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How to drive a wireworm out of the garden

 How to drive a wireworm out of the garden


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One of the most insidious enemies of the gardener is the wireworm (the larvae of the click beetle). Like all pests, they are extremely gluttonous. Finding them in time is not easy - the larvae grow and feed underground, damaging the seeds, roots and tubers of plants. When the result of such "work" becomes noticeable, it is too late to save the harvest. The best way to rid the site of an intruder is an integrated approach.

Soil deacidification

Wireworms need acidic soil to live. A change in its acidity to neutral has a detrimental effect on them: the number of larvae decreases until complete disappearance, and female beetles do not lay eggs in neutral and alkaline soil. They change the acidity of the soil by adding lime and substances with its content. Liming of the site is carried out in the fall. An exception is potato planting sites. Here, pure lime is not added - the immunity of plants against scab is reduced. Chalk or dolomite flour is used as a substitute.

An effective remedy is ash. You can use wood or from burning potato tops, sunflower stalks.

They dig up the earth, sprinkle it with powder, mix it with the soil and water it. Also, when planting plants, you can add finely crushed eggshells into the holes.

Depriving the wireworm of food

After the end of the season, the site is thoroughly cleaned. Harvested not only the crop, but also all plant residues: tops, fruits, stems, even the smallest and low-quality root crops. This is especially true for potatoes: the tubers left in the ground provide food for the wireworm. All waste is removed from the site or burned. As a result, the worms are left without food and die.

Loosening the soil

During the summer, loosening is repeatedly carried out in the aisles of the beds to a depth of at least 10 cm. In this case, the worms appear on the surface, their armor dries up in the sun, bursts and the pests die. In late autumn, a deep digging of the site is performed. Here, low temperatures act against worms.

Planting green manure

Siderates work well against wireworms. Better to stay on lupine, buckwheat, rapeseed, spinach, sweet clover, phacelia or alfalfa. White mustard is ideal. Its aroma repels pests. Crops are sown in late summer. As soon as the seedlings reach a height of 10 cm, they are cut off, placed on top of the ground and the plot is dug up. In the spring, the procedure is repeated. Siderata not only enrich the soil with useful substances, but also rid the garden of worms: they cannot digest such plants and die from lack of food.Wireworms do not tolerate legumes: beans, beans or peas. They are planted between rows of potatoes or on the sides of the beds. The advantage of legumes is that they enrich the soil with nitrogen in an easily digestible form, but cereals cannot be used as green manure: pests feed on plants of this particular family.

Use of ammonia fertilizers

To cope with the wireworm helps the introduction of products containing ammonia into the soil. This is ammonium nitrate or ammonium sulfate. They do not lead to the death of pests, but create conditions that are not favorable for the development of worms. As a result, the larvae are forced to go deep into the soil. Fertilizers are used at the rate of 20-30 g per square meter of area. For the same purposes, you can use ammonium nitrate and sulfate, ammonia.

Depriving them of their home

In addition to cultivated plants, the wireworm feeds on weeds. Therefore, the site is thoroughly cleaned from them. Plants are not pulled out, but buried in, choosing the roots where the larvae live. If weeding is not enough, then before the onset of stable frosts, the site is dug up. The roots of the weeds, and with them the larvae, appear on the surface and die from the cold.

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How to get rid of a wireworm in your garden quickly and permanently

The wireworm is the larva of the click beetle. The color is golden, the size reaches four centimeters. Affects root crops, ground parts of plants. Keeps vital activity for five years, in the form of a larva for about four years. An adult beetle reaches five centimeters. Females lay over a hundred eggs in the spring, in the first year of life they are not dangerous, then they cause irreparable harm. Favorite food - the roots of wheatgrass and all weeds. They develop very actively in an acidic environment. It is necessary to control its population, otherwise the yield will come to zero. There are special methods for getting rid of the wireworm in the garden forever.


Wireworm - pest description

The wireworm is not an independent insect: they are the larvae of the click beetle. Outwardly, the wireworm resembles thin worms from 10 to 40 mm long, covered with a shiny yellow-brown chitinous sheath.

The stage of transformation of the larva into a beetle in the wireworm is quite long - 5 years. Three years later, the larva transforms into a pupa, from which a beetle appears next year in the spring.

Both beetles and larvae hibernate in the soil: beetles burrow into the ground to a depth of 15 centimeters, the larvae go 60 centimeters deep.

In April, beetles begin their years, and from early May to early July they lay their eggs under lumps of earth and in cracks. Egg larvae appear in 2-3 weeks, in the first year of life they reach a length of 7 mm and have not yet become dangerous to plants. Click beetles live on the soil surface or under rotted leaves, straw, live everywhere, but most often on loamy and clayey soils.


Fighting the wireworm in the vegetable garden

Many insects can be easily removed from your garden by spraying with special chemicals. The war with the wireworm could drag on. What should be done to get rid of an unwanted neighbor in the beds? Its main habitat is soil, so getting to it is quite problematic. It is necessary to take a comprehensive approach to solving the problem and use simultaneously agrotechnical, chemical and mechanical means of control.

How to deal with a wireworm

  • Weeding and loosening the soil in spring, removing particularly harmful weeds, such as wheatgrass, quinoa, as well as pupae and larvae of beetles
  • Application of crop rotation rules, which involves planting potatoes in front of beans or peas
  • Planting green manure plants that effectively repel wireworms. It can be mustard, alfalfa and lupine.
  • Planting next to potato ridges of salad bushes. In this case, the procrastination switches to eating the roots of the lettuce.
  • Digging up the soil in late autumn, which significantly reduces the risk of pests in the spring.

Wireworm control chemicals

As effective chemicals, many gardeners and gardeners often use superphosphate fertilizers, which are pre-treated with an insecticide. Along with them, Aktellik, Dencis and Karate effectively help. Superphosphate granules are poured into the wells, which are sprayed with a special solution. The composition includes water, acetone and Actellic.

With an increase in the number of larvae over time, it will be necessary to use the highly toxic Bazudin, Diazinon. Both drugs are very dangerous for pests and no less poisonous for humans. Prestige has low toxicity, which is also used to combat Colorado beetles or wireworms. As for Provotox, this drug does not pose a danger to earthworms, it works for a long time in the soil. Some breeders use Kapkan, Zemlin, Force or Dohlox. However, each of the above insecticides requires special handling, the preparation of chemical solutions must comply with the instructions, and spraying must be carried out with protective gloves.


Wireworm in potatoes: how to get rid of

It is quite difficult to get the clicker beetle out of the garden, but you need to fight the wireworm on the potatoes without delay. It is practically impossible to exterminate every single bug. But you can significantly reduce their number. The very first thing you can do is various traps.

These disposal methods are fairly simple to perform:

  1. Between the potato bushes, you need to plant, for example, corn. These bugs love to feast on it. After a while, you can pull out the corn bushes with the clicker.
  2. Put some hay or potato tubers in the ground, add water and bury. After a couple of days, you can dig up and extract the accumulation of parasites from there.
  3. Be sure to loosen the soil around the potatoes twice a week after planting. Insects get to the surface and die from the sun's rays or from birds.
  4. A known method is a sweet surface. Spread sweet sugar syrup or honey on the potato leaves and wait for the result. The beetles will quickly flock to the tasty smell and stick.

Folk remedies

It is not enough when such remedies help, but it is still necessary to try before starting with drastic measures.

  1. Potassium permanganate. Water the solution once or twice a week. This will destroy some of the larvae.
  2. Onion peel. During planting, put the husk in each hole and drip it.
  3. Eggshell. It needs to be crushed and scattered over the beds.

Folk remedies do not always help in the fight against a whole family of beetles, but they can be used as a prophylaxis to protect the field from the invasion of parasites.

Chemical methods

This method is dangerous for humans, as it is poison. Preparations must be diluted strictly as directed in the instructions. These include:

  • Taboo
  • Commander
  • Provotox
  • Bazudin
  • Trap
  • Initiative
  • Zemlin
  • Thunder-2
  • Prestige
  • Actellic
  • Nemabakt.

When using Prestige, it is important to observe safety measures. Despite the high price, gardeners take it very well, because it really works and helps to quickly destroy the wireworm. It is necessary to dilute the contents with water in the same amount as indicated on the package, and thus spray the plants. For a better result, place the tubers in the solution and wait a while, then they are planted in the ground.

Provotox is a proven product, produced in the form of friable granules. You need to do this: pour poison over the beds and wait for the result from 12 hours to 3 days. The drug gets inside the insect, affects its nervous system and paralysis occurs.

Nemabact is completely harmless to humans and animals. Safe for tops when sowing. Once inside the beetle, the poison completely destroys it from the inside. You cannot dilute the solution in advance. Protect your eyes while working.

All drugs are similar to each other, they act destructively on the insect. But it should be remembered that you do not need to abuse them, since wireworms become resistant even to the most powerful pesticides.

The click beetle is the worst enemy of plants that bear fruit. Every gardener should know the most basic measures for the prevention and elimination of these pests. If you regularly and persistently take care of the vegetation, follow all the rules, you can not only reduce the number of gluttonous beetles, but also get rid of them completely.


How to deal with a wireworm folk remedies?

The wireworm, folk remedies against which include a wide range of publicly available measures, can retreat in front of simple and harmless methods.

Soil tillage before frost

This effective method involves deep digging of the site, which must be carried out in late autumn (in the middle and even at the end of October). The recommended digging depth is at least 30 cm.

The larvae of the click beetle extracted during digging are left on the surface of the earth, where they die from the cold. When digging, thoroughly remove any plant residues - in particular, roots, rhizomes, tubers. Remaining in the ground, they can become a pest's wintering place.

Ordinary spring digging of the site can also dramatically reduce the number of wireworms. Digging and loosening of the earth from May to June, when the pest lays eggs, is considered the most effective. In the process of digging and loosening, seedlings and last year's weed residues are removed, and clutches of eggs, adult insects and larvae are removed, which are immediately destroyed. Eggs remaining on the surface of the earth lose their viability under the sun's rays and larvae are not formed from them.

For summer residents who have a poultry house on their site, birds can be of great help in the fight against wireworms. To do this, during the digging of the summer cottage in the fall or spring, poultry farmers release chickens into the garden. Birds are happy to eat the larvae and adults of the pest, because for them it is a nutritious protein treat.

Weeding and weed control

It is possible to effectively deal with the wireworm using folk methods only in combination with regular weeding of the site. Particular attention during the work should be paid to the destruction of creeping wheatgrass, chicken millet and other cereal weeds. All of them are the favorite food, habitat and wintering place of the pest.

During weeding, it is necessary to manually remove the rhizomes of the weeds - even their very small fragments (up to 1.5-2 cm). All extracted plant parts must be destroyed.

Given that the larvae of the nutcracker prefer acidic moist soil, liming is a fairly effective method of control. To reduce the acidity of the soil during digging, crushed slag, coal or ash are introduced, based on the calculation of 1 kg per 1 sq. M.

When adding lime, take into account the degree of acidity of the soil. Recommended norms are:

  • - 200-300 g of lime per 1 sq.m. - for slightly acidic soils
  • - 500-550 g of lime per 1 sq.m. - for medium acid soils.

Some summer residents scatter fluff lime every 3-4 years in the fall for deep digging in the place where potatoes are planned to be planted next year.

Using traps and baits

The most popular folk remedies for wireworms are baits and traps. They resort to their help a few days before sowing seeds and planting potatoes.

An excellent bait is the pest's favorite food - slices of potatoes, beets, carrots. Having cut the roots, twigs or wire are stuck into them and buried in the ground to a depth of 10-12 cm. After a couple of days, guided by the twigs, the traps are removed and destroyed along with the accumulated pests or fed to chickens.

For greater efficiency, the procedure is repeated several times - including after sowing. After sowing the seeds, baits are again buried along the rows, which will distract the pest and, thereby, protect the planting material.

Another effective bait material is corn, oat or barley seeds. They are pre-soaked until they swell, and then buried in small handfuls in places where the pest is found, making 2-3 holes per 1 sq. M. After the formation of seedlings, the seeds are removed along with the clod of soil and destroyed. This method is often used a couple of weeks before planting potatoes, setting up traps on the ridges.

Trying to destroy the wireworm on the site forever, do not forget about the primary source of the problem - the female click beetle. In the fall or early spring, before they begin to lay eggs, heaps of semi-rotted hay or straw should be placed in the garden. In search of a place for laying, insects will gather in piles, after which the traps will only have to be collected and destroyed (burned).

To attract wireworms, heaps are placed in shallow pits, then moistened and covered with boards. In search of heat and food, the larvae of click bearers gather rather quickly (within 1-2 days) in prepared shelters.

You can catch pests with the help of small glass jars with fresh slices of root vegetables laid on the bottom. The jars are buried to the level of the neck in shaded, damp or weedy places.Traps are checked every 2-3 days. Usually during this period a decent amount of pests accumulates in them.

Decoctions and infusions of celandine are a popular folk remedy that allows you to get rid of the wireworm in the garden. To prepare the infusion, 4 celandine bushes need to be chopped finely, pour a bucket of water and leave for 10-15 minutes. The resulting product is sprayed and watered plants. They also use an infusion of celandine for short-term soaking of potato tubers before planting.

When working with a plant, it is important to remember that celandine juice is poisonous and can cause skin burns. Therefore, contact with it must be extremely careful, not allowing the juice to get on the skin, eyes, mouth or nose!

Plants against wireworm

Comprehensive control of wireworm using folk methods involves the use of plants that repel pests. These include:

  • - legumes
  • - white mustard.

Clicker larvae avoid areas planted with legumes - beans, peas, beans. With their help, you can easily protect your garden, vegetable plot and even a potato field from wireworms by planting plants in the aisles.

Legumes are also planted along the perimeter of the site, where they will serve as a barrier to a pest approaching from neighboring dachas. Excellent results in the fight against wireworm are given by the beans of the Russian Black variety.

Avoids the pest and places where white mustard grows. To protect the plantings, it is grown in aisles or sown in the fall after harvesting in the vacated area. During deep autumn digging, white mustard is not removed from the field. Over the winter, it will rot and, like a green manure, enrich the land with useful trace elements, and at the same time stop the invasion of the wireworm for the next year.

Intending to destroy the wireworm forever with folk and traditional means, it is important to follow the rules of crop rotation. In areas affected by the pest, potatoes (and other vulnerable crops) must not be grown in the same location for several years in a row. It is optimal, according to experts, to divide the territory into 2-3 fields and use a new place for growing potatoes every year. The rest of the site can be used for growing legumes and green manures.


Prevention

Preventing wireworms is much easier than dealing with hordes of beetles. To do this, you must follow simple preventive measures:

  • constantly change the place where potatoes grow, and it must be planted where cruciferous, legumes or other crops previously grew (representatives of nightshades, including tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, will not work as forerunners)

The place where potatoes are grown must be constantly changed.

  • after harvesting, you need to dig up the site and select old fruits, wheatgrass roots and other weeds as carefully as possible - if you deprive the wireworm of a comfortable wintering, its population will significantly decrease
  • the earth must be dug to a depth of at least 20 cm - this will allow the wireworm larvae to be reached from the deep layers of the soil to the surface, where they will freeze when the temperature changes

  • marigolds or mustard can be planted between the rows of potatoes - the pronounced fragrance of these plants scares away wireworms and other insects
  • pests like heavy clay soils with high acidity - if necessary, the characteristics of the soil can be changed by adding clean river sand, lime, dolomite flour and other substances to it.

Determination of soil acidity

When growing potatoes, you need to follow the rules of agricultural technology - timely but moderately water, loosen the ground, remove weeds, fight diseases and pests.

Wireworm is a dangerous potato pest that can destroy almost all crops. To avoid the appearance of an unsympathetic insect and keep the tubers intact, you need to properly care for the plantings and fight diseases of the culture in a timely manner.


Ways to fight

The pest can be exterminated

Exterminate the offspring of the click beetle using simple agricultural techniques.

First of all, it is necessary to reduce the level of soil acidity by adding lime, chalk, shells from chicken eggs. Wood ash or dolomite flour works well - these are natural fertilizers containing natural minerals

You can add top dressing at different stages: during loosening or digging, at the time of planting.
Next, you should pay attention to the distance between the planted bushes. The more it is, the less favorable conditions for the appearance and breeding of wire parasites.
Loosen the earth as often as possible and let it warm up under the sun - its rays negatively affect the vital activity of parasites.
Timely get rid of weeds, a breeding ground for pests

It is best to burn the weeds after weeding.
Collecting and destroying the larvae of the clicker and the bugs themselves is a laborious but effective process.
Between the beds, it is advisable to plant crops that scare away the wireworm parasitizing on tomatoes. It can be beans, peas, buckwheat and many other things that the insect does not eat.

Tatiana Orlova (Candidate of Agricultural Sciences):

Systematic deep (up to 10-12 cm) loosening of the soil from early spring reduces the number of wireworm larvae, because at this time (early spring) they are in the upper layers of the soil.

Some gardeners are forced to resort to placing all kinds of traps on their plots. For example, pieces of any root vegetables are spread on the bottom of glass jars of a small volume and such baits are buried to the level of the neck - a pest that has crawled there for food will not get back.

Chemical method

All these methods of struggle are quite mild and do not have a negative effect on the quality of the grown fruits. But if they turn out to be meaningless, you have to turn to a more aggressive method of exposure - chemical.

Tatiana Orlova (Candidate of Agricultural Sciences):

Diazonin-based drugs have a higher hazard class. Therefore, in the area where such preparations were used, it is recommended not to grow anything for one year!

  • Aktara is a granular insecticide that acts in the leaves and stems, but does not affect the fruit.
  • To harmless chemicals include a solution with a small content of potassium permanganate, which is used when watering plants. This also includes fertilizers containing nitrogen, such as saltpeter.
  • The drug "Nemabakt" does not belong to chemicals. This is a biological product made from tiny nematodes and bacteria that are introduced into the pest's body and destroy it.


Watch the video: WheatStalk: Wireworms and beneficial bugs


Comments:

  1. Reymundo

    Unequivocally, excellent message

  2. Kort

    What do you say correctly :)

  3. Cordale

    I think you are not right. I'm sure.

  4. Claudios

    I have removed it a question



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