Nikola - a tomato with a Siberian character
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Nikola is a tomato for Siberia. In short summers with unpredictable weather, this variety consistently yields high yields. The fruits are medium-sized, but tasty, a lot of them grow on the bushes. Nikola's agricultural technology can be called problem-free, but, nevertheless, there are nuances that will have to be taken into account.
The history of Nikola's tomato
Tomato Nikola was created by breeders of the West Siberian Experimental Station in the city of Barnaul. The institution is part of the Moscow Region Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "Federal Scientific Center for Vegetable Growing", the former name - VNIISSOK. In this regard, there is some confusion about the origin of the variety.
Tomato Nikola was bred in Barnaul, but the originator of the variety is the Moscow Region enterprise FGBNU "FNTSO"
Well-known agrofirms "Aelita", "SibSad", "Seeds of Altai" actively and fairly promote the Nikola tomato as an achievement of Siberian breeders. On the forums, gardeners call it "a real tomato for Siberia" and "an improved version of the Siberian early ripening." However, the applicant for registration in the State Register of Breeding Achievements is the head enterprise of the Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution "FNTSO" from the Moscow region. It also ensures the safety of the variety.
Nikola entered the State Register in 1993. Zoned for four Russian regions:
- West Siberian;
- East Siberian.
Video: about the VNIISOK institute
Description of the variety
Nikola grows as a low bush - 40–65 cm, can be grown using lazy technology - without pinching and garter. In terms of ripening, the variety is mid-early; from germination to harvest, the harvest takes 94-115 days. The first flower raceme is formed above 8–9 leaves, the subsequent ones - in each internode or through one. 6–7 fruits are poured into the brush. The tomatoes are round, smooth, without ribs, red. Inside 6-10 seed chambers.
Tomato Nikola generously gives fruits, while not requiring a garter and pinching
The weight of one fruit is 73–93 g. The yield on personal plots is 4–5 kg / m², in the field - 213–455 c / ha. The variety demonstrates the maximum productivity in its homeland, in the Altai Territory, the minimum - in the Middle Volga region. Tomatoes are aligned in size, have a good presentation, and are quickly sold out on the market. Professional tasters from the State Variety Testing Commission rated the taste as "excellent". Nikola's purpose is universal, tomatoes are used fresh and for pickling.
However, each variety has its own disadvantages. So, Nikola is distinguished by low resistance to a number of diseases: late blight, black spot, septoria, macrosporiosis, apical rot.
Video: Siberian's review of Nikola's tomato
In Siberia and the middle lane, it is recommended to sow Nikol's from mid-March to early April. By the time of disembarkation at a permanent place, the seedlings should be 60–65 days old. This tomato is also grown in the south in a seedless way, the seeds are sown in a greenhouse or under a temporary shelter when the ground warms up to +10 ... +12 ° C.
Already at the stage of preparation for sowing, it is necessary to take into account the instability of the variety to a whole range of diseases. Be sure to pickle the seeds in a solution of potassium permanganate, and warm the soil for seedlings in any way to 100 ° C. In the open ground and in the greenhouse, treat beds, arches, trellises, stakes and other structures that will come into contact with tomatoes with a Bordeaux mixture (3%) or a solution of copper sulfate (100 g per 10 l).
Keep seedlings on a light windowsill. In phase 1-2 true leaves, plant them in individual pots. For the entire seedling period, the plants will have to be fed 3-4 times. Use mineral mixtures for seedlings, and outside the house you can water with organic matter - infusions of mullein, dung, nettle. Give the first top dressing a week after the pick, the next - with an interval of 2 weeks, the last - a week before planting.
Plant in open ground when the threat of frost has passed, in a greenhouse - 2 weeks earlier. By this time, the plants should already have 6-7 true leaves. Seedlings must be pre-hardened, that is, gradually accustomed to the sun's rays and fresh air. The landing pattern for Nikola is 50x40 cm.
While it is still far from harvesting, a week after planting, do a preventive spraying against diseases with a fungicide (Skor, HOM, Horus). In the future, add Fitosporin, a biological product that is safe for our health, into the irrigation water once every 2 weeks (2 tablespoons of paste concentrate per 10 liters of water).
Fitosporin contains millions of living bacteria, in the soil they compete with disease-causing bacteria, reducing their population
Nikola willingly responds with an increase in crop yields for top dressing. From the beginning of flowering to the beginning of fruit ripening, twice a month, water at the root with a solution of complex fertilizer for tomatoes. Ready mixes are sold under the brands: BioHumus, BioMaster, Red Giant, Agricola, Fertika. Spray Ovary or Bud with a fruit-forming stimulator according to the flowers.
In the field, Nicholas is not tied up or stepson. But on your site you can take care of several bushes. To prevent fruits and leaves from lying on the ground, place dry grass or wide planks under the bushes. It is advisable to remove the basal stepchildren and everything that grows below the first flower brush. The bush will be better ventilated and illuminated, the fruits will grow larger and sweeter.
Reviews of the Nikola variety tomato
Nikola is a very easy tomato to grow. Demonstrates good yield in harsh environmental conditions. But, like any plant, it will respond with greater productivity to the care that should be shown in feeding and protecting against diseases.
Klusha and Superklusha tomatoes: photos, features of varieties, reviews
|Shape, weight of fruits:||Klusha - flat round, 100 g, Superklusha - round, 150-250 g|
|Bush yield:||Klusha - up to 2.5 kg, Superklush - up to 3 kg|
Gardeners in risky farming zones especially appreciate tomatoes that can produce crops in the open field. Thanks to the Siberian Garden agrofirm, such varieties appear annually, and are not much inferior to the southern ones. Some of the most successful are deservedly considered the Klusha tomato and its improved version - Superklusha.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Em Champion was bred by Siberian breeders, entered in the State Register of Breeding Achievements in 1982.
Determinate bush, height - no more than 70 cm, medium foliage, large leaves. Due to its low height, this variety can be bred in an apartment on the balcony. The first inflorescence is laid over 5-7 leaves, the subsequent ones - every two leaves. On one seedling, 4-5 fruitful clusters are formed.
The species is mid-season, from the moment of planting to full maturation, 100-110 days pass.
It is highly resistant to the main diseases of the nightshade family, in particular, it is practically immune to fungal diseases.
The yield is high, up to 7 kg of fruits are harvested from one plant, provided that four bushes are planted per 1 sq. m.
The tomato is recommended for outdoor cultivation. In cold regions, it is bred in protected structures.
Despite its small growth, the plant requires a mandatory garter, otherwise the stem will not withstand the weight of ripe fruits. When grown in open beds, it does not need pinching.
The fruits are large, the average weight of one is 350-450 g. They have a crimson color, rounded and slightly flattened shape (see photo). There are 4-5 seed chambers. The taste is excellent, harmoniously combining sugariness with sourness.
Vegetables are consumed fresh and used for the preparation of winter preparations (barrel pickles, pickles and conservation).
Ripe tomatoes are not subject to long-term storage; they do not retain their presentation during transportation. For this reason, the crop is not grown commercially.
Tomato variety Cosmonaut Volkov, video
If you have grown tomatoes Cosmonaut Volkov, please write whether you like them or not. What was the yield and taste of the fruit in your climatic conditions? How would you rate the resistance of this variety to diseases? Briefly describe the advantages and disadvantages (pros and cons) of this strain in your opinion. If possible, attach a photo of the entire bush as a whole or individual fruits grown by you to the comment. Thank you!
Your reviews about the tomato Cosmonaut Volkov and additions to the description will help many gardeners to objectively evaluate this variety and decide whether to plant it or not.
Ripe fruits of Katya tomato differ in approximately the same size and average weight of 120-130 g. Their shape is round, slightly flattened. Tomatoes are firm, firm enough. The skin is of medium thickness, smooth, with a slight gloss, rich red color. The color of ripe tomatoes is the same over the entire surface of the fruit, without green spots at the stalks.
The pulp is juicy, with several seed chambers. There are few seeds in them, all of them are mostly in an embryonic state.
Photo of tomato pulp Katya
The amount of sugars in ripe tomatoes is about 2.9%, and the amount of dry matter is up to 4.8%.
Katya's tomatoes are distinguished by excellent taste and presentation; they do not burst or spoil when transported over any distance. It is better to transport them in a state of incomplete ripening.
The harvested crop can be stored after harvest for a long time, if the fruits are harvested green, then they ripen perfectly at home, without losing their taste, do not wither and do not start to rot.
Ripe fruits are of universal use. They are eaten fresh, added to vegetable salads, various snacks, and also canned. Delicious tomato juice and various sauces are obtained from these fruits.
Resistance to diseases and adverse conditions
The bushes can easily withstand low temperatures.
This is not typical for Siberian varieties, but the variety has no immunity to late blight. To prevent late blight, the bushes are sprayed with Fitosporin solution, a concentrate is made from 50 g of the drug and 100 ml of water, then 1.5 tbsp. tablespoons of the concentrated solution are poured into a bucket of water (10 l) and the tomatoes are sprayed.
And also bushes can hurt with dry, white and black bacterial spots, apical rot.
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