Outlandish types and varieties of cucumbers
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Several years ago, Chinese long-fruited cucumbers appeared in my vegetable collection. This is not the name of the variety, but their actual origin - they come from the Middle Kingdom. This is a special type of cucumber, unlike its counterparts, its fruits, depending on the variety, reach a length of 40 to 80 cm, there are also longer.
At the same time, they do not coarse, have a black-green color, strong pimples, but a delicate skin and excellent taste and aroma.
The flesh of these cucumbers is dense, sweet, tender, the seeds are small, occupying a narrow chamber in the center. The surface of the fruit is slightly ribbed, with large or small tubercles (depending on the variety). In recent years, I have already tested several varieties: Chinese snakes, Kui Ming, Lifent Senyus, Lu-Yu-I-Hao, Xindyai, Ii Jinn, Lio-Ming, Tsun-Gzhen-Bao, Star in the hands of the East. More recently, our Russian varieties of this type of cucumber have appeared - Emerald Stream, Boa and others.
Having tasted Chinese cucumbers for the first time, I was surprised myself and surprised my friends with how fragrant they are: you cut a cucumber and the aroma of watermelon spreads around the room. This type of cucumber gives the best and plentiful harvest in the greenhouse, since they are parthenocarpic, that is, all female flowers are tied, but at the same time they can be well pollinated with other varieties if they grow nearby. They bear fruit in bunches - two fruits side by side.
On good soil, and I fill it equally abundantly: fresh manure mixed with straw and leaves at the bottom, humus at the top, so I don't use any more fertilizing - they delight us until the New Year. From the moment of emergence of seedlings and until the collection of the first greens, 25-35 days pass. You can also grow them in the open field, having previously prepared a bed for this: dig a trench 50-60 cm deep, fill it with fresh manure and humus, install supports - without them, cucumbers can form ugly fruits, because they like to hang.
We widely use long-fruited cucumbers: we cut them into salads and vinaigrette, one fruit is enough for a salad for 4-6 people. When the first "appetite" comes, you can start preparing supplies for the winter. We use these cucumbers in a variety of assorted salads, and we can also pre-cut cylindrical pieces in jars, they taste no worse than gherkins.
Chinese cucumbers form a long stem, as a result, they reach a height of up to 3.5 m, and they have very few side shoots and they are short, so these cucumbers can be grown more thickened than ordinary varieties. There are few seeds in their fruits, therefore, in order to stock up on seeds, you have to leave more testes than usual. For seed purposes, you have to plant additional plants, this is a kind of emergency reserve, so as not to be left without the seeds of these delicious cucumbers.
In addition to Chinese cucumbers, we have been growing Armenian cucumber (snake cucumber) for several years, which is native to Central Asia. His plant is powerful, up to three meters high, the leaves are large, like those of melons, light green. Fruits up to 50 cm long with a curved neck, sometimes straight and thick, ribbed, the color of the peel is white, the flesh is dense, juicy, tasty and aromatic, without bitterness. In addition, these cucumbers are very fruitful and medicinal. Another interesting variety is Watermelon (Tortorello) - the Italian miracle cucumber. This variety is late-ripening, has an exotic appearance, it is 40-45 cm long with a pronounced ribbing of the fruits of a light salad color, the taste of a cucumber like a watermelon is sweet, fragrant, it is very good in salads.
And the Surprise variety will delight you with a unique combination of melon sweetness and aromatic pulp, it has a delicate cucumber rind texture. The plant is powerful, long-leaved, multi-branched. Five plants are enough to provide a family of 5-6 people with cucumbers. Cucumbers up to 45 cm long with light lettuce peel, the optimal size for use is 18-20 cm. The Barizze variety is also of Italian selection, it will delight you with dark green long fruits with pronounced ribbing. The plant is also powerful, long-leaved and multi-branched, when fully ripe, the fruits become orange-yellow, they have the aroma and taste of melon.
Interesting and high-yielding varieties of American selection with small fruits, Little Leaf and Little Loof gherkins. The plants of these varieties are long-leaved, but with small leaves, it is easy to harvest, the cucumbers are all in sight, as if they themselves say: here I am, pick me up. The harvest will also please with varieties with unusual fruits - Snow White, Bidigo-Lungo, Italian White, Bride, Snow Leopard (white fruits); Lamon, Micron, Cucumber-Zucchini, Crystal Apple, San-Whistle - they have an unusual type of greenery.
Anyone wishing to grow interesting types of cucumbers of the varieties listed above, as well as other interesting garden plants, will send a catalog for ordering seeds. I'm waiting for an envelope with o / a + 1 clean. Write; 353715, Krasnodar Territory, Kanevskaya district, st. Chelbasskaya, st. Kommunarov, 6 - Brizhan Valery Ivanovich.
Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener, Krasnodar region
Outlandish species and varieties of cucumbers - garden and vegetable garden
It is impossible to imagine our table without vegetables and potatoes. They are the most important component of the diet of both the academician and the carpenter. Vegetables - a pantry of carbohydrates, protein, organic acids, vitamins, mineral salts, enzymes, and other essential nutrients. Of particular value are vitamins, which are either almost absent or present in small doses in other products. Do not rely solely on grocery stores and markets, start your own vegetable garden. Especially if you want to have fresh vegetables straight from the garden. The secrets of growing vegetables are not that difficult. Diligence, perseverance, curiosity, ingenuity will help you overcome all difficulties and become a real vegetable grower.
So, advice from specialists and experienced gardeners.
To extend the season for the consumption of fresh vegetables, early, medium and late varieties are planted. The earliest harvests in the open field can be obtained from the cultivation of perennial crops (sorrel, rhubarb, perennial types of onions), as well as from winter sowing of carrots, beets, parsley, radishes and planting onions. Early vegetables of annual crops (lettuce, cucumbers, radishes) and onions can be grown in small greenhouses in the garden.
They accelerate the development of shelters made of film or glass without artificial heating in early spring. You can grow radishes under them. They can cover sorrel, rhubarb, onions, winter crops of beets and carrots.
Vegetable plants according to biological, botanical and economic characteristics, they are classified into homogeneous groups.
Cabbage plants. There are several varieties of cabbage: white cabbage, cauliflower, red cabbage, Savoy cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi and leafy cabbage. Almost all types of cabbage are biennial plants. Only in the second year, the planted stalks with apical buds give seeds. Plants of this group are cold-resistant, require increased moisture supply, although they do not tolerate excessive moisture (especially long-term), they are demanding on soil fertility. Cauliflower, Chinese cabbage and broccoli under certain conditions form seeds in the first year of life and are annual.
Mid-season cabbage varieties are suitable for pickling, late varieties for pickling and long-term storage. Red cabbage is unsuitable for cooking, it is used fresh for salads. Cauliflower is good for boiling, roasting, and canning.
Roots. This group includes: carrots, parsnips, parsley, celery (umbelliferae family) beetroot (from the haze family) radish, turnips, turnips, rutabagas, radishes (cruciferous family) chicory (from the aster family). All root crops form seeds in the second year of life (when planted with an intact apical bud), with the exception of radishes and summer radishes, which give seeds in the first year. Without exception, all plants of this group are cold-resistant, require high soil fertility, moisture supply (especially in the period after sowing the seeds).
Bulbous plants. In this group, onions, leeks, perennial varieties of onions (multi-tiered shallots, batun onions) coexist. All these plants are cold-resistant. Onions and garlic contain many nutrients and vitamins. Onions are grown by seeds (nigella), sevkom (small onions 1.5-2.5 cm, usually obtained from nigella) and a sample (3-4 cm or more).
Fruit vegetables. Cucumbers, zucchini, squash, pumpkin, watermelons, melons (pumpkin family) tomatoes, peppers, eggplants (nightshade family). All these plants are very thermophilic and require highly fertile soils. Almost every year, in our conditions, to obtain these vegetables, it is necessary to use protective agents against frost and low temperatures.
Peas, beans and beans (legume family) also belong to the group of fruit vegetables. Unlike their neighbors, they can withstand low temperatures. Beans are somewhat more thermophilic than peas and beans.
Green vegetables. These are the familiar salad, dill, parsley, celery, watercress, coriander (do not be confused that we also included some of them in the group of root vegetables - remember the sayings about tops and roots), as well as other cultures that we almost not familiar and not cultivated in the middle lane. All of these crops are cold-resistant annuals, they are mainly sown with seeds.
Perennial vegetables. It is somehow unusual to call sorrel, rhubarb, asparagus, horseradish vegetables - but it is so. All these plants are frost-resistant, in one place they can grow from two to five years. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively.
Potatoes. Among vegetables it takes a special place, it is bred to obtain tubers. Potatoes belong to the nightshade family. Potato bushes are easily damaged by frost. Propagated mainly by tubers, but you can also propagate it by eyes, sprouts, dividing a bush and even seeds (this laborious work does not give the same effect as propagation by tubers).
Part garden plot that you allocate for vegetable crops should not be shaded. If possible, you should choose a free, well-lit area with the most fertile soil (if the soil is not very fertile, you need to patiently start creating it for many years). A common mistake of novice vegetable growers is the desire for a combined arrangement of crops, when vegetables and strawberries are placed among young apple and pear trees. As long as the trees are young, everything seems to be going well: the crowns do not shade the beds too much, there is enough light and food for vegetables. But trees quickly gain strength, grow, and then the intermediate crops fall into the shade, their yield decreases from year to year. Indeed, most vegetable crops and potatoes do not tolerate strong shading and the presence of roots of woody plants in the soil. Therefore, one of the main rules for complex gardening and horticulture - provide a place for each crop and take into account the need to subsequently carry out a competent change (alternation) of vegetables and berries. After all, a certain culture should be returned to its original place not earlier than after three years, and even better - after four or five years. To do this, you need to draw up a clear plan for the placement and rotation of crops.
The timing of the return of crops to their original place is roughly the following: cabbage - 3 - 4 years, carrots - 3, peas - 4 - 5, celery - 3, tomatoes - 3 - 4, cucumbers - 3, lettuce - 1-2, onions - 4 - 5 years.
The yield decreases especially sharply and the quality deteriorates with permanent cultivation of cabbage, beets, peas, tomatoes, cucumbers, and potatoes.
When plants are re-grown on the same soil, a decrease in yield occurs as a result of the release of physiologically active substances into the soil, which subsequently inhibit the same culture.
The most appropriate width of the beds is 1.2 m. Between the beds, paths 0.3 m wide are left. The creation of narrower beds is a waste of the land of the garden plot, wider ones - it makes it difficult to cultivate the soil, care for plants and harvest.
Types of cucumbers, depending on the purpose
There is also a widespread classification of cucumbers that "serve for specific purposes" - are you going to eat them fresh in salads or do you want to keep them for a long time, will you pickle or pickle?
- Pickled cucumbers ideal for pickling, canning or pickling. Their size, as a rule, does not exceed 10-15 cm. For fresh consumption, they are also suitable, because have a thin skin and juicy flesh.
Pick cucumbers of about the same size for pickling
- Gherkins... Small cucumbers 5-8 cm in size with a pleasant taste and crunchy structure. Due to their size and thin skin, they have earned the nickname "snack cucumbers". Gherkins usually have an elongated cylindrical shape, they are often grown in a greenhouse.
For discovering the secret of canning gherkins, the French chef received 12,000 francs from the government
- Salad cucumbers... Cucumbers of this type cannot be confused with any others. They are elongated and long, with a dense, smooth skin. Salad cucumbers are eaten fresh or added to salads. But they are not suitable for canning or salting - the dense skin does not absorb the brine well. It is these cucumbers that are most often sold on the market, since they are stored longer than their "counterparts".
The peel of cucumbers contains a large amount of fiber, but it also actively absorbs harmful substances.
Cucumbers can also differ in the color of the thorns:
- white-spiked - have a thick skin, are well transported, but not suitable for salting, they are used mainly fresh
- black-spiked - have a delicate skin, which is why they are widely used for pickling and pickling, but the fruits ripen quickly and turn yellow.
The best varieties and hybrids of cucumbers for a greenhouse and a greenhouse
Adding an article to a new collection
What is the main quality of cucumbers intended for indoor cultivation? Of course, no need for pollination. These are parthenocarpic hybrids: their ovaries appear without the participation of insects.
However, some bee-pollinated cucumber varieties are also suitable for cultivation in a greenhouse. We have selected seven of the most popular hybrids and cultivars that have performed well in indoor cultivation.
Harvest varieties for open ground
If you start growing cucumbers outdoors, you can start experimenting with the most common varieties, mainly local ones. Long-term selection has already adapted them to local conditions, so it will be much easier to care for them than for all kinds of exotic. This is especially important for the northern regions: local varieties will be able to grow in almost any conditions, but the southern ones very poorly adapt to a more severe climate.
To obtain a large harvest of cucumbers in central Russia, you can use the following varieties:
- Super early hybrid variety Sparta F1, begins to bear fruit much earlier than others. The plant is pollinated by bees, with regular pollination it is able to bear fruit during the entire growing season. The length of the cucumbers is about 9-11 cm, thanks to their thin skin and strong crunchy pulp, they will be delicious fresh and are perfect for pickling.
- Zozulya F1 is the most favorite varieties of gardeners, which has received wide recognition precisely because of its high yield. It belongs to the early maturing, from the time of planting to fruiting, the plant will need no more than 45-50 days. It can be grown both in a greenhouse or greenhouse, and in the open field, since insect pollination is not necessary to obtain fruits. With a normal planting density from one meter of the garden area, you can eventually get up to 40 kg of fruit.
- Grade Yischechny is one of the early maturing and cold-resistant varieties, it is ideal for open ground in the middle lane. It got its name because of the small size of the fruits - they do not grow more than 10 cm in length.The first harvest is removed from the plants after 40 days from the moment of planting, about 7 kg of cucumbers are obtained from a square meter of the sown area. The fruits are used primarily for canning.
- Pinocchio is a variety designed specifically for open ground. It is early maturing, the fruits can already be removed 44 days after planting. One of the main advantages of the variety is resistance to cold and transportability, the fruits will be well stored for a long time. The variety itself can be attributed to the number of salad.
- Muromsky 36 is an early ripe variety with a fruit length of up to 14 cm, it is suitable for growing cucumbers in a vegetable garden, as it is pollinated by insects. The fruits are not very well stored and quickly begin to turn yellow, but they are great for pickling and some canning options.
These are just some of the varieties that are suitable for the garden in order to get a rich harvest. Many gardeners are self-breeding.
Seeds after a successful harvest can be used for planting the next year, for this the largest and healthiest fruits are selected.
To choose a good variety, you need to study all its properties and determine if it is suitable for a given climate.