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When can you plant radish in open ground with seeds?

When can you plant radish in open ground with seeds?


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Radish is one of a number of unique vegetables. It is rich in vitamins (A, B9, K, C), trace elements, organic acids, essential oils, amino acids, vegetable fats, carbohydrates, proteins. Radish contains phytoncides - substances that inhibit the growth or kill bacteria, making it a natural antibiotic with the broadest spectrum of action, enhances immunity, improves metabolism, digestion, and removes fluid from the body. A number of useful qualities of a vegetable can be continued, but this is enough to make you want to plant and grow a root crop in your backyard or cottage.

What is the time frame for planting a radish

It is for this vegetable that planting dates are of great importance. First you need to decide for what purpose you are going to plant and grow the radish - for long-term storage and use in winter or for eating in spring and summer.

Early small-fruited varieties are sown in March. Fruits ripen in 40-45 days, slightly spicy, juicy - a rich source of early vitamins.

Summer varieties are early ripening, ripen in 55-60 days, so the optimal planting time is the end of April, beginning of May. The radish is not afraid of low temperatures, it produces friendly shoots even at t +3 - 5 degrees.

Winter mid-season varieties intended for long-term storage ripen in 100-110 days. In order to have time to harvest on time, in central Russia, the Moscow region, in Siberia, you need to plant radish in late June - early July (the most extreme dates are the first decade of July).

Winter early ripening varieties of root crops are sown in late July - early August.

The radish is sown in open ground with seeds: in the middle of summer it sprouts rather quickly, in early spring it is not afraid of frost, therefore there is no need to grow seedlings.

In addition, some gardeners on the forums express the opinion that when transplanting seedlings, the root can be damaged and the root crop will bloom.

The most important condition for proper growth is short daylight hours... With a long daylight hours, the vegetable gives off arrows, blooms, becomes unfit for food. That is why radish is sown in early spring or in the second half of summer, when daylight hours become shorter.

The most popular varieties for sowing

In order to enjoy the taste of a healthy, juicy root vegetable all year round, several varieties are sown with different ripening periods.

The most useful and rich in vitamins and minerals is black radish... It tastes sharper and in all respects it is significantly ahead of its "colored relatives". Consider a few of the most popular and high-quality representatives.

  1. Round black... The variety is mid-season, ripening time - 80 days, has the best taste and medicinal qualities, high-yielding - 7.5 kg / sq. m, suitable for long-term storage. The root vegetable is rounded, weight - from 250 to 500 g, the peel is black, the flesh is white, juicy, the taste is bright, spicy.
  2. Winter long black... Fruits are elongated, black. The pulp is white, crispy, juicy. Even after long-term storage, it does not lose its useful properties.
  3. Margelan (Chinese)... Fruits are green with light green pulp. This radish is not as healthy as black, but you can eat much more of it - it tastes very juicy, slightly spicy, without bitterness. Sown in summer, until July 5-10, as the variety is late-ripening, high-yielding, has excellent keeping quality, right up to spring.
  4. May early... An early ripening summer variety with juicy, tender pulp, semi-spicy to the taste, does not darken for a long time.
  5. Winter white... Medium pungent taste, dense tasty pulp, high-yielding, retains its presentation for a long time.

In addition to these, there are many more popular varieties: Odessa 5, Daikon, Summer Round White, Olive, Elephant Tusk, etc.

Root predecessors

The vegetable belongs to the cruciferous family and should not be grown after cabbage, radish, turnip.

The rest of the horticultural crops are good predecessors: potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, carrots, beans. Winter radish varieties can be planted in the garden after harvesting green onions, lettuce, green peas, beans.

Preparing the soil and planting seeds in open ground

Loves well-lit, sunny places, moist and loose, deeply dug soil... For spring planting, the beds must be prepared in the fall: add humus, mineral fertilizers, and ash in acidic soils.

Seed preparation

If you want to get a high-quality harvest, roots of the same size, seeds are a must calibrate - Remove small, irregular, empty or half-sized grains, leaving only large healthy grains of the same size.

To obtain friendly shoots, you can (but not necessarily) process the seeds humate or growth stimulant before planting. Treated seeds go less into the arrow, bloom.

How to sow

Before planting, the earth is dug to a depth of 30-35 cm, the surface is leveled, grooves are made deep 2 cm, between the rows - 30 cm... Seeds are introduced into the grooves, covered with earth and the bed is well watered.

Before seed germination, the soil must be kept moist. As soon as the first shoots appear, they are thinned out, leaving the strongest ones. Next time, it is necessary to thin out the shoots no later than a month later to avoid thickening. The distance between the remaining radish sprouts should be 15 cm.

Further care consists in the constant maintenance of moisture and loosening of row spacings - the radish loves oxygenated soils.

Things to Consider When Growing Radish - Care Tips

To avoid common mistakes, to get tasty, juicy roots with dense pulp, you need to follow some rules:

  • thickening must not be allowed, thin out in the phase of 2-3 leaves, then after 15-20 days;
  • watering should be frequent, the soil should not dry out in any case;
  • there is never enough ash for a radish - she loves ash, it can be applied before planting, at the phase of 3-4 leaves, and during the period of appearance of cruciferous flea beetles, it can be scattered over the entire surface of the bed, even on the leaves;
  • fertilization with boron, magnesium, table salt will have a good effect on the quality of the fruits - they will increase the sugar content, improve the growth of plants.

Radish is a unique and useful product that must be included in the diet of a healthy diet. A good harvest from the garden will help protect you from colds and other diseases throughout the winter. Cultivation is possible in almost all regions, even beyond the Urals, the main thing is to correctly sow and follow the rules of care.


The leaves of this plant are wide and spreading. The diameter of the rosette is 40 cm. The leaves are dissected into 6-8 lobules. At the top, the leaf is rounded, and the lateral lobes are presented in an oval shape. In some subspecies of daikon, the root crop rises by 1/3 above the ground level. Although there are those types of vegetables in which the root crop is reliably placed in the ground.

The variety differs in white pulp. In Japan, varieties grow with long-lasting juice of the growing season, and they also have pink flesh. Of course, such fruits cannot be grown in Russia.

When growing radishes in the Russian climate, it is necessary to pay attention to varieties with a growing season of 70-90 days.

But what is the planting time for black winter radish, you can find out from this article.


Time for disembarkation

The timing of when you can plant cucumbers depends on the temperature of the air and soil. The average daily temperature should not fall below 12-15 ° C. The ground temperature must warm up to at least +15 ° C. This will ensure a high germination rate of the seeds. To check the temperature, just place a regular thermometer at a depth of 10 centimeters and wait 15 minutes. When sowing in a soil warmed up to + 20 ° C, seedlings appear in 5 days, up to +15. + 18 ° С - after 10 days. At lower temperatures, the seed coat swells and rot.

It is best to plant seeds of a crop taking into account the preliminary sowing of other vegetable crops (after sprouting of potatoes, onions and beets). These plants begin to grow actively when the possibility of frost is minimal.

The optimal time for planting cucumber seeds in the ground is May, when southerly and westerly winds begin to prevail, which indicates the minimum possibility of frost. The approximate calendar dates for planting cucumbers by seeds in open ground are from 5 to 31 May.

Sometimes the dates for planting seeds of cucumbers of the selected variety or hybrid can be indicated by the manufacturer on the back of the package in the form of a table. As for the specific dates for planting cucumbers, then it is impossible to answer with certainty.


Landing in different climatic zones

The radish is cold-resistant, and adult specimens are able to tolerate even frosts down to -6 ° C. Therefore, it is immediately sown in the ground, bypassing the stage of growing seedlings.

But, despite this, growing it in different climatic regions has its own characteristics. This is mainly due to the timing of sowing and harvesting various varieties of radish. They are:

  • Small-fruited early. Landing time - March, in the Urals - May. But in central Russia, and even more so in Siberia, this is not feasible due to weather conditions, so sowing in August is possible. Ripening period - 40-50 days.
  • Early ripening varieties. The sowing period is April-May, in Siberia - not earlier than the first ten days of May, when the soil warms up enough. The vegetable spits for 60-70 days.
  • Mid-season and late winter varieties. The landing time for the Urals is mid-June, for Siberia - the third decade of June, for the Moscow region - mid-late July. Ripening period - 100-115 days.


Features of radish care

Growing radish consists of several components: plant thinning, mandatory watering, loosening, dressing. If necessary, plants will need to be protected from diseases and pests. And the last stage is harvesting and preparing it for storage.

Thinning

Soon after the shoots appear, they need to be thinned, and after the formation of 2 real leaves, thin out again. In the grooves, 1 plant is left for every 10-15 cm, in the holes - also one at a time. Their aerial parts are pinched off, and not pulled out of the ground, so as not to damage the roots.

Watering

The frequency and volume of watering depend on the phase of development of the radish and the weather: in the heat, the plants need water more than in the rain, but on average, the ridges are watered 1-2 times a week. Water consumption is approximately 10 liters per sq. m. Often and abundantly watered after the emergence of seedlings, with the growth of tops and during the intensive growth of root crops. Watering is stopped when the vegetables have reached the characteristic size for the variety. If you water it further, they may crack; such vegetables are not suitable for storage.

Water for irrigation should be warm, without chlorine, it is poured under the root. Watering time is morning or evening; it is not recommended to water during the day. Loosening is required after each abundant watering.

Top dressing

When caring for a radish, you cannot do without dressing. Early varieties are fed 2 times, later - at least 3 times. The first - when forming 2 true leaves, after - with equal intervals of time. Top dressing is stopped 3 weeks before the expected harvest.

Mineral ready-made fertilizers or rotted organic matter, ash, herbal infusions are used. Fresh manure is prohibited.

Protection against diseases and pests

Ridges with radish can be attacked by cruciferous fleas, scoops, cabbage flies, whiteworms and moths, wireworms and stem nematodes. Young plants can be affected by blackleg, adults by peronosporosis, powdery mildew, felt disease, linen, keel, peronosporosis, cabbage mosaic. Pest and disease control measures - treatment with appropriate drugs. Solutions are prepared according to the instructions.


How to store crops

In order for the radish to survive until next spring, you need to plant special varieties intended for storage. Root crops are kept in the cellar, basement at temperatures from 0 ° C to + 3 ° C. Humidity is maintained at 85-90 percent.

It is recommended to send for storage only those varieties of radish that are marked “for storage”. If there are no instructions on the package with seeds, you need to focus on the ripening time. Early ripening radish is suitable only for summer consumption, late one is intended for storage. Among mid-season varieties, there are both.

Vegetables are placed in boxes, sprinkled with clean river sand. It is slightly moisturized so that the roots do not lose their freshness. During the winter, the crop should be checked for mold or rot. If this happens, the damaged specimens are thrown away, and the sand is calcined or replaced with a new one.


How to properly care

Getting a crop requires not only proper planting, but also further care of the plant, right up to the moment of harvest. Certain agricultural techniques apply to both seedlings and adult plants.

So, at the initial stage, before the emergence of seedlings, it is very important that high humidity is maintained in the garden. This contributes to the friendly appearance of sprouts within five days from the date of sowing. Subsequently, high humidity is retained for another two weeks. A film is used to retain moisture.

The main agrotechnical techniques used in the cultivation of radish:

  • thinning
  • watering
  • feeding
  • protection from pests and diseases.

The peculiarity of the radish is that, in comparison with other crops, it requires less maintenance.


Watch the video: 7 Crops You Can Grow From Seed With Snow on The Ground!


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