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Cyanotis (Cyanotis) is a herbaceous plant, a perennial from the Kommelinov family. Translated from Greek, it means "blue ear", as it has an unusual flower shape and corresponding color shades. The countries of Asia and Africa with a hot tropical climate are considered the homeland of this flower.
The stems of this plant are creeping, the flowers are small in size, the leaves are medium in size, completely hiding the stems. Cyanotis blooms in all shades of blue, purple and reddish. The fruits are presented in the form of a box.
Home care for cyanotis
Location and lighting
Lighting for cyanotis needs bright, but diffuse. In the period of short daylight hours, especially in winter, it is recommended to use additional artificial lighting.
In summer and spring, the average temperature favorable for cyanotis is 20-22 degrees Celsius. During colder months, cyanotis can grow at room temperature or slightly below 18 degrees, but not less than 12-13 degrees.
Air humidity is not very important for cyanotis, so you don't have to worry about the level of air humidity. The plant does not need additional moisture.
The amount and frequency of watering cyanotis differ depending on the season. From March to September, it is recommended to water cyanotis regularly, but in moderation, so that the soil is always slightly damp between waterings. In the remaining months, watering is allowed only after the soil has completely dried out.
Top dressing and fertilizers
It is necessary to feed cyanotis 2 times a month, but only in the spring-summer period. It is recommended to use special fertilizers as top dressing, which are intended for decorative deciduous plants.
Cyanotis transplant is carried out in 2-3 years. The soil mixture should consist of the following components: sand, humus, sod and leafy soil, peat. Drainage must be poured as the first layer.
Reproduction of cyanotis
Sowing seeds will require wet potting soil and glass to cover the container. Before sprouts appear, the container should be in a dark room, and after sprouting, in a well-lit room.
Propagation by cuttings
Cyanotis is usually propagated by cuttings in spring. Cuttings will root well in peat-sandy soil under a glass jar or under a film in a warm room with diffused lighting.
Diseases and pests
Scabbard, spider mites and aphids are the main pests of cyanotis.
Cyanotis somali (Cyanotis somaliensis) - has pubescent stems, lanceolate leaves of bright green color (pubescent in the lower part and smooth on top), small purple or blue flowers.
Cyanotis kewensis (Cyanotis kewensis) - has creeping stems, almost completely covered with dense foliage, small leaves (up to two centimeters long and four centimeters wide), flowers with shades of red and purple.
Cyanotis nodiflora - has erect stems with little branching, dark green leaves pointed at the ends with a slight shade of purple in their lower part, inflorescences of small flowers of blue or pink shades.
Cyanotis - gardening
Family of cactus. Opuntia represent a whole subfamily of prickly pears. Some of its representatives are not at all the same as it is usually customary to represent prickly pears, but, nevertheless, there are general signs by which the prickly pear, no matter how it looks, can always be distinguished. First of all, this is the presence of the smallest thorns (glochidia), which not everyone can notice yet, but he will feel well when the palms, after contact, violently begin to prick and itch. Unfortunately, most representatives of the prickly pear genus are not very suitable for growing in apartments. Firstly, due to the fact that they grow to a huge size, and secondly, because of their small decorative appeal. Many prickly pears never bloom in apartments, since they may bloom when they grow to certain limits, which is not realistic in apartments. Therefore, choosing exactly prickly pear, it is better to give preference to small species. Opuntia cylindrical Opuntia cilindrica - it is not always recognized as prickly pear, wondering what kind of plant it is. It has cylindrical stems, at first single, then branching with age. It grows rapidly and reaches 1.5 - 1.8 m in height. It blooms with wide pink flowers.
Red-red prickly pear Opuntia rufida - its stems are covered with bunches of rusty-red glochidia.
Opuntia clad Opuntia vestita - with a cylindrical stem covered with fluffy hairs. It blooms with small red flowers.
Opuntia small-haired Opuntia microdasys - its articulated stems are covered with bundles of hooked light glochidia. It blooms with large yellow flowers. Variety White prickly pear Opuntia microdasys albinospina - white glochidia that do not crumble from touch. This prickly pear easily blooms in the house with yellow flowers. In addition, the small size of this cactus makes it easy to keep it in the apartment.
Opuntia dark prickly Opuntia phaeacantha - its oval flat, segmented stems are covered with brownish-yellow glochidia, and long thin spines.
Temperature: Moderate. In winter, a dormant period at a temperature of 7-10 ° C, at least 5 ° C, with a dry content.
Lighting: Opuntia love a lot of light, but you need to get used to the spring sun gradually. Without sufficient lighting, the plants stretch out and lose their decorative appeal.
Watering: Moderately in spring and summer, decreases in autumn, and very rare in winter.
Fertilizer: From late spring to mid-summer, they are fed with a special fertilizer for cacti.
Air humidity: Opuntia are resistant to dry air. But spraying it regularly with warm water from a very fine spray bottle won't hurt.
Transfer: Soil - 1 part sod, 1 part leaf, 1 part peat land, 1 part sand and brick chips. For adult cacti and old ones, the sod soil is 2 parts. Young plants are transplanted annually or in a year, old ones in a year or two.
Reproduction: Seeds and cuttings (separate segments).
The use of sow thistle in folk medicine
Sow thistle, popularly called milkman, jaundice, bunny, milkweed, hare salad, is an annual herb that can be found as a weed almost everywhere in gardens and vegetable gardens, less often in fields. Sow thistle has long been successfully used in folk medicine. To do this, the aerial part of the plant is collected during flowering (May-June), dried in the shade, in a perfectly ventilated room. Water infusion of sow thistle is used for inflammatory processes of internal organs (stomach, intestines, liver, lungs), for jaundice, pain.
The defeat of potato tubers by rhizoctonia
Rhizoctonia develops on tubers, rudimentary shoots, stems, stolons and roots. The disease manifests itself in the form of black scab of tubers, decay of eyes and shoots, death of roots and stolons, as well as a white bloom of "white leg" on the lower part of potato stalks. The fungus forms brown or black sclerotia ranging in size from 1 to 20 mm, which are attached with the help of hyphae to the surface of the tubers. Symptoms of the disease also appear in the form of necrosis, cracks and a thin sclerocial mesh covering part of the tuber or its entire surface.
About the medicinal properties of sea buckthorn
If the sea buckthorn is frozen, then the vitamins in it are stored for 6 months. And there are a lot of vitamins in them: provitamins A, vitamins B1, B2, B3, B6, C, E, K, etc. Fruits also contain glucose, fructose, malic, tartaric and other organic acids, tannins, yellow coloring pigment, fatty oil (9 percent in pulp, 12 percent in seeds), trace elements and some types of herbal antibiotics. Ascorbic acid and up to 10 different tannins were found in the leaves and bark. Even in ancient times, the Romans noticed that horses fed with leaves were sealed.
Raspberry gray rot (botrytis)
At the beginning of its development, berries are affected: separate softened brown spots are formed on them. The spots grow quickly and cause complete rotting of the berries, which are covered with a thick gray velvety bloom. Berries become unsuitable for human consumption. Brown spots appear on the stalks, quickly covering them in a ring, which inevitably causes drying of the still green ovaries. On the leaves, gray rot forms massive blurry dark gray decaying spots. After that, with a strong development of the disease on young shoots, it occurs in internodes.
Removing excess heat from the greenhouse
If we build a greenhouse ourselves, then we can immediately design it so that it is convenient for us and for the plants. The greenhouse must be warm, but not too warm, and the greenhouse design must be functional, i.e. perform the function for which it is intended: to maintain the optimum temperature and humidity for plant growth. Imagine that the Sun is a powerful free stove that turns on in the morning and turns off in the evening every day. It heats up the greenhouse in minutes. This is very convenient, if not for one problem. D.
Composting the soil
Composting is an opportunity to create high-quality fertilizer from biological waste. This in no way means that a fruit-bearing garden must inevitably be littered with heaps of compost. Through annual mulching and harmonious plants - sederats, additional biological fertilizer is possible. Anyone who works with compost can simply lay an unconventional, extensively used compost heap. Two parallel ridges are superimposed vertically, at an angle of 60 ° -70 ° to the surface of the earth, close to each other, so that between.
Hemlock is a deadly poisonous plant. In ancient Greece, it was used as an official poison, which was used to poison prisoners on death row. This is how Socrates was killed. Therefore, it should be used inside hemlock with great care and certainly under the supervision of the attending physician. The people know about the strong toxicity of all parts of the hemlock and are used, if necessary, in very small doses, mainly in drops in the form of an alcoholic tincture. It is not difficult to prepare it. You need to take by volume two parts of a mixture of leaves and seeds of the plant for even.
Growing Eleutherococcus in the garden
Under natural conditions, Eleutherococcus grows in Japan, China, Korea and the Far Eastern regions of Russia. However, due to its undemanding soil, shade tolerance, this culture is grown and feels good in our garden plots. Moreover, it successfully tolerates severe and often snowless winters, without requiring special shelter. Without special difficulties, Eleutherococcus can be propagated by vegetative-root suckers, cuttings, layering and dividing the bush. Reproduction by seeds is a rather complicated process, because needed in six to eight months.
Garlic can replace many drugs
The essential oils and organic acids found in garlic juice play a very important role in the digestion process: they improve appetite, increase the production of gastric juice, and optimize the digestion and absorption of food. It is imperative to add garlic to soups, salads, pastes and sauces, spice it with meat and fish dishes, stuffed vegetables. Garlic is a reliable protector of teeth from caries and the formation of dental deposits: it prevents the growth of bacterial plaque, heals tooth enamel. Thanks to its beneficial ingredients, fresh garlic juice is well ukre.
How to make a pond in the garden
You can make a durable pond with a concrete bottom. For this, the earth is perfectly tamped and laid out with rubble stone. After that, concrete is laid in a layer of approximately 10 cm and smoothed with a float. It is important to make sure that no earth gets on it during the laying of concrete - this will make it fragile and reduce the level of waterproofing. For the construction of reservoirs made of concrete, cement of high grades (not lower than "400") is usually used. In the case of using low-grade cement, after the concrete has set, the bottom and walls of the pool should be coated from the inside with c.
Purchasing seeds online
Every year before the start of a new gardening season, for most gardeners, the urgent problem arises again, where can you buy seeds? And so that these are, of course, high-quality seeds. It would seem that the times of the dashing 90s have passed, and the market has become more or less civilized. However, no - no, but they will sell you a pig in a poke. The specifics of buying seeds and seedlings are also such that you buy a pig in a poke. After all, most of us are not endowed with the abilities of a clairvoyant and cannot say for sure what will eventually grow from seeds purchased at the bazaar. With seeds.
In February, the fight against mice and hares continues. Continue checking the integrity of the harness on the trees. If you notice traces of a mouse stay on the tree trunk, then additional measures should be taken to destroy them: mouse traps, poisoned baits. It is quite simple to check whether mice harm the trees: dig out the snow on one side of the trunk and conduct an inspection. After that, you should return the snow to its place and trample it. In the basement, cuttings prepared for grafting in the fall are checked. If the sand in which the cuttings are stored is dry.
Indoor fruit plants
- Abutilon (indoor maple)
- Ahimenes (magic flower)
- Vallota (Cyrtantus)
- Gloxinia (Sinningia)
- Datura (Datura)
- Impatiens (balsam)
- Calla (Zantedeschia)
- Mandeville (Diploma)
- Passionflower (passionflower)
- Plumbago (Piglet)
- Saintpaulia (uzambara violet)
- Sparmania (indoor linden)
- Cyclamen (dryak)
Composition, properties and release forms
Potassium magnesium is a solid solution of potassium and magnesium sulfates. Its chemical formula is K2SO4xMgSO4 and the nomenclature is potassium-magnesium sulfate. In crystalline form, it is readily soluble in water, but weakly gyroscopic: during storage it does not cake and is easily scattered both by hand and by mechanized methods. Hazard class 4: in small quantities you can briefly take it with your bare hands, but you still need to wear gloves to work with Kalimag on the site.
Crystalline potassium-magnesium sulfate comes out of production in the form of a powder of gray, yellowish, pinkish and brick color, see fig .:
Kalimagnesia in fine crystalline form
The norms for the composition of potassium magnesium for agricultural use are given in the table:
By the nature of the color, one can, to some extent, judge the real composition of a given batch (within the normal range):
- The grayer, the more chlorine.
- The more yellow, the more sulfur.
- The pinker, the more potassium.
- The redder, the more of it and magnesium.
Note: deviations of the composition of potassium magnesium within the normal range do not affect its quality as fertilizers.
Potassium magnesium comes on sale as a fertilizer granulated in fractions of different sizes and crushed, see fig.:
Kalimag releases active substances into the soil rather slowly, therefore, when choosing a form of release for purchase, one should comply with the granulometric composition and permeability of the soil on the site:
- Light permeable (sand, loose sandy loam) - take chipped
- Medium granulometry and permeability (common sandy loam, podzol) - large granules
- Medium density, poorly permeable (peaty soils, fallow podzols) - medium granules
- Dense alluvial soils (floodplain soils, etc.) - small granules.
Kalimagnesia is available in packages of different weights and volumes. Due to its low gyroscopicity, good mechanical plasticity and low strength, its granulation and packaging are easily mechanized, labor-intensive and do not greatly affect the cost of the product. Therefore, for use in a small area, given the low consumption of the drug, it is better to buy kalimag in packages of 0.5-2 kg, see fig.: