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This plant is found in the form of a shrub or a low tree. Belongs to the genus Lokh (Elaeagnus), the family Lokhovyh (Elaeagnaceae). The homeland of the narrow-leaved sucker is North America and also China. This is a light-loving plant. The soil can be any. Soil moisture should be moderate. It grows up to 10 meters in height and lives up to 60 years. It can be planted with cuttings or branches, also with seeds.
Description of the tree
Loch is a small, deciduous tree with a wide and spreading crown. The bark is red-brown in color, there are thorns, it reaches 3 centimeters in length. The trunk, during the growth period, takes on a curved shape. The tree produces pubescent young shoots with a silvery shade. Possesses a powerful and strong root system.
Foliage. The shape of the leaves is oval, reminiscent of laurel, narrowed at the base and pointed at the top. The bottom is white, and the top is gray-green. The surface is covered with scales. On the tree, the leaves are held by cuttings, the length of which is 4-7 cm.
Flowers. The tree blooms with single, small flowers. Their inner part is orange-yellow, the outer part is silvery. They have a strong aroma and a lot of nectar. Flowering falls in June, lasts up to 20 days.
Fruit. From August to September, the fruits begin to ripen. It is an oval or spherical drupe with a sweet taste and reddish-yellow color. The weight of the fruit is about 3 g, the length is 1 cm. The ripening process is uneven, but those fruits that are already overripe are still on the branches for a long time. For full ripening, the fruit of the sucker needs a long warm period. A plant that has reached 3-5 years old begins to bloom and bear fruit.
Where does the goof tree grow
In natural nature, this plant can be found in the Caucasus, Ukraine and the vastness of Central Asia. In Russia, the narrow-leaved elk grows in its European part. He loves forest-steppe and steppe, and also prefers river banks. On the abandoned territories of Kazakhstan, whole thickets of such shrubs have formed and even began to be called "tugai forests".
The plant is resistant to droughts, grows on any soil, does not even disdain saline and poor soil. Suckers growing in sandy soils produce many adventitious roots. They are unpretentious to the conditions of the city, they calmly relate to the dusty polluted air. But severe frosts, in winter, are hard to endure.
The plant grows fast enough. For each year it grows by 1 meter. After 4 years of existence, the tree releases side shoots.
The fruits of the narrow-leaved sucker
Outwardly, they are similar to dates and have an astringent, sweetish taste, and are very nutritious. They are easy to assemble thanks to their thin long stalks. They can be stored for a long time. Even room temperature allows them to be kept throughout the winter.
The composition of the fruit includes: fiber, salts, phosphoric and potassium, tannin (a substance with an astringent effect), proteins 10%, vitamins, up to 40% sugar. The fruit has a red bone and flesh. They can be used both fresh and frozen and dried. With the help of dry fruits, infusions and medicinal decoctions are prepared, and frozen ones are used to decorate desserts.
Such fruits are of considerable value in scientific medicine. Such a drug as pshatin is made precisely from the fruit of the sucker. It helps with stomach or intestinal problems. Due to its astringent properties, these fruits have found application in folk medicine, for indigestion, and also helps with cataracts. A decoction of such fruits is good to use for colds, chills, respiratory diseases. It is also used as an effective remedy for inflammation in the oral cavity by rinsing.
You can also use the fruits for food. Good to add to bread baking, soups and more. Both fresh and chopped are suitable.
Care and landing
Taking care of such a plant is quite simple. Every year you just need to feed it and loosen the soil near the trunk. With the onset of spring, dilute with water and add urea, mullein and amine nitrate. Apply Nitroammofosk at the beginning of autumn. For the winter, young trees need to be well covered. In the spring, dried branches are pruned. In the summer, a haircut is performed twice (at the beginning and at the end of summer).
You can propagate it in any way: seeds, layers, cuttings. But the cuttings can take root only after the second year of life. Sowing seeds is the most reliable way. Already in the first year of life, seedlings appear here and grow up to 1 meter.
Before planting, it is advisable to choose a place and prepare the ground. The site must be protected from the wind so that gusts of wind do not destroy the young plant. The soil is desirable slightly acidic and neutral. Lime will help with high acidity.
Planting should be done in the last month of autumn or early spring. Between the seats, a distance of 2-3 meters is required, the depth of the fossa is up to half a meter. Before planting, sand, fertile soil and compost should be placed in the pit, and the bottom should be covered with pebbles or small stones (a kind of drainage). For healthy growth and development, wood ash can be added to the soil; nitrogen fertilizers and double superphosphate will not interfere. In the first days (3-4) good watering is required.
Where is the goof tree applied
Its leaves, flowers, bark and fruits are used for medicinal purposes. Scurvy, heart disease, edema and colitis, for all these ailments, decoctions and infusions made from sucker flowers are recommended. Medicinal infusions from the leaves of the plant can help with gout, during an attack of rheumatism and heal wounds.
Leaves and bark of the plant act as natural dyes for leather, they give black and brown color. The fruit of the tree can be consumed and used in cooking. Various musical instruments can be made from wood, and the loch also serves as a material for the production of furniture and all kinds of carpentry products.
This is a wonderful melliferous plant. Honey from the nectar of sucker flowers turns out to be of a beautiful amber color and has an amazing aroma and pleasant taste. The tree can be used for single plantings, as well as group. Well suited for landscaping any area, haircut is easy. It can be used to strengthen the soil.
Looks great as an ornamental plant, due to silvery leaves, bright bark, yellow flowers and red fruits.
... Who among us in childhood has not tasted the silvery "olives" - sweet, slightly tart, mealy - strewn by the fall silvery branches with the same silvery narrow leaves? But few people knew then that the real name of the plant was not olive at all.
(Ukrainian - goof, olive leaf)
Elaeagnus angustifolia L.
Family Lokhovye (Elaeagnaceae)
Deciduous tree or shrub up to seven (very rarely - up to ten) meters high - the trunk diameter can reach thirty centimeters in old specimens - with linear or elongated lanceolate (narrow elliptical) silvery leaves covered with stellate scales, also strewn with fruits and young shoots. Flowers - single (or 2-3), bisexual, located in the axils of the leaves. Flowering occurs in June.
Drupe-like yellowish (sometimes with a reddish tint) fruits of a round-elliptical shape, up to one and a half centimeters long and up to one centimeter wide, edible - they contain up to 60% sugars (including glucose and fructose) and more than 10% protein substances, and also organic acids, vitamin C, potassium and phosphorus. Tannins give the fruit an astringent taste that softens during heat treatment or long-term storage.
Asia is considered the homeland of the plant, but over the past centuries it has become common in Ukraine and the European part of Russia - the narrow-leaved oak can often be found in protective plantings along highways and railways, forest belts, in gardens and parks. In Ukraine it is an “alien”, adventive species used in “green building”.
The fruits are eaten fresh, just as a delicacy, compotes and jelly are cooked from them - which have a healing effect in case of intestinal disorders - and even porridge. Alcohol can be obtained from the fruit on an industrial scale (one centner of fruit gives more than 12 liters of alcohol). But the narrow-leaved goose deservedly enjoys special respect in the Transcaucasus and Central Asia, where locals call it a short word "pshat" (hence the name of the astringent drug "pshatin", which was used in the treatment of a number of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, this remedy was first proposed by S.A. Mirzoyan and is a dried and milled mealy part of the fruit). It should be noted that with prolonged cultivation, the fruits grow larger, and the thorns on the branches disappear over time. Solid, dense brownish-yellow wood is a good material for joinery or turning products, can be used in furniture production, and the gum obtained by tapping trunks is used to make paints - for example, in cotton printing in the textile industry.
The narrow-leaved oak enriches the soil with nitrates, since nodules with nitrogen-fixing actinomycete fungi develop on its roots.
The essential oil from the flowers of this plant is often used in the perfumery industry.
In folk medicine, flowers are often used for scurvy and edema, as well as for heart disease, colitis, bronchitis, and as an antihelminthic agent. The leaves were used as a wound healing agent, as well as for gout and rheumatic pains. Today it is used in homeopathy in the form of a tincture of fresh ripe fruits.
During flowering, the planting is willingly visited by bees. Honey has a very pleasant aroma and transparent amber color.
(Ukrainian - olive oil)
Elaeagnus argentea Pursch
Family Lokhovye (Elaeagnaceae)
A shrub or a low (up to four meters) tree with brown - despite the “silvery” name - branches. Leaves, like the previous species, are silvery, but more different in shape: sharp or obtuse, elongated or ovoid, ovate-lanceolate. Flowers (one, two or three) are located in the axils of the leaves. Silvery oak blooms longer than its closest relative - from May to July.
It is found throughout Ukraine in gardens and parks (as an ornamental plant), but less often than the previous species.
The fruits are used in the same way as in the previous species.
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White and silver color in the garden
White is a symbol of light, kindness and purity. With its skillful use, it ennobles the garden, making it stylish and romantic. White and silver colors intensify the sound of other colors and increase their saturation. In particular, green plants against light-colored plants will appear darker than they actually are. The very same white color against the background of other colors seems whiter and brighter. White, as well as silver, are neutral colors, so plants with white flowers or silvery leaves are always appropriate in the garden. An associative chain associated with color is fixed in the subconscious of each person. White, gray and silver colors allow you to "reconcile" conflicting colors and shades, soften the combination of inharmonious flower combinations, which is especially important in complex polychrome compositions - flower beds, mixborders, landscape flower beds, etc. as a rule, they never use only "white" plants, delicately shading them with plants that give a different color palette - pink, blue, yellow, light and dark green, etc.
A large number of "white" plants can give the garden a charming lightness, and even airiness. It is important that white is dominant. To do this, you need not only to pick up plants whose appearance is dominated by light colors, but you need to paint with white paint or use building materials in light colors for a residential building, small architectural buildings and garden furniture, as well as paths and fences. The landscape designer needs to be familiar with the range of plants that can be used to create a “light garden”.
In the natural flora of Ukraine there are no species of plants with white leaves, but many species have decorative forms with white-bordered and variegated leaves. But there are plants with silvery-gray leaves. Below is a list of such plants most often used in landscaping in Ukraine.
Ornamental plants with silvery, silvery-gray and white-bordered leaves
Deciduous trees and shrubs
Willow pear - Pyrus salicifolia
Low tree up to 8-10 m, wide ovate crown. Young shoots with white tomentose pubescence. The leaves are narrow-lanceolate up to 8 cm, with a width of 1 cm, young ones are silvery, later slightly shiny, dark green above and whitish-fluffy below. Flowers up to 2 cm in diameter, white, collected in corymbose inflorescences. Drought-resistant, undemanding to the soil, even tolerates salinity and compaction. Smoke and gas resistant. Recommended for solitary and group plantings
Lochium pear - Pyrus elaeagrifolia
The tree is up to 10 m tall. The crown is wide, openwork, with thorny, tomentose-pubescent shoots. Lanceolate leaves up to 9 cm long, silvery on both sides, gray-tomentose, very reminiscent of the leaves of the sucker, for which the species got its name. The flowers are white with a pink tint, up to 2.5 cm in diameter, very effective at the time of flowering against the background of silvery leaves. The plant is not demanding on soil fertility, it can grow on stony poor soils, it is drought-resistant, photophilous.
Willow pear (left) and loaf pear (right)
Field maple "Albo variegatta" - Acer campestre 'Albo-variegata'.
Small tree or shrub up to 5-7 m tall. The leaves are covered with large white spots, in spring, when growing back, they are almost white. Drought-resistant, relatively picky about soil fertility. It grows quickly only at a young age, then growth slows down.
Acer negundo 'Argenteo-marginata'
One of the most beautiful white variegated breeds. Most often it is a shrub form (about 5 m in height). Drought-resistant, not picky about soil and moisture, tolerates some salinity
Norway maple "Drummondi" - Acer platanoides 'Drummondii'.
The tree is up to 8-10 m (12) m in height, spreading - the crown is about 7 m in diameter. Leaves with a wide irregular strip of white-cream color. On some leaves, there is more white than green, so from a distance the tree looks like a very light, almost white. By autumn, the edges of the leaves turn brown. Shade-tolerant, relatively picky about soil fertility and moisture.
Field maple "Albo variegatta" (left) and Norway maple "Drummondi" (right)
Silver loch - Elaeagnus argentea
Deciduous shrub, sometimes a small tree, 3-4 (5) m tall, with a broadly spreading crown. Leaves are ovate or oblong-lanceolate, 2-10 cm long, leathery, silvery on both sides, with brown scales on the underside. Fruits, covered with silvery scales, oval or spherical, up to 1.2 cm long. Winter-hardy. Unpretentious to soil conditions, grows successfully on sandy, highly podzolized sandy loam and loam. Gives root growth. It is especially good in contrasting compositions in combination with red-leaved and golden forms, conifers, in single and group planting, in the form of hedges. An excellent breed for anchoring slopes.
Deciduous shrub or small tree with a spreading crown, up to 6-8 (10) m high. It has thorns, the length of which reaches 3 cm. Shoots are silvery pubescent with abundant stellate-scaly hairs.Leaves are linear or lanceolate, peaked, up to 8 cm long, gray-green above, silvery-white below with silvery scales covering both sides of the soft leaf. Photophilous, drought-resistant, has a deep root system, perfectly withstands smoke and gas pollution in the air. Recommended for use in single and group plantings, on light edges, when creating contrasting groups (very decorative against a background of dark greenery).
Silver goose (left) and narrow-leaved goose (right)
Sea buckthorn buckthorn - Hippophae rhamnoides
A dioecious tree or shrub up to 4-6 m high. The trunk is branched, the branches are prickly, the bark is grayish-brown. Leaves are alternate, linear-lanceolate, whole-edged, silvery-gray, up to 8 cm long. Sea buckthorn is beautiful during the ripening period. It is widely cultivated in Ukraine. Photophilous. It is not particularly demanding for soil conditions. Big disadvantage - abundant root growth
Black elderberry "Marginata" - Sambucus nigra 'Marginata'
Large shrub up to 3-4 (5) m high. Leaves have an irregular silvery-white edging. The plant is fast-growing, already in the first year after planting, with appropriate care, it gives good growths, up to 0.5-1.0 m, both in width and in height. Unpretentious to soil conditions, prefers sunny and semi-shady places.
Weigela hybrid "Argentea Marginata" - Weigela hybrida ‘Argenteа-marginata’
Shrub up to 1.5 m tall with white-bordered leaves and pink flowers. It has a graceful spreading crown and beautiful flowering. Photophilous, demanding on the soil, grows well on loose fresh soils.
Black elderberry "Marginata" (left) and hybrid weigela "Argentea Marginata" (right)
Derain white - Сornus alba
This species has wonderful varieties with white-bordered leaves:
Derain white "Elegantissima" - Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'. Shrub height up to 3 m. Very winter-hardy. The leaves have a wide creamy white edging of irregular width, as well as spots and stripes.
Not picky about growing conditions.
Derain white "Argenteo Marginata" - Cornus alba 'Argenteo-Marginata'
Shrub, 2-3 (4) m high, crown diameter up to 3 m. Leaves are narrowly elliptical with white spots irregularly located along the edges.
Very winter-hardy, heat-resistant, grows on various soils, shade-tolerant, tolerates city conditions well.
Fortune's eonymus - Euonymus fortunei
It has many decorative forms, the color of the leaves of which is white:
- 'Emerald Gaiety' is a slow-growing ground cover shrub 0.3 m high, about 1 m wide with white-bordered leaves up to 5 cm long.
- `Variegatus` (` Gracilis`) - shrub 0.2-0.3 m high, 0.5-1 m wide with green leaves bordered by a white stripe. It spreads widely to the sides.
- 'Silver Gem' ('Argenteo-marginatus') -with white-variegated young leaves, sometimes with a pink edge.
- `Argenteo-Variegata` -with silvery variegated leaves.
Derain white "Elegantissima" (left) and Fortune's euonymus 'Silver Gem' (right)
Herbaceous perennials with silvery leaves
Cineraria maritime (silvery, sea root) - Cineraria maritima (Senecio bicolor)
Perennial, but in Ukraine it is used as an annual.
Decorative-leaved plant with deeply dissected openwork silvery-white leaves, which are the main decoration of this plant. The height of the bush of adult cineraria reaches 15-25 cm. Prefers sunny places and well-drained soil. Cineraria is undemanding to soil fertility, but it looks better on nutritious and moist soils. Quite drought-resistant, does not tolerate frost. Used for ornamental flower beds, neat borders and any garden compositions.
Stachis woolly (Byzantine chisel "hare ears") —Stachys. lanata (S. byzantina). Perennial rhizome plant 20-60 cm tall, with erect, tetrahedral, slightly leafy stems. The leaves are thick, oblong-linear or spatulate, narrowed to the base, white-tomentose-pubescent, which gives them a special decorative effect. A very beautiful variety 'Silver Carpet' - forms a dense silver carpet, only 15 cm high.
Photophilous, prefers fresh loose fertile soils. The plant is hardy without shelter, provided there is good drainage. In a damp winter, it can fall out.
Gelichrysum (tsmin, or immortelle) petiolar - Helichrysum. petiolare (Helichrysum lanatum, Gnaphalium lanatum)
Perennial plant with pale green leaves and stems covered with soft whitish gray hairs. Height up to 30 cm, long stems (about 60 cm) spread along the surface of the ground. It does not tolerate frost, therefore it is cultivated exclusively as a seasonal annual.
A particularly attractive variety of Gelichrizum 'Silver Mist' is an excellent textural plant for flower arrangements in containers in the open sun. Gelikhrizum prefers light, well-drained soil in a sunny location.
Gelikhrizum (tsmin, or immortelle) sandy - Helichrysum arenarium
A short perennial 10-30 (40) cm high. Small lanceolate leaves are silvery-gray. Despite the fact that the immortelle blooms for a relatively short time, its leaves remain decorative throughout the season. Can grow on sandy soils with little organic matter in open, sunny areas.
Woolly Stakhis 'Silver Carpet' (left) and sandy gelichrizum (right)
Wormwood Schmidt - Artemisia schmidtiana
A low, compact spherical dwarf shrub with upright, densely leafy shoots, silvery from fine, adpressed silky hairs. Leaves are bluish-silvery finely dissected. Decorative from the moment of regrowth until the end of the growing season. The height of non-flowering plants is 15-30 (35) cm. Prefers an open location, well-drained, light soils.
In large bowlders, other types of gray-silver leaves can also be used: Bitter wormwood (A. absinthium), Louis wormwood (A. ludoviciana)
Santolina cypress - Santolina chamaecyparissus
A compact shrub with arcuate shoots 30-50 cm tall. The leaf is pinnate, gray-silver, evergreen, fragrant. Blooms profusely in late July - August. Inflorescences are yellow, spherical. Not demanding on soil conditions, can grow on moderately dry, poor soils, does not tolerate wet soils.
Schmidt's wormwood (left) and cypress santolina (right)
Jaskolka Bieberstein - Cerastium biebersteinii
Perennial plant, creeping shoots, 15-20 cm tall peduncles. Leaves are light gray, sessile, linear or oblong-linear, small. Photophilous, not demanding on soil conditions. Winter hardiness.
Felt splinter - Cerastium tomentosum
Perennial herb with erect stems, forming dense cushions up to 20-30 cm high and 60 cm in diameter. Leaves are small, linear-lanceolate, grayish-tomentose. Shoots are also gray tomentose, branched and spreading. This shingle does not grow much, and therefore is suitable for small rock gardens. Photophilous, not demanding on soil conditions. Relatively hardy.
Narrow-leaved lavender - Lavandula angustifolia
This species and its varieties are quite stable in our climate. Semi-shrub up to 60 cm high, leaves are dense, silvery-greenish-gray with delicate pubescence. The flowers are small, bluish-lilac or blue, in spike-shaped inflorescences. Blooms in July-August. Prefers fresh, well-drained, moderately rich soils containing lime. Prune annually in the spring.
In addition to the listed herbaceous perennials with silvery-gray foliage, you can still use the following species or their varieties: rock alyssum, Fassen's catnip, Gelikhrizum Tien Shan, bluehead, lumbago, thyme, armeria, carnation, mullein, sage, veronica.
Among herbaceous perennials, there are also species and varieties with white-bordered or variegated foliage. The following are more commonly used:
Brunner large-leaved - Brunnera macrophylla
Perennial up to 30-40 (50) cm tall. Leaves are few, oblong, basal on long petioles, cordate with a sharp tip, up to 25 cm long. Brunner large-leaved has garden forms and varieties that are valued for variegated broad-heart-shaped leaves. In garden centers and collectors, you can find the following:
'Jack Frost' - has almost white (or, more precisely, silvery) leaves, only the veins and a narrow strip along the edge of the leaf remain green.
'Dawsons White' - has a wide creamy-white border, which goes against the green background with deep white tongues, creating a play of greenish-grayish shades. In sunny habitats, plants often emit almost white leaves. On old leaves, the white border begins to turn brown, and they must be removed in time.
'Hadspen Cream ' - has wide leaves with a core shape with a narrow creamy white stripe along the edges. At the end of flowering, they reach 15 cm in length.
Snake ordinary "Variegata" - Aegopodium podagraria ‘Variegata’
A decorative form of a species common in the forests of Europe. The leaves are pistachio green with a wide white border. The variegated leaf cover reaches 15-20 (30) cm in height. Shade-tolerant, moisture-loving, prefers organic-rich soil.
Lungwort - Pulmonaria
As a result of selection of lungwort, numerous interspecific hybrids and varieties with variegated leaves have been obtained. In the varietal variety of lungwort, there are many with white color of various tones in the color of the foliage:
'David Ward' - leaf blade with silvery spots and a white border
'Majesty' - the leaves are almost completely silvery
'Silver Shimmer's' - silvery leaves with a wavy edge.
'Bertram Anderson' - leaves are dark green with a lot of silvery-white, irregularly shaped spots
'Excalibur' - leaves are silvery, with a very narrow green edging, pink flowers.
'Gevennenst' - leaves 30-60 cm long, with almost merging silvery spots and dots, blue flowers.
'Snow Owl' - leaves are silvery-white with a green border, flowers are blue and pink.
Hosta - Hosta
In the genus Hosta, various species have quite a few varieties with white-stone and white-spotted leaves. Some of them are listed below:
‘Patriot’ - oval leaves with wavy edges, 18x13 cm. Leaves are dark green, edged with ivory. Prefers partial shade.
'Fire And Ice'- leaves are heart-shaped, dense, 25x17cm. Leaves with a white center, with a dark green border with the addition of light green areas. Works best in the shade.
'Mediovariegata' - leaves are oval-heart-shaped, wavy 15x10 cm. The color of the leaves is white with a wide border from dark to light green. Prefers partial shade.
'Revolution'- leaves are oval, dense, with sharp tips. The color of the leaves is dark green, with a creamy center at the edges, with dark green specks. Prefers shade, partial shade and more open areas.
In order for the hosts to show themselves in all their glory, they need a nutritious, moist, well-drained soil and the above lighting conditions.
There are white-bordered and variegated varieties in periwinkle, astrantia, meadowsweet, lamb, sedge, milkweed, falaris, bukharnik, iris, yucca, phlox and etc.
In the next article, we'll talk about plants with white flowers.
Rekovets Petr, dendrologist,
Rekovets Lyudmila, landscape designer
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A site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.
If the weather is dry and hot at the end of spring and early summer, the work in the garden is added, because the plants really need moisture for full growth and flowering.
Can you water the plants less often and make it easier to care for your beloved pets? Here are some tips that will lead you to a yes!
1. Round flower beds.
Plant garden flowers and small shrubs in them in tiers: in the center they are higher (for example, a spirea), next to them are medium-sized (lavender, wormwood, etc.), along the edge - low (woolly purse). With this option, all the plants will simultaneously receive moisture when watering, but the large ones will shade the "babies", and the soil under them will stay moist longer.
2. Mulch is able to retain moisture in the soil for a longer time, preventing overheating of the roots. Any organic material will do: bark and wood chips, sawdust, straw, fallen leaves, humus, grass cuttings. You can also choose inorganic: gravel, crushed stone, pebbles, expanded clay.
3. Introducing vermiculite or special hydrogel, which have the ability to absorb large amounts of water, and then gradually release it, providing plants with moisture.
4. Pay attention to drought tolerant plants, with which you can replenish your garden collection.
Description, types and healing properties of the loch plant
In total, there are about 100 plant species in the world. Most often these are trees and shrubs, which are popularly called pshat and dzhida, depending on the place of growth. Asia Minor is considered the birthplace of this medicinal plant, although pshhat is often found in Russia and the CIS countries. The first records of this plant date back to 1864, the French botanist Olivier mentioned the sucker in his writings. The medicinal properties of the culture make it possible to use loch to treat a number of diseases.
Most often, the loch plant is a shrub or tree. For growth, it prefers a temperate climate with frequent precipitation. Grows in Japan, China, Kazakhstan. In Russia, it grows in some regions of Siberia.
According to the description, the height of the tree reaches 5–6 meters, the shrub is no more than 3 meters high. The plant is considered evergreen, the stems are often dotted with thorny thorns. The leaves of the shrub are oblong, alternate, with a silvery tint or slightly pubescent. Attached to the stems with short petioles.
Flowers are often bisexual, solitary. Petals are absent, calyx is bell-tubular, four-lobed. Abundant flowering, lasts about a month, begins in spring. The flowers exude a pleasant, slightly spicy aroma. In early autumn, drupes appear on the tree. Their flesh is dry and astringent, with a sweetish taste. The skin color ranges from orange to red. The plant propagates by seeds and cuttings.
Some types of sucker are excellent honey plants. Medicinal honey is obtained from the nectar collected by the bees from the plant.
It is recommended to eat fully ripe fruits. They contain the highest concentration of nutrients.
In the chemical composition of the sucker, elements were found that have a beneficial effect on the human body. These include:
- nitrogen substances
- organic acids
- potassium salt
- phosphoric salt
- vitamin C.
Useful properties due to which there is a therapeutic effect on the body:
- pain reliever
The plant extract has found its use in traditional and folk medicine. Loch is found in the composition of medicines, the action of which is aimed at eliminating problems with the intestines.
Most often, 4 plant species are found on the territory of the Russian Federation. These include:
|Photo and title||Description||Healing properties|
|Chilean (Indian)||A tall shrub or tree, the trunk and branches are covered with thorny thorns. It has a dense crown, the bark of the tree is red-brown. The rhizome is powerful, deeply embedded in the ground. The leaves are oblong, attached to the branches with short petioles. The flowers are small, solitary, there are no inflorescences. Abundant flowering, lasts no more than 20 days. Drupes with sweet pulp||It is used as an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and expectorant agent. Rich in vitamins|
|Silver||China is considered the birthplace of the plant. The height of the shrub does not exceed 4 meters, it has a decorative crown. The leaves are oblong, with a peculiar silvery sheen. Attached to the branches with petioles. Abundant flowering. Fruiting in early autumn||It has a diuretic, tonic, expectorant effect|
|Narrow-leaved||Widely distributed in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and in the south-east of Russia. The height of the tree reaches 7–8 meters, the crown is dense. The stems are studded with thorns. Leaves are oblong, slightly pubescent. Flowering begins in spring, fruits appear in early autumn. In Asian countries, the plant is called jida.||Has a wound healing, expectorant and anti-inflammatory effect|
|Multi-flowered (gum)||The height of the plant does not exceed 1.5 m. It was brought to Europe in the twentieth century from Japan. An ornamental plant is grown at home today. Gum leaves are medium in size, leaf veins are clearly visible. There is no silvery tint. Fruits vaguely resemble dates, appear in early summer||Have a tonic and anti-inflammatory effect|
Flowers, leaves and fruits of the above plants are allowed for use as a medicine... Their procurement is carried out in the summer. The assembled parts must be dried. The shelf life of leaves and fruits should not exceed 2 years. Flowers are stored for 12 months.
Medicinal collection is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes for a number of diseases. These include:
- diseases of the cardiovascular system
- helminthic invasion.
Loch fruits are allowed to be eaten by people with weakened immunity and reduced tissue regeneration.
Loch-based medicines have a number of contraindications. These include:
- temperature jumps
- renal failure
- children's age (up to 12 years old).
For adolescents over 12 years old, it is recommended to eat fruits pre-steamed in boiling water.
The plant extract is often featured in traditional medicine recipes. Pshat is used:
- With angina. Pre-dried and crushed flowers and leaves of a plant in an amount of 45 g must be poured with 250 ml of boiling water. Remove the infusion in a dark place for 60 minutes until it cools completely. Express the tincture, gargle the sore throat 2-3 times a day. Can be taken orally in small sips of 100 ml 2 times a day.
- With hypertension. Dried plant flowers (100 g) are recommended to be poured with an alcohol-containing liquid (vodka) in the amount of 1 liter. Pour the infusion into a glass container and remove in a dark place for 30 days. Take at elevated pressure, 30 drops.
- With a cold. Pour 2 tablespoons of fresh fruit with a glass of boiling water. Put the container with the broth on low heat and simmer for at least 5 minutes after boiling. Let it brew for 2.5 hours. Express the medicinal broth and take 100 ml 2 times a day.
- With helminthic invasion. It is recommended to pour 60 g of dry fruits with 300 ml of boiling water. Simmer the broth in a water bath for 30 minutes. Allow to cool slightly, then strain. Take 40-50 ml warm before meals.
The plant extract is found in the drug Lohein (Hepatosol). This dietary supplement helps to improve liver function.
It removes alcoholic toxins from the body, promotes the regeneration of damaged liver cells.
What a real goof: Chilean, Indian or Greek
Our planet is inhabited by representatives of flora that have unique properties. Most of them have similarities with each other, although they grow in different parts of the world. These include the well-known Indian sucker, Chilean, and he is also Greek. To understand what kind of plant really exists, you need to plunge into its history.