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How and when to transplant blackberries to a new place in the fall

How and when to transplant blackberries to a new place in the fall


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Garden blackberries are now grown in almost every summer cottage or garden plot. Most cultivars are unpretentious and yield high yields. But in order for the bush to develop well and bear fruit abundantly, regular rejuvenation of the bush is necessary, as well as periodic transplantation of blackberries to another place. And if planting for culture is preferable in spring, then replanting blackberries or planting bushes is recommended in autumn. About when and how best to transplant so that the plants take root and acclimatize will be described in the article.

How to transplant a blackberry bush: transplant rules

It would seem that a blackberry grows in the garden, bears fruit, and why bother it, replant it, and worry if it will take root. The fact is that the culture grows well in one place for 10-12 years, and then the bush begins to age, which is manifested by a decrease in yield, a decrease in the number of young shoots. When this begins to occur, it is recommended to transplant the bush to another place. From the point of view of biologists, transplanting renews and rejuvenates the plant, after which it can bear fruit for the same number of years. Also, transplanting can solve the problem of redeveloping the site or planting too large a bush.

In the transplant of blackberry bushes, two stages can be distinguished: preparatory and main. The preparatory stage consists in the selection and preparation of the site. The following points are taken into account:

  • a place must be chosen open to the sun, but at the same time calm - a site on a small hill is best suited, since blackberries do not tolerate excessive moisture and stagnant water, or along the fence from the south or south-west side;
  • the site must be cleaned of debris, foliage, roots, if a tape planting is planned (in trenches), then the soil can be dug up - if you suspect the presence of larvae or spores of fungal diseases, it is recommended to water the site with a disinfecting solution (salt, potassium permanganate, or copper sulfate);
  • the soil for blackberries should be loose, fertile and slightly sour - loamy or sandy loam soil with the addition of peat and humus is ideal.

The main stage consists of the following activities:

  • breakdown of beds (plantations) - blackberry bushes are planted in a row at a distance of 1.5-2 m for varieties with erect shoots, and 2-3 m for creeping varieties, the distance between rows is 1.8-2.5 m (depending on varieties);
  • devices for planting pits or trenches - holes are dug under the blackberry 0.5 m deep and rhizome-wide, with the trench method, a depression is dug up to 0.5 m deep, 2 m or more in length;
  • fertilization - as during planting, fertilizers are added to the planting pit (humus or compost 0.5–1 bucket, mineral mixture 100 g), which are mixed with a part of the soil;
  • digging the bush from the same place - the ground around the bush is loosened deeply (to make it easier to dig), then they carefully dig in the bush from all sides and take it out together with a lump of earth (the roots are not shaken off);
  • an adult bush has a very long main root, and it is not easy to dig it up, therefore, if necessary, you can chop off this part of the root;
  • then a bush is placed in the planting hole, the roots are straightened, covered with the remaining earth, and compacted;
  • after transplanting, the bush is watered, and the soil around it is mulched.

Autumn blackberry bush transplant

Blackberry bushes can be transplanted in very early spring, before the plant begins to move the juices, or in the fall, after the end of fruiting. Since the soil is often frozen in early spring, and transplanting at this time is very difficult, many gardeners transplant the bushes in the fall. An autumn transplant is suitable for regions with a temperate and southern climate, where there are no early frosts, and winters are relatively warm.

The transplant should be carried out a couple of months before the onset of constant cold weather - this time is enough for the bush to take root and not freeze in winter. It is good if the plant is moved to a new place along with an earthen clod - in this case, the adaptation process will be easier. In any case, after transplanting, it is imperative to cover the blackberries for the winter with a thick layer of mulch made from sawdust, straw, dry foliage or peat. Snow can also be used for cover - it is poured over the mulch in an even layer.

In the fall, not only adult plants are transplanted, but also young seedlings obtained from the roots of the mother bush - offspring. These scions appear around the bush throughout the summer. By the fall, they grow up and gain strength, so planting offspring in the fall is considered the most successful. Many gardeners plant young shoots in the summer, but by the middle of summer they usually have a height of 10-15 cm and are still rather weak, while autumn specimens are much stronger and their adaptation is more successful.

Creeping blackberry varieties have practically no offspring. It is propagated by layering. To do this, at the end of summer, a young and healthy shoot is tilted to the ground, fixed, and sprinkled with earth so that the top remains on the surface. With good humidity, after about a month, roots will sprout at the place of bud formation, and in September a young bush can already be transplanted to its permanent place. Also, in the fall, planting (dividing the bush) is practiced in order to update the blackberry plantings.

Proper care of blackberries

Caring for mature bushes is quite simple. If the aisles are covered with mulch, then the need for loosening and weeding disappears by itself.

At first, the transplanted bush needs frequent watering (1-2 times / 1 week, if there is no rain), and then, when it takes root, watering is carried out only if necessary (abnormal heat, drought, fruiting period).

The main care measures remain pruning and shelter for the winter. For blackberries, two pruning is required: in the spring, and in the fall, after harvest. For some varieties, thinning pruning may be needed in summer, but the main ones are autumn, it is also preparatory for winter, and spring.

In September (for late varieties in early October), when fruiting is completely over, all old shoots (bearing fruit this year) should be removed at the base. They will no longer yield a crop, and if they are not cut, they will simply create additional stress on the bush. Together with the old shoots, part of the young branches, the weakest and thinnest, is cut out.

For a good yield on the bush, it is enough to leave 6-8 of the strongest shoots, which will yield a harvest next year - the rest must be removed at the root. Leaving stumps is not recommended, as they will rot and infect healthy branches. After all unnecessary growth has been removed, the remaining young shoots are shortened by a quarter (20–25 cm); in creeping varieties, a third of the shoot can be cut off.

Now you can start sheltering for the winter. Blackberries do not have high winter hardiness - some of its varieties are not able to survive the winter with temperatures of -10-15 ° C.

To prevent the bushes from freezing, they are covered with a thick layer of mulch. To do this, you need to remove all the shoots from the trellis, lay them on the ground, or bend over, if the shoots are erect, and then cover them.

In the spring, when the threat of frost has passed, the blackberry is freed from the shelter and examined for the safety of the shoots. Healthy branches are flexible, shiny, healthy brownish color, frozen ones are loose, rough and brittle. Dead branches are removed during spring pruning. If there are 4–6 shoots left on the bush, it can be considered that it has survived the winter safely and will please with a bountiful harvest in the summer. If there are 3 or fewer healthy branches left on the bush, then you will not be able to count on a high yield, but the berries will grow larger and sweeter.

Blackberry bush transplant video

How to properly transplant blackberries to a new place, the expert will tell in this video.


It is recommended to replant the raspberries to a new location every 5 years. However, if fruiting also pleases you, then you can do it even less often. The main goal of regular replanting is to obtain a good and tasty harvest. Let's take a closer look at why you need to transplant already formed plants:

  • The shrub, due to its natural nutrition, gradually depletes the soil. With a lack of nutrients, you can not even dream of any good harvest.
  • Over time, the raspberry thickens, and in such conditions, the likelihood of the spread of diseases and the reproduction of pests increases. Transplanting helps to solve the problem of thickening.
  • Transplanting promotes the renewal of the bush.
  • Using this garden procedure, you can transform the raspberry tree, making it more neat.

Pay in understanding! The next year, after the autumn transplant, raspberries will not be able to please the gardener with a harvest, because they will need to increase the root system.


How to transplant a blackberry

The method of transplanting to a new place depends on the variety:

  • creeping blackberries are planted in several ways: they divide the mother bush, grow seedlings from the branches (this variety practically does not have root offshoots)
  • erect blackberry varieties are planted by dividing the mother bush, by cuttings or "growing" shoots from the roots.

It is important to form a blackberry bush correctly, to divide the shoots, the quality of its fruiting and growth depends on this.

Landing site selection

A place for transplanting a blackberry must meet 2 criteria:

  • the ground should warm up, but be protected from the wind
  • the land must be well drained, avoiding stagnant water.

If water stagnates under the blackberries in the spring, the roots will rot. Therefore, the soil must also be loosened.

Ideal would be a site along a fence or hedge on a hill from the southwest or south. The elevation will protect you from stagnant water, and the fence will close it from the wind.

Land preparation

Best of all, blackberries grow on sour soils - loam or sandy loam with the addition of humus and peat. Such land will be quite loose and fertile. It is good if legumes or cereals grew in the new place before the blackberry.

Before transplanting the earth must be dug up, it is advisable to spill it with a disinfecting solution from fungal spores. This can be saline, manganese or copper sulfate. Such a spill is troublesome, but it will protect the blackberry from fungal diseases and parasites.

Seedling preparation

Half of the job is to properly prepare the seedlings. In total, there are 4 techniques with which you can get new cuttings for planting:

    Apical branches. The tip of the annual shoot must be pressed into the ground, sprinkled with soil, and then watered periodically. After 2 months, new shoots will go from the shoot stuck into the ground. This means that the roots have formed, the apical branch has become a new bush that can be cut off and transplanted.

How to transplant correctly

  1. The bush must move to a new place with a lump of "native" earth, which will protect the tender brittle roots. Then the blackberry will take root more easily and will be protected from freezing.
  2. In the spring they are transplanted until May, in the fall - until frost.
  3. The distance between the bushes of erect blackberries is 1.5-2 m, for the creeping one - 2-3 m. Between the rows - 2-2.5 m.
  4. The pit / furrow for transplanting - up to 50 cm in depth, in width - the size of the rhizome with a piece of earth.
  5. Blackberry roots should not be placed close to the fertilizer: the fertilizer must be mixed with the soil.
  1. Dig a furrow / hole 50 cm deep.
  2. Add humus / compost to it - 1 bucket, mineral fertilizer - 100 g per bush and mix with the soil.
  3. They dig out a bush, for this you need to loosen the soil around and dig in the roots little by little from four sides. They are taken out carefully, without shaking off the roots from the ground. If the main root is very long, and you cannot dig out some part, then you can simply chop it off.
  4. Bushes with earth are laid horizontally in a new place - in a trench or in a hole.
  5. Top covered with soil up to 8 cm thick and mulched with sawdust, hay.

The experience of transplanting a thornless blackberry:


Plant care rules

Care after transplanting an adult plant will not be difficult. Weeding and loosening of the soil is performed only if there is no mulch.

Important! Watering after transplanting is correct and must be done often: 2 times a week in the absence of rain. After rooting, the plant does not need frequent application of moisture.

Blackberry care is mainly about pruning and covering during the winter cold. Pruning is carried out 3 times a year: after the end of the fruiting period, in the fall, in the spring.

Prune blackberries in autumn no later than September. Fruiting ends around this time. Old shoots that have borne fruit must be removed, they will no longer bear fruit. This work is done at the very base of the plant. Together with them, it is worth removing the recently appeared shoots, choosing the most weakened and thinnest. In general, the bush should consist of 8 of the strongest shoots, which must also be shortened by 20 cm.

Interesting to know! From a cut off shoot, you can get a cutting, which, if properly stored and prepared, can be planted in spring as a new plant.

Despite the fact that blackberries have high frost-resistant qualities, a shelter will be required for the winter. To do this, you need to prepare a high layer of mulch, which covers the shoots neatly laid on the ground.

In the spring, this layer is removed and the bush is inspected for damage. Shoots damaged in winter must be cut off immediately.

Growing blackberries is easy enough. Special care of the plant is not required, it is important to transplant it on time and correctly, prune it and provide shelter for the winter period. Labor will be rewarded with a bountiful and tasty harvest.


Taking care of blackberries after transplanting

The main thing in caring for a blackberry is the right place for planting, watering and timely feeding of the bushes. It is necessary to plant the plant in a place where the soil under the bushes will warm up and there will be no stagnation of water.

In the spring, stagnation of water near the roots can lead to plant decay.... The soil under the bushes must be kept loose.

When caring for blackberry bushes, the following recommendations must be observed:

  • carry out a garter and pruning bushes.
  • since blackberries are not resistant plant shoots cover for the winter... To do this, they are bent to the ground and sprinkled with leaves.
  • for gall mite control in the fall, diseased branches are cut off and the bush is sprayed garlic infusion.
  • on hot summer days it is recommended spray the bushes with water in the evening... This helps young shoots to get stronger before winter.
  • in spring, at the beginning of budding shoots fertilizing with potash fertilizers.

Blackberry is a plant with medicinal properties. The fruits contain niacin, vitamins and minerals. Acts as an antipyretic agent... For medicinal purposes, blackberries are used fresh, as jam and as tea. Berries and young leaves are used.


How to transplant a garden blackberry: transplant rules

A transplant may be required for the reproduction of overgrown blackberries or for the purpose of redeveloping the site. Often gardeners are interested in whether it is possible to transplant an adult blackberry bush. Such a transplant is possible and may even be useful, it will help to renew and rejuvenate the plant.

  • Before replanting the blackberries in a new location, carefully select the location and prepare it. Try to choose a flat area with fertile soil, good light, and sheltered from the wind.Blackberries grow well next to hedges that let in light.
  • A site after legumes and grain crops with loamy or sandy soil is well suited for planting.
  • Blackberries do not like waterlogging. If the soil moisture is increased, the bush begins to ache and may die. For this reason, you should not plant blackberries in a place where groundwater is close. With waterlogged soil, plant blackberries on higher elevations.
  • The selected area must be dug up, all weed roots must be removed. If there is a suspicion of parasite larvae and infection, the soil must be treated in advance with a special solution.
  • The earth around the bush is carefully dug up and loosened so as not to damage the root system. You need to transplant the blackberry along with a lump of earth, so you do not need to shake off the bush. Long roots that interfere with pulling out the bush can be chopped off with a shovel.
  • In a new plot, a hole is dug with a diameter slightly larger than a clod of earth on the rhizome of a blackberry. The depth of the pit is up to 30 cm. Part of the soil is mixed with compost and poured into the pit. A blackberry rhizome is placed in the finished hole, sprinkled with earth and moistened so that the soil is better compressed.
  • If a mass transplant of bushes is planned, then it is more convenient to do not pits, but a trench up to 2 m long.
  • It is worth remembering that blackberries can grow and occupy territory that was not intended for them. To limit the area of ​​its growth, you can make small barriers or low light-transmitting fences.


Fall transplant errors

Try to avoid common mistakes that can occur when replanting blackberry bushes in autumn:

  1. The distance between bushes is the most common mistake newbies make. Planting too densely blocks the access of plants to light and nutrition, and also complicates the process of caring for the berry. The voids left behind bring a loss to the farm. Of no small importance is the type of blackberry, therefore, before purchasing planting material, you should familiarize yourself with the requirements of agricultural technology of a particular variety.
  2. Inexperienced gardeners make a gross mistake by feeding organic blackberries in the fall. (unripe manure, bird droppings). This threatens the freezing of shoots and the growth of pathogenic flora under the covering material.
  3. Do not rely on high cultural immunity - although infrequently, seedlings are infected with fungi that cause gray rot, verticillosis and other ailments. Try to choose healthy and sturdy planting material.
  4. Take your time to install the blackberry supports. The trellis can be organized when there is a need for it - when the bushes are of sufficient size.
  5. A big mistake is driving in support pillars in the area of ​​the site where the bushes grow. Instead, the plants themselves should be planted directly along the support structure.
  6. And another oversight lies in placing blackberries in a place where vegetable crops previously grew.

There are no special warnings for planting blackberries in the autumn. On the contrary, transplanting this season has many advantages.

Follow the above recommendations, and blackberry bushes will delight you with an attractive appearance and provide an opportunity to enjoy the fragrant and valuable berry.


Watch the video: Transplanting Blackberry Plants in the winter - Bare Roots


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