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15 of the tastiest and most productive potato varieties

15 of the tastiest and most productive potato varieties


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Potatoes have long been considered the most popular crop grown in Russia. Consider in the article which varieties are best to choose in order to get a high-quality and large harvest.

List of the best potato varieties alphabetically

There is approximately 280 subspecies potatoes that can be grown in different climatic zones. Many varieties have found their popularity in industrial production, some have fallen in love with summer residents to plant on the site. Let's consider the most popular varieties and species in a small alphabetical catalog.

Idaho

Its main advantage is a large, even fruit.

Main characteristics:

  • early ripening variety;
  • productive - 500 c / ha;
  • most popular for cooking in restaurants;
  • high resistance to diseases;
  • contains a high level of starch up to 17%.

Planting is carried out in early spring, when the frost has already passed, and the temperature reaches 8 degrees.

Bela Rosa

Bela Rosa is the most popular in the territories of the CIS countries.

Main characteristics:

  • early maturing, in the south you can get several harvests per season;
  • with proper watering and feeding, high yield - 350 c / ha;
  • a large oval-shaped root crop (about 200-500gr fruit).

You should know that it grows poorly on the ground without feeding. It is recommended to grow it after legumes.

Red Scarlet

The Dutch variety is not inferior in its characteristics even to the Belarusian ones. It is characterized by medium roots with excellent taste characteristics.

Often used for cooking in restaurants.

Main characteristics:

  • the bush is undersized, blooms with lilac flowers;
  • the variety is susceptible to diseases: phytosphorosis and scab;
  • the fruit resembles an oblong oval in shape;
  • the peel is red to pinkish purple;
  • cream-colored pulp;
  • tolerates heat well;
  • the weight of one fetus is from 70-200 grams;
  • on one bush up to 15 tubers.

Rosara

Rosara belongs to the early maturing, ripens within 70 days... Used in new and modern industries for the preparation of dry raw materials.

Main characteristics:

  • the pulp has a pale yellow tint;
  • on average, the fetus weighs about 70-130g;
  • the shape of the fruit is oval, slightly elongated;
  • keeps its shape well due to the low starch content;
  • yield 500 c / ha.

Picasso

Refers to late varieties of potatoes. Fully matures later 110-130 days after germination.

Main characteristics:

  • high yield, from 1 hectare it can turn out up to 20 tons potatoes;
  • the color of the tubers is pink-yellow;
  • the weight of one fruit fluctuates from 100-150 gr;
  • pulp of a white-yellow hue;
  • the taste is amazing;
  • susceptible to disease - late blight;
  • has a long shelf life.

Planting the plant is carried out in the spring, when there is no longer frost, but the soil is still moist.

Tuleyevsky

Tuleyevsky is well adapted to many climatic conditions, is actively planted on farms.

Main characteristics:

  • the shape of the fruit is even, oval;
  • the pulp is light yellow;
  • fetal weight 100-300 gr.;
  • during cooking it retains its shape well;
  • has an excellent potato flavor;
  • does not require constant fertilizing with fertilizers.

Planting begins only after the soil warms up to +10 degrees. Does not require watering. Minus is his cannot be stored for a long timeas it starts to fade.

Gala

The German early-ripening potato variety Gala has excellent taste and is distinguished by the content of a large amount of starch in the fruit.

Main characteristics:

  • from 1 weave you can collect up to 400 kg potatoes;
  • root crops are round, small in size with a yellow skin;
  • the pulp is bright yellow;
  • average weight of potatoes 60-130gr;
  • prone to black parasha infestation.

It is considered one of the best hybrid varieties.

Ripens within 75 days, during this period potatoes can be harvested. You need to plant potatoes as soon as the air temperature reaches 10 degrees.

Dauphine

Delicious Dutch, considered one of the most delicious root crops of potatoes.

Main characteristics:

  • from 1 are collected up to 220 kg harvest;
  • tuber weight varies from 150 to 350 g;
  • about 20 fruits come out from one bush.

Share

The most suitable variety for those who want to grow potatoes for themselves.

Main characteristics:

  • has excellent taste;
  • gives a high yield up to 390 kg per hectare;
  • tuber weight reaches 400 g;
  • bushes of the variety are high, strong up to 80 cm;
  • well boiled during cooking;
  • resistant to diseases such as powdery mildew and fungi.

Nevsky

There are several varieties of Nevsky in terms of ripening time. It is considered elite, grows well in any conditions.

Main characteristics:

  • yield up to 350 kg from a hundred;
  • for planting, you need to choose not sprouted tubers, after germination, plant those with short sprouts;
  • tubers with long sprouts are unacceptable for sowing;
  • refers to mid-late;
  • ripening occurs in 75-90 days;
  • oval in shape, with a light yellow skin and creamy flesh;
  • they love warmth, so it is recommended to plant when the frost has passed.

Latona

It is considered an early maturing dining room.

On the 45th day, you can already get the first harvest, but in general, the harvest time is 70-75 day.

Main characteristics:

  • from each bush you can collect 2 kg fruits;
  • resistant to weather conditions, tolerates transportation well;
  • practically immune to diseases, there is a possibility of infection with late blight and viral diseases;
  • the pulp is pale yellow;
  • requires care, watering, organic matter;
  • keeps well during the winter.

Luck

Refers to the elite who require special care... If you follow all the rules, you can collect up to 950 c / ha.

Main characteristics:

  • tuber weight 170 g;
  • refers to the mid-season (on average 90 days);
  • up to 15 kg of root crops can be collected from a bush;
  • perfectly tolerates winter and keeps well for a long time.

Adretta

Bred by breeders in Germany 25 years ago. We are still loved by gourmets due to its excellent taste.

Main characteristics:

  • the peel has a yellow tint, slightly rough to the touch;
  • the pulp can be light yellow or deep yellow;
  • the shape of the root crop is round-oval;
  • average fetal weight 140 gr.;
  • the variety can be planted in open ground at the end of April, propagated by tubers;
  • full maturation occurs in 65-80 days;
  • high-yielding, from 1 hectare you can get up to 45 tons.

Felox

It belongs to the early maturing, perfectly tolerates heat and sudden changes in temperature.

This subspecies can be found in all regions of Russia.

Main characteristics:

  • root vegetable weight varies from 80 to 200 gr;
  • the peel has a delicate amber hue;
  • the pulp is light yellow;
  • before planting, it is recommended to process it with copper sulfate;
  • contains a high level of starch up to 17%;
  • harvested from one hectare 250 centners potatoes;
  • planting is carried out in early May.

Sprint

Early ripe potatoes have a pleasant taste.

Main characteristics:

  • an elongated oval fruit;
  • the peel is yellow, the pulp is light cream;
  • tuber weighs about 80-200 gr;
  • contains a high level of starch up to 17%;
  • there is a possibility of infection with late blight;
  • yield 300 c / ha.

The palatability of potatoes is improved if they contain a large amount of starch. You can influence the taste of the fruit with the right care: watering, fertilizing.

Potato subspecies

Different varieties of potatoes are suitable not for all regions of Russia... Although most are acclimatized to the temperate zone, there are varieties that are most suitable for central Russia and Siberia.

Also, potatoes differ in the shade of pulp, taste, ripening time. Based on this, they can be classified as follows:

Classification of varieties by growth

Geographical positionVariety names
For central RussiaNevsky, Felox, Sprint, Latona, Red Scarlet, Picasso
For Moscow regionTuleyevsky, Gala, Nevsky, Luck, Sprint, Pai, Dauphine, Idaho, Bela Rosa, Rosara
For SiberiaAdretta, Luck, Scarlet, Tuleevsky, Nevsky

Types by yield

Red potatoes with yellow fleshBela Rosa, Red Scarlet, Rosara
Loose varietiesIdaho, Pye
High-yieldingRosara, Adretta, Luck
Pink potatoPicasso
Potato yellowIdaho, Tuleyevsky, Gala, Sprint, Felox

Ripening classification

Medium early50-60 daysIdaho, Bela Rosa, Rosara, Red Scarlet
Mid-season80-95 daysLatona, Luck
Mid late95-100 daysAtlant, Nevsky
Late4 monthsPicasso

All of the above potato varieties have excellent characteristics and taste. Most are disease resistant and yield high.


High-yielding varieties that can be recommended to vegetable growers for growing in their own beds can have different ripening periods, are intended for planting in different regions, differ in the color of the skin and the tubers themselves, and their size. Let's consider each in more detail.

Bernina

Included in the State Register in 2017, intended for the Volga-Vyatka region. Medium ripening, table tubers. It is the highest yielding variety, with a maximum yield of 704 kg. The weight of a standard potato is 112-142 g, 2.1-15.2% starch.

Tubers of the Bernina variety are elongated-oval, the skin is yellow, with medium and small eyes, the flesh of the tubers is dark yellow. The marketable yield is 77-95%, 96% of the tubers are perfectly stored.

The variety is resistant to golden nematode and cancer, moderately susceptible to late blight in the tops and unstable to it in tubers. According to the originator, the Bernina variety shows resistance to mosaics (wrinkled and banded) and leaf curling.

Hussar

It has been in the register of agricultural achievements of the Russian Federation since 2017. It is allowed for cultivation in the Central region, Volgo-Vyatka and North-West, suitable for the Central region. Medium ripening.

The maximum yield is 690 kg per one hundred square meters. Potatoes are oval, with small eyes. Their surface is yellow, the flesh is the same color, but lighter. The average weight of a potato is 106-185 g, it contains 14.3-17.8% starch. The taste is considered good. The marketability of the collected products is 74-98%, keeping quality is 95%.

The Gusar variety shows resistance to potato cancer and golden nematode, medium to late blight, also resistant to mosaics and leaf twisting.

Madeira

The Volgo-Vyatka region is recommended for growing this potato variety. The variety is mid-season. Gives a maximum yield of 632 kg per one hundred square meters.

Madeira potatoes are oval, with medium to shallow eyes on the skin. The middle and skin of the tubers are yellow. Tuber weight - 106-136 g, 13.1-15.9% - starchiness. When harvested, 78-94% of the tubers are commercial, 94% of the crop is well tolerated by storage. The cultivar demonstrates resistance to golden nematodes and crayfish, mosaics and leaf twisting, and can moderately be infested with late blight.

Christel

Included in the State Register in 2017, the growing regions are Central, Volgo-Vyatka and North-West, this is one of the most productive varieties for the Moscow region. Belongs to the early maturing varieties, the purpose of the table. Kristel gives the maximum - 617 kg per one hundred square meters.

Tubers are oval-rounded, with medium and shallow eyes. The surface of the potatoes is yellow, the middle is dark yellow. The weight of an average specimen is 94-138 g, starchiness is 11.2-14.7%. When digging, 76-98% of the crop turns out to be marketable, 94% is perfectly preserved. Kristel is resistant to potato crayfish, golden nematode, phytophthora, affecting tops and banded mosaic.

Giant

In the State Register since 2013, this is one of the productive varieties of potatoes for the Middle Lane - it can be grown in the Central, Volga-Vyatka regions and the Central Black Earth Region. Medium ripening, suitable for mashed potatoes. Productivity of Giant potatoes maximum 613 kg per one hundred square meters.

The variety produces oval-round potatoes with medium-sized eyes. Their skin is light beige, inside they are creamy. The weight of the tubers is 104-143 g, their starch content is 15.9-18.9%. The taste is characterized as good and excellent. When harvesting, it is noted that 87-98% of tubers have a marketable appearance, 97% of the crop tolerates storage well.

The Giant variety is resistant to cancer, but plants can be attacked by the golden nematode. As the originator notes, the variety is moderately resistant to late blight, leaf rolling and mosaics.

Felox

It was entered into the Russian register of agricultural achievements in 1999, it is recommended to grow it in the Middle Volga region. Early variety, intended for table use. The maximum yield is at the level of 591 kg per one hundred square meters.

The tubers of the Felox variety are elongated-oval, light yellow inside, covered with yellow skin. Small potatoes - 87-113 g, starch it contains 16.4-17.0%, the taste is characterized as excellent. When digging, 98% of the potatoes are marketable. The variety is resistant to nematodes and cancer, but not resistant to late blight.

Arizona

It is in the State Register since 2013, it is recommended to grow it in the Central, North Caucasian regions and the Central Black Earth Region. Medium early, tubers are intended for table use. From 1 weave, you can collect 225-408 kg, maximum 577 kg.

Arizona gives elongated-oval tubers with unexpressed eyes, light yellow inside, yellow surface. Weight 112-150 g, starch content 13.0-16.0%, characterized by good taste. When harvesting, 88-97% of the potatoes turn out to be marketable, 95% of the harvest is perfectly stored. Golden nematode, cancer and wrinkled mosaic do not affect the Arizona variety, it has average resistance to phytophthora.

Pennant

The variety was recorded in the State Register of the Russian Federation in 2016. It is cultivated in the Central, North-West regions and the Central Black Earth Region. Belongs to mid-season, potatoes are intended for table use.

The maximum yield of the Vympel variety is 560 kg per one hundred square meters. The potato is oval-round, with eyes of moderate depth. In the middle, it is light yellow in color, the surface is yellow. Average weight is 96-140 g, starch content is 13.2-16.6%. At the time of harvesting, 82-98% of potatoes are marketable, 93% withstand storage well.

The resistance of the variety to golden nematode and cancer, average resistance to late blight is noted.

Lugovskoy

Listed in the register in 1987. This potato variety is suitable for Siberia, it can be grown in many regions - Volgo-Vyatka, East and West Siberian, Nizhnevolzhsky, North, TsChO, Far East, Central, North Caucasian, Ural and North Western. Medium ripening, intended for table use.

Tubers are oval with light pink skin, white inside. The weight of one is 85-125 g. A maximum of 514 kg can be collected from 1 hundred parts. Potatoes have good indicators of marketability and keeping quality, starch content 12.19%. It is noted that the Lugovskoy variety is not infected with cancer, but is moderately resistant to late blight, black leg, common scab.

Scarb

In the State Register since 2002, this is an example of a potato variety for the Urals, in addition to this region, it is allowed for cultivation in Central, North-West and Volgo-Vyatka. Mid-season, the maximum can give 508 kg from 1 are.

The potato is oval, the eyes are not expressed, the skin is yellow and the middle. Tuber weight is 94-138 g, starch content is 10.8-17.7%. From 84 to 99% of potatoes are marketable, 88-99% are well stored. Plants of this variety do not get cancer, mosaics, are resistant to golden nematodes, but can become infected with late blight.


The most productive

Idaho

The advantages of this variety are that it is early maturing, ripens in 60-70 days, in addition, the variety gives a high yield - up to 550 c / ha, even when grown at home.

Interesting! Almost every restaurant prepares the dish of the same name from the Idaho potato variety. These are large fruits of the correct shape, which are cut into 8 identical parts and baked with spices.

The variety shows good resistance to diseases and ripens quickly, therefore it is very popular among Russian gardeners, despite the fact that it is of American origin.

The fruit contains a lot of starch and carbohydrates, no wateriness, so this potato is healthy and nutritious.

Characteristic:

  • Early maturation (60-70 days).
  • High yield (550 kg / ha).
  • Fruit color - beige
  • The pulp is boiled.
  • It is resistant to nematode and cancer diseases and fades before the invasion of Colorado beetles.
  • Starch concentration - up to 17%.

Bellarosa (Bella Rose or White Rose)

An early ripe high-yielding variety (70-80 days) with large fruits of regular oval shape and light brown color. It has an excellent taste. In the southern regions of Russia, you can grow 2 crops per season.

  • Early maturation (70-80 days).
  • High yield - up to 350 c / ha with proper watering and feeding.

Important! On depleted land, the Bellarosa variety will yield a more meager yield - no more than 150 c / ha.

  • The peel is red.
  • The pulp is light yellow.
  • Starch concentration - 19%.
  • During the cooking process, the pulp becomes crumbly.
  • The average fruit weighs about 200 g, but specimens up to 500-600 g come across, especially with proper watering.
  • Resistant to nematodes and cancer pathogens. When the Colorado potato beetle appears, this variety already has time to bloom.
  • Keeping quality is 93%.

Advice! Planting Bellarose is best after legumes.

Rosara

Early, the fruits reach technical ripeness in 76 days. Fruits are red or brown in color. The bushes are large, grow up to 70 cm in height. The stems are thick and strong.

  • Early maturation (70-80 days).
  • High yield - up to 290-320 c / ha, but with proper watering and feeding, you can get 530 c / ha.
  • The skin color is red.
  • The color of the pulp is yellow.
  • Starch concentration - 13 - 17.5%.
  • An average fruit weighs about 150 g, but under a bush there can be about 20-30 pieces.
  • Resistant to powdery mildew and fungal diseases, nematodes and cancer. Weakly affected by scab and late blight.

Medium early variety, fruits reach technical ripeness in 60-68 days. Vegetables are large, elongated-oval, yellow. The bushes grow up to 45-50 cm in height, have thin stems that sometimes turn yellow. To maintain a plant, it must be fertilized frequently.

Characteristic:

  • Medium early ripening 60-68 days.
  • High yield - 340 c / ha.
  • The peel color is yellow.
  • The color of the pulp is dark yellow.
  • Starch concentration - 10 -13%.
  • The fruit can weigh about 400 g, under the bush there can be about 4-5 pcs. With proper feeding, vegetables can be larger.
  • Resistant to cancer and nematodes.
  • May be susceptible to late blight and rhizoctonia.
  • Not afraid of mechanical damage.
  • Keeping quality - 90%.

Luck

An elite variety, demanding to care for - it is necessary to regularly water the plants and fertilize often. Early ripe, vegetables reach technical ripeness in 70-80 days. With proper watering, it tolerates cold snap and heat well.

Characteristic:

  • Early ripening (70-80 days).
  • High yield - 560 c / ha.
  • Skin color is beige.
  • Flesh color - white
    Starch concentration - 14%.
  • The average West is 180 g, but the fruit can weigh about 400 g and even 600 g. The bush contains about 25 tubers.
  • Resistant to late blight.
  • Lightness is high, it is stored for about 7-9 months.

All of the above varieties yield above average yields. However, in order to get record yields, the bushes of culture must be looked after according to all the rules of agricultural technology.


What kind of potatoes to choose for cooking, mashed potatoes and frying

It depends on the purpose of use. For cooking, varieties with low starchiness are recommended, for cooking in skins and for mashed potatoes - on the contrary, the potatoes should be starchy, then they will be crumbly. In the first case, you can choose varieties with pink and red skin - Symphony, Romano, Zhukovsky early, in the second - varieties with light skin and the middle - Lasunak, Vestnik, Adretta, Snow White.

For frying, varieties with a dark skin and yellowish flesh, with a slight starchiness, are suitable. These are Nevsky, Luck, Concord, Ramenskiy, Effect. Universal varieties - Sotka, Idaho, Lyubimets, Loshinsky.


Preparatory work on the site

An early crop requires nutritious soil and a well-lit, open area. The best predecessors are tomatoes, legumes, cucumbers, potatoes.

In the fall, they dig the soil to a depth of about 30 cm. Along the way, humus or manure is introduced. 4 kg is enough for 1 m2. As for mineral dressings, an average of superphosphate is required - 40 grams and potassium chloride - 20 grams for the same amount of land.

At the onset of spring, superphosphate, potassium chloride and urea (15 g) are again added. Superphosphate is the same as with autumn feeding, and potassium is slightly less - 15 grams. Using a rake, they are brought into the upper soil layer.

If digging was not carried out in the fall, then fertilizing must be added before planting seedlings. Fertilizers are important for this crop for the proper development of the heads of cabbage.

For example, when there is a deficiency of nitrogen, the leaves become lethargic, turn pale. In some cases, with a strong lack of this element, they may turn red or blue.

If there is a lack of potassium, the foliage falls off. A small amount of phosphorus slows down growth.

Growing cabbage through seedlings

To get ripe fruits earlier, use the seedling method. This helps to protect young plants from insect pests and diseases.

Early cabbage. How to grow seedlings - video

Seed preparation for sowing

Seeds are purchased already processed and disinfected, therefore, these procedures do not need to be carried out additionally. When using your own material, it is recommended to process it as a prophylaxis. To do this, heat the water to + 50 degrees and place the seeds for 20 minutes.

After the planting material is placed in cool water and then allowed to dry. Those seeds that have surfaced are removed, since they will not germinate.

Preparing cabbage seeds for planting seedlings - video

There are 2 ways to grow through seedlings:

  • potty
  • potless.

Picks are possible in both variants.

Pot method of growing cabbage seedlings

Recently it has become widespread. Such seedlings adapt well to a new place of growth due to the fact that the roots are not exposed to unnecessary influences. In the absence of a diving stage, sowing cabbage seeds is carried out from the end of winter to March 15.

The soil is prepared in advance, as well as during the preparatory work on the site. Mix humus with soil in equal proportions. Add ammonium and potassium nitrate, superphosphate (10, 15, 30 g, respectively).

At this stage, with nutrient soil, you can not make additional fertilizing. An excellent soil option for seedlings is peat with sawdust and sand.

In each planting container, sow from 2 to 3 seeds to a depth of no more than 2 cm. Water well immediately. Take warm water. To speed up the germination process, cover the planting with a film. Temperature +25 degrees. When shoots appear, they are reduced to + 8 - 10.

After the first leaves appear on cabbage seedlings, the temperature is again raised to + 17 in the daytime and up to + 10 at night... The last point is very important. This will harden the plants. For planting in open ground, take strong cabbage seedlings with the number of leaves from 4 to 5.

Potless way

This method is good for growing large numbers of seedlings. For example, for sale. Also applicable when there is not enough space. They take containers, boxes and lay a layer of moist earth up to 6 cm thick on the bottom. Grooves are made, with a distance of 4 cm from each other.

If you have a pair of green sheets, make a pick in different containers 6 x 6... Alternatively, the original plantings are thinned out. When transplanting seedlings grown in this way, no more than 10% of all roots are preserved.

There is also a potless method with the preservation of the root system in full... The containers here are represented by moist earth, from which "pots" are formed. For better shape retention, a mullein is introduced into the ground. For a bucket of earth no more than ½ liter. The resulting composition is placed in a layer of 6 cm in boxes, tamped and thinned, making squares about 6 x 6 cm.

Seedless method of growing early cabbage

Early cabbage can be grown without seedlings. In this case, the ripening of the crop will take a little longer. You should not worry about a possible cold snap, because the culture normally tolerates small frosts. However, it is necessary to compare the ripening time of the selected variety with the climate. For example, for the middle zone of the country, landing in early May is suitable.

For this method, shelters are made of film and just plastic bottles. Seeds are placed in moist soil at a depth of 3 cm and covered. After 30 days, the first leaves will appear. The covering material is removed.

Seedless method of Sowing Cabbage with seeds. IMMEDIATELY INTO THE GROUND A Simple and Sure Way - video

Planting early cabbage in open ground

The best option for planting is square. In this case, the distance between the rows is equal to the landing step. Some gardeners place the vegetable in the same row aisle. Its width is about 65 cm. Between the bushes, they leave from 30 to 35 cm.

Cabbage seedlings are examined for damage, diseases and only after that they are planted. After a thorough examination of the material, holes are formed up to 12 cm deep. A handful of humus and 2 tbsp. Are placed in each. l. ash. You can add a mineral compound feed instead.

Then watering is carried out. At least 2 liters of water per hole. Before planting, the roots of potted cabbage seedlings are dipped in a solution of mullein and clay before planting. The neck of the root is buried 4 cm into the ground to the first leaf. The kidneys are not covered with soil. Spill again and sprinkle with a thin layer of dry soil.

Rooting will take place on the 14th day. Often additional film cover is required for this period, since plants have low frost resistance.


The best varieties of potatoes of domestic and foreign selection

Of course, Russia has enough of its own varieties, but many Dutch and German varieties have gained particular popularity. It is hard not to note that for many years many gardeners have been successfully cultivating the famous Ukrainian and, of course, Belarusian varieties of potatoes.

Note! Information about the country of origin of the variety is given in its description (at the end), here, just for convenience, the names of the varieties are grouped by origin (alphabetically), as well as the names of other less popular varieties.

Russian

Interesting! Russia is the third largest potato producer in the world (31.1 million tons). The first - from China (99.1 million tons), the second - from India (43.8 million tons).

Data from the UN Food Organization (FAO) for 2016.

According to the FCS, in 2017, Russia purchased abroad 25.8 thousand tons of seed potatoes for $ 14.1 million.The main suppliers were the Netherlands (33% in value terms) and Germany (27%). In addition to European countries, Russia buys seed potatoes from Belarus (4.5% of supplies this year) and China (3.1%).

Of the varieties already described in the review, the best representatives of Russian selection are:

  • Aurora
  • Blue
  • Zhukovsky early
  • Kamensky
  • Gingerbread man
  • Lyubava
  • Meteor
  • Nevsky
  • Ryabinushka
  • Tuleyevsky
  • Luck

Of course, there are many other less popular, but quite good Russian varieties, the most famous of which are:

  • Alyona
  • Vyatka
  • Elizabeth
  • Irbit
  • Lorch
  • Purple.

Ukrainian

Interesting! Although there are not so many Ukrainian varieties, especially well-known in Russia, Ukraine ranks 4th in terms of potato production in the world (21.8 million tons).

Data from the UN Food Organization (FAO) for 2016.

The best varieties of Ukrainian selection presented in the review are:

  • Lugovskoy
  • Scroll of Kiev.

  • Gourmet
  • Dnipryanka
  • Fun
  • Glow
  • Povin
  • Serpanok
  • Slav
  • Teterev
  • Chervona Ruta.

Belarusian

If in Western Europe Holland can be called the second homeland of potatoes, in Eastern Europe it is, of course, Belarus.

Interesting! The real homeland of potatoes is South America (Peru, Bolivia, Chile).

The best Belarusian varieties described in the review are:

  • Breeze
  • Zhuravinka
  • Lasunok
  • Scarb
  • Uladar.

  • Axamit
  • Surplus
  • Crane
  • Lileya Belarusian
  • Manifesto
  • Pace
  • Yanka.

Dutch

Interesting! Despite the fact that the Dutch varieties are popular all over the world, the Netherlands occupies only 10th place in potato production (6.5 million tons), leaving Germany far ahead (10.7 million tons).

So, the best varieties of Dutch breeding potatoes presented in the review are:

  • Impala
  • Colomba (Colombo)
  • Labella
  • Picasso
  • Red Scarlet
  • Riviera
  • Sante (Santa)

  • Vega
  • Condor
  • Latona
  • Lady Claire
  • Ukama.

German

By the way! German varieties, along with Dutch ones, are considered one of the best in Europe and the world, and Germany itself ranks 6th in the world in potato production (10.7 million tons).

The best varieties of German breeding potatoes presented in the review are:

  • Adretta
  • Bellarosa
  • Vineta
  • Gala
  • Zekura
  • Queen anne
  • Rodriga
  • Rosara.

And also a little less well-known varieties:

  • Arosa
  • Jelly
  • Karatop
  • Laura.

By the way! The review also includes one Austrian variety - Roco (Rocco).

Of course, choosing a variety for yourself and your needs (taste preferences and goals), your site (soil fertility) and the climatic conditions of the region is quite difficult, but, as you understand, there is a sufficient variety of varieties, among which there will certainly be those that can satisfy any your needs and capabilities.

Important! You should not "get hung up" on one favorite variety, it is better to grow several on the site at once, because the yield of the variety can fluctuate from season to season. Moreover, each variety, as a rule, is especially good for certain purposes: some are for making mashed potatoes, others for frying, third varieties are suitable for early digging for the sake of young potatoes, the fourth are for long winter storage and have a fairly universal application.


List of the most productive potato varieties

To get a good harvest, you need to choose the right potato variety. At the same time, it is important to take into account the ripening time, resistance to diseases, pest infestation and mechanical damage. It is also important how crops tolerate unfavorable weather factors, in particular, drought, high humidity and freezing temperatures. Varieties that thrive in southern regions may not be suitable for gardeners in northern latitudes at all. Much also depends on the purpose of a particular variety. For example, there are special types of potatoes with decorative properties for further sale.

  • 1 Classification
    • 1.1 Most popular early varieties
      • 1.1.1 Vyatka
      • 1.1.2 Domodedovsky
      • 1.1.3 Sedov
  • 2 Mid-season
  • 3 The most beautiful varieties
    • 3.1 Rocco
    • 3.2 Reserve
  • 4 The most delicious varieties
    • 4.1 Picasso
    • 4.2 Tuleyevsky
    • 4.3 Dauphine
    • 4.4 Pie
    • 4.5 Gourmet
  • 5 Elite species
    • 5.1 Lugovskoy
    • 5.2 Zhukovskaya early
    • 5.3 Nevsky
  • 6 Best seed crops
  • 7 What to grow on sandy soils?
    • 7.1 Volzhanin
    • 7.2 Typhoon
    • 7.3 Ramona
    • 7.4 Rodrigo
  • 8 Potatoes for clay soils
  • 9 Selection for each region of the country
    • 9.1 Moscow Region
      • 9.1.1 Spring white
      • 9.1.2 Timo Hankkiyan
    • 9.2 For the Leningrad region
      • 9.2.1 Hope
      • 9.2.2 Latona
  • 10 For the Urals and Siberia
    • 10.1 Popular early species
    • 10.2 Medium early for the Urals
    • 10.3 Universal
  • 11 Most productive species
  • 12 most persistent
  • 13 Extremely hardy
    • 13.1 Adretta
    • 13.2 Elizabeth
    • 13.3 Aspia
  • 14 Foreign selection
    • 14.1 Dutch
      • 14.1.1 Bentier
      • 14.1.2 Vega
      • 14.1.3 Labella
      • 14.1.4 Lady Claire
    • 14.2 German breeding
      • 14.2.1 Queen Anne
      • 14.2.2 Karatop
      • 14.2.3 Gala
  • 15 Newest varieties
    • 15.1 Mountain ash
    • 15.2 Aurora
    • 15.3 Vasily
    • 15.4 Sarovskiy
    • 15.5 Wizard
    • 15.6 Scarlet Sail

Potatoes in our country are divided into four varieties. This is early, ripening from 60 to 80 days, medium - 80-90 days and mid-ripening - 90-110, late-ripening - 110-120.

Early varieties develop tubers the fastest, and the harvest appears faster. But this type of potato is poorly preserved.That is why it must be grown in small quantities, and immediately cooked after digging.

There are 3 varieties of early potatoes.

The yield is up to 470 kg per one hundred square meters. Ripening period varies from 70 to 75 days.

Fruits are light and round, weight is from 100 to 140 g. The variety is distinguished by good taste.

Its yield is equal to 350 kg per one hundred square meters. Ripens in 80 to 90 days. According to the description, it feels best on light and rich soils.

Forms 16 tubers per bush. The fruits are tasty, round in shape. The mass of one potato reaches up to 100 g.

Productivity - up to 190 kg per one hundred square meters. Ripens in 70 days. Tubers are oval, white, tasty.

Weight varies from 90 to 140 g per piece. This species tolerates drought well. Differs in undemanding to the soil.

These types of potatoes have a longer growing season. But at the same time, their tubers are tastier, and the yield is higher. They can persist until next spring without loss of quality. The most popular ones are:

NameDescriptionPhoto
IrbitThe yield is up to 400 kg. Ripens in 70-90 days. In cultivation, it is unpretentious. It tastes great. The tubers are large, reddish, weighing 190 g.
BreezeUp to 600 kg per bush. Tubers are oval, yellow. Weight reaches 120 g. In cultivation, unpretentious
ManifestoOn average, it gives 350 kg, the maximum can reach 730 kg. Ripens in 90 to 110 days. On light and rich soils, it gives the most yield. Fruits are pink, their weight varies from 105 to 145 g
AuroraYields up to 410 kg per bush. It takes 80 to 85 days to ripen. The plant is tall. Fruits are oblong, light brown in color. Piece weight reaches 130 g. It has good taste characteristics.
AgathaMore than 250 kg per bush. It takes 50 to 55 days for the fruit to ripen. The variety is non-degenerate, capable of developing even on loam. The tubers are large, oval, light yellow in color. But the weight of one root vegetable ranges from 100 to 130 g.
LileyaBelongs to products of the Belarusian selection. The yield can be from 400 to 760 kg, depending on conditions. It takes 70 to 90 days to ripen. Tubers are yellow, oval, weighing from 100 to 200 g. Stored well. This species is characterized by its resistance to drought and feels great in all weather conditions.

Late varieties are distinguished by too long vegetation, so they are not grown in most of the territory of Russia.

There are varieties that, in addition to excellent taste and good yield, are distinguished by their visual appeal. The latter characteristic is important for those who grow vegetables for sale - to obtain marketable tubers.

Originally from Holland. Differs in high yield, gives up to 400 kg per one hundred square meters. The fruit tastes great. In the event of an attack by the Colorado potato beetle, it recovers quite quickly. This variety was able to adapt even to the harsh Siberian climate.

Tubers are red, oval in shape and weigh up to 120 g. With good care of the crop, individual potatoes can weigh up to 250 g.

The fruits of this variety are very beautiful, bronze in color. The variety grows well in dry, hot weather. Differs in resistance to late blight.

From one hundred square meters, you can collect up to 150 kg. Even with a prolonged cold snap, the culture does not succumb to diseases.

Most gardeners are of the opinion that the Tuleevsky, Picasso, Dauphine, Pai varieties have the most delicious root crops.


Watch the video: Best Potato-Growing Methods -- Low Tech Video, No. 15


Comments:

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  2. Daric

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  3. Garatun

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  4. Wann

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  6. Boas

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