Potato Empress starts and wins

 Potato Empress starts and wins

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Potatoes are an amazing plant. It is included in the first and second courses - that's understandable. Used in baked goods: casseroles, baked potatoes, okay too. But starch is obtained from potatoes, which is added to jelly, and this is a dessert. Starch is used in cakes and cookies, and alcohol is also obtained from it. He has a wide range of applications! So it turns out that potatoes provide food, drink, and energy. If there is something to apply, then there is always something to offer, which is why there are so many varieties of potatoes. Relatively recently, another new variety has appeared - Empress. It's time to find out how it is planted and what it is eaten with.

Description of potato variety Empress

The originator of the Empress variety is the Russian breeding and seed company "SeDeK". The variety has not yet entered the State Register, but is actively cultivated. Empress - early ripe potatoes: 55–65 days pass from planting to harvest. Forms compact bushes. In the nests, 7–10 even, oblong tubers weighing 70–145 g are formed. The variety is fruitful; with proper care, 300–400 centners per hectare are harvested. Marketability 91%.

The Empress variety ripens quickly: two or three warm months are enough for it, so potatoes are suitable for growing in almost any climatic zone.

The eyes are shallow, shallow. The peel is yellow, the flesh is yellowish cream. Starch content in Empress potatoes: 14-16%. Purpose of the dining room. Differs in good, up to 95%, keeping quality.

Empress potatoes are distinguished by excellent taste and an almost regular shape of tubers

Many people note the bright taste of this variety. The pulp does not boil much during cooking, therefore they use potatoes in salads, in main courses, when frying.

Landing rules

Preferred growing regions are not indicated as the variety adapts to soil and climate. You can plant anywhere, regardless of the type of soil.

Potatoes are planted in rows with an interval of 60–70 cm, the distance between the holes should be about 30–35 cm. Gardeners sometimes change these ratios depending on the condition of the soil and taking into account their own experience.

When planting potatoes, it is advisable to choose tubers of only one variety, since different hybrids form bushes of different heights. When varieties are mixed, low bushes are suppressed by more powerful plants. To get a good harvest, you also need:

  • destroy weeds;
  • loosen the surface layer of the soil;
  • provide watering during the formation of flowers;
  • hilling at least three times per season.

Most often, weeds have to be fought before the emergence of seedlings and the formation of a bush. It takes a long time from the moment of planting the tubers to the appearance of the first leaves, so it is necessary to loosen the soil and remove weeds in order to improve air penetration to the roots and provide future tubers with nutrients. At the same time, some gardeners note that the Empress potatoes are unpretentious, caring for them does not require significant effort.

It is known that the Empress potato is resistant to potato nematode, late blight. Drought tolerant.

Video: planting Empress potatoes in the furrows

Features of growing from seeds

Growing potatoes from seeds significantly increases the yield and quality of tubers

When planting potatoes with tubers, gardeners often complain about the deterioration of the harvest from year to year. It is not surprising, because when planting in this way it is impossible to trace which generation of the root crop gets into the soil. It is known that even if only the best tubers are used as seed material when planting, by the seventh sowing potatoes degenerate, are affected by various viral diseases, and lose their taste. The first crop (mini-tubers) grown from seed is called the first generation.... Subsequent generations are obtained vegetatively - tubers. During vegetative reproduction, there is no renewal of the genetic material, which is the cause of degeneration. Therefore, it is necessary to periodically use, in addition to the vegetative organs, seeds, which will improve the quality of the harvest obtained, increase productivity, and restore resistance to diseases.

Among other things, mini-tubers are compact in comparison with ordinary ones, and therefore are convenient for storage and transportation.

The crop grown from potato mini-tubers has a bright taste

To obtain a crop of potatoes with pronounced varietal characteristics, tubers of the second, third or fourth generation are planted. This is the elite of the grade. You can buy them, but these tubers are expensive and there is a danger that the name "elite" does not correspond to the content, it all depends on the reliability of the supplier.

The Empress variety is recommended to be planted with seeds. This is a troublesome occupation, but with patience and a certain perseverance, you can not think about renewing the seed for five or six years.

Video: getting seedlings from potato seeds

Potatoes for seedlings are sown in April. This requires:

  1. Pre-soak potato seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate for 20-40 minutes and dry.
  2. Pour a soil-moisture mixture consisting of peat, turf, humus and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 2: 1 into a plastic container.
  3. Tamp the soil mixture tightly.
  4. Moisten well with Epin's solution to improve germination.
  5. Spread the seeds carefully in an even layer.
  6. Sprinkle them lightly with soil.

The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is 20-25 aboutC. The first shoots appear in 3 weeks. Gardeners, who have been propagating potatoes with seeds for several years, note that with a lack of light, the seedlings stretch out. Therefore, it is necessary to place the containers in a well-lit place.

Some gardeners offer seeds to first germinate and only then plant.

Video: preparing seeds for planting

No matter how the seeds are prepared, with or without preliminary soaking, in the phase of 2-3 true leaves, the seedlings dive and transplant into separate containers. Most often these are plastic cups with holes made at the bottom. In mid-May, seedlings are planted in open ground. The resulting mini-tubers are stored in order to get their own super-elite potatoes with the maximum disease resistance and the most pronounced taste for the next year.

Growing tips

  1. Sometimes it is possible to get an additional crop in the fall, if you carefully dig up the first tubers in June-July. The tops remain green until autumn and stand for a long time.
  2. Some gardeners note that excess moisture is undesirable for the variety. In general, the Empress is considered an unpretentious variety.

Reviews about the potato variety Empress

Not all reviews of the Empress variety are unambiguous.

The fact that the Empress potatoes do not have regions of admission says a lot. This variety, according to its characteristics, is able to grow, give a bountiful and tasty harvest both in cold short summers, and in the south, in the absence of rain. Perhaps this variety was named Empress, suggesting future expansion into the fields.

[Votes: 1 Average: 5]

Growing Dutch Impala Potatoes

Now let's figure out how to properly grow this variety on our site.

Requirements for planting material

Another advantage of this variety is the undemandingness of the preliminary germination of the planting material. This significantly saves money and labor costs.

But, if you germinate the tubers, you can significantly increase not only the yield, but also the ripening time of the fruits. In doing so, it is important to pay attention to the sprouts. So, if they break, then the whole process will go down the drain.

Growing features

Many summer residents are interested in whether any special conditions are needed for growing this variety. Especially it rocks the kind of soil, and the Impala has no special requirements for it.

But, it is important to understand that depending on the soil, the yield will vary. It is best to pre-grow corn, cabbage or beans in the garden, and then plant the Impala.

The planting material does not need to be pre-warmed before planting. Seedlings are processed in such a way that potato sprouts can be seen already on the 5th day. But, it is important to observe the temperature regime + 12-15 degrees.

If you do decide to sprout these potatoes. Then it is worth doing the procedure in March, since already in May, the seedlings should be planted in the open ground. Watering frequency will depend on local weather.

Increased yield

To get the maximum yield from the Impala, you should first grow healthy potatoes in the garden. And after a year or two, you can start growing Impala. It is important to follow the rules of plant alternation, and also be attentive to the cultivation of the land.

When planting tubers, it is very important to do the correct seeding. And if the flowers are removed from the bush during the flowering of the plant, then this can increase the yield by about 25%. Top dressing also affects yield.

Features of shoots

The bushes of the plant are very tall. They are erect, have abundant landscaping. The plant has white flowers, bright green leaves of ordinary size. All of them are even, slightly curved at the edge.

Planting potatoes

Despite the fact that Crohn's potatoes are unpretentious to grow, you need to make some effort to enjoy delicious potatoes. Compliance with the features and rules of agricultural technology guarantees a rich harvest.

Site selection and processing

It is better to choose a plot for Crohn's potatoes on the southern and south-western slopes. They are well illuminated by the sun's rays, and the earth warms up better on them.

The culture prefers loose and slightly acidic soil. You can determine the acidity by plants: chamomile, wheatgrass, clover and dandelion usually grow on such soil. Potatoes of this variety grow well on sandy, black earth and loamy soils.

If the groundwater lies nearby, then the planting of the vegetable should be placed on the ridges or ridges. The best predecessors of potatoes: cabbage, legumes, winter crops, root crops. You should not plant potatoes in an area where nightshade crops grew. When digging, a small amount of organic fertilizer can be added to the soil. The best is rotted horse manure.

Tuber preparation

A month before planting potatoes in the soil, you need to prepare planting material. To do this, you need to select healthy medium-sized tubers weighing from 50 to 80 g. For the prevention of diseases, the vegetable can be dipped in a solution of copper sulfate. After drying, treat with a growth stimulant.

The next stage is germination. To do this, the planting potatoes are laid out in boxes in 1-2 layers and removed to a bright room. For the first 7 days, the temperature is maintained at 20-22 ° C, then it is reduced to 7-8 ° C and the potatoes are kept for another 4 weeks. Periodically spray it with water and turn it over. The vegetable should be dark green in color. When sprouts 10-15 mm long are formed, the potatoes can be planted.

Landing rules

After preparing the planting material, you can start planting it. In this case, it is necessary to take into account some of the agrotechnical features of the Crohn potato:

  • tubers should be planted at a distance of 25 to 30 cm
  • between the rows you need to leave at least 65 cm
  • the planting depth of potatoes should be 4-5 cm.

If the area allows, then the distance between holes and beds can be increased. This makes it easier to care for the potatoes.

How to grow potatoes from seeds. Growing potatoes with botanical seeds. Personal experience and photos.

Every year we try to grow a new plant in our summer cottage. When we settle it in our garden (vegetable garden), we are especially attentive to the “beginners” and look forward to the results. Sometimes it seems that everything has been tried and tested. But it turns out that even ordinary potatoes can surprise you. Growing potatoes from seeds was my "discovery" last season. But not from tubers-seeds, and not from eyes, but from botanical seeds, as if we sowed the closest relatives of potatoes - tomatoes, also through seedlings. The seed potatoes gave a good harvest. Its yield was not inferior to potatoes planted with tubers, which could not always be watered in hot and dry summers. Watering the seedbed with potatoes was not difficult.

Photo 1: Sprouted botanical potato seeds. 30th of March.

Having studied the topic, you understand that growing potatoes with botanical seeds is not only amazing, but also extremely useful for the culture, beneficial for the vegetable grower. It is useful because you get clean potato planting material, not burdened with viruses and diseases that accumulate in tubers over many years of cultivating the variety. In botanical seeds, viruses and diseases do not accumulate and are not transmitted with them, therefore, with proper agricultural technology, healthy potato tubers grow from them. Profitable, because the price of the issue is 10-20 rubles for 35 potato bushes with an excellent yield of seed or varietal tubers. This is how many grains are packed in a pack with seeds weighing 0.02 g. How to grow potatoes from seeds? I'll tell you about my experience.

Photo 2: Seed potatoes. Seedlings before picking. 25 April.

On the occasion, out of interest, I bought potato seeds in the store. I didn't think about choosing a variety for a long time, I decided - let it be early. It turned out to be an early ripening variety Velina from the SeDeK agricultural firm. She did not hold high hopes for the success of the event and paid little attention to the sown potatoes. In the rank of crops, the seedlings of which I traditionally grow in spring, potatoes stood after peppers, tomatoes and flowers.

Photo 3: Seed potatoes. Seedlings before planting in open ground. 16th of May.

Growing potatoes with seeds begins with growing seedlings. With direct sowing of seeds into the ground (which is also allowed), only small tubers are obtained for reproduction (for planting) for the next year.

Before sowing, the potato seeds germinated. To do this, put them in a damp cloth and placed in a transparent plastic food container with a lid near the battery. I checked the seeds every day, for airing, I opened the lid of the plastic box for 1-2 minutes. If necessary, she moistened the napkin with warm water from a spray bottle. On March 30, my seeds germinated well and I planted them in a seedling container filled with store-bought nutrient soil. The seeds are neatly spread over the surface of a compacted and moistened substrate, just like sowing tomatoes. I lightly sprinkled them with earth on top. Once again I moistened the crops from the sprayer and put the bowl with the crops on the sunny windowsill near the radiator.

Soon, friendly shoots appeared, and 25 days after sowing, my potatoes were already like that (photo 2). It's time to plant the seedlings in separate pots, while deepening them, like tomatoes. But there was not enough space on the windowsill, so I continued to grow potato seedlings in the same container. Watered it as the soil mixture dries up, occasionally loosened the soil (air is important for potatoes), turned it from time to time so that the seedlings grew even, once a month fertilized it with complex fertilizer for seedlings. Somewhere at the end of April, the potatoes from the seeds began to be taken out for a while on the glassed-in balcony for hardening, and soon she left them there altogether.

Photo 4: Seed potatoes. Seedlings of potatoes with a clod of earth. 16th of May.

Potatoes were planted from seeds in the ground in mid-May, by which time the soil had warmed up well after winter. I chose a cloudy day for landing. If the weather is sunny, the disembarkation can be done in the evening.This is how my seed potatoes looked before planting in open ground (photo 3, 4). I had to carefully untangle the intertwined seedlings so as not to damage their roots and stems. If grown in pots, there would be no such problem. But now I know that there are varieties of potatoes, when growing from seeds, picking is not required: Ilona, ​​Triumph, Farmer.

In order not to accidentally transfer disease from the soil to potatoes from seeds, I set aside a new place for planting it, where nightshade crops had not been planted for a long time. Since autumn, the soil has been dug up with humus. In the spring, I added ash and some Fertik fertilizer for potatoes to the potato bed. Before planting, I spilled a container with seedlings and prepared holes. Planted potato seedlings at a distance of 20-60 cm between plants. With close planting, small tubers are formed on the bushes, suitable for planting next year. With a rare planting, the tubers succeed in larger, table purposes.

Photo 5: Potatoes made from botanical seeds grow outdoors. May 31.

When planting, the potato seedlings were buried, leaving only the upper leaves on the surface. Long stems were laid at an angle or horizontally, carefully sprinkled with earth so that they would not break. I watered the planted plants well, and covered the garden with spunbond laid over the arches. Spunbond protects potatoes from frost and weeds, protects them from sunburn, keeps the soil moist longer, saves from the Colorado potato beetle. Spunbond is completely removed when the seedlings take root well and the threat of night frosts recedes. The seedlings planted in the ground began to grow rapidly, it became obvious that it was cramped in the pot.

Potatoes from seeds require the usual care: they spud it, after the rain they break the crust formed on the soil, weed, watered. When the Colorado potato beetle appears, the bushes are treated with drugs, for example, "Aktarom", for the prevention of phytophthora - "Fitosporin". If the soil was poorly filled during planting, as evidenced by the appearance of the plants, the potatoes are fed with liquid complex fertilizer.

Photo 6: Seed potatoes. Potato bushes. July 1.

This is my seed potato was on May 31 (photo 5). On this day, I huddled it for the first time. After a month, it did not differ from potatoes planted with tubers (photo 6). Looking at the vigorous upright bushes of Velina potatoes, it was hard to imagine that they had grown from small seeds.

Photo 7: The seed potato has bloomed. July 17th.

On July 17, my potatoes bloomed with white flowers, surprisingly beautiful! And on August 10, I dug up the first "strongest" potato bushes. They had many small, but even and smooth tubers. We left them for landing for the next year. Healthy, not affected by late blight potato lash at this time guarantee healthy planting material.

The remaining, not dug, tubers ripened in the garden until September 16. I wanted to know the "limit of the possible." Some of the bushes were very productive. Velina potatoes turned out to be of good taste. The yellow pulp of the tubers looked delicious when mashed. The puree seemed to be thickly oiled. When frying, the potato pieces retained their shape well.

There is also an easier way to grow potatoes from seeds - seedless. Seeds are sown in May directly into the ground. With such a sowing time, only seed potatoes for planting in the next season can be obtained. So that the seedlings do not drown out the weeds, and they are friendly, initially it is better to grow seeds in bowls with nutritious soil. And then, as described above.

Photo 8: Seed potatoes. Harvest potatoes for seeds. August 10.

Inspired by the result, this year I will get acquainted with a new variety of seed potatoes from the SeDeK agricultural firm. This time I bought the seeds of the "Revenge" potato variety. In general, the agricultural company "SeDeK" offers several varieties of potatoes for growing from botanical seeds. They can be grown not only on a personal plot, but also on farms.

It is worth clarifying that from the botanical potato seeds, which I talked about, we get not a pure variety, but a variety-population, which is indicated on the package. Unlike a variety, a variety-population with external general properties has a wide range of genes, which allows plants to adapt well to various conditions, and gives vegetable growers the opportunity to engage in selection. When growing potatoes from seeds, you can select plants according to your preferred trait. Varieties and hybrids have a homogeneous set of genes. The following descriptions of potato varieties are populations.

Early varieties of seed potatoes.

Assol. Stable high yields. Oval-elongated tubers with light skin and light flesh of excellent taste. Resistant to late blight, virus and nematode. Productivity in the first year up to 742 g per bush.

Ausonia. Productive variety. Tubers are medium in size, oval, with light skin and pulp, excellent taste. High recoil when landing early for commercial purposes. Resistant to golden potato nematode.

Velina. The variety forms lengthened, elongated-oval tubers with yellow skin and pale yellow flesh of good taste. Resistant to late blight and viral diseases. In the first year, the yield from a bush is up to 452 g.

Ilona. Forms a compact tuberous nest. Elongated oval tubers weighing up to 110 g, light peel, white flesh, starchy, crumbly. Excellent taste. Recommended for early market sales. The yield from a bush in the first year after sowing is 681 g.

Empress. Elongated tubers with yellow peel and pulp of high palatability. Productivity in the first year after sowing 601 g per bush. The variety is resistant to scab, late blight, nematode. With careful collection of tubers in early to mid-summer, it is possible to re-harvest in autumn.

Photo 9: Seed potatoes. Potato harvest in winter. Variety Velina. 16 of September.

Lada F1. Hybrid. Stable harvest in all regions. The yield in the first year after sowing is 695 g per bush. It produces tubers of different colors: from white and light yellow to pink, blue, purple. The tubers are round-oval, the flesh is highly starchy, crumbly, tasty. Resistant to viral, hybrid and bacterial diseases.

Milena. Forms round-oval tubers with yellow-white skin, pale yellow and white flesh. High-yielding, very early variety, disease resistant. In the first year, it yields up to 606 g per bush when grown in seedlings.

Triumph. Oval and elongated-oval light yellow tubers, creamy flesh, does not darken after cooking. The taste is great. Suitable for early market sales. 663 g per bush in the first year of cultivation from seed.

Farmer. The most productive commercial variety. In the first year of cultivation from seeds, it gives 809 g of a bush. Forms many flattened tubers with yellow skin and light yellow flesh. The taste is excellent. Resistant to golden potato nematode. Suitable for long-term storage.

Mid-season potato varieties from seeds.

Ballad. Aligned oval smooth tubers with white skin and pale yellow flesh. The taste is excellent. The variety is high-yielding, good in laying. Possesses complex resistance to late blight and viral diseases. Productivity in the first year after sowing is up to 565 g per bush.

Virgo. Elongated-oval beautiful tubers with red skin and light yellow pulp, excellent taste. The variety is resistant to diseases, productive. Productivity from a bush in the first year up to 725 g.

Beauty. Forms 6-8 tubers weighing 250-300 g. The shape of tubers is oval, the skin is red, the flesh is light yellow. Resistant to fungal and viral diseases. Stores well. Productivity in the first year after sowing is up to 637 g per bush.

Revenge. High-yielding variety, also suitable for making chips. Large, round-oval tubers with light yellow flesh. It grows in any climatic conditions, resistant to mechanical damage, transportable and well stored. 704 g per bush in the first year of cultivation.

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