Growing hyacinths in the garden and at home from a bulb
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Growing hyacinths (Hyacinthus) in a country house, garden plot and even at home in a pot with minimal time and labor gives excellent results: you have to enjoy not only the beauty of the grown flower, but also an unusually pleasant aroma.
With the exception of a few Dutch varieties known for their capricious nature, the plants are unpretentious to care for, so growing hyacinths is an exciting and rewarding business.
Hyacinth cultivation methods
Hyacinths are grown from seeds or from bulbs.
Growing hyacinths from seeds is a laborious and very long process. A plant obtained from a seed blooms only for 5-6 years, therefore, as a rule, only professional breeders use the seed method to breed new varieties.
Growing hyacinths from bulbs - the most common and easiest way to reproduce them. You can use for this baby plants that appear 3-4 years of bulb growth in the ground.
Growing in the garden
In gardens and in private plots, hyacinths are always noticeable: in spring, bright spots of their inflorescences against the background of dark, still dormant earth attract the eye.
Since the arrow of hyacinths is relatively low, it is best to plant them in open areas or on the lower tier of "alpine hills". Think about what you will plant in this area when the hyacinths have faded. Late flowering annuals or even perennials with a superficial root system can be sown over the hyacinth bulbs resting in the ground.
For successful cultivation of hyacinths in the garden you need to learn a few simple rules:
- plant the bulbs in a well-drained, non-acidic soil;
- planting hyacinths is better in winter;
- it is imperative to feed hyacinths;
- cut the flower stalks after the flowers wither, but the leaves on the bush should dry out and die off naturally;
- treat the bulbs before planting with an antifungal agent;
- to protect against frost before the onset of winter, the planting site of hyacinths needs shelter or mulching.
Growing at home
Hyacinth is a flower that is easy to grow even at home - in a flowerpot or on a balcony.
If you want to admire the blooming hyacinths on New Year's Eve, then the bulbs should be planted in September. If you are growing a hyacinth flower for Valentine's Day, plant the bulb in October.
You can plant several hyacinth bulbs in one pot. Choose a wide and low flowerpot, and you need a non-acidic and nutritious soil: a mixture of leafy earth and river sand, fertilized with superphosphate, is best suited, in addition, it passes water well.
Before planting hyacinth bulbs at home to stimulate the growing season, you need to hold it in a cool place for a week or two, for example, in a vegetable drawer of the refrigerator. It is cold and dark there, which is just necessary for the awakening of hyacinth buds.
Usually, the bulbs are stored by planting them in a pot. They are buried in the sand by 2/3 the size of the bulb, leaving the growth points above the surface, and placed in a cool place for 1-1.5 months. After the first shoots appear, the pots are covered with small opaque cones until flower arrows appear, and there won't be long waiting for flowers. Blooming hyacinths in pots will refresh and decorate any interior.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the family Asparagus
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
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How to properly plant hyacinths in open ground in spring
The flower can also be kept at room temperature. The planting material is like a bulb. For the first time, you can keep it in the refrigerator. When it starts to germinate, then the plant needs to be removed from the refrigerator. For better growth in a pot, 18-20 degrees room temperature is suitable. And, of course, constant illumination.
- If the soil is heavy, then sand can be added.
- Dig up the ground where the planting will take place. Preferably 40 cm deep.
- Add fertilizer. They will help you grow quickly. For this, superphosphate, potash fertilizers, ash, dolomite flour are suitable.
- It is imperative to remove the weeds. The soil must be clean, free of foreign grass.
- Immediately before planting, be sure to dig up the earth again. Then the fertilizer with sand is evenly moved.
- The presence of drainage.
- Planting a plant.
- Abundant watering.
How to choose and prepare bulbs
Before growing hyacinth in the garden, it is important to learn how to select healthy and strong tubers. For planting in the ground or pot, take medium-sized hyacinths. They must be tight and free from damage.
The scales on the surface of the bulb should adhere tightly to each other, their color should be darker than the color of the flower.
An important indicator of a healthy bulb is the bottom-to-bulb ratio. It amounts to 1 to 1.6.
How to determine the age of a hyacinth by bulb size
|2-3 cm||Young, just formed from children|
|4-5 cm||Adults producing good stalks|
|6-7 cm||Old bulbs in need of renewal|
Before planting, the planting material is examined, dried scales are removed. Immediately before planting, hyacinths must be disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or a purchased fungicide.
Choosing a place for hyacinths in the garden
To grow these flowers in the country or near the house, choose an open area, protected from drafts. The plant should receive a lot of sunlight, but the direct rays of the sun can harm it.
Flowers are allowed to be planted under tall trees, but in this case more fertilizers will need to be applied. The flower bed is placed on a hill or a small slope. The surface of the earth is leveled.
Hyacinths grow well in organic-rich soil. The soil should be light, moisture permeable. The landing site is prepared 2-3 months before it.
Bulbs can rot in waterlogged soil. Therefore, in places with high water levels, hyacinths are planted in pots or drainage is used.
Before planting, the soil must be lightened. Bulbous plants do not tolerate wet, clayey soil. If the soil in the area is heavy, it needs a layer of additional drainage. Fine gravel, shell rock or coarse sand is used as drainage of water.
Hyacinths are large flowers, for good growth they need to be properly planted in spring, leaving enough space between future plants. The distance between the bulbs is 15 - 30 cm. The planting depth depends on the soil. The lighter the soil, the deeper the bulb can be planted. In light soil, a hole is dug to a depth of p = 3 * h, where p is the planting depth and h is the height of the bulb.
The recommended planting depth of corms in heavy soil is calculated by the formula p = 3 * h-3, respectively.
A layer of sand should be placed on the top and bottom of the bulb to prevent the bulb from rotting. The wells should be moistened before planting. A layer of fertile soil is added on top of the sand and watered.
Planting hyacinths in spring: timing
For spring planting of bulbs in open ground, it is advisable to carry out all work on the preparation of the site in the fall. Then, immediately after thawing the soil, you can start planting the bulbs in spring. To protect the prepared area from destruction and leaching of nutrients, the bed can be covered with a film.
As soon as the ground thaws 15 - 20 cm and warms up to + 5 + 8 degrees, then the bulbs can be transplanted to the garden bed. For this to happen faster, you need to choose a site that is well lit, preferably a small southern slope. For most regions with a temperate climate, spring planting of hyacinths is carried out from the second - third decade of April.
If the garden bed is not ready in the fall, then in the spring it must be digged and fertilized two weeks before planting the bulbs.
Thus, if the soil has thawed to the depth of a shovel by April 15-20, then you can plant hyacinths in the open ground in the first week of May. Of course, with such a late planting, there is a high probability that the bulb will begin to germinate. In this case, it can be placed in a small bowl with soil and transplanted to the garden as soon as possible.
According to experienced florists, many of them do not dig out hyacinth bulbs for several seasons, receiving earlier flowering of these plants every spring. Although improper care and untimely planting can negatively affect the shape and splendor of the inflorescence.
Favorable days for planting hyacinths in 2021 according to the lunar calendar
- March - 20-25
- April - 17-18, 21-22, 27, 29
- May - 18, 19, 24-26, 27-28
- June - 14, 15, 23, 24
- July - 20, 21
- August - 5, 7, 8, 21-24, 26-27
- September - 4-6, 22-24
- October - 2, 3, 8, 29-31
- November - 4-6, 27-29.
- March - 2, 14-16, 19-21
- April - 15, 23-25, 30
- May - 3, 13, 14, 31
- June - 4, 6, 9-11, 14-16, 18-20, 23-25, 29
- July - 3, 4, 7, 8, 11-19, 30
- August - 4, 10-14, 16, 30-31
- September - 14, 28
- October - 14, 28
- November - 12, 26.
Terms and rules for planting bulbs
To get a beautiful flowering of hyacinth in a certain period of time, it is recommended to carry out simple calculations: from the moment of tuber rooting and the appearance of flowering, it takes about 2.5 months, flowering takes no more than 21 days.
Therefore, if active budding is necessary for the new year, then planting should be carried out from the second decade of October, if the plant is required as a gift by February 14, then - in the last days of November. If you want the plant to bloom in March, then for planting you need to select the first days of the last week of December.
For a correct fit, it is recommended to adhere to the following scheme:
- Up to 3 torches can be placed in one container, but so that they do not sit tightly to each other, and the distance between them should be at least 2 cm.
- At the bottom of the flowerpot, you need to lay out the drainage. It is necessary so that water does not stagnate inside.
- Then a fertile layer of earth is poured.
- Splinters are laid out on top, which are sprinkled with earth so that the upper part of the tuber remains on the surface of the soil.
Such a planting has a positive effect on the tuber, prevents the possibility of infection of the plant with putrefactive diseases. After rooting, it is necessary to shed the soil well, so that the nutrient moisture does not touch the splinters. Then place the plant in a dark room with a minimum level of degrees.
Transplanting hyacinths in spring
Although it is customary to plant hyacinths in the ground in the autumn months, you can do this, if necessary, in the spring. Some gardeners consider the spring months to be the preferred period for planting hyacinths. They wait until the threat of frost has passed and get down to work.
In order for the plant to produce flowers in the same year, the bulbs should be kept in the freezer for an hour before planting. It is not worth increasing this time. The soil must also be prepared in advance. To prevent it from being washed away by rains, the soil is covered with thin plywood, foliage, spruce branches.
It is recommended to carry out preparatory work in advance. If hyacinths are planned to be planted in the spring, then you can deal with the soil in August. It can be fed with rotted manure or complex mineral fertilizers. And in order for the transplanted plants to bloom profusely, it is advisable to add potash fertilizers, superphosphate, magnesium sulfate to the soil. Potassium can be replaced with ash, magnesium - with dolomite flour.
Before transplanting, the bulbs are inspected for wounds and other damage. Only healthy tubers are resistant to adverse weather conditions. The bulbs are deepened by about 15 cm. A little river sand can be added to the hole before planting. This helps to protect the plant from excessive moisture and infection.
You can transplant and grow hyacinths both in flower pots and outdoors. With proper care and attention, these plants will reward you with excellent flowering and rich aroma, transform any corner of the garden, window sill or balcony and will delight you with bright colors for a long time.
Growing hyacinths in the garden
Growing these flowers in the open field is in many ways similar to their agricultural techniques at home. Only at home you can achieve flowering of hyacinths at the time you need. With regards to open ground, when asked when to plant hyacinths? - there is only one answer - always before the onset of frost.
Hyacinths are grown in open, sunny areas with light and fertile sandy loam soils.
The best time to plant the bulbs is late September or early October. An earlier planting can force the plant to start growing, and in winter it will simply die. If it is late, the plant will not have time to take root before the frost begins.
The location of flowers should be protected from strong winds and well lit. It is desirable that the site be flat, but with a barely noticeable slope. With active snow melting, the slope will provide water flow.
Hyacinth looks great with other flowers
The soil should be well fertilized with humus. If it is clayey, then it is necessary to add river sand to it, and limestone or chalk to acidic. The plot is prepared two months before planting the bulbs, processed to a depth of 40 cm.
With the onset of cold weather, the planted hyacinth bulbs can be covered with sawdust, fallen leaves or dry peat. In the spring, the shelter must be removed.
Delicate white hyacinth flowers
During the period of growth and flowering, plants are watered and fertilized in the same way as at home. The answer to the question "when to dig out hyacinths?" - in late June or early July, when the leaves turn yellow and completely dry out.
The dug out bulbs are cleaned of soil and dried for several days under a canopy. You can store them in cardboard boxes until the next disembarkation.
Sky blue hyacinth grape