Apricot Iceberg - one of the best varieties for the Moscow region
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Apricot Iceberg is a fast-growing hybrid of early ripening. Its undoubted advantages are the unpretentiousness and taste of the fruit. Frost resistance allows you to grow crops, including in the Moscow region. Apricots are suitable for fresh consumption and for home canning.
Description of apricot varieties Iceberg
Apricot of the Iceberg variety was bred in the Main Botanical Garden named after N.V. Tsitsin of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1986 by Soviet breeders A.K. Skvortsov and L.A. Kramarenko. Seedling 2-3 own generation obtained as a result of free pollination.
In 2004, the Iceberg variety was included in the State Register for the Central Region. To date, he is recognized as one of the best hybrids for growing in the Moscow region.
A tree of moderate growth rate reaches a height of 3–3.5 m. Annual shoots are strongly branched. The bark of the branches and the trunk is brown-brown. The leaf plate is medium in size, ovoid, with a pointed end, green in color. The petiole is thin, grooved. The flowers are large, 3.7–4 cm in diameter. The color of the petals is white.
As a rule, the height of an adult apricot Iceberg does not exceed 3–3.5 meters
Iceberg fruits are large, round or oval, slightly flattened from the sides. Average weight - 20-22 g. The skin is thin, slightly pubescent, yellow-orange in color, sometimes with a dotted blush. The pulp is of medium density, juicy, yellowish. The bone is small, easily detached. The apricot is sweet, with a rich aroma. Evaluation of taste - 4 points out of 5.
A distinctive feature of Iceberg apricots is slight flattening on the sides
Table: Advantages and Disadvantages of Iceberg
|Large-fruited||In rainy weather and waterlogging, the risk of infection with fungal diseases increases.|
|Pest and disease resistance|
|Good transportability||The tree requires regular feeding|
|High tasting fruit score|
|Good winter hardiness|
Apricot Iceberg needs to find the right place to grow. This will not only allow it to develop well, but also make it easier to care for the tree.
Dates and place of landing
In most of the territory of Russia, including in the Moscow region, the spring planting of apricots is optimal. The best time is early April, as soon as the snow melts. In southern regions with a mild climate, you can plant trees in the fall (in September or the first half of October).
Basic requirements for the landing site:
- The site must be sunny, the tree does not tolerate even light partial shade. In such places, the yield decreases, the fruits become small.
- An area not protected from drafts and gusts of cold wind is not suitable.
- The best option is a hill or a small slope oriented from north to south. Also, the Iceberg develops well, being planted under the protection of a hedge or building.
- The soil should be loose and well aerated. Sandy loam and loamy soil is suitable. The acidity is weak, the pH value is not higher than 7. The location of groundwater is not closer than 2.2 m from the soil surface.
How to choose seedlings?
Seedlings should only be purchased from garden nurseries located in your area or further north. For open ground, annual planting material is best suited.
What to look for when buying?
- The lateral ramifications must be evenly spaced along the trunk. A good alignment of the branches with the guide is also required. The presence of shoots from adjacent buds and extending from the trunk at an acute angle is unacceptable.
- The healthy bark of the stem is brown, without scratches, spots and bumps, smooth, elastic. Kidneys are double or triple. The presence of thorns on the branches and trunk is unacceptable.
- The root system is well developed. The presence of the main root and many fibrous roots is required.
You can purchase seedlings with an open or closed root system. In the latter, it is better protected from drying out. Such trees tolerate transplanting almost painlessly and start growing faster.
The more live buds, the more chances the plant has to tolerate the transplant well and begin to develop, providing high yields.
How to prepare a site?
For better rooting of the apricot, the site is enriched with nutrients before planting. If the procedure is planned for the spring, preparation begins in the fall; otherwise, the planting pit is prepared at least 20 days before planting the seedling. Before winter, fresh organic matter is not added to the nutrient mixture.
Step-by-step instructions for preparing a pit:
- Dig a hole 0.7–0.8 m in diameter and 0.4–0.5 m deep.
- Mix the removed soil with equal parts clay, peat and sand.
- Add 15–20 kg of manure, 450–500 g of potassium sulfate, 600–700 g of granular superphosphate, 300 g of wood ash to the resulting mass.
- Pour drainage on the bottom of the pit with a layer 10–15 cm thick (pebbles or gravel of medium fraction, broken brick).
- Fill the pit with a nutritious soil mixture and water it sparingly (15–20 liters of water). Mulch with clean earth on top. If the entire mass does not fit into the pit, it is poured on top with a slide. Over time, the earth will settle.
Step-by-step instructions: how to plant a seedling in the ground
Before planting, the seedling is cleaned of blooming leaves by scrubbing. Damaged (dry, rotten) roots are removed. The tree is immersed in clean water for several hours. Immediately before planting, the root is dipped in a "talker" (powdered clay, manure and water) with the addition of a biostimulant. The apricot planting scheme, if a garden is laid - 5x5 m.
- In the prepared place, they dig a recess 60x60x60 cm in size.
- A small mound is made at the bottom and a wooden support peg is driven into the center.
- A seedling is lowered into the hole. It is necessary to ensure that the root collar is 5-7 cm higher than the ground level.
- The roots are covered with soil extracted from the pit. The substrate is carefully compacted.
- A hole is formed around the seedling, departing from the trunk by 0.5 m.
- The plant is tied to a support stake with a string, not too tight. Allow the tree to settle with the soil.
- The apricot is watered with 20-30 liters of water, then, when the moisture is absorbed, the trunk circle is mulched with needles or clean soil.
- An annual seedling is cut at a level of 70-80 cm from the soil. On biennial plants, the shoots are shortened by a third.
Do not cover the grafting site with earth, but try to raise it 5-7 cm above the soil surface
Video: planting a fruit tree and further care for it
Iceberg is a self-fertile variety, but to improve the ovary, it is planted next to such apricot hybrids as Tsarsky, Alyosha, Lel. Without this, it is impossible to get the maximum possible yields.
Photo gallery: Pollinator varieties suitable for Iceberg
Nuances of care for apricot Iceberg
When growing apricots, proper care is the key to regular fruiting and excellent fruit quality. Nothing supernatural is required from the gardener - just annual pruning, feeding, watering and preparing the tree for the winter season.
One of the main stages of apricot farming is pruning. It is best done in early spring, before leaf and flower buds wake up. In autumn, the procedure is not strictly prohibited, but the risk of frostbite and death of apricot in winter increases, especially in humid climates.
In the early years, a crown is formed. The best option for culture is a sparse-tiered scheme.
- First year. 2 strong branches are left on the seedling at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other. The stem height is 50–70 cm. Skeletal shoots are shortened by half, the central conductor - by 25–30 cm. In May, growths are cut on the stem, which extend from the trunk at an acute angle, the remaining branches are cut, leaving 5–8 leaves.
- Second year. Above last year's branches, at a distance of 40–45 cm, the next layer is formed of 2–3 shoots located on both sides of the trunk. The distance between them is 30–40 cm. They are shortened according to the principle of subordination. Small shoots between them are cut to the point of growth. The guide is at a distance of 50–70 cm from the last skeletal branch. The growth of the lower main shoots is shortened by half.
- Third year. Determines the latest master branch. The conductor above it is removed. The annual growth is cut off, branches of the second order are formed on the middle tier, and the third one at the lowest.
- Fourth year. At the upper level, shoots of the second order are laid, thinning and shortening the one-year growth.
In subsequent years, they carry out regulatory pruning, removing broken and infected branches, as well as shoots growing deep into the crown and at an acute angle and tops that will definitely not bear fruit.
To achieve regular high yields, fruit wood should be reproduced annually. To do this, one or two shoots are shortened on a skeletal branch, leaving a branch 15–20 cm long.
Pruning should be done in dry weather. Gardening tools must be sharp and clean. All sections with a diameter of more than 1 cm are treated with garden pitch.
Video: pruning and shaping the crown of an apricot
Apricot is a drought-resistant crop, but needs irrigation during the growing season. The best irrigation method is the ring groove method. The diameter of the groove should be half the projection of the crown, while it is increased annually by 0.5 m.The depth of the groove is no more than 10 cm.
Dates of main watering:
- before or during flowering;
- mid-May (period of intensive growth of shoots);
- early July (14 days before fruit ripening);
- September (water recharge irrigation).
The soil is moistened 30–40 cm deep. Further, it is pointless - the apricot roots do not reach. With water charging irrigation, the rate increases to 5-6 buckets per 1 m2. After irrigation, the trunk circle is mulched with sawdust, needles or peat.
When planting an apricot in a properly prepared planting pit, fertilizing begins after a year. Not only the harmonious development of the tree depends on the composition of the soil and the presence of the necessary micro- and macroelements in it, but also the quality of the fruits, the amount of the harvest.
- In early spring, apricots are fed with liquid chicken droppings. It is diluted with water (100 g per 10 l) or mixed with rotted manure or peat. Introduce through the grooves, along the projection of the crown. Norm - 300 g / m2... For trees older than 4 years, the dosage is increased to 500 g / m2.
- Before flowering, after it and after the ovary has fallen off, the apricot is watered with a nutrient solution. For 10 liters of water, take 2 tbsp. l. ammonium nitrate, 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate. The norm is 20-30 liters per tree. Top dressing is applied along the perimeter of the crown using a grooving method. After that, a glass of dolomite flour or a liter can of sifted ash is evenly scattered under the tree. For apricots older than 3 years, add 2 tbsp to the solution. double superphosphate.
- In the fall, before digging the soil, 15 kg of organic matter (for example, rotted manure or compost), 120 g of superphosphate, 40 g of dry potassium chloride are evenly distributed in the near-trunk circle. This is the norm for a young tree (up to 5 years old). Starting next year, the mass of organic fertilizers will be doubled, upon reaching 8-9 years - by another 15-20 kg. Saltpeter and phosphate are also required more (by 10 g per year), potassium - up to 130 g.
For apricots over 9 years old, the following amount of fertilizer is recommended:
- organic matter - up to 80 kg;
- ammonium nitrate - 360 g;
- superphosphate - 850 g;
- potassium - 250 g.
To compensate for the deficiency of iron, manganese and boron, foliar feeding is carried out at the end of May or in the first decade of June. To do this, use special complex fertilizers enriched with trace elements, diluting the product according to the instructions and spraying the tree.
Preparing apricots for winter
The Iceberg variety tolerates prolonged cold and low temperatures well, but in the early years it is better to play it safe and carefully prepare the tree for winter. What must be done?
- Collect all fallen leaves and cover the trunk with lime or garden whitewash.
- Mulch the trunk circle with peat or wood chips.
- Install cones around the young tree: a wooden frame in the shape of a pyramid is covered with spruce branches, reeds or covered with spunbond, polyethylene. The base is covered with earth. Fortified mature trees do not need such a shelter. In harsh winters, the apricot stem is wrapped in burlap, the crown is tied with twine.
- If the snow cover forms quickly, form a snowdrift near the trunk, periodically renewing it during the season and breaking the hard crust. This protects the tree root system from frost.
- So that the apricots do not damage hares and other rodents, protect them with a fine metal mesh or tie the base of the trunk with old nylon tights.
It is recommended to whitewash not only the trunk, but also skeletal branches, tree forks
Diseases and pests typical of the hybrid
The Iceberg apricot variety is resistant to many diseases and is rarely attacked by insects. Their appearance can provoke improper care of the fruit crop and mistakes in agricultural technology.
Table: Iceberg diseases: control and prevention measures
|Disease||Manifestation||Preparations for the fight||Preventive measures|
|Monilial burn||The leaves turn brown and gradually dry out. Young shoots and branches wither, and thicker ones develop cracks.||Green bud phase: Bordeaux liquid (300 g of copper sulfate powder and 400 g of quicklime per 10 liters of water).|
|After flowering: Horus (3 g per 10 L of water).|
|Bacterial spot||Dark, watery patches appear on the leaves, which dry out and turn yellow over time. Affected fruits are covered with brownish spots. They grow rapidly and darken.||Before bud break: copper sulfate (100 g of powder per 10 liters of water).|
|10 days after harvest: Nitrofen (300 g of paste per 10 liters of water).|
|Valsa mushroom||The tree becomes infected through wounds in the wood. Yellow growths appear on the bark of the trunk and branches, similar to amber ulcers. Over time, shoots and leaves begin to dry out.||Before flowering: Switch (10 g per 10 L of water).||Correct watering.|
|During the growing season: treatment of the affected areas with a fungicidal spray.|
Photo gallery: Iceberg diseases
Table: Iceberg pests: control and prevention measures
|Pest||Manifestation||Preparations for the fight||Preventive measures|
|Leaf roll||At the beginning of the growing season, the caterpillars eat up the buds, and then the leaves. Over time, the latter curl, dry out and fall off.||Before bud break: Nitrofen (300 ml per 10 liters of water).|
|During the growing season: collecting caterpillars, removing folded leaves.|
|Aphid||Insects suck the juice out of the leaves. They curl and dry out, young shoots are bent. The place of localization of aphids is the wrong side of the sheet plate.||Before bud break: Nitrofen (300 ml per 10 liters of water).||Compliance with agricultural techniques.|
|During the growing season: Aliot (60 g per 10 liters of water).|
|Plum moth||Caterpillars damage the fruit by invading the pulp and bone. Gum appears on the surface. Apricots turn red and fall off prematurely.||Before bud separation: Aliot (200 g per 10 liters of water).|
|Use of trapping belts.|
|After flowering: Actellic (2 ml for 2 liters of water).|
Harmful insects infecting apricot Iceberg, pictured
Iceberg is a fast growing variety. The first crop is harvested in the fourth year after planting. Productivity is high, the norm for an adult tree is 20–30 kg.
The fruits ripen in late July - early August. Maturation is non-simultaneous. The crop is harvested by hand, folding apricots into containers with a volume of no more than 5 liters.
Gardeners appreciate the Iceberg variety for its high annual yield.
Iceberg apricots are distinguished by good keeping quality and high transportability.
For fresh fruit consumption and for the preparation of jam, jam and dried fruits, they are plucked completely ripe. For longer storage, transportation over long distances and cooking compote for the winter, apricots are removed slightly unripe. Their skin is light yellow in color, and the flesh is dense.
IN fresh apricots are stored in the cellar or in the refrigerator. An alternative is a basement. The fruits are placed in a special container with cells, each wrapped in soft paper. Under these conditions, apricots retain their freshness for 15–20 days.
To keep the fruit from losing its nutritional value when stored in a refrigerator, it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 0 ° C or slightly higher and a humidity of 85–95%. Apricots are placed in sealed containers or paper bags. The shelf life is 30-50 days.
For longer storage, the fruits are frozen, dried and dried, after removing the seeds. The shelf life in this case is 3–6 months. Further, a significant part of the taste and benefits is lost.
Iceberg fruits are also suitable for home canning. Fresh apricots are used as a filling for pies, cookies, cakes, and also used as an independent dessert.
From the fruits of the Iceberg variety, a very tasty and aromatic jam is obtained
Apricot Iceberg is one of the best varieties for growing in the Moscow region. Subject to agricultural technology, the tree pleases gardeners with annual abundant harvests of sweet, juicy and fragrant fruits with delicate pulp. Good shelf life of apricots allows you to enjoy fresh fruits even in autumn.
[Votes: 3 Average: 5]
All about the apricot Triumph North: description of the variety, features of planting and care
Growing ripe, aromatic apricots in a region with harsh winters and short summers is a feasible idea. Choosing a frost-resistant variety, planting a seedling correctly and providing it with appropriate care is the main list of tasks for a gardener. Apricot of the Triumph Severny variety is a suitable option for growing in central Russia.
Feature and Description
Monastyrsky apricot tree is medium-sized, grows quickly, has a spherical, spreading, medium-dense crown. It begins to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after vaccination.
The crown of the Monastyrsky apricot is wide, rounded, spreading
The fruits are attractive in appearance. They have an oval shape, a yellow base color with a pinkish-red coating. In some years, there may be no blush on the fruit. The skin is slightly pubescent. According to the State Register of Breeding Achievements, the average weight of the fruit is 22 g. Based on long-term observations of the variety producers, it was noted that in some years the average weight of apricot was 30–40 g, and in some years it exceeded 50 g.
The average weight of the Monastyrsky apricot fruit is 32 g, and the average weight of its stone is 3.4 g.
The yellow juicy, fleshy pulp has a sweet and sour taste and a pleasant aroma. Its distinctive feature is a slight mealy. There is a large flat bone inside the fruit, which is quite easily separated from the fruit. Apricots of this variety are versatile in use: they are eaten fresh, they are delicious in jams and compotes.
When assessing taste for tasting, experts give the Monastyrsky variety 4 points on a five-point scale.
Monastyrsky is a late-ripening variety with fruit ripening in the second or third decade of August. The yield is high - up to 150 c / ha, which is almost 3 times higher than the varieties Aisberg, Alyosha, Lel, Favorit, recommended for the Central region. The variety has good winter hardiness. The manufacturer notes the average resistance of Monastyrsky to clasterosporium disease.
Domestic gardeners note the high yield of apricot varieties Monastyrsky
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the Monastyrsky apricot variety
|High yield||Spreading crown|
|Cold resistance||Late ripening (if the summer is cold and rainy, then the fruits may not have time to ripen)|
|Unpretentiousness||Average resistance to clasterosporium|
|Undemanding to soil fertility|
|Good taste and aroma|
|Good keeping quality (up to 2 weeks at a temperature of about 0 ° C without loss of presentation)|
|Versatility of use|
Video: ripe apricot fruits of the Monastyrsky variety
For the successful cultivation of apricots, it is important to choose and prepare the planting material and the site correctly, to act according to a certain algorithm. Cultural neighbors matter.
In the southern regions, "Manitoba" can be grown from seeds. They must be hardened and stored in a cool place. You can plant seeds in spring or autumn in the middle of the season.
The seeds for planting must be taken from the ripe fruits.
In the middle latitudes, "Manitoba" is grown from seedlings. This should be done in April, while the kidneys are still sleeping. In the southern regions, it is better to plan planting in September-October.
Choosing the right place
The Manitoba apricot planting site must meet the following requirements:
- sunny place - lighting is especially important in the morning
- inaccessibility of winds from the north
- the soil is light and well-drained
- neutral acidity of the earth.
What crops can and cannot be planted next to an apricot
The right neighbors are important for the successful cultivation of apricots. Reducing the risk of soil depletion and disease can be achieved if there are no such crops nearby:
- any nuts
- sweet cherry
- Apple tree.
Early flowers can be planted next to the apricot. The neighborhood of any shrubs and trees is undesirable.
Selection and preparation of planting material
When growing "Manitoba" from seedlings, the following points are important:
- Age 1-2 years old.
- Well-developed root system.
- Lack of dry or frost-bitten areas.
- The bark is brown or reddish brown.
The tree is not afraid of large frosts, is rarely affected by diseases
If planting seeds is planned in the spring, then they must be placed in the sand in the fall and stored in the refrigerator. For such a planting, it is enough to keep the material in the cold for about a day.
Landing pits are prepared in advance. For spring planting, this should be done in autumn, for autumn planting - at least 2 weeks in advance. The hole is needed 0.6-0.7 m. Between adjacent seedlings there should be 3-4 m, in rows - 5-6 m.
- Lay a drainage layer at the bottom of the pit - pebbles, expanded clay.
- Apply mineral fertilizers and organic matter - ammonium nitrate, superphosphate, potassium salt.
- Fill the rest of the place with soil with humus and peat, tamp and water (3-4 buckets).
- Before planting, make a recess in the hole, carefully place a seedling in it so that the root collar remains on the surface. Sprinkle with soil and tamp.
- Tie the seedling to the peg immediately.
- Drizzle (3 buckets).
Follow-up care of the culture
Apricot pruning Aquarius is carried out annually either in March or at the end of October - November.
- sick and old branches
- shoots thickening the crown
- too long shoots (shorten).
Places of cuts should be covered with garden varnish or oil paint with a natural base.
After planting, the Apricot Aquarius is regularly watered until the beginning of August, making sure that the near-stem circle does not dry out. Watering is then stopped to allow the plant to prepare for winter.
In the future, it is advised to water the tree in the spring and in the first half of summer, making sure that the amount of water is not excessive.
Caring for the Aquarius apricot tree also includes fertilizing.
The general rules for applying dressings are as follows:
- autumn - organic (mullein, compost)
- in summer - phosphoric
- in early spring - mineral (nitrogen-containing).
Preparing the Apricot Aquarius for the winter period, at the end of October - November it follows:
- collect foliage that has fallen after falling leaves, and destroy it (burn or bury)
- whitewash the trunk, skeletal branches and, if possible, the bark of the shoots of the tree with garden whitewashing to protect from frost and prevent sunburn in early spring
- protecting the trunk from rodents (hares), you can wrap it with coniferous spruce branches (needles down) or artificial material that allows air to pass through well.
Apricot variety Sardonyx description and photo
The shape is rounded, strongly flattened from the sides. The surface is painted yellow. Pubescence is strong. The pulp is light orange, crispy, medium in density. The taste is pleasant, sweet. There is a hint of sourness.
The aroma is pronounced. Fruits ripen in mid-July. The plant is vigorous. Usually reaches 4 meters in height. The crown is wide, medium branching. The fruits are medium in size. Their weight is about 60 grams.
The shape of the apricot is oval, asymmetric. Ripe fruits are colored yellow-pink. The pubescence of the skin is not strong. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour.
Apricot variety best Michurin
Triumph begins to bear fruit at the 5th year of life. Since summer, more than 50 kilograms of harvest are harvested from one plant.
Numerous reviews of the Northern Triumph apricot indicate that the variety is the best for growing in Siberia. Among the advantages summer residents note self-pollination, early maturity, high productivity.
However, it must be borne in mind that fruiting is very unstable. This is a medium late variety.
The apricot Sardonyx ripens in early August. The tree is winter-hardy, medium-sized, fast-growing and fruitful enough. The fruits are large. They are ovoid. The average weight is 50 grams. The plant enters fruiting at the 4th year of life.
Often, apricot infects moniliosis, fungicides are used to combat this disease, however, chemical treatment of wood is not always safe. In addition, the process becomes more difficult in rainy weather.
Therefore, gardeners often plant apricot varieties resistant to moniliosis in their area.
Today, many varieties are known that are immune to moniliosis. The most demanded is the Special Denisyuk. Late ripening variety. The tree is medium-sized. The crown is not particularly thickened.
Productivity and winter hardiness are high. The fruits are characterized by an unusual carmine color. Largest in size. Good-tasting pulp, juicy. Ripe fruits are capable of not falling off the branches for a long period.
A variation of the average ripening period.
The crown is round. Winter hardiness and productivity are good. The fruit is quite large. After harvesting, the fallen leaves and rotten fruits should be removed and burned, as well as, if necessary, spray the garden plantings with insectofungicides and whitewash the trunk and fork of the skeletal branches.
With the advent of winter-hardy varieties, apricot ceased to be exotic, because today in central Russia you can independently grow a fruiting tree on a site. The main thing is to choose the right variety. In the central regions of Russia, the climate is unstable. In winter and early spring, fastidious crops, including apricots, can freeze, and then you should not expect a rich harvest.
The fruits are large, versatile, but, according to the observations of summer residents, are best suited for compotes, preserves and making jams.
The stone contains a sweetish, without bitterness core. According to experienced gardeners, the most convenient and productive is the crown, formed during pruning in a bowl-shaped or tierless type.
Excellent winter hardiness of mature trees reduces the need for insulation of fruit plantations. Company project.
Add comment Comment. The tree of this variety grows rather low, it is convenient to harvest from it. Fruits ripen round, orange in color, with excellent taste. Their flesh is deep yellow, tender and very juicy.
The tree begins to bear fruit for a year after the planting field. This is the undoubted leader in winter hardiness. With light cover, Snegirek apricots are grown even in the North. Not only is this small tree up to 1.5 m high not afraid of frosts, including spring ones, since it blooms late, it still grows well on any soils, even not very fertile ones.
This variety has other advantages: the fruits are very elastic, therefore they are well stored until mid-winter and are not damaged during transportation. Their color is light yellow with a burgundy blush, the pulp is sweet, juicy and aromatic, but sometimes it can taste a little bitter near the skin.
However, Snegirek still has one drawback: it is not resistant to diseases such as leaf spot and moniliosis.
If it often rains in the spring and summer, the tree needs careful maintenance and regular treatments, for example, with Xopyc 75WY, in order to prevent the development of dangerous diseases.
This winter-hardy variety was obtained by crossing two hardy varieties: Krasnoshchekiy and Severny early. On a tree with a spreading crown, the branches are located at an angle of degrees. The fruits are rather large, round or oval in shape, may be slightly flattened.
The peel of apricots is slightly pubescent, the taste is slightly sour, yellow-orange in color with a red-burgundy blush. The pulp of the fruit is orange, very juicy, sweet and tender. And that's not all the pluses of the Northern Triumph! The flower buds of this tree have very good resistance to recurrent spring frosts.
And the plant is also not susceptible to damping, as well as damage by dangerous pests and diseases, moniliosis, cytosporosis, verticillosis, clasterosporium.
Growing a fruiting apricot tree in your own summer cottage is real!
Breeding history of the variety
Moreover, even in an unstable and rather cold climate. Cultivate suitable winter-hardy varieties and you will succeed. Apricot, the description of the varieties of which is considered in our article, is considered a heat-loving plant, but it is grown in most regions.
The main trouble in an unfavorable climate can be frost during the flowering period. Breeders have developed a large number of varieties and varieties of this fruit, which are adapted to a wide variety of growing conditions and have a variety of characteristics.
The only thing that unites them is the aroma and taste of the fruit, which are characteristic of apricot. They make it possible to enjoy tasty and healthy fruits where the summer is very short. But plants with early ripening are very sensitive to temperature extremes and are very afraid of frost.
Among the variety of varieties presented, experienced gardeners and summer residents have identified the most noteworthy and unpretentious in cultivation. Early varieties are not recommended to be grown in regions with a short summer, because during the flowering period there may still be frosts and the ovary will simply die from them, and you will never taste the long-awaited harvest.
A distinctive feature of these varieties is their increased resistance to low temperatures and lack of moisture. Among the variety of varieties with medium ripening periods, favorites have already emerged that deserve mandatory attention.
It is the middle varieties that are considered the most versatile and adapted to any climate.Giving preference to the mid-season apricot, the novice gardener has the least risk of making a mistake and choosing a seedling that is not zoned for a specific region.
Late varieties of apricots are characterized by increased resistance to frost, as well as the ability of their fruits to be stored for a long time under certain conditions.
Among them, there are already the most beloved and distinguished varieties, which are preferred by most of the practicing gardeners and summer residents.
As a rule, late varieties have good keeping quality and can be perfectly kept fresh for a long period. However, they cannot be grown in every region.
Growing apricots is not only easy but also profitable. Surplus crops can be sold both immediately after harvest, and in the form of blanks. With proper care, any variety can please with a good harvest.
However, you need to choose seedlings taking into account the climatic characteristics of your region. Currently, breeders have presented many varieties of apricot, which are adapted for cultivation in different regions. Everyone, except for residents of the Far North, has the opportunity to choose a plant that will meet exactly his needs and ideally suit a particular area.
Varieties can differ both in appearance and taste. But first of all, it is worth paying attention to the timing of fruit ripening and the exactingness of care and soil. These factors are key and it depends on them whether the seedling will take root in your area and whether you can count on a rich harvest of tasty fruits. Feedback from our readers is very important for us.
If you disagree with these ratings, leave your rating at x with the reasons for your choice. Thank you for your participation. Your opinion will be useful to other users. Almost every gardener dreams of trying to grow this very tasty and healthy fruit in his summer cottage, especially when it comes to all kinds of jams and compotes that are made from apricot.
This fruit is sure to bring you great benefits. Based on this, any gardener with the onset of spring will definitely plant several varieties of apricot near the house or in the country.
Well, how can you choose exactly the variety that is necessary in order not to get tasteless bitter fruits? This is what we will tell you about in this article.
After reading it, you can find out not only about the apricot varieties themselves, but also about what exactly they are intended for.
Since it is hard and not very tasty as it might seem at first glance, apricot can actually turn out to be a very aromatic and great-tasting fruit canned, as a compote or jam. And a very sweet, honeyed apricot may turn out to be completely unsuitable for these purposes as a result.
If you want to know all the varieties of apricots, then for you we have collected a photo of them with a name and description.
In this article, we have tried in great detail to describe the size and appearance of the apricot, the approximate time of its ripening, and in what year it begins to bear fruit.
We will also tell you what this magnificent fruit is intended for. In many descriptions, we indicated in which particular region the apricot takes root best.
They also described some of the individual characteristics of a particular variety. Some of our tips will surely prove to be very useful to you. Especially for those who want to grow apricots in the northern regions of Russia.
But you need to remember that each apricot is a rather delicate fruit, compared to plums or cherry plums. He is highly susceptible to a large number of diseases. It follows that this fruit will require special care and a very careful attitude from you.
Well, now it's time to present you with a description of the varieties of apricots. Many apricot varieties intended for cultivation in the Moscow region were bred for the harsh cold climate. This means that they differ from others in good frost resistance. But despite this, during their cultivation in these regions there are nuances that you can find in special literature.
The fruits of this apricot variety are very large and have a slightly elongated shape and a large stone, which is easily separated from the pulp. This variety is appreciated by gardeners not only for its frost resistance, but also for its very sweet taste, with almond and honey notes. The very content of the seed in this variety is very sweet. It is somewhat reminiscent of sweet almonds in its taste.
There are even cases of counterfeiting of almonds with apricot pits of this variety. This variety blooms quite early.
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It differs from others in its beautiful and large inflorescences. Apricot fruits begin to ripen in the middle of summer. Underneath is a very sweet and tender pulp.
This variety is perfect not only for eating it raw, but also for making all kinds of compotes and jams. Canned fruits of this apricot variety do not boil over.
Based on this, an apricot of the Triimf Severny variety can be milked to almost all housewives who love not only to eat tasty and aromatic fruits, but also to make compote, jam or pie from them.
Here are the best varieties of apricots that are suitable for the Moscow region. The fruits of this variety are distinguished by their pulp and sweet taste. The sour taste is completely absent.
The variety is quite aromatic. It can be used not only for making sweet preserves, but also for juices and compotes. Yes, it is worth noting that the Iceberg apricot does not bloom very beautifully, and its fruits begin to sing only in the first decade of August.
The apricot tree begins to give its first fruits only in the 3rd or 4th year after grafting. This variety is a close relative of the very famous Lel variety. But it still has some of its own characteristics.
Planting seedlings in spring and autumn
Namely: it differs in fleshy and rather large fruits, having a bright blush and a pronounced seam. Fully ripe fruits have a yellowish-orange hue and a very pronounced honey taste.
To its taste, this apricot has sweet and sour notes. This variety has a rather late ripening. The fruits begin to sing fully at the end of August. They are well suited for raw consumption, and also for the preparation of various preservation.
But it is worth noting that this variety is not stored for very long. It quickly begins to darken. The variety differs from others in very beautiful, pink fruits with a slight delicate blush. It is a descendant of the Triumph Severny variety. This variety is also slightly similar to the Krasnoshekiy variety.
But the shape of its fruit is not round, but slightly elongated. Apricot varieties Orlovchanin have a very pronounced sour taste. What is the description of the variety for the apricot? It is enough to see his photo, as well as to study the reviews.
The next variety is a fairly well-known and inexpensive variety. He is very much appreciated in our country. And since it is not whimsical and tolerates frosts well, it can be safely called the favorite variety of most summer residents.
The variety can take root well both in the northern and southern regions.
Proceeding from this, apricot of the Krasnoshekiy variety can very often be found among gardeners. The variety differs from others in its sweet and sour taste and rich apricot aroma. The apricot stone of this variety can be eaten.
Apricot fruits are also suitable for making jams and compotes. It should be said that canned apricots of this variety in a glass jar can fully retain their summer aroma. It is for this quality that they love him.
The red-cheeked variety is the best apricot variety for the Moscow region. Many medium-sized apricot varieties can be grown on the territory of Ukraine. And now it's worth listing their names. This variety has another name - Shalah.
Differs in rather large, oval-shaped, pale yellow fruits. It is often found on the shelves of many stores. The variety of this apricot is valuable for its very high resistance to many diseases and pests.
Apricot is also prized for its sweet taste, slightly reminiscent of pineapple.
Pineapple fruits can be easily recognized at the store counter.
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They are slightly larger than common varieties, have a pronounced tuberosity and stand out from others with a pale yellow tint that resembles a pineapple slice.
Apricot pits are long, but very tasty, without bitterness.
Apricot Sardonyx - variety description and reviews with photos
This particular variety of apricot is loved by many people in Ukraine. It is also very popular in other countries where it can grow. This apricot variety was developed in Ukraine in the past.
With apricot Sardonyx it is impossible to remain without a crop. The variety has a high frost resistance index not only of wood, but of flowers. Gardeners plant trees on the site and enjoy juicy fruits to their hearts content. Michurin began to work on the zoning of thermophilic apricots.
The best varieties of apricots included in the encyclopedia also include this variety. He is one of the most worthy. First of all, this variety is not whimsical in its care.
Description of the variety of apricot Peach - photo and features of cultivation
It is widely believed that apricots can only be grown in southern regions where there is a lot of sunshine and light. Is it really? Thanks to the works of Soviet breeders, it became possible for the appearance of fruiting apricot trees, which are gaining popularity among gardeners, and in central Russia.
The species that easily tolerate cold and frost made this possible, and the further description of the Peach apricot variety will tell you in detail about the features of cultivation.
There are other names for this variety, besides Peach, such as pineapple, nutmeg. First of all, it earned popularity and respect due to its high yield, ability to withstand diseases common among apricots and, of course, taste.
Description and characteristics
Belongs to the class of medium-sized, the height of the tree is rarely higher than 3 meters. A distinctive feature is the neatly rounded crown shape with sparse foliage. The shoots are annual, thin, so spring pruning should be carried out annually.
Flowering begins a couple of days later than that of the red-cheeked variety, and pleases with its white flowers in mid-May. Late flowering has a beneficial effect on the yield and helps to withstand spring frosts more easily. The early maturation of the culture is average, it begins to bear fruit only 4 years after the seedling is planted.
In terms of ripening, they are referred to as average self-fertility, closer to medium late. The fruits finally ripen in August, but the first ones can be removed at the end of July. Like most apricots, the ripening process is uneven, which allows the collection to be divided into several stages. The yield of the variety is really high and can be up to 140 kg per tree per season.
Fruits, especially with insufficient watering and soil moisture, easily crumble when fully ripe. The reason is also their large weight of about 50 grams. It is recommended to choose less windy planting locations and start harvesting without waiting for overripe.
The photo shows that the shape of the apricots is similar to a circle drawn by hand, irregularly rounded, due to the presence of small bumps on the surface. There is no characteristic blush, light yellow in color. The skin is of medium thickness with medium pubescence, the flesh is sweet, juicy, non-fibrous with moderate density and a pleasant peach aroma. The bone is easily detached.
- Excellent indicators of winter hardiness allow for a short period of time to recover after freezing.
- Late flowering.
- The Peach apricot variety is self-fertile, and even one planted tree will delight with its home fruits without the addition of additional crops.
- High yield, and for an even greater increase in performance, I advise you to plant several trees, improving self-pollination.
- Not afraid of dry periods during life.
- Wide range of applications: canning, fresh or dried berries, baked goods, medicine, various diets.
- One of the most important advantages is increased resistance to various diseases, especially, it copes well with clasterosporiosis and curly leaves.
- The large and dense size of the fruit gives a good presentation. Taste characteristics are excellent.
- And in addition to everything, apricots do not need special measures during transportation, they are well transportable.
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