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How to build a simple and productive greenhouse in the country

How to build a simple and productive greenhouse in the country


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Last summer I was visiting the Kuban. And I saw at the local villagers some kind of a small greenhouse, arranged right in the ground.

I measured this greenhouse, questioned its owners and made sure of its effectiveness. Therefore, now I offer it to you. Maybe someone will like it. And, really, he deserves it (see picture).

In a shaded area of ​​the plot in the direction from north to south, dig a rectangular groove 30-35 centimeters deep and 35-40 centimeters wide (pos. 1). The length can be any. Pour the substrate on its bottom with a layer of about 10 centimeters (pos. 7). On top of it - another 2-3 centimeters of clean sand (pos. 6). The remaining space to the top of the groove is sufficient both for the cuttings themselves and for their growth. Knock off the frame according to the size of the dug groove from any suitable material (pos. 2), stretch a linen cloth or gauze over it in 2-3 layers (pos. 3). Water the soil along the edges of the groove abundantly and tamp well. Water the sand abundantly and plant the cuttings of the plants in it (pos. 5). Cover the greenhouse with a frame, tilting it towards the south. To do this, add a 10-15 centimeters high side of the ground from the opposite side (pos. 4). Sprinkle the frame with earth along the edge and water often here so that water droplets seep into the groove, creating a moderately humid environment in the greenhouse - almost fog.

If the frame was with a film, cold drops of condensation would fall on the cuttings, and in this greenhouse they are absorbed into the fabric. For cuttings, such a regime is most favorable. From time to time it is necessary to raise the frame and water the sand so that it is constantly wet ...

A. Nosov, gardener


We are building a greenhouse in the country

To harvest faster, you need to plant already grown seedlings on the beds with the arrival of stable heat. It is expensive to buy it, and no one will vouch for the quality of such plants. Not everyone has the opportunity to grow seedlings in the house on the windowsills.

And in this case, greenhouses and greenhouses are an excellent option, which allow you to preserve and accumulate rare spring heat and give plants the opportunity to grow early. Therefore, most gardeners are thinking about how to make a greenhouse with their own hands.

In principle, it is very easy to make it using available tools, film or polycarbonate.

Features of arranging a greenhouse

Many believe that the difference between a greenhouse and a greenhouse is only in size.

In reality, a greenhouse is a room artificially heated with firewood, coal, gas or electricity, and the greenhouse is heated exclusively by solar heat and the greenhouse effect.

Because of this, most greenhouses cannot boast of height, since the heat generated during the decay of manure is not enough to warm up a large amount of air. Therefore, most often they build not a large and tall structure, but a mini-greenhouse, as you can see in the photo.

Before equipping a greenhouse in a vegetable garden or garden plot, it is worth making sure that the climate allows it. Some crops, for example, eggplants and peppers, cannot grow in the open field in the middle lane. But tomatoes, cabbage and radishes, which are less picky about heat, are quite suitable for sowing in greenhouses.

It is necessary to equip greenhouses and greenhouses and sow plants in them around the middle of spring, when the average night temperature is above +8 degrees, and the daytime temperature is more than 12. If the temperature is lower, then most of the seeds will not disappear, but will simply sprout later. With the help of greenhouses, you can get ready-made seedlings by the end of April - beginning of May.

To equip a greenhouse, you should choose a sunny and quiet place in the garden, a free area of ​​the garden is also suitable, because trees without foliage let in enough sunlight. Most often, greenhouses are up to a meter wide and 2-3 in length. Their height is approximately equal to 60-70 centimeters, as in the photo.

Such parameters make it easy and convenient to process the soil, and the plants will be warm and free enough.

Polycarbonate greenhouse construction video

Greenhouse types

Consider the main types of greenhouses that you can build yourself in your summer cottage:

This is the simplest and most economical option. For its manufacture, you can use any available materials, you will have to spend only on plastic wrap. For this, a frame of the desired size is created.

Most often these are arcs made of metal reinforcement, thick wire, pipes or profiles, even thin and flexible branches are suitable.

If there is nothing, then you can knock down the frame from wooden planks, but then the arcs will turn into a gable roof, as in the photo.

Further along the perimeter, it is advisable to lay out the walls of bricks or boards in order to raise the bed and build a place for the substrate. Then the greenhouse is covered with a film of the appropriate size, along the edges it should be pressed down with a load, stones, fragments of bricks or heavy pipes will fit.

And in a couple of days you can start sowing. Features of the construction of a polyethylene greenhouse are discussed in the video. This version of the greenhouse is very easy and quick to do with your own hands. Such greenhouses are suitable for cucumbers, tomatoes, eggplants, radishes, herbs and various seedlings.

From old unnecessary window frames, you can quickly make a useful mini-greenhouse with your own hands. To do this, a tall box is knocked down from wooden boards, sewn on top with boards or a metal profile, on which old, but whole windows are laid. The glass will allow the sun's rays to pass through and warm the air and soil in the greenhouse. The principle of building a greenhouse from windows is discussed in the video.

Snowdrop greenhouse looks like an ordinary greenhouse on arcs, but it is covered not with a film, but with agrofibre, an example of which is shown in the photo.

It has high density, frost resistance, strength and durability, is very light, can be washed in an automatic machine, and also allows moisture to pass through, which prevents condensation from forming inside the greenhouse. Such a mini-greenhouse can be purchased ready-made and laid out on the site in a matter of minutes.

The snowdrop greenhouse prevents the evaporation of moisture from the soil, so that the substrate needs to be watered less often, an ideal climate is formed inside, so the plants develop faster. In such a greenhouse, plants breathe, are protected from frost down to -5 degrees and harmful ultraviolet radiation.

Such a greenhouse will last more than one year, and it is a pleasure to clean and put it on. Such a greenhouse is suitable for cucumbers, tomatoes, peppers, herbs and even strawberries. Its advantages are described in the video.

Recently, this durable and lightweight material has become more and more popular. If earlier it was necessary to change a torn film or broken glass every year or two, now it is enough to make a light and durable polycarbonate greenhouse once - and the structure will last more than one year.

In addition, a polycarbonate greenhouse is significantly warmer than its predecessors, it creates an ideal microclimate for plant growth. Such structures are durable, lightweight, easy to install and maintain, quickly pay off and do not require a special foundation. Therefore, now more and more greenhouses and greenhouses are made from this durable and functional material.

Now on sale there are a lot of ready-made polycarbonate greenhouses of various shapes and sizes, examples of them are shown in the photo.

Its frame can be made of metal-plastic pipes bent into arcs and dug into the soil. Next, the structure is sewn up with polycarbonate sheets, as shown in the photo.

It is worth remembering that polycarbonate can only be folded across the direction of the honeycomb. But in such a greenhouse it is difficult to insert doors, but you can easily do it yourself in just a day or two.

Such greenhouses are suitable for cucumbers, herbs and various seedlings. A video will help you learn more about the manufacture of such a greenhouse.

A strong and durable greenhouse made of welded metal profiles of any shape and size, covered with polycarbonate, will be an excellent decoration for any summer cottage. An example of its manufacture is described in the video.

Polycarbonate greenhouse construction

Consider the main stages of building a polycarbonate greenhouse:

To make a greenhouse from polycarbonate sheets with your own hands, you must first make an appropriate frame. It can be made of wood, metal pipes, profiles and even metal-plastic pipes.

After the construction of the frame is completed, polycarbonate sheets are attached to it with self-tapping screws. If necessary, the sheet can be cut into pieces of the desired size using a construction knife. When attaching polycarbonate, it must be laid with a protective film upwards.

The sheets are fixed with an overlap, the cut of the top sheet is sealed with tape, so the entire plane of the greenhouse is covered. The construction features of such a structure are described in the video.

In the manufacture of the structure, it is necessary to minimize the gaps to preserve heat, but it is also necessary to think over a convenient hinged cover for working with plants and the possibility of airing, for this, in most structures, special fasteners are used that hold the cover in a slightly open state, as can be seen in the photo.

Polycarbonate greenhouse drawing

A greenhouse should be built from polycarbonate sheets in autumn or spring, because when the temperature changes, the material “plays”, and if you strengthen it in heat or frost, then cracks may appear in the future. A polycarbonate greenhouse can be of different shapes and sizes.

Mini greenhouse manufacturing options

Consider what mini greenhouses can be made for giving:

You can make a convenient mobile mini-greenhouse from polycarbonate with your own hands, which, thanks to the wheels, can, if desired, be moved from the shade to the sun, from garden to barn, to any corner of the cottage or garden, reliably protecting the seedlings from frost. To do this, you need to knock down the frame from a tree, as in the photo, attach the wheels from below. Sheathe the upper part with polycarbonate - and a convenient mobile mini-greenhouse is ready. The video will introduce you to the peculiarities of its manufacture.

  • Cheap mini greenhouse from the fridge

Craftsmen from outright garbage with their own hands know how to make very useful things. For example, from a box of an old non-working refrigerator, laid on the ground and filled with a substrate, and old windows folded on top, you get a cheap and durable mini greenhouse, it is shown in the photo.

You can make a simpler design with your own hands, for this, according to the drawing in the photo, you need to make a wooden box, and the top of it is made of polycarbonate.

It is enough to install such a mini-greenhouse on the desired plot of the cottage and after a couple of days the earth will warm up and be ready for sowing. For comfort, the greenhouse must be equipped with convenient hinged covers.

And as unnecessary, such a structure can be easily transferred to a utility room or disassembled in detail.

A greenhouse can be not only a useful structure for the early cultivation of vegetable crops, but also a real decoration of a summer cottage, if it is built thoughtfully, efficiently and from good building materials.


How to make a greenhouse for cucumbers from scrap materials with your own hands

Cucumbers are one of the most common vegetables grown by almost all growers. It is no secret that cucumbers are a demanding crop and therefore it is necessary to create the most suitable conditions for their cultivation. To ensure an optimal microclimate, many gardeners create their own greenhouses. Therefore, before growing a vegetable, you need to familiarize yourself with how to make a greenhouse for cucumbers with your own hands.


DIY polycarbonate greenhouse: the advantages of using the material

Polycarbonate greenhouse technology has many advantages over other materials that have been used for this purpose over the years. For example, the positive aspects of such a choice include:

  • polycarbonate has high strength. If you compare it with plastic wrap or glass, then it is several times stronger and much easier to tolerate any external influences. This is very convenient if during the cold season it is not planned to dismantle the greenhouse, and it will have to face a serious load associated with precipitation. Glass in such conditions often cracks, and the film does not at all withstand the pressure of the snow cover.

Polycarbonate perfectly transmits sunlight, thanks to which vegetable crops develop and ripen faster

  • the presence of a protective layer against ultraviolet radiation allows for optimal plant protection. For example, ordinary glass does not have such a layer, which leads to the harmful effects of sunlight and often causes the death of young plants.
  • polycarbonate is a two-layer material, which significantly increases its thermal insulation capabilities. Thanks to this, the plants remain warm even at rather low ambient temperatures.
  • this material is not sensitive to temperature extremes and can easily tolerate serious drops from -50 ° C to + 60 ° C
  • working with polycarbonate is easy and convenient. Being lightweight, the material bends well. There are no problems with drilling, so it is quite possible to use it as a covering material for any, even very intricate structures.
  • the material is sold in sheets of various sizes. Having chosen the necessary parameters, you can cover the greenhouse with just a few sheets or, if necessary, easily cut them into pieces.
  • the light transmittance of polycarbonate is also noteworthy. On the one hand, it perfectly transmits sunlight, providing the plants with the required amount. But at the same time, it has the ability to disperse it, which does not allow the leaves to burn, even when under the direct influence of rays.
  • of course, one cannot but mention the cost of polycarbonate. Even the highest quality material will cost significantly less than glass, which would be required to build a greenhouse.

Compact mobile polycarbonate greenhouses are convenient for use in small summer cottages


Greenhouses: 23 great ideas to make a greenhouse for a summer residence with your own hands

04.07.2016, 19:01 1.6k Views 0 Downloads

Greenhouses at your summer cottage are a great opportunity to grow vegetables that do not survive in your climate. Building a greenhouse with your own hands in the backyard of your site or in the garden will help you grow and harvest a wonderful harvest of vegetables and herbs.

The greenhouse creates a space where you can grow your favorite vegetables all year round. The greenhouse environment remains warm and stable. The greenhouse can be connected by a walkway to your home for easy access to the greenhouse. Greenhouses can be located away from home, like a free-standing building in a garden. But there are pros and cons of such a greenhouse, which we will tell you about.

If you decide to build a greenhouse with your own hands and want to be able to get from home to the greenhouse, then this option will be one of the cheapest. One of the walls of the house will serve as a support, which will reduce the cost of building a greenhouse. The only downside to this is that the sunlight in the greenhouse is limited, given the fact that there are only three greenhouse walls instead of four.

Free-standing greenhouses are great because they can be installed anywhere on your site, using all the possibilities of the greenhouse location for maximum access to sunlight. But such a greenhouse design usually costs a little more than a greenhouse option using one of the walls of the house.

Winter greenhouse

The option of building a winter greenhouse is suitable for those who want to harvest vegetables or greens grown with their own hands, all year round.This is a great and interesting idea for vegetarian lovers, as well as for those who want to grow Bio products on their site.

The cost of building a winter greenhouse can be quite costly. There are various options for building a winter greenhouse, but it is always necessary to remember that a winter greenhouse requires maintaining a temperature favorable for the growth of vegetables, as well as heating in winter. Also, it must be remembered that the greenhouse requires constant maintenance.

Before you build a greenhouse, you need to carefully consider its location and size. Often, after building a greenhouse, you realize that more space is required inside the greenhouse than you planned. An important factor in the construction of a greenhouse is the quality of its glazing. Greenhouse glazing affects not only the quality of its operation and yield, but also its appearance. Below we will consider the main types of greenhouses.

Glass greenhouse

A glass greenhouse is the best and most expensive option for greenhouse glazing. Glass is a traditional material in greenhouse construction.

Greenhouse made of plastic film

Another glazing method is plastic wrap if you want to make a greenhouse yourself. Polyethylene is the cheapest option, but also the least durable. If you are building a winter greenhouse, it is not recommended to use plastic wrap.

Polycarbonate greenhouse

A less expensive and more durable material for greenhouse construction is polycarbonate, a polycarbonate greenhouse will look stylish and modern. This material will be more expensive than polyethylene. Polycarbonate is more durable than plastic film and retains heat quite well, and is also an alternative and less costly option for greenhouse glazing. It is easy to make a polycarbonate greenhouse with your own hands, since this material is easy to use and weighs little, unlike glass.

Frameworks for greenhouses and greenhouses

Another important component for building your greenhouse is its frame. Consider the most commonly used materials - aluminum, galvanized steel and wood.

Wood is a classic and reliable building material. Aluminum is a lightweight and waterproof material that can be used to build a greenhouse.

Galvanized steel is a stronger material than aluminum, so a galvanized greenhouse frame will be the strongest. This design can handle heavy loads, has excellent wind resistance and ensures that your greenhouse can be used in a variety of environmental conditions.

Buy a greenhouse or a ready-made greenhouse

The cheapest and easiest option for building a greenhouse is to buy a ready-made option. This type of greenhouse is easy to assemble and is suitable for summer cottage use. You can find various models and variants of small greenhouses. You can buy a greenhouse at a low price from 5000 rubles. The cost of a greenhouse will depend on its material and size. These small greenhouses have a simple metal frame and plastic or polycarbonate cover.

Also, you can buy a greenhouse at a higher price. The frame of such a greenhouse will be made of a more durable material, and the cost can vary from 20,000 rubles. More expensive greenhouse models are manufactured with additional features such as anti-fog and self-opening windows, as well as shading covers. You can buy a greenhouse for a summer cottage in a specialized store or order in an online store.

If you are looking for something more personalized, then you can order a greenhouse from professionals. The advantage of this option is a specially designed greenhouse for your needs and requirements. A custom greenhouse can be equipped with electricity, heating and everything you need to grow vegetables and plants. Buying a greenhouse or ordering it to order will not be a cheap pleasure. The cost of a greenhouse under the order can vary from 700,000 to 3,500,000 rubles.

23 great greenhouse ideas for your suburban area

This is a small free-standing greenhouse without a foundation, an excellent greenhouse option for a small garden or suburban area that does not take up much space.

Greenhouse with foundation and glazing. This greenhouse is large enough that you can enjoy the plants or grow your favorite vegetables all year round.

It is a small, free-standing greenhouse set on stone slabs in the yard. It is the perfect small greenhouse for gardening. In it, you can easily extend the summer season to grow vegetables or plants. Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.

Here we see a beautiful and unusual white greenhouse, similar to a miniature flower greenhouse. This greenhouse shows us that you can turn an ordinary greenhouse into a fabulous home to decorate your suburban area.

This greenhouse has a solid foundation, and there is also a cellar in its base. The greenhouse is covered with glass, and wood is used for the frame. This greenhouse was built to grow plants and is used as a greenhouse for flowers.

Here are some simple options for double door greenhouses. This greenhouse is a great place to grow vegetables or flowers throughout the summer cottage. Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.

Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.




It is a small but lovely greenhouse in the middle of the garden. It has sliding doors, additional vents and stone foundations. The colored frame makes this greenhouse elegant and stylish.

The simple design of this greenhouse allows you to grow crops throughout the season. Its high ceiling allows for growing potted tomatoes.

Standing separately polycarbonate greenhouse, has a solid brick base and self-opening windows for ventilation. Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.

A large house-like greenhouse has a stone base and is completely covered with glass. In such a greenhouse, you can grow vegetables and flowers all year round with heating.

Buy a greenhouse for growing vegetables such as in the photo can be in a specialized store. In such a greenhouse, you can grow tomatoes and cucumbers all summer season... Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.

A greenhouse with flower shelves is well suited for growing ornamental plants. With such a broken greenhouse roof structure, you do not have to worry that the plants can grow and will rest against the ceiling, it is enough to swap the flower pots.

A beautiful flower greenhouse with a solid foundation and aluminum construction is surrounded by a beautiful landscape and is a real decoration of the countryside. Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.

A greenhouse to order looks unusual and fits perfectly into the landscape design of the suburban area. This greenhouse has an interesting, angled roof, which allows maximum use of the interior space, and the plants receive the optimal amount of light.

One of the walls of this greenhouse is the wall of the house, which made it possible to avoid additional expenses during construction. The roof structure can be covered with any material when the sun is very hot.

This large greenhouse has double doors and ample space for all types of plants. A good greenhouse option if you have a large summer cottage.

The interior of the spacious greenhouse shows how you can use the space in a large greenhouse. Its height allows even trees to be placed in it.

A large and spacious polycarbonate greenhouse with a polyhedron roof structure. Polycarbonate greenhouses - photo.


DIY greenhouse made of PVC pipes

PVC pipes are one of the simplest, most affordable and inexpensive materials. So even a “novice” summer resident will be able to cope with the construction. And our step-by-step guide will help you get the job done successfully.

List of materials and tools:

  • PVC pipes - 6 pieces (diameter 1.3 cm, length 3 m)
  • boards - 2 pieces (5 x 15 x 240 cm) and 1 piece (5 x 15 x 180 cm)
  • wooden bar - 1 piece (5 x 5 x 240 cm)
  • metal corners for fastening to screws - 4 pieces
  • pipe clamps, with screws - up to 20 pieces
  • galvanized screws and nails
  • a hammer
  • screwdriver or stapler
  • transparent film for covering

DIY greenhouse device made of PVC pipes: a step-by-step description with a photo

  1. We cut the board (5 x 15 x 180 cm) into two even halves - we got the end fences for our structure. Then you need to dock these fences with two boards (5 x 15 x 240 cm). It turns out a box, which we place on a black plastic film - to protect the greenhouse from weeds.
  2. We mark the box for pipes. Place two pipes at the edges, and the rest at equal intervals. Now we carefully bend each pipe into an arc, fix it in the box and secure it with clamps.
  3. From the remaining sixth pipe we make a crossbar, which we also fix with plastic clamps.
  4. We still have PVC pipe scraps. They can be cut lengthwise to make "clips" for the film.
  5. We turn the edges of the film under the garden bed - this is how our mini-greenhouse for seedlings looks more beautiful.
  6. We cut out a piece of transparent film to the size of the greenhouse and attach it with a stapler to our structure. A wooden block must also be attached to the end of the film with a stapler - this will make it easier to access the greenhouse.

Our homemade PVC pipe seedling greenhouse is ready to be "populated".

It is not so difficult to build a greenhouse for seedlings with your own hands. A little bit of hard work and a minimal set of materials will bring wonderful results. Good luck with your construction and good harvests!


Types of greenhouses and tips for placement on the site

In order for your greenhouse to be able to efficiently perform its assigned function, it is necessary to choose the right place for its installation. This will increase yields, as well as maximize the life of the structure.

Greenhouses and greenhouses are good helpers for the gardener.

Here are some guidelines to help you choose the right place:

  • choose a flat, well-lit area
  • ideally, the length of the greenhouse should be in the direction from north to south
  • try to find a place that will be protected from excessive wind exposure
  • it is impossible to place the structure in low-lying places if there is a risk of water accumulation (melt or ground water).

Varieties of greenhouses

There are two main types of greenhouses that differ in shape: arched and hipped.

Greenhouse from a profile pipe in the Art Nouveau style

Arched greenhouses, in most cases, are made in specially equipped production facilities. This is due to the fact that it is quite difficult to bend the pipe into the desired shape on your own.

Among the advantages of greenhouses made of arches with a covering material, one can single out a simple collection of already bent parts and minimal costs for finishing the structure. Among the disadvantages of such a building, not too high functionality is noted, as well as restrictions on the height of the beds, which are located at the edges. Although it is often possible to find greenhouses for cucumbers made from a photo with your own hands, assembled according to this principle.

The arched greenhouse is intended for private cultivation of horticultural crops

Tent greenhouses have a much simpler design, since their construction is not associated with the need to bend pipes. In most cases, tent greenhouses are made independently, although ready-made models are also available for sale.

Due to its hipped shape, the size of the greenhouse allows you to significantly expand the possibilities of movement inside, and also allows you to grow plants of almost any height, even in the extreme beds. However, you have to pay for an increase in functional characteristics, and the cost of such a structure will be higher than in the case of an arched greenhouse. This happens because in this case much more covering material is required for finishing.

Greenhouse hipped construction


Watch the video: Greenhouse. DIY or Buy. Building a STURDY DIY Greenhouse in 5 days!


Comments:

  1. Uwaine

    I agree, this very good thought falls by the way

  2. Redding

    can anyone have a link to good quality?

  3. Taber

    cool! Neighing a lot :)

  4. Finneen

    Pure Truth!



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