Papaya Harvest Time: Tips For Picking Papaya Fruits
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By: Teo Spengler
When you planted that young papaya plant in your backyard, you may have thought that papaya harvest time would never arrive. If you have fruit ripening, it is probably time to learn the ins and outs of harvesting papaya fruit.
Picking papaya may not seem like a daunting task, but you’ll need to know when the fruit is ripe. Read on for tips on how to know when it is time to start harvesting papaya fruit as well as information on papaya harvesting methods.
A papaya grows tall like a tree but isn’t actually a tree. It is called a “tree-like” plant and grows a little taller than the average gardener. Its “trunk” is a single, hollow stalk that produces leaves and fruit at the top.
If you are hoping to see papaya harvest time, you’ll need a female plant with a male plant in the vicinity, or a self-pollinating hermaphrodite plant. In order to start harvesting papaya fruit, you’ll have to allow the plant to first grow to maturity.
How to Harvest Papaya
A papaya plant will mature in six to nine months if you live in a warm region but may take up to 11 months in cooler areas. Once the plant is mature, it will flower in early spring and can produce as many as 100 fruits in summer or fall.
While most species of papaya produce fruit that are yellow, others ripen into orange or red. All of them first go through an immature “green” phase, during which they are known as green papayas.
Papaya harvest doesn’t ever begin before the moment called “color break,” when the papayas begin to transform from green to the mature color. Keep your eye on the blossom end, which is the first part of the fruit to turn.
Papaya Harvesting Methods
For home production, it isn’t likely you will need to use any fancy papaya harvesting methods. These are generally only necessary for commercial production. If you are wondering how ripe the fruit should be when you pick it, here are some tips.
Those growing for export harvest the fruit before they are 1/4 yellow. However, the fruit flavor is best when the skin is 80 percent colored. Home growers should harvest when the fruit is between 1/2 and 3/4 the mature color. These will be sweeter, since papayas do not increase in sweetness after picking.
What is the best papaya harvesting method for home orchards? Yep, its hand picking the fruit. If your tree is small, just stand on the ground. If it is larger, use a ladder. You can use a knife or pruners to make a clean cut.
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Read more about Papaya Trees
How To Make Your Own Garden
Have you ever thought about growing your own food? There are so many ways to do it that you would be surprised, or even better, you would be excited to start making your own garden straight away!
It may be easier than you think, however, is important to get organized before starting and avoid waste of time and seeds.
Let’s see a few steps to be taken before we begin:
- Choose what you would like to plant.
- Choose where you would like to plant.
- Create a small project with pen and paper.
- Invest in some basic garden tools.
- Prepare your soil.
CHOOSING WHAT TO PLANT
There is a wide variety of things you can grow in your garden so, how to choose the right vegetables to plant?
Make a list of your favorite vegetables and spices, those essentials in your kitchen.
Than you check your zone (Knowing your zone is vital when deciding what to include in your garden), Depending upon what zone you are in should narrow your list because you can’t grow everything you like in every location, you’ll just need to look up a zoning map. As a rule of thumb, zones 9 and 10 are the warmest climates, zones 7 and 8 are fairly warm and have mild winters, and zones 6 and below are the colder areas.
CHOOSING WHERE TO PLANT
Almost all vegetables and most flowers need 6-8 hours of full sun each day. So you need to observe your yard throughout the day to figure out which spots receive full sun versus partial or full shade. In case you have no possibility no give your garden this time of sun light, than you will need to be more selective choosing which plants to grow. Greens, herbs and root veggies will grow in partial shade. Southern gardens may benefit from late afternoon shade, whereas northern gardens likely need all the sun they can get.
Three additional tips: Pick a relatively flat spot for your garden because it’s more difficult, time-consuming, and expensive to deal with a sloping garden.
Check for windbreaks (such as your house or your neighbor’s house) that will keep plants from being harmed by strong winds.
And put the garden where you can't ignore its pleas for attention: Outside the back door, near the mailbox, or by the window you gaze through while you're cooking.
Bonus if that place is close enough to a water spigot that you won't have to drag a hose across the entire yard.
CREATE A SMALL PROJECT WITH PEN AND PAPER
After choosing where to make your garden, start drawing and writing your ideas. The kind of material you would like to use (wood, glass and plastic bottles), where to place each plant, the quantity of seeds you will need, the best period to harvest.
It is important to make a calendar as well to know how long time it takes all the process and to get easier each time you need to replant.
Decide on the type and size of garden bed(s). Raised beds are attractive and may make it easier to work in your garden, but they also dry out more quickly. In very dry areas, sunken beds can be used to gather available moisture.
Work with companion plants to attract beneficial insects and improve yields as well.
Start small, and make sure to give each plant enough room to grow. The seeds and transplants are tiny, but full grown plants can get huge.
INVESTING IN SOME BASIC GARDEN TOOLS
You will definitely need to have some tools for your daily gardening! You shouldn’t use a butter knife to chop up raw carrots, and you shouldn’t use dull or flimsy tools to work in your garden.
So, here is where to start:
GARDEN SHOVEL GARDEN FORK GARDEN GLOVES
PRUNING SHEARS GARDEN SCISSORS GARDEN CAN
Avoid buying cheap tools made by plastic, instead go for metal ones. Good tools will least longer and help you to save time and effort.
PREPARING YOUR SOIL
The soil is the most important part of your garden. You can’t have a productive garden without good soil. Just as our own children need nutritious food to grow big and strong, plants need soil to stabilize and anchor their roots, and also provide the essential nutrients, water, and air they need.
Add some organic matter. On a day when the soil is moist but NOT wet, spread your chosen organic matter out to cover the soil surface. You can dig this organic matter into your soil, or simply leave it on the surface where it will bury weed seeds but keep the soil structure beneath undisturbed.
Try to learn more about your soil and how it affects how plants grow. Do you have clay or sandy soil? Is your soil acidic or alkaline? Is it thin or rich in nutrients?
There are three important components to be checked: soil type, soil pH, soil nutrition.
The ideal soil texture consists of equal parts of sand, silt, and clay this type of soil is referred to as “loam” or “loamy.” Loamy soil has that perfect balance—it holds moisture but also drains well, allows oxygen to reach plants’ roots, and is rich in humus (organic matter). It’s fertile, easy to work, and contains plenty of organic matter.
PLANTING & HARVESTING
Most seed packets and transplant containers come with basic planting instructions. Once you've done the ground work (literally), you just need to jump in and plant. Just give it a try and you can learn the rest as you go.
Many plants, such as lettuce and sunflowers, are easy to grow from seed directly in the garden. Some plants, such as pansies and kale, tolerate cold, so you can plant them in autumn or late winter. Tomatoes and most annual flowers, on the other hand, prefer warm temperatures.
So, as you can see, depending on what are you planting it can change all your plans, that is why you should make a small research before doing this last step.
An easier method of starting your garden is to buy young plants, called set plants or transplants. Dig holes in your prepared bed based on tag instructions. Remove plants from the container by pushing up from the bottom. If the roots have grown into a big ball (known as being root-bound), use a fork or your fingers to untangle some outer roots before setting it into the hole. Pat soil into place around the roots, then soak the soil with water.
When you boil foods like pasta, potatoes, or veggies, nutrients are released into the water. Think twice before throwing this beneficial broth down the drain! As long as you haven't added salt to the solution, you can reuse the cooking water (once it has cooled down, of course) to give your garden a healthful boost.
After all done, be patient and wait for the harvest day to enjoy your own sustainable and organic food!
Months After Planting
After planting a small plant in the ground, it may take eight to 10 months before the fruit are ready to harvest. The climate does play a role in the number of months a papaya needs to grow and bear ripe fruit. In hot regions, it can take as little as six to nine months until harvest after planting the seeds, but more temperate areas need nine to 11 months to produce fruit when grown from seeds. If planted later in the year, the cooler weather of fall and winter slows the growth and increases the number of months the plant requires before producing fruit for harvest.
How to Grow Papaya
Last Updated: February 6, 2020 References Approved
This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. He has a Masters in Public Health Nutrition and Public Health Planning and Administration from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville.
There are 16 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. This article received 12 testimonials and 92% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status.
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Papaya is a perennial plant that grows in tropical and subtropical climates that have no chance of frost or freezing temperatures. Some species can grow as tall as 30 feet (9m), and most have attractive yellow-, orange- or cream-colored flowers. The plant's fruits may take on a variety of shapes, including pear-like or round, and are known for their sweet, yellow or orange flesh. Learn how to grow papaya for the best chance at healthy plants and a high quality fruit crop.
Step 3: Flushing Before Harvest
Once you have determined when you are going to harvest your plants, you need to begin flushing them.
The purpose of flushing is to remove any residual nutrients and/or chemicals that have accumulated in the flowers. Flushing is done by watering plants with only clean water until you harvest.
If you don’t flush, you will very likely have residual fertilizers affecting the taste of your smoke.
This makes smoking these buds harsh and unpleasant. Un-flushed buds may not burn or will crackle and smell like chemicals when they burn.
Flushing is absolutely necessary if using synthetic fertilizers. If growing completely organically you may not need to flush, or not need to flush as early and heavily.
How To Flush Your Plants
To flush your plants, you simply need to stop fertilizing and water your plants with clean water only
By clean water, I mean distilled or RO water.
If you can only access tap water, use a flushing agent with it.
Begin flushing your plants 7-10 days before you intend to harvest them.
If growing in soil – just water as needed with clean water throughout this time.
If growing hydroponically – replace your reservoir with clean water, and recirculate for 2-3 days. After 2-3 days, refill your reservoir again with clean water.
- Make sure you have 10-20% runoff when flushing in soil
- In soil, allow plants to remain dry 1-2 days before you intend to harvest. This assists with the drying process.
- In hydro, use a PPM or EC meter to monitor the concentration of your reservoir when flushing. If the concentration is similar to what you’ve been feeding with, keep replacing with clean water until it lowers significantly.
The benefits are you will be relax. Planting is one form of relaxation in which you will forget your worries about. You will be enjoying cultivating the soil and putting the seeds inside.
Also if can give you shade. When the sun hits so bright you can go under the tree and shade on them with it’s leaves.
You can get also foods from it. The tree will bear some fruits sooner. And you can eat that that will sustain energy for you.
You will be beautiful. The fruit have a vitamins and minerals which will help your skin to have a better look. This fruit is one of the most effective when if comes to beauty and it will help to remove your pimples.
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