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What products can be stored in the country all season and even left for the winter

 What products can be stored in the country all season and even left for the winter


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With the beginning of the sowing season, gardeners bring to the dacha not only seedlings, but also the products necessary for nutrition. Some of them can be left for the entire season, until next spring. The main thing is to properly pack and create suitable conditions.

Pasta and cereals

The average shelf life of pasta indicated by manufacturers is two years. Leaving pasta at the dacha, it is imperative to pour it from the bag into an airtight container, for example, a glass jar with a plastic lid. Pasta in an open pack will saturate foreign odors, stick together at humidity over 70%, and if it is below 50%, it will dry out. Even in a sealed container, this product should not be left in direct sunlight, otherwise it will crack. Products made from hard grades, which are marked on the packaging as "group A", are more resistant to fluctuations in temperature and humidity. But it is also better to pack them hermetically so that vitamins are not lost during storage and a nasty smell does not appear.

Flour

Flour absorbs moisture and odors well, loses its properties due to temperature changes, and beetles quickly start in it. You need to store wheat flour in an airtight container, like pasta, but only during the summer season. Leaving it for the winter does not make sense, because the shelf life is on average 6 months from the date of manufacture. If the house is very hot, it is best to keep the flour in the refrigerator. Rye is also good for only six months, and whole wheat is only good for three months.

Salt and sugar

The shelf life of table salt is 2 years. If the composition contains an anti-caking agent, and the salt is stored in an airtight container, then its properties will last much longer. Iodized salt is more susceptible to spoilage. Iodine under the influence of light and air is destroyed in 2-3 months, and this salt loses its original value. Marine - the most resistant to spoilage and does not lose its beneficial properties for a long time. Sugar quickly absorbs odors and moisture, which is why it clumps strongly and spoils the taste of products prepared with its use. Store sugar and salt in a glass or plastic container with a tight fit. lid in a dark, dry, cool place. So they can lie for several years without losing their original organoleptic qualities.

Sunflower oil

You cannot leave sunflower oil in the country for the winter. Its shelf life is no more than 6 months. If during storage the temperature indicated on the bottle is not respected or the oil is often exposed to sunlight, then the shelf life is reduced by at least half. An open bottle should be stored in the refrigerator, preferably no more than a month. Due to the ingress of air, the oil oxidizes, loses its beneficial properties, vitamin E is partially destroyed.

Honey

Natural honey can be stored for up to ten years, and all the beneficial substances contained in it will remain unchanged. However, the container must also be correct - a sealed glass jar, and you should choose a basement, cellar or refrigerator as a storage place. At temperatures above 8 ° C, honey begins to sugar and exfoliate. A store product is usable on average for 6-12 months if the jar is at room temperature. In cold weather, this period increases to three years.

Condensed milk

If there is fresh condensed milk in the country, you can leave it there until next season. The product can be stored in a tin can for up to 15 months at a temperature of 0 to 10 ° C, and in soft bags with a dispenser - up to 12 months. If the temperature is higher, then the terms are almost halved. Therefore, condensed milk can only be left in the cellar or refrigerator. Opened packaging is valid only for a day, even if stored in the refrigerator.

Canned fish and stew

Stew in a tin can is good for about four years, and canned fish for two years. Despite sterilization, these products need to be stored in a dark, cool place where the temperature ranges from 0 to 8 ° C. Under the influence of heat or freezing temperatures, the aggregate state of meat and fish changes, proteins and trace elements are partially destroyed. The best storage place is a well-ventilated cellar.

Tea coffee

Tea in any container should be stored away from sunlight at temperatures up to 25 ° C and at a humidity of no more than 70%. To protect tea from accidental moisture penetration, while maintaining air exchange, you can pour it into eco-friendly paper kraft bags. Instant coffee in factory packaging is usable for two years. But you need to take care that it is not exposed to temperature extremes, otherwise the taste and smell of the product will change. Coffee that is independently ground from whole grains cannot be stored.


Garden and vegetable garden - total control!

A summer cottage, a garden and a vegetable garden - from these very words a fresh wind blows with aromas of flowers and fruits! It doesn't matter who you are - an adherent of homemade products grown with your own hands, or an aristocrat spoiled by civilization, there is a place under the sun for everyone on Sotka!

Sooner or later, even the most comfortable apartments are not able to keep us in their close embraces, and we break out into nature. Someone confines themselves to barbecue in the meadow, while others find incomparable pleasure in contemplating the hatching seeds of tomatoes and tender sprouts of pansies, in blossoming buds and buzzing bees. How can you limit yourself in such happiness ?!


Growing and caring for valerian

Valerian loves moist, fertilized, fertile soils. Grows in shaded areas. It can reach a height of up to 2 m. It is recommended to plant it along a fence or near trees, water bodies. It is better not to plant under windows, as the specific smell of flowers, through an open window, easily penetrates the house. Not everyone likes this scent. Plants need to be planted in early spring or late autumn. Valerian takes root well. The flowering period starts from the second year. The rhizomes and roots of the plant are medicinal. To increase their mass and quantity, you need to apply fertilizers:

  1. Apply organic fertilizers to the soil before planting. Dig up and level the area.
  2. Before flowering, feed with nitroammophos, at the rate of 30-40g m 2.
  3. After flowering, if the rhizomes are not dug out this year, fertilize with potash fertilizers.

Valerian grows well in the place where vegetables were planted in front of it (potatoes, tomatoes, radishes, cabbage, peas). In the fall, you need to prepare the plant for wintering. For this, all the stems are cut, leaving only 4-8 cm in height. Valerian hibernates perfectly. Even young shoots can tolerate frosts up to - 6 ℃.

Valerian is not demanding in leaving. All cultivation manipulations include:

  • weeding
  • fertilization
  • loosening the soil
  • constant watering
  • removal of flowering stems, if you do not need to grow seeds for sowing.

Such simple actions will ensure a good harvest of rhizomes in the fall. You need to dig them out from plants that are at least 2 years old.


What food can be stored in the country - garden and vegetable garden

Hydrangea Sunday Fries is an irreplaceable flowering shrub for garden decoration. Few people remain indifferent to the beauty of the bushes blooming in white in early spring, and then pinking bushes.
⠀ Show in full.
Flowering lasts from mid June to October. On the same bush, you can simultaneously admire flowers of different colors. Only the beginning flowering is white, pink in the middle of flowering and bright crimson by the end of the process. The acidity of the soil plays an important role in the intensity of color and color range of inflorescences.

Advantages:
- a plant of amazing beauty
- the ability to grow in shade and partial shade
- well tolerates air pollution, so it can be safely planted along roads to create a hedge.

Solutions for a good harvest of cucumbers

To get a rich harvest of cucumbers, you need to feed them regularly! Bread leaven is perfect for this. It's easy to cook! Fill a bucket 2/3 full with sliced ​​brown bread crusts, Expand. cover with water and press down with something heavy. Otherwise, the crusts will float when the bread begins to sour. Place the bucket in a warm place for a week. Such dressing can be carried out once a week I dilute the resulting starter with water 1: 3 and water the cucumbers under the root - 0.5 liters per bush, from the beginning of flowering to the beginning of wilting.

Leaves turn yellow - there is not enough potassium. it is good to spray with an infusion of ash (2 tbsp of ash per liter of boiling water and leave for two days), such an infusion will also help with powdery mildew on gooseberries (it is better to do this during bud opening and flowering ambassador) or like this: Feed them with onion infusion. To do this, add 1 tbsp. To a metal bucket of warm water (30 gr.). onion peel. Put the bucket on fire, bring to a boil and let it brew for 2 hours. Then pour the infusion over the cucumber leaves from the watering can

From powdery mildew, sprinkle with sour milk (1: 1), filtering of course before that (so as not to bother with filtering, you can spray it with a broom). It will remove everything as if by hand, although there are a lot of drugs against the American spherotek (a hybrid with the local one), but this is the only simple and effective way, and moreover, safe. You will have to spray 1 per week for sure. costs of biomass

Powdery mildew will help a solution of baking soda 50 gr. 10 liters. water + 50 gr. soap. and spray generously.

Marigolds: decorative properties and benefits in the garden

Marigolds fell in love with gardeners throughout Russia, this is due to their undemanding care and decorative function. They are planted as in suburban garden plots, Show in full. so in city parks, and in both territories they grow equally well. With their help, flower beds, park paths are decorated, and are widely used in landscape design.

Decorative function of flowers
These plants have a bright and rich color, as well as a lush bushy shape. The combination of orange petals and green foliage looks advantageous, and the attention of others is riveted on the marigolds. Therefore, flowers are used as the main element of a flower bed or garden. Most often, marigolds are orange, but in addition, yellow and red varieties have been bred.

The main advantage of the studied flowers is long and spectacular flowering. Marigolds bloom until cold weather, which not every flower can boast of. Most varieties of these annuals begin to bloom in July, but there are early varieties that bloom as early as mid-June.

In addition, the florist will appreciate the variety of varieties. Someone will choose lush flowers that resemble a hat or a sphere, while someone will prefer less catchy marigolds. Most often, you can find orange varieties, but less standard, brown, bright yellow and scarlet, are not inferior to them in attractiveness. In addition, the varieties may differ in stems and foliage. Such a wide selection allows you to decorate the garden the way the florist wants.

In addition to the listed advantages, the unpretentiousness of marigolds and their resistance to pests are distinguished. The dense foliage of the flowers retains moisture and provides a resource for the entire plant, simplifying the gardener's duties.
Due to the lush foliage and abundant flowering, marigolds resemble a floral carpet. And by planting varieties of flowers of different heights, you can create a multi-tiered composition. Such a flower bed will draw attention to itself and help hide plants that have already faded. With the help of marigolds, color spots are created on the lawns.

Useful properties for the garden
The practical use of these flowers is to attract beneficial insects and repel harmful ones. The smell that marigolds give off attracts bees, bumblebees and butterflies. These insects, in turn, pollinate nearby plants. The aroma of marigolds also scares off the Colorado potato beetle, so it is recommended to plant flowers next to eggplant, a crop that suffers more seriously than others from the invasions of this pest.

The buds and stems of marigolds contain a large amount of essential oil, which explains their effect on insects.


"LABUDA" Information and entertainment Internet magazine

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The most popular medicinal herbs that are grown on the site are mint and lemon balm. Tea made with these plants is always popular. And how to properly grow them and use them, in addition to tea, will be discussed in the article. In addition, we will figure out what medicinal properties they have and how to apply them in group plantings.

Features of growing mint

This unpretentious plant has several types, but for its taste and medicinal properties, it is valued peppermint. Gardeners grow it most of all. A delicate, sweetish taste with a rich mint aroma is just the case when taste and benefit are combined.

Mint is an unpretentious plant. It can grow both on chernozems and on sandy and clayey soils. The main thing is watering. Remember to water, especially on hot days. Then, even sunny territories can be mastered by this plant. But the advantage must be given to penumbra. But stagnation of moisture is contraindicated. Root decay can lead to the death of plantings. Mint multiplies:

  • By dividing the bush (rhizomes). To do this, in late April or early May, you need to dig up several young shoots with rhizomes and plant them on the desired site. Such manipulations can be carried out at the end of August.
  • Reproduction by cuttings proceeds as follows: break off twigs 7-8 cm long, put in water and wait for the roots to appear. Plant in the ground when the length of the roots is at least 2 cm.
  • Seeds. This method is the most difficult and time consuming. Seed germination is low, there is a lot of trouble in the care of seedlings. Therefore, for beginner amateurs, the first two methods are more suitable. When mint blooms, self-seeding is possible, then young plants grow well by themselves, they can be safely transplanted when the height reaches 5 cm.

  • Strong growth of rhizomes. Therefore, you need to be prepared for a massive seizure of territory. If the area around is empty, this is only a plus. But with limited spaces - a problem. But there is a way out: planting in large pots or making fences. To do this, limiters (pieces of slate, metal sheets or other pieces of durable material) are hammered into the soil to a depth of 10-15 cm.
  • Excellent bushiness when long shoots are often broken off. This feature will help make good preparations for the winter from a small number of bushes and pick fresh shoots for tea all season. When the stems reach a height of 15 cm, you need to tear off the tops, 5 cm - 7 cm long.Then two branches will grow from each branch in a couple of weeks. And when these shoots reach 10 cm, pluck them too, leaving 5 cm for new branches. Don't wait for the mint to bloom. Leaves become hard and bushiness decreases.
  • Mass cut shoots. When the length of the mint stalks reaches 15-20 cm, a mass harvest of raw materials can be carried out. To do this, cut off all the mint stems with scissors, leaving 5 cm high shoots from the ground. After a couple of weeks, new branches will appear, which, with good watering, grow quickly.

Features of growing lemon balm

Melissa has a number of popular names: lemon mint, bee mint, honey, lemon grass. And all because the delicate aroma of this plant resembles a mixture of mint with citrus zest. And the flowers are excellent honey plants, attracting with the aroma of bees. But if it is necessary to prepare a decent amount of raw materials, then it is unnecessary to allow flowering.

When it comes to growing lemon balm in a personal plot or in a garden, then you need to pay attention to the following points:

  • It is better to propagate the plant by dividing the bush or cuttings. It is difficult to grow seeds. Although, it reproduces well by self-seeding. It is fashionable to replant young plants when they reach a height of 5 cm.
  • Lemon balm overgrowth is not as strong as mint. It is more restrained, and the root system is kept within the bush.
  • It is recommended to pluck the raw material as the branches grow up to 15-20 cm. New shoots grow rapidly.
  • Melissa does not like bright sunny places. Penumbra is her favorite place. Although the shade is more suitable than open sunny areas.
  • Moderate hydration. No bright contrasts of waterlogging and drying out.
  • To the choice of soil - not picky.

Knowing these features of growing lemon balm, you can not be afraid and boldly breed this fragrant and healthy crop on your site.

Use and medicinal properties of mint

When it comes to mint, tea and mojito cocktails come to mind. But as a seasoning - this herb is not remembered. Although, meat and vegetable dishes seasoned with powdered dry mint leaves have a very pleasant taste and delicate aroma. And fresh leaves can be added to vegetable and fruit salads.

Medicinal properties of mint:

  • Decoctions of mint leaves and stems are used for:
  1. headache
  2. migraine
  3. nausea
  4. heaviness in the stomach
  5. nervousness
  6. flatulence
  7. insomnia
  8. as a choleretic agent.
  • In combination with other herbs, mint is used for:
  1. colds
  2. cardiovascular
  3. stomach cramps
  4. as anti-inflammatory drugs.
  • Fresh leaves are used for:
  1. Migraines and headaches. Rubbing whiskey or applying leaves.
  2. Itching from insect bites.
  3. In case of bad breath, it is recommended to chew a mint leaf.

The main thing is to remember that at home, without a doctor's prescription, you need to use mint teas and infusions for preventive purposes. During an exacerbation of the disease, you need to see a doctor.

Application and medicinal properties of lemon balm

Lemon balm is used in cooking as a seasoning for summer salads, mushroom and pea soups, meat dishes. Essential oils are used in aromatherapy and perfumery.

Melissa, like mint, has a calming, antispasmodic effect. Therefore, teas and infusions of this plant are taken when:

  • headache
  • nervous excitement
  • nausea
  • insomnia
  • low appetite
  • allergic dermatitis
  • poor digestion.

For insomnia and headaches, you can make tea from mint and lemon balm. Also, this tea is suitable for difficult digestion.

Remember! Large amounts of herbs during exacerbation of diseases are contraindicated.

Mint and lemon balm in group plantings

If the purpose of growing is not only the medicinal properties of these plants, but also decorativeness, then you need to take into account:

  • Mint can be planted in a flower bed in large containers. Melissa doesn't like space constraints. It only needs to be planted in the ground.
  • If the plants are needed only for decorative purposes, they can be planted in the center of the flower bed and form tall, flowering bushes.
  • Mint can be planted at the edge of a flower garden by constantly tearing off long stems to create ground cover bushes. Melissa will not grow much, so her bushes will be lush, but small.
  • Planting in the garden, between trees, should be made taking into account the fact that mint and lemon balm need at least a few hours of sunshine a day.
  • Mint can be planted along curbs only by constantly cutting off long stems. For beautiful bushes, constant watering is necessary.

For its aroma and calming, pacifying effect, lemon balm and mint, by right, are leaders among other medicinal herbs in summer cottages. Having mastered the simple principles of growing these plants, you can delight yourself and your loved ones with pleasant and healthy teas, aromatic dishes, and your flower beds - with original compositions.


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Comments:

  1. Libby

    I think this is a great idea

  2. Adriano

    The author is well done, that's just one thing I did not understand how much is it?

  3. Bazar

    Quick response, a sign of intelligence)

  4. Moore

    Just what you need! :)



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