Why cabbage seedlings wither and dry after planting in the ground

Why cabbage seedlings wither and dry after planting in the ground

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Growing healthy, robust cabbage seedlings at home is another first step towards a successful harvest. How many more difficulties gardeners have to endure in the process of cultivating this vegetable crop! Often, immediately after transplanting seedlings into open ground, wilting of cabbage leaves is observed. This problem can have different causes. Typically, many plants experience discomfort when transplanting from one place to another. To recuperate and adapt in a new area, the plant needs to spend some time. However, if every day the cabbage withers and dries more, it becomes clear that soon the seedlings will die. In some cases, wilting occurs due to insects that have begun to multiply and eat the leaves.

Leaves and stems of cabbage seedlings wither

Freshly blooming cabbage leaves attract pests from all over the garden. It will take a lot of effort to save the juicy vegetation, otherwise it will not be possible to get a healthy and tasty harvest of this vegetable crop in the fall. At the initial stage of development, cabbage seedlings are in danger, therefore, require special attention and care. The most common insect that damages cabbage is the cabbage fly. Outwardly, it resembles an ordinary housefly, but is smaller. The body length does not exceed 6 mm.

The appearance of cabbage flies

In the conditions of the central zone of the Russian Federation, the cabbage fly begins to appear in the gardens during the flowering of birch and lilac bushes. If we talk about the Leningrad region, here the activity of flies coincides with the flowering of a cherry tree. As a rule, when the ground is already well warmed up, the pupae that have wintered in the ground gradually wake up. Flies are formed from them, which then fly in different directions and cause harm to vegetable and berry crops. To lay eggs, flies choose the strongest seedlings and lay in the root of the plant.

Why is the cabbage fly dangerous for cabbage seedlings?

In the risk zone are young, not huddled bushes of succulent cabbage, which stand out against the background of other specimens with tall shoots. In most cases, cabbage fly larvae form on such seedlings immediately after planting. They accumulate on the bare surface of the stem. The color of the larvae is beige, and the shape resembles small worms. The body length is about 8 mm. First of all, the larvae damage the root, and then get to the cabbage stem, gnawing into the flesh.

As a result of such an attack, the development of the root system of seedlings is inhibited, and the entire underground part decays. It goes without saying that without the functioning of the roots, the plant will not be able to receive nutrients and will stop growing. Cabbage leaves will wilt and turn an unhealthy purple color. The vital activity of the larvae lasts about 20-30 days. Then the larvae enter the soil and turn into pupae either already in the ground or directly on the stems.

If spring is late and the soil is not warmed up enough, gardeners have to take risks and plant seedlings in the beds, risking serious damage due to recurrent frosts. First, the early varieties of cauliflower and white cabbage are under attack. Late cabbage species are considered more resistant to pests. Flies dislike red cabbage, but the larvae are found even in radish leaves. Often, the root crop of this crop is covered with a wormhole, which is the result of the work of the larvae. They bite into the surface of the root crop and leave behind crooked, jagged paths.

How to deal with a cabbage fly

Cabbage Fly | Tip of the Day 12th edition | Insects Pests

To stop the breeding of the cabbage fly and avoid egg laying, timely processing is required. If it was possible to find traces of damage on the leaves or the accumulation of larvae on the surface of the stems, it is necessary to clean the infected area as soon as possible, then healthy tissue will form in its place. Sore spots are rubbed with wood ash and smeared with wet clay on top to enhance the effect.

Cabbage seedlings are provided with abundant watering and feeding with organic fertilizers, for example, manure diluted in water or fresh mullein. Young bushes do not forget to huddle. Then the plant will quickly build up the root mass, and it will be more difficult for flies to get to the trunk.

On a note! Cabbage fly does not tolerate certain odors, which makes it possible to use another method of struggle. We are talking about celery and tomatoes. These vegetables are recommended to be planted next to cabbage to repel insects.

Tobacco dust and wood ash are considered to be an effective means of protecting cabbage and radish seedlings from flies. A few days after planting, the cabbage leaves are sprinkled with this mixture.

Cabbage seedlings wither: why is this happening and what to do?

Among the vegetable crops I grow, cabbage is a very delicate and finicky plant. Several times it happened that almost all the seedlings died in the first month after planting.

I fought with her for a long time, did not give up, and did not stop planting every year. As a result, I still understood where I was wrong.

Now I know what to do if cabbage seedlings die, I react in time and collect a consistently high yield. I will share my experience with you.

Many gardeners this year faced such a problem: the leaves of cabbage planted in open ground turned blue. What happened to the plants?

In the middle lane and not only in our country, this spring, the cold and frost dragged on. The earth cannot warm up after winter. But the time has come to plant cabbage, and nothing can be done about it.

In general, the blue discoloration of the leaves of this plant is primarily due to the presence of such an element as phosphorus in the soil. It is he who affects this color of the leaves. Of course, this is not good for your plant. But not only the soil is to blame, but also cold weather that prevents cabbage from absorbing phosphorus from the soil.

How to help the plant?

You just need to carry out a competent fertilizing on time, with the content of this microelement and hope that the cabbage will still recover. The ideal option for feeding would be the introduction of a simple "superphosphate". You can also cover the cabbage with plastic wrap or plastic bottles.

Read other interesting answers:

Why do cabbage leaves turn blue?

I want to say right away that a change in the color of cabbage leaves occurs due to a lack of nutrients. In general, the leaves of this vegetable can become not only blue, but also purple, red, brown and yellow. Only now plants acquire a specific color due to the lack of a certain element in the soil. In some cases, when the weather is cold, there are enough of these elements in the soil, but the culture simply does not receive them, since the exchange slows down.

Now I want to say about the blue leaves. Here the problem is a lack of phosphorus. If the weather is warm and sunny, simply feed the crop with a simple phosphorus fertilizer. I think that this is enough for the cabbage to turn green again.

If the weather is rainy and cool, then I advise you to cover the cabbage at night with special covering material or ordinary film. So even at night, the seedlings will be able to extract nutrients from the soil and will slowly but surely turn green.

And just don't forget about leaving: water, fertilize, treat pests, loosen the soil, huddle on time. If you take good care of your plants, your chances of not getting sick will be higher, and you can harvest an excellent harvest in the fall.

What to do if cabbage leaves wither

For the normal development of the plant, it is necessary to create favorable conditions and provide care for the crop. What if the weather is cool and rainy or, conversely, hot and dry? Even with such climatic conditions, you can harvest a good harvest of cabbage. Plants need to be treated with fungicides, insecticides, provide minerals, remove weeds near them, water regularly (if necessary) and loosen the soil.

We normalize watering

Cabbage will not wilt if watered properly. Water for irrigation is taken from a settled and warm, preferably rainwater. Every day, cabbage is watered after planting seedlings and at the time of head formation. Excessive watering can lead to waterlogging of the soil, which causes cabbage roots to rot. In rainy weather, the culture is not watered. In dry season, 10 liters of water are poured under the root. A month before harvesting, cabbage is watered once a week so that the heads of cabbage do not crack.

We apply fertilizers

Cabbage needs to be fed with organic and mineral supplements. Organic matter saturates the soil with all the necessary trace elements. Mineral dressing not only enriches the soil with nutrients, but also reduces the risk of developing fungal infections.

Pre-prepare the soil for the culture. In the fall, they dig up the ground and bring in 6 kilograms of rotted manure or 300 grams of bird droppings per 1 square meter of the plot. In the autumn, the land is enriched with nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. For 1 square meter of the site, 40 grams of urea, potassium sulfate, double superphosphate are taken. To normalize acidity, add 300 grams of wood ash or lime.

Two weeks after transplanting seedlings into the garden, the soil is fertilized with urea or saltpeter (35 grams per 10 liters of water). After 14 days, a mullein solution is introduced into the soil (0.5 kilograms of manure per 10 liters of water). To protect the heads of cabbage from cracking, they are sprayed with a solution of boric acid. Take 5 grams of the drug per 10 liters of liquid.

During the formation of heads of cabbage, potassium and phosphorus additives are introduced into the soil (40 grams of potassium sulfate, superphosphate and 2 glasses of ash per 10 liters of water). No more than 1 liter of the nutrient mixture is poured under one plant.

Protecting from disease

Infections enter cabbage from the soil, are carried by insects, or transmitted from weeds and crops growing nearby. If you notice signs of wilting or damage on the leaves, you need to immediately start treatment. It is advisable to immediately remove the dead seedlings or adult plants from the site, and sprinkle the ground with lime.

A plant diseased with a keel cannot be saved. You can spud the cabbage high to stimulate the development of adventitious roots. In order to prevent disease, the land is lime before planting. You can pour a solution of colloidal sulfur into each hole before planting seedlings. It is advisable to treat seedlings with fungicides (Fitosporin or Alerin).

You can add a little dolomite flour to the hole before planting. If the soil is infected with keel, it is necessary to plant tomatoes, onions, garlic, and eggplants on it over the next several years. These vegetables kill the fungus.

When symptoms of black spot appear, the heads of cabbage are sprayed with a fungicide solution (Antrakol, Skor, Kuproksat). When affected by peronosporosis, plants are sprayed with Bordeaux mixture or Planriz solution. When rhizoctonia (rusty spots on the leaves) appears, the heads of cabbage are treated with a solution of copper.

From the black leg (darkening and thinning of the seedling stem), spraying with a solution of potassium permanganate or Fundazol helps.

We treat insects

The most effective way to fight insects is the use of insecticides (Aktara, Match, Engio). Instead of chemicals, folk remedies can be used (soap, ash, vinegar, saline, onion, garlic tincture, decoction of tomato or potato tops). Traps and snags can be placed on the garden bed. Insects will be scared away by the pungent smell of plants planted near cabbage, for example, dill, anise, mint, onion, garlic.

Leaves turn yellow

The first reason why the leaves of seedlings turn yellow must be sought in the ground. This can be, both from a lack of nutrients, and from an overabundance. In the event that the land for seedlings was purchased in a store, you should not worry about a lack or an overabundance of substances.

Obviously, the cause could be excessive watering or too much sun. Cabbage seedlings do not like too much heat and light, so do not try to create greenhouse conditions for them.

If the soil was taken from the site, then such a picture is quite obvious. Especially if the land has been thoroughly fertilized. It is noticeable that the plant begins to dry out, takes on a stunted appearance. Here you can simply rinse the soil.

This can be done directly in the pot if there are enough holes for the water to drain out. Rinse the soil with a large amount of settled water, constantly pouring water into the ground and stand after it flows out.

Another reason why the leaves turn yellow, the cabbage seedlings dry out, this is a lack of iron and phosphorus. Once again, it is worth saying that the ready-made purchased soil is ideal and the lack of something is excluded. You can try adding wood ash to the soil.

Important! Cabbage seedlings are sensitive to soil composition. Don't experiment and plant your seeds in store-bought soil. In this case, the seedlings grow healthy and do not waste away.

A yellowed leaf, or rather its edge, can also speak of an infection that often affects the seeds of a plant. Therefore, it is important to prepare the seeds. Before disembarking, it is enough to hold them in a solution of potassium permanganate for about twenty minutes.

Why seedlings wither

Because of the black leg among summer residents, not only cabbage seedlings often die, the disease affects flower crops, tomatoes. It is possible to suspect a disease if, for some unknown reason, cabbage seedlings wither, fall, and thinning appears in the root zone. The reasons for the appearance of a black leg can be different. Starting with sowing fungus-infected seeds.

Summer residents often take land for seedlings in their gardens, and there may be a causative agent in it. Thickened planting and improper seedling care are very often the causes of fungal infection.

When an inexperienced gardener sees that the cabbage is withering, he, first of all, begins to water the seedlings. This is a gross mistake, if the seedlings wilted, this does not mean that they need water. Excessive watering can provoke the spread of infection.

When the cabbage withers, the soil moisture is checked, the roots of the plant are examined. The root system affected by the fungus is easy to recognize. Thin fibrous roots are absent, the root is not developed, dark in color, there may be signs of decay. Immediately after clarifying the diagnosis, all seedlings affected by the black leg must be dug up and destroyed.

If a cabbage is sick with a black leg, it cannot be cured. You need to save the remaining seedlings. Pour boxes with seedlings with a pink solution of potassium permanganate and take them to a cool room. Provide seedlings with adequate lighting, spray with Epin to stimulate local immunity.

8. Changes in the type of seedlings: sluggish, faded, yellow, red or blue

- With a lack of nitrogen, the plants look stunted: the stalk is thin, the leaves are small, pale green, below they begin to turn yellow and die off. And vice versa, with an excess of nitrogen, the plants fatten: the stem and petioles are thick, the leaves are large, dark green, only the colors from such plants you will not wait long.

With a lack of phosphorus on the leaves of plants (most often on the lower side) a reddish-purple tint appears.

Lack of potassium on plants, yellowing of the ends and edges of the old (lower) leaves is observed. In tomato seedlings, the leaves may curl downward.

- Lack of iron in plants manifests itself in the form of chlorosis on the leaves - the leaf tissue between the veins begins to discolor, the leaves gradually turn yellow.

With a lack of magnesium marbling of the leaves is observed.

With a lack of boron the point of growth dies off.

If there is a cat in the house, then she can do her bit: from her urine that got into the ground, the seedlings change color (turn blue) and die. In addition, she can completely drop the seedling box. Plant some greens for your pussy, she will be grateful to you :)

And you can fill the missing elements with the help of micronutrient fertilizers.

Watch the video: How to Bring A Plant Back To Life in 12 Hours


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