7 best ornamental herbs to decorate a flower bed
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Cereals differ from each other in height, shape and color of leaves, splendor of inflorescences. With skillful use, they can become a real decoration of a garden plot, park or square.
A delicate plant that attracts attention with its simplicity and naturalness. It is a cereal perennial up to one meter high with a large number of long smooth olive or grayish leaves located on short shoots.
The flowering period of the foxtail begins in early summer. The flowers are collected in a volumetric spike-shaped inflorescence, resembling a spindle in shape. The plant belongs to morning cereals that bloom early in the morning, from 4 to 8 o'clock.
The fox tail needs a lot of sunlight and high humidity. It is planted in well-lit areas, providing protection from direct sunlight.
An unusual plant that forms small compact bushes of a round or spherical shape. She attracts the attention of flower growers with an exotic color of the leaves.
Fescue is hardy and easy to care for. It is often used by landscape designers to decorate personal plots in regions with a mild subtropical and temperate climate.
Fescue is a herbaceous plant of the Myatlikov family with a long creeping rhizome. Stems are tall, straight, thin. Their height, depending on the variety, can be 30 - 200 cm. The leaves are lanceolate with a rough or slightly pubescent surface.
Fescue blooms in July - August. At this time, tall peduncles are formed on the plant, covered with loose inflorescences, which effectively rise above the hummock. During this period, it takes on a spectacular airy look.
In one place, fescue can grow from 7 to 10 years. After that, it loses its decorative properties and needs to be updated. The cereal is widely used as a ground cover plant to prevent the development of weeds.
Pearl barley ciliate
A perennial cereal plant grows everywhere in areas with a temperate climate. Pearl barley is a bump formed by long narrow leaves of light green color. At the end of spring, the plant begins its flowering period. At this time, pearl barley is abundantly covered with long cream-colored spikelets.
Grain is well suited for decorating a spring garden. It is planted in mixborders, rockeries and flower beds. Inflorescences look good when cut. They are used to decorate bouquets and flower arrangements.
Kaleria gray, or thin-legged, is a perennial cereal plant that forms dense tussocks. The height of adult specimens is 50 - 60 cm. The kaleria has slightly curved, rigid stems with a slight thickening in the lower part. Outside, they are covered with short hairs, making their surface velvety to the touch. Inflorescences up to 5 cm long have a cylindrical or lobed shape.
Kaleria tolerates a winter drop in temperature well, but needs soils that are well permeable to moisture and air. It is used for single plantings, as well as for decorating rock gardens, lawns, ridges and rocky gardens.
A perennial ornamental plant that grows rapidly. At the beginning of summer, the plant takes on the appearance of an overgrown shrub with long straight shoots of a rich bright green color, up to two meters high.
The leaves are dense, slightly elongated and rough to the touch. With the onset of autumn, they turn pinkish yellow, burgundy or bright orange. Miscanthus blooms in early July. At this time, long inflorescences-panicles of white, cream, pink, blue hue appear on the plant.
Miscanthus looks good in single and group plantings. It is in harmony with bright flowering plants: roses, chrysanthemums, peonies. Grain will become a real decoration of rockeries. It can also be used for zoning a territory or decorating a site near an artificial reservoir.
Sandy spike is a herbaceous perennial of the Zlakovy family up to one and a half meters high. It has long, well-developed shoots covered with flat, tough leaves of a grayish-green, almost blue color. The ears are fluffy, thick, their height is 20-25 cm.
The spikelet is frost-resistant. Growth begins at low temperatures. The plant tolerates high humidity and extreme heat, air pollution and strong winds well.
For him, areas with loose sandy soil are chosen. In open areas, the cereal forms thickets. It is used for planting in mixborders and rockeries. The spikelet feels great next to other herbaceous plants and shrubs.
The plant is distinguished by its graceful appearance, unpretentiousness and easy to grow and care for. Molinia has oblong stems that form a dense basal rosette. The leaves are pinnate, with pointed tops. Their color can be dark green or variegated. Flowering begins in July. The flowers are simple and inconspicuous.
The plant looks good in the evening and in the morning, when thin shoots are abundantly covered with dew. Molinia needs a lot of space to help highlight her beauty.
Grain is incredibly popular with landscape designers. It is planted in compositions with low-growing flowering plants, as well as in compositions with shrubs that have a dark green color.
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Ornamental grass - use in landscape design and the selection of cereals (95 photos)
A country or household land plot in the modern sense implies only agricultural use, it is also a place of recreation and entertainment that requires proper registration. And in landscape design, you cannot do without ornamental grass, the cultivated species of which number hundreds of varieties.
Besides the standard green lawn carpets, it is used to decorate flower clubs, curbs, alpine slides and rockeries.
Brief content of the article:
Ornamental grasses: what is it?
Grasses and grasses are found in their natural environment in fields, meadows and forest edges. They differ greatly in height, shape and color of leaves, size and splendor of inflorescences. In the wild, these plants are in most cases unremarkable and are easily lost among other field vegetation. But with skillful use with herbs, beautiful landscape scenes are created in gardens, parks, front gardens.
The flowering of field grasses and cereals is fundamentally different from garden forms: instead of large beautiful flowers (roses, delphiniums, gladioli), they form a green spike or a dull panicle. The stem, which is also a peduncle, is very often tall and leafless, and the narrow linear leaves are collected in a dense basal rosette.
A special place in the design of gardens is occupied by vegetation native to the southern edges, which has a more expressive appearance. In temperate latitudes, it looks exotic, therefore it is used to create bright, extraordinary compositions.
Interesting. Grasses and cereals, growing in nature, are not spoiled by attention, therefore, in a cultivated state, they remain unpretentious. They are sensitive to the slightest care of their person, keep the freshness of the foliage for a long time and grow quickly.
After the plan is drawn up, you can transfer your project to the field. To begin with, you need, observing the scale, outline on the ground the boundaries of future beds, containers, paths, buildings and other elements of the future garden that you have planned on paper. The most convenient way to mark such boundaries is with twine and pegs.
Then you can start decorating the "inanimate" part of the garden: buildings, paths and fences. A wide variety of materials are suitable for the fence, depending on the style chosen - strict dark boards, graceful forged fences, bright multicolored fences made of painted wood or brick - it all depends on your imagination. In addition, you can use ready-made containers for planting - now they can be selected for almost every taste.
If necessary, we install outbuildings - greenhouses and other buildings. They also need to fit into the overall design. A good solution would be to add similar decorative elements to different buildings on the site - for example, if the pattern on the trellises for climbing plants repeats the pattern of a wrought-iron fence. The geometric lines of greenhouses can overlap with the pattern of the fence, and the bright fences of flower beds and beds can be combined in color with the gazebos. It will look stylish and organic, and besides, it will make your site truly unique.
Before laying paths, you need to take care of the drainage layer, which will absorb excess moisture. This is especially important if groundwater is passing close by. Therefore, before laying the covering, it is necessary to fill the space between the beds with a layer of sand and gravel. Sometimes, if the idea allows, you can turn the drainage into a decorative element - for example, use colored dumps or turn part of the site into rockery - such a zone is well suited for growing herbs. If you plan to cover the paths, for example, with a decking board, then it must be laid on top of the drainage.
Tall ornamental grasses for the garden
Ornamental cereals, the height of which exceeds one meter, are tall plants. They are used both as a background in multi-level compositions and to create flower screens. The tall ones include sharp-flowered reed grass, gray pennisetum, high pearl barley, sugar-flowered miscanthus, reed falaris (Figure 7).
Having chosen the site, we proceed to the preparation of the soil. It must be dug up, freeing from the remnants of weed roots, and leveled. Planting holes are made on a flat surface, corresponding to the size of the root system of the seedling. These holes need to be well moistened, and only after the moisture is absorbed, you can start planting. Most ornamental grasses should be planted at shallow depths. The roots are covered with moist earth, and the soil itself is compacted and carefully watered. After planting the plant, you can also resort to mulching, that is, sprinkle the soil with organic material to retain moisture longer. Some gardeners advise to shade the seedling slightly in the first days after planting.
Figure 7. Tall ornamental plants for the garden: 1 - sharp-flowered broom, 2 - gray pennisetum, 3 - sugar-flowered miscanthus
Further care is not particularly difficult. So, if the plant was planted in the summer, it is necessary to water it regularly for better survival, the grasses planted in spring and autumn, as a rule, take root easily and without additional watering. It is important to know that after heavy rains or abundant watering, the soil under the plantings should be loosened to avoid the formation of a soil crust. In parallel with loosening, weeding is carried out, removing weeds. It is not recommended to feed ornamental grasses in the year of planting. When preparing for winter, spread cut branches of shrubs in flower beds so that the snow can linger on them, forming a shelter for ornamental plants. When spring comes, prune the grass leaves and loosen the soil for the first time.
Ornamental grasses with a height of 50 cm to 1 meter are called medium-sized. Basically, they are used to decorate mixborders and form multi-tiered flower beds. Among medium-sized grasses, the most popular are feather grass, oats, pinnate bush, impera, falaris, and sesleria (Figure 8).
When choosing a site for planting, you should find out as much as possible about the species you have chosen, clarify the growing conditions and features of care. For example, falaris prefers soil rich in moisture, while imperata cylindrical does not tolerate its excess.
Figure 8. Types of medium-sized ornamental grasses for the garden: 1 - feather grass, 2 - sesleria, 3 - falaris
Having determined the place, you can start preparing the soil. It must be dug up, removing the rhizomes of perennial weeds, and leveled. Then you need to designate the estimated growing places of all elements of the flower bed, taking into account the size of adult bushes. Seedlings of ornamental grasses are planted in the planting holes, the soil around them is watered and compacted. Further care consists of watering as needed, loosening the soil and controlling weeds, spring pruning and shelter for the winter.
The height of low-growing ornamental grasses does not exceed 50 cm. Therefore, they are actively used in small gardens, where they take up very little space. With the help of low-growing ornamental grasses, you can decorate flower beds and areas with poor vegetation (Figure 9).
Figure 9. Low grasses for garden decoration: 1 - heather, 2 - haretail, 3 - maned barley
When starting to plant low-growing grasses, try to find out more about their features: what kind of soil do they prefer, what time of the year their active period of growth falls. Remember that you cannot fertilize the soil before planting perennial ornamental grasses, as this leads to their overgrowth and loss of shape in the future. The seedling must be watered abundantly after planting. Loosening and weeding regularly. In early spring, cut off last year's leaves and dry shoots, and some plants should be additionally covered for the winter. The only problem when leaving may be the excessive occupation of territories by some types of ornamental grasses, therefore, measures should be taken to limit the place of their growth.