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The best gooseberry varieties for the regions of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus

The best gooseberry varieties for the regions of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus


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To fall in love with gooseberry berries, you just have to try them once. And to try, you have to buy and grow a seedling. And to grow, you have to spend time and energy. Only then is all the joy given by this thorny pet of summer cottages fully felt. It does not require much, because a luxurious shrub is completely unpretentious and can give an excellent harvest even with minimal maintenance. Here's just one problem: the bush bites!

Why gooseberry thorns

Indeed, the thorns are a feature of the gooseberry bushes. They protect the branches from direct sunlight, condensation accumulates on them, so that the plant does not overheat even on a hot day. In addition, the thorns prevent the hoofed animals from reaching the sweet berries, thereby providing the plant with an increased survival rate among competitors.

But the summer cottage is a territory inviolable for elk and deer. Breeders have the opportunity to outsmart nature and create almost thornless gooseberry species.

Such crops appeared and over time received the active support of gardeners. And the classification of the plant by the presence or absence of thorns on the bush included thornless, medium thorny and strongly thorny varieties.

Gooseberry thorns complicate crop care - it's hard to pick berries, constantly risking pricks

Thornless gooseberries: advantages and disadvantages

Studless gooseberries are much more pleasant to work with. Hands and clothes do not suffer from thorns, and it has become easier and safer to carry out sanitary pruning of the bush. Wherein:

  • the taste advantages of the thornless varieties have not suffered;
  • the size of the berries has not changed;
  • frost resistance, vitality and disease resistance were preserved;
  • vegetative characteristics, including breeding methods, remained the same.

It should be noted that the concept of a thornless variety is very conditional. After all, branches with smooth trunks and one hundred percent absence of thorns are out of the question. They are still there, but smaller and less often located. Their appearance or absence depends on the climatic conditions of the region, agrotechnical cultivation methods, and the weather factor.

Some varieties grow thorns in the spring and shed them by the time of harvest. Others exhibit their thorns only in the first year after rooting, and do not have them in subsequent seasons. Still others may issue spikes every two years. The gardener must adapt to the nature of his thorny pets and, as far as possible, create the most favorable growth conditions for them.

Thornless gooseberry varieties are safe for hands, the berries are not inferior in taste to the prickly varieties

When choosing a particular culture, one should be guided by the characteristics of the region in which it will have to live and winter. It is clear that the varieties for the Moscow region and the south of Russia will differ. And cultures for areas with cold, long winters are generally special.

It is proposed to consider one by one the bright representatives of the gooseberry for some geoclimatic zones of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus.

The best varieties of gooseberries without thorns for the Moscow region and North-West Russia

Northwest Russia and the Moscow region are regions that have similar features in terms of vegetation growing conditions, including the factor of the range of summer and winter temperatures, soil composition, and the number of sunny days per season. Currently, a lot of varieties have been bred just for such criteria.

Grushenka

The medium-sized bush belongs to the medium-late varieties. The crown is semi-spreading with dense foliage. Thorns on the shoots are practically invisible. Gooseberry responds well to feeding with organic and mineral fertilizers, but at the same time it is undemanding to the composition of the soil. Resistant to drought, frosty winters and summer heat, as well as diseases typical of the gooseberry family.

The fruits are pear-shaped and weigh up to 8 grams. The color of ripe berries is dark purple, almost black. The taste is sweet and sour. The berries contain a lot of ascorbic and folic acids. The fruiting period is short. One plant can produce up to 6 kg of berries.

Grushenka tolerates cold and drought well, yield - up to 6 kg of berries from a bush

Gingerbread man

The culture appeared as a result of hybridization of varieties Pink and Smena. Introduced into the state register in 1988. Gooseberries are of medium ripening and medium spreading, requiring seasonal pruning. Of the shortcomings, average winter hardiness is noted, so the plant reacts negatively to early thaws and frosts. However, with proper care, it is easily restored. Has a strong immunity to powdery mildew and anthracnose. The thorns are short and weak, located on the lower branches.

Read more about the variety in our article - Gooseberry Kolobok: planting secrets and care nuances.

Fruits are formed on one- or two-year shoots. They are considered large, with an average weight of 5–8 grams. The skin is firm. Cherry color. Tasting score 4.5. They are used in canned and fresh forms, freezing of berries is allowed.

Kolobok is a hybrid variety from the Pink and Smena crops, the average weight of berries is up to 8 grams

North Captain

New generation gooseberries. Received a certificate of the state register in 2007. It is a vigorous crop with rich foliage and a spreading crown. Growth can reach 1.8 meters. The thorns are almost invisible and are located on the lower segments of the branches. The variety has high winter hardiness and resistance to anthracnose, septoria and powdery mildew. It is not susceptible to attacks of such pests as firefighter and sawfly. An indisputable advantage is the ability of the berries to hang on the branches for a long time without falling. Over the years of the existence of the variety, its ability to self-pollination has been noted.

The berries are relatively sweet, covered with a waxy coating. The color is almost black. The sugar content is fixed at around 9.2%. The acid is only 2.9%. But the size of the fruit is small with a weight of 3-4 grams. Productivity up to 11 kg per plant. Sweet products and homemade wine are made from berries.

Northern Captain - a tall shrub with a spreading crown, dark, almost black berries are great for winemaking

Chernomor

The variety got its start in 1994 and became regionalized for many regions of the Central Region. It is the result of selection from the crossing of 4 crops: Dates, Seedlings Maurer, Brazilian, Green Bottle. Ripens in the mid-late period. It is characterized by increased winter hardiness, the ability to resist gooseberry fungi and fire flames.

The bush is compact and relatively tall. Thorns are thin, sparsely located. The yield is high, it can reach 18 kg per bush. At the same time, the fruits are not large, the average weight is up to 3 grams. The color of the berries is close to black. There is a thin waxy coating. The tasting score for fresh fruits is 4.3, and for the juice produced from them - 4.7. The berries are easy to transport and are suitable for all types of consumption.

The yield of Chernomor reaches 18 kg per bush, the berries have a pleasant sweet taste

The best yellow and yellow-green varieties of gooseberries for the Moscow Region and the Central Black Earth Region of Russia

This group of gooseberries is especially loved by summer residents. After all, the berries not only stand out for their taste, but also delight gardeners with their sunny lemon, amber and canary tones. At the same time, caring for plants is no more difficult than for traditional red-green species.

Spring

Breeding variety of 2002. The bush is characterized by low branching. Single-type thorns are found only in the root part of the branches. Breeders note high frost-resistant properties and resistance to fungi. The branches tend to sink under the weight of the fruit. The yield of the bush is average. Berries are emerald-yellow, sour-sweet taste with a mass of 5-6 grams. The experts' score is 4.8 points.

The spring tolerates severe frosts well, the weight of large berries reaches 6 grams

Russian yellow

The culture has existed for nearly 45 years. The variety has medium-length thorns at the root of the branches. The bush is relatively low, the crown is slightly spreading. Resistant to fungal infections and drought. Recommended for planting in a pair with another species for the best pollination.

The fruits have an average weight of 6-7 grams and are considered large. The color is transparent yellow, the shape is elliptical. There is a waxy coating on the skin. The berries are able to stay on the branches for a long time without falling off or cracking. They tolerate transportation well. They are universal in their purpose.

Russian Yellow - a variety of medium spikiness, berries are large, yellow, weighing up to 7 g

Amber

Self-pollinated shrub is considered vigorous, often reaching 1.6 meters. There are a lot of thorns, but this inconvenience is compensated by a bright taste, early fruiting and high yield. It perfectly tolerates low temperatures in winter and sun rays in summer. It is grown almost everywhere, except for the cold north.

The fruits weigh 4.5–5 grams. There is some sourness in the honey flavor of the berry. They remain on the branches for a long time without dropping or losing taste. Transportability is excellent.

Altai license plate

The culture is one of the varieties of the mid-early ripening period. The crown is slightly spreading. Thorns are solitary, weak. Not afraid of moderate frosts and spring thaws. Has a strong immunity to diseases. Breeders note its high yield. The berries are yellow, sugar-sour. Used in any form.

Altai license plate has a stable immunity to diseases and very beautiful amber berries

Honey

Culture of medium ripening. The crown is high and spreading. There are many thorns on the branches. Unpretentious to low winter temperatures, withstands even severe cold up to -300C. But it resists pests and fungi poorly. Requires quality care, including pruning and a certain soil composition. Fruiting begins no earlier than the 3rd year after rooting.

Fruits are large, weighing up to 6 grams, with distinct notes of floral honey. Sugar content up to 17%. This characteristic puts it on a par with sweet varieties and gives it a well-deserved right to the title of amber grapes. The color of the fruit is golden. Elongated elliptical shape.

Berries of the Honey variety have a distinct taste of flower honey

Anniversary

The variety is the result of a long selection work on crossing the Houghton and Bedford yellow crops. The bush is tall in height and compact in the spreading of branches. It is characterized by sufficient winter hardiness and the ability to tolerate return frosts well. Has excellent immune performance against powdery mildew and anthracnose. The disadvantage is the presence of a large number of sharp thorns. The mass of berries is up to 4.5–5 grams. The color is golden orange. The taste has both sweetness and sourness. The yield is high.

Jubilee has sufficient winter hardiness and high productivity.

The best varieties for the Middle Volga region, the Urals and Siberia

Despite the huge space from the Middle Volga region to Siberia, the climate in these regions turned out to be in many ways suitable for growing cold-resistant gooseberry varieties. Mild winters, enough rains during the season and warm summers are precisely the determining factors that have united such a large territory.

Ural variety Harlequin received a tasting score of 4.8 out of five

Among the most popular are the following:

  1. Senator. The gooseberry certificate was obtained in 1995 at the South Ural Research Institute of Fruit and Vegetable Growing. The plant is vigorous with an average ripening period. During the tests, it showed all its best advantages: frost resistance, indifference to powdery mildew, the practical absence of thorns. However, it turned out to be susceptible to septoria and some types of pests. The sweet and sour taste of maroon fruits is very pleasant. Average weight 3.3 grams. The yield is high. The tasting committee rated the variety at 4.7.
  2. Prune. The plant has thick shoots, few thorns and medium vigor. Resistant to fungus and many gooseberry insects. The berries are elongated, large, weighing up to 4 grams. There is a slight velvet coating on the skin. When fully ripe, the color is close to black. Up to 5 kg of fruits are harvested from a three-year-old bush. The variety is suitable for conservation and fresh consumption.
  3. Ural emerald. The culture is included in the state register in 2000. The bush has a low growth and a slightly spreading crown. Thorns are observed along the entire length of the branches. Fits easily under a snowdrift in regions with moderate winter rainfall. Withstands cold up to -370C. Fruit color is deep green. round shape, weight up to 4.5 grams. The experts' score is 4.9. The yield is average.
  4. Change. A variety for universal cultivation in areas from the Moscow region and Kaliningrad to Murmansk and Sakhalin, including the Urals and Siberia. Not recommended only in the foothills of the Caucasus. Product from the crossing of Green Bottle and Houghton varieties. Thin and few thorns do not cause discomfort to gardeners at all. The bush requires regular pruning, without which the fruits become smaller. The berries have a purple-burgundy hue and a bluish skin. The taste is distinctive and attractive. Tasting score of 4.2 out of five. The harvest can reach 6-7 kg per bush.
  5. Malachite. The variety is popular with summer residents. It has existed since 1959. Gooseberry hybrid Date and Black Negus. It took root in almost all climatic zones of Russia. The crop is prized for its high cold resistance, resistance to powdery mildew and resistance to the sawfly. The fruits are oval, slightly pear-shaped. Bright green in color, they have a sour taste. Weight 4-7 grams. Low yield, up to 5 kg per bush.
  6. Reliable. The hybrid is derived from European varieties. Possesses enviable cold resistance and strong resistance to fungal infections. There are small, weak thorns. The berries weigh up to 3 grams, but they are sweet with a fragrant sourness. Pink colour. Tasting score from experts - 4.0.
  7. Beryl. Breeding variety in 1998. Plant with medium spreading. Shows winter hardiness and resistance to powdery mildew. The fruit is yellowish green with a thin shell. Average weight 3.0-3.5 grams. The experts' score is 4.3 out of five.

Photo gallery: gooseberry varieties, zoned for the Middle Volga region, the Urals, Siberia

The best varieties for Ukraine, Belarus and southern Russia

These regions are combined into one group for growing gooseberries due to the similar soil composition of the soil in these areas, an almost ideal climate with mild winters and year-round high solar factor, and a long growing season. All this contributes to the good growth and fruiting of gooseberry crops.

Let's analyze several characteristic varieties.

  1. Spring. The culture was developed by the Belarusian Research Institute. Zoned not only for Ukraine and Belarus, but also for the Moscow region. The superearly variety has a compact crown. The branches are prickly in the middle. The bush has a certain cold resistance. The fruits are even, lemon-yellow in color. The mass of berries is on average from 3 to 4 grams. The taste is delicate and pleasant. However, when overripe, the berries acquire a mealy flavor. Productivity from one unit to 4.5 kg per bush.
  2. African. The main advantages of the variety are stable cold resistance, unpretentiousness, resistance to fungus and aphid attacks. Even with minimal maintenance, it pleases gardeners with a full-fledged harvest - up to 10 kg per bush. The gooseberry is medium-sized, moderately spreading. It is not recommended to thicken the branches, and from 3 years of age it is necessary to carry out regular pruning. Berries are large dark purple. Sweet to taste, slightly reminiscent of black currants.
  3. Commander. Hybrid from African and Chelyabinsk Green. It winters well not only in the south, but also in the temperate zone.Resistant to fungal infections, practically not affected by aphids. Belongs to the group of mid-early varieties. The berries begin to ripen in mid-May, and by June fruiting can reach up to 8 kg per bush. The variety is appreciated for its exquisite taste with a piquant sourness. The mass of one berry is 4–5 grams.
  4. Kubanets. The appearance of the variety was registered in 1997. Spreading bush, but not high. Thorns are observed in the root part of the shoots. The sweet and sour taste of green fruits was rated 4.4 points. A very productive crop with proper care and timely pruning.
  5. Belarusian sugar. The culture belongs to the mid-early. The harvest on bushes, the growth of which does not exceed 1 meter, ripens in mid-July. There are enough thorns. The fruits are large, weighing 9-10 grams. Color - light green. The taste has a pleasant sweetness. The variety is universal according to its purpose.

Photo gallery: gooseberry varieties zoned for Ukraine, Belarus and southern Russia

Sweet gooseberry varieties

Sweet varieties include gooseberry varieties in which the sugar content varies between 9.5 and 17%. The second name for such crops is dessert. Among the above types, the sweet ones include Russian yellow, Grushenka, Northern Captain, Medovy, Ural Emerald.

The table below will help to characterize the varieties that are not included in this list.

Table: sweet gooseberry varieties and their characteristics

Photo gallery: sweet gooseberry varieties

Large-fruited gooseberry varieties

Varieties with a weight range from 9 to 30 grams are considered large-fruited. As a rule, they all have moderate to weak thorns and are well adapted to the moderate frosts of the western part of the country.

Below is a table with some large-fruited varieties, the weight of which does not exceed 15 grams.

Table: varieties with large berries and their characteristics

In addition to the aforementioned varieties, large-fruited include Severyanin (9 g), Krasnodar Lights (9 g), Lada (9-10 g), Protector (up to 160 g), Krasnoslavyansky (up to 10 g), Green Bottle (15 g).

Photo gallery: large-fruited gooseberry varieties

Some heavy crops greatly exceed these standard large berry sizes. For example, the Antagonist grows up to 40 g, Leveler - up to 45 g. And the London variety (54–58 g) is recognized as the champion in weight - a product of European selection.

Video: planting, breeding, caring for gooseberries

Some people associate gooseberries with the taste of grapes, while others associate them with unpleasant crawling under thorny bushes. But the Chekhovian hero has a cozy village life.

You sit on the balcony, drink tea, and the ducks swim on the pond, it's so good ... and the gooseberries grow.

So why not provide yourself with that comfort, including the joy of interacting with the thorny but sweet resident of the backyard!

Not all varieties are presented in the article. The choice from the crops of domestic and foreign selection is extremely diverse: both in the color of the fruit, and in the size of the berry, and in terms of ripening, and in terms of yield. You can choose a fruiting species for any region of Russia, Ukraine or Belarus, based on personal preferences and geoclimatic features. There would be a desire!

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In the gooseberry, many gardeners value the sweetness the most. Sweet gooseberries are delicious fresh, good for preservation and desserts. There are sweet varieties among gooseberries of different colors and different dates of readiness.

White Nights

This variety belongs to the early maturing group. It is grown mainly in the Northwest regions. The plant is sprawling, compact, of moderate height, with straight branches. The spines are large, sharp - up to 1.2 cm long. Fruits are small and medium. The shape is round and round-oval. The color is light green. The berry weighs 1.5-3 g. The maximum weight is 4 g. The sides, facing the sun, acquire a yellowish tint. There are a lot of seeds - about 20 seeds in one fruit.

The variety bears fruit stably in sunny areas with fertile soils. Poorly tolerates excess moisture and cold. Berries have a good taste - this is what experts call "dessert". The taste is highly rated on a tasting 5-point scale - 4.5. Differs in resistance to cold. Resists powdery mildew. Collection from a bush - 4.5-6.2 kg. The variety is self-fertile. The purpose is universal. Minus - thorns and smallness of the fruit.

Pink 2

This famous dark red berry ripens early. Included in the State Register since 1971. The plant is semi-spreading, the shoots have medium-sized thorns. Average weight of fruits - 5-7 g. Color - dark red, there is a slight waxy bloom. There is no pubescence on the berries.

Drought and frost resistant variety. The harvest depends on the growing conditions. From one bush harvested from 1.8 to 6 kg. The variety is self-fertile, resistant to powdery mildew and other gooseberry diseases. It tolerates transportation well - the berries are not choked. Disease resistant.

Candy

Late-ripening variety, ideal for Eastern Siberia. Included in the State Register since 2008. It is not for nothing that the variety got such a tasty name, the "Candy" gooseberry is one of the most "sugar" varieties. The berry weighs 3 g, the maximum weight is 6 g. The color is pink, the fruits are thin-skinned, of the same size, oval, there is a slight pubescence.

The variety is high-yielding - up to 6.5 kg of berries grow on one bush. Plants are dense, of medium height. Fruiting in the second year after planting. The fruits are universal - they are suitable for making compotes, jams, marmalade, pastilles and wine. An important advantage of the variety is the use of fruits in varying degrees of ripeness. The yield of one bush is 2-6 kg. The berries have a pronounced dessert taste; they have been assigned the maximum tasting score. The variety belongs to the frost-resistant category, it is resistant to the main enemies of gooseberries - powdery mildew and anthracnose. There is only one problem - septoria.

At the beginning of the last century, all gooseberry plantations were destroyed by powdery mildew. Since then, breeders have bred many varieties that are resistant to this scourge, but the berry has never had its former popularity.

Seedling Lefort

A variety with sweet berries and spiked shoots. It has been cultivated for over half a century. In the State Register since 1959. Vigorous plants, spreading and dense. Shoots slope down a little, the thickness of the thorns is average. The berries are round-oval or obovate, with a smooth surface, red-violet, thick-skinned. The pulp is thick. On average, the mass of berries is 7 g.

The fruits have a dessert taste, they are versatile - tasty fresh, excellent in processing. The variety is winter-hardy, it is cultivated in the northern regions and can withstand extreme temperature conditions. Harvest from a bush - from 2 to 3.7 kg.

Cooperator

Medium late self-fertile gooseberry, bred by the Ural breeders. Included in the State Register in 1999. Zoned in the Ural region. The bushes are medium-sized, slightly spreading. There are few thorns on the shoots - they are located in the lower part. The fruits are large, pear-shaped, with a thin skin, weighing 3.1-7.6 g. Color - dark red, almost black. The skin is of medium thickness or thin, without pubescence. Average number of seeds.

Differs in high drought resistance, well tolerates heat. The berries have a dessert taste. Received a tasting score of 4.8 points. One bush gives 3.7-6.9 kg. The variety is winter-hardy and resistant to powdery mildew, anthracnose and sawflies. Afraid of septoria. The taste is sweetish, but there is an obvious sourness.

Belarusian sugar

Gooseberries of the Belarusian selection. The plant is compact, not particularly sprawling, tall. Medium sized spikes are available. The fruits are large, their weight reaches 4-8.5 g. The shape is round-oval, the skin is not pubescent. Coloring - greenish-white.

Highly self-fertile variety. Pros - firmly withstands frosts, productivity, resistance to fungi. Relative resistance to powdery mildew. Fruiting - 13-19 years. Berries with a dessert flavor.

There are many pectins in gooseberries - they enhance the body's ability to resist unfavorable ecology, remove toxins and toxins.

Russian yellow

A mid-season self-fertile variety entered in the State Register in 1974. The variety was created on the basis of the "Russian" variety - this is its mutant. The plant is of medium height, medium spreading. The pulp is much softer than that of the “Russian” variety - it is the forefather of the “Russian yellow” variety. Fruit color - amber, yellow-green. The weight of the berries is 6-8 g. The shape is rounded-elongated, ellipsoid, there is no pubescence, but there is a waxy bloom.

The fruits do not crumble, do not burst, and are not damaged during transportation. The fruits are eaten fresh, used to prepare a variety of wines and fruit drinks. Up to 4 kg of berries are harvested from one plant. Tasting score - 4 points. The taste is standard. It tolerates cold and dry periods without damage. Excellent presentation. Minus - the spreading of the bushes.

Sirius

Medium late variety, entered in the State Register in 1994 - for cultivation in the Central Black Earth Region. Bushes are above average but compact. Shoots with pubescence, minimum of thorns. Fruits are small - up to 3.6 g. Not the same size, spherical. Color - dark red. Evaluation on a tasting scale - 4-4.4 points.

The berries are good for any purpose. They are distinguished by pleasant sweetness. One bush gives from 4 to 7 kg of berries. Pros - winter hardiness, practically does not get sick with powdery mildew.

Beryl

A mid-season, self-fertile variety, bred for the West Siberian region. Shoots are covered with thorns. Fruits are light green, round, large, weigh on average 6 g. Maximum - 9 g.

The berries are sweet, but with a sour taste, the taste is close to dessert. They tolerate long-distance transportation well. The bush gives berries from 3 to 10 kg. Minus - affected by septoria.

In 100 g of gooseberries, 44 kcal. The healthiest gooseberry is green. It is said that if it is eaten straight from the bush, it can withstand the effects of radiation.

Chernomor

Medium Late Gooseberry with Sweet Black Berries. Bushes vigorous, slightly spreading, with a dense crown and medium branching. On the shoots there are rarely located single thorns directed downward. Fruits are not pubescent, oval, dark ruby. Ripe berries turn black. Fruit weight - 3 g.

The berries have a sweet and sour taste. 4.3 points on the tasting scale. The bush gives 3-4 kg of berries. Not afraid of powdery mildew. The fruits do not spoil for a long time - they are good for realization. The variety is easily propagated by cuttings and layering. Minus - the small weight of the fruit.


Classification of varieties by maturity

Gooseberries are classified according to their ripening times. Between early and late, a period of two months. It is recommended to plant shrubs with different periods, then within several months it will be possible to harvest the fruits.

Early

These varieties ripen in the middle of June. These include: Eaglet, Yarovoy, Rodnik, Salut, Pink 2, Russian, Finnish.

Average ripeness

These include: Kolobok, Pink-2, Hinnomaki Gelb, Pax, White Triumph, Krasnoslavyansky, Moscow Red, Prune.

Late

Shrubs of these varieties ripen in the second half of August. These include: Russian, Malachite, Sadko, Smena, Date, Northern Captain, Serenada, Chernomor.


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