaches a height of 1.2-1.4 m).

Of the ornamental deciduous, the most common Kalanchoe felt (K.tomentosa), whose homeland is called Sri Lanka. This peculiar perennial succulent plant is a small shrub with elongated juicy stems and leaves, densely pubescent with a silvery-gray "bloom" (hairs). In the upper part of each leaf, along the edge there is a barely noticeable brown dotted strip - small tubercles covered with brown bristles, which gives the plant a decorative effect. Due to the presence of brown pubescence on the tips of the leaves, the Germans called this type of Kalanchoe "cat ears".

Outwardly Kalanchoe Millet (K.millotuii) to a large extent resembles felt Kalanchoe, but its leaves are more rounded, and the hairs are white.

Having spacious premises, some growers keep Kalanchoe beharskoe (K. beharensis), which is unlikely to be suitable for our usual window sills. In this species, the stems are unbranched, bare, covered with scars at the places of attachment of fallen leaves. He has green fleshy leaves, as a rule, are preserved mainly in the upper third of the shoot. They are opposite crosswise, 10 cm long (up to 20 cm) and 5-9 cm wide, wedge-shaped or triangular, coarsely tubular, wavy, covered with a grayish waxy coating. Thick brown hairs make them velvety to the touch. This plant blooms in summer with yellow four-membered flowers (5-7 mm in size). In culture, this species has been known since 1903.

These three most popular decorative - deciduous species are considered by experts to be plants that are not very demanding on growing conditions. In summer, the usual room temperature is quite suitable for them, although they develop better in cool rooms at a moderate temperature throughout the year (about 15C), but in winter it should not fall below 11 ... 12 ° C. For the Kalanchoe, it is advisable to choose a place with a sunny windowsill, it is possible even with prolonged exposure to direct bright rays, but then the plant still does not hurt to slightly shade in the summer noon hours. The plant does not tolerate the dustiness of the atmosphere, therefore, regular ventilation is carried out, protecting it from drafts. In the summer, the Kalanchoe is watered abundantly (preferably with warm water that does not contain lime), while avoiding stagnation of residual water in the pan (there must be a drainage layer at the bottom of the tank). Drying out of the earthy coma in summer can damage the root system of the plant. During active growth, Kalanchoe is fed, and nitrogen fertilizers should prevail in the composition of the dressings. But in winter they water it carefully (as the topsoil dries up).

Plants are transplanted as needed, but necessarily only in the spring (at the end of the dormant period). The soil substrate for them is prepared from a mixture of leaf, humus and peat soil (proportion 1: 1: 1) with a small addition of sand. For adult perennial specimens, the ratio is recommended: turf, leaf and sand as 2: 1: 0.5. The reaction of the soil substrate should be in the range of pH 5.5-6.5. At home, plants of this group of species, as a rule, are propagated by leaf and stem cuttings, which are easily rooted in sand or peat (but before planting, cuttings are dried for 1-2 days). Until the cuttings form a good root system and take root, they are watered very carefully (by the way, the container with cuttings can be left uncovered). As they develop, young plants are transferred to larger containers.

Of the harmful insects on the Kalanchoe, there may be spider and red mites, scale insects and thrips, as well as several types of worms, which, when strongly colonized, cover the entire surface of the leaves. The elongated oval body (3-4 mm in size) of the mealybug is covered with a waxy whitish bloom. As a rule, each individual of the scale insect or scale insect is removed by hand. You can treat the plant with a soapy solution of liquid potassium soap (20 g / l of water) by adding actellic to it (at the rate of 2 ml / l). The root worm lives on the roots of the Kalanchoe in the soil. It causes inhibition of plant growth, and at a high number, and its death. This pest is detected by white wax bags: there is a feeling that the soil is, as it were, sandwiched with lumps of cotton wool. On close examination (especially with a magnifying glass), females (1.5-2 mm in size) of white or pink color can be distinguished.

It is advisable to transplant the plant by carefully examining its root system; as a safety net, you can shed new soil with actellik solution. Leaves inhabited by mites are wiped with a cotton swab moistened with hot (50 ° C) water (20 g of green soap / l). From acaricides, you can use neoron (1 ml / l of water) or actellic (they are treated 2-3 times with an interval of 7-10 days). But nevertheless, according to experts, preventive measures are preferable to prevent the ingress of these pests on plants, since an already affected plant is rather difficult to cure.

It is necessary to monitor the condition of other (neighboring) plants, and also to prevent the introduction of these harmful insects with wild or garden flowers into the room where Kalanchoe is kept. It is also possible the appearance of rot on the roots and base of the stem (in the form of dark spots), which is caused by a group of fungal pathogenic microorganisms. At the first symptoms of the disease, a solution of foundationol (2 g / l) is used. Indoors, these three decorative leafy Kalanchoe species are placed both in a single exposition and in groups - in combination with other succulents, as well as with large stones or small pebbles. A nice feature of these succulents is their relatively fast growth under artificial light from fluorescent lamps.

A. Lazarev,
candidate of biological sciences,
Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection


Kalanchoe care at home

Caring for Kalanchoe at home is so simple that even a beginner can do it. The plant is not picky and hardy, it is able to adapt to almost all growing conditions and forgive its owner for many care mistakes, up to and including his absence. However, this does not mean that the flower does not require attention at all. Caring for the indoor Kalanchoe is needed, then the "tree of life" will delight not only with its benefits, but also with its appearance.

Location and lighting

Kalanchoe is not demanding on the location in the house. In summer, the flower will be comfortable on the western and eastern windows. In winter, southern ones are preferable. If the plant is in bright sunlight, it can get burned. Therefore, in the summer it needs to be shaded. With a lack of light, the plant stretches, and the flowers become small and inconspicuous.

A prerequisite for flowering is 12-hour daylight hours. For regular and abundant flowering, you need to ensure that this condition is met: shade the plant in summer from direct sunlight, and use additional lighting in autumn and winter.

Temperature

Kalanchoe perfectly tolerates the summer heat, and can be grown indoors at temperatures from 18 to 30 degrees. In winter, he prefers coolness - from 16 to 18 degrees. This temperature is optimal for the formation of flower buds. At a higher, or, conversely, a low temperature, the process of laying flower buds is inhibited.

Watering

Despite the fact that Kalanchoe is a succulent, it needs to be watered regularly. The watering regime is determined by the air temperature, the size and condition of the plant. In summer, in dry and hot weather, not only regular, but also abundant watering is required.

If the plant is in the shade, then watered moderately - 1 time in 2-3 days, focusing on the condition of the soil. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum.

The flower easily tolerates a lack of moisture, but is very sensitive to waterlogging.

Air humidity

Kalanchoe is "indifferent" to air humidity. The flower feels good in a warm room with dry air. Easily tolerates high humidity at low temperatures. However, light spraying will not hurt - it is used for hygienic purposes. After spraying, the leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or sponge.

The soil

Any soil is suitable for growing Kalanchoe at home. Ready-made succulent soil, which can be purchased at any flower shop, is perfect. If desired, the soil mixture can be made independently, taking in equal parts leaf and turf soil, peat and sand. It is advisable to add charcoal or perlite to the mixture. There must be drainage at the bottom of the pot.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Kalanchoe gratefully responds to feeding, which is carried out with any fertilizer for cacti. An optimal feeding scheme has been developed empirically: 1 time in 2 weeks, starting from the second half of May and until mid-July. Top dressing is resumed in late autumn, when the formation of flower buds begins.

Transfer

The need for a Kalanchoe transplant arises if the pot becomes too small for the plant. It happens that as a result of abundant watering, the soil turns sour. In this case, it is better to replace it by transplanting the plant.

Pruning

In order for the plant to look beautiful, it must be regularly shaped by pruning and pinching. Shoot pruning is carried out in the spring. Strongly elongated shoots are shortened by 2/3 or even half the length.

To form a beautiful bush, pinching of the shoots is carried out at the beginning of summer. This is especially true for young plants. Light pruning is desirable after flowering.

Bloom

For abundant flowering of Kalanchoe in spring and summer, it is necessary to adhere to a 12-hour daylight hours. In this case, the lighting should be bright. Otherwise, you need to use additional artificial lighting.

At the end of flowering, it is necessary to prune. This will get rid of dried flowers and form a healthy and beautiful bush. The trimmed parts of the plant can be used to root cuttings.

Flowers can be cut and placed in a vase of water. They can stay there for a long time without losing their attractive appearance.


Appearance

Cirrus in its natural habitat reaches a fairly large size: up to 1 meter in height. At home, the plant is smaller, however, no less beautiful and can bloom profusely already in the second year of life.

Have Cirrus the soft, upward-directed stem is surrounded by opposite leaves. The leaves are fleshy, oval, pinnately dissected at the ends. The medicinal plant blooms with pale pink or white inflorescences.

Degremon's leaves are ovoid, very elongated. Sometimes the leaf halves even fold along the midline. The leaves are long enough, in wildlife they grow up to 20 cm.

The plant is gray-green in color, with purple spots on the lower part of the leaves.




What is the difference between a hybrid and a variety? And what are the best seeds to plant?

Seeds of various agricultural crops (tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, cabbage, etc.) are sold today in such quantities in the markets and in the store that not everyone can make the right choice with such a variety. Now we will not talk about all the subtleties of choosing seeds for planting, but will dwell on only one point. Hybrids and varieties of seeds. Than ...


Simple and really working method: Kalanchoe, violet and begonia take root easily

This simple method of vegetative propagation will root all succulents, including Kalanchoe, as well as at least one more violet and begonias! Try leaf propagation using the simple method below.

Separate the good leaves from the plant.

Place in a tall container with a lid (such as a clean plastic sour cream cup).

Place the leaves inside. Moisten with a spray bottle.

Close the cover. It remains to wait for the roots to appear!

After about a week (open and add water periodically) you will see small sprouts.
Leaves can be planted in the ground and they will give life to a new plant! Thus, you can root not only Kalanchoe, but also violet and begonia.

For more information on leaf rooting, see the video below:


Watch the video: Kalanchoe tomentosa Panda plant Houseplant Care117 of 365


Comments:

  1. Quauhtli

    as it turned out not in vain =)

  2. Agnimukha

    I confirm. So happens.

  3. Clyffton

    nope, cool,

  4. JoJohn

    That's a post! Strong. Thank you.

  5. Aldrik

    Nice surprise

  6. Mauricio

    Bravo, you were visited with simply magnificent idea



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