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Such different peppers
Ask any person: what is pepper? And in principle, you will get a laconic answer: this is a vitamin vegetable - red, cubic, tasty, sweet and aromatic.
However, pepper, like no other vegetable crop, is very diverse in color, shape and taste. It turns out that if you do not dwell only on the practical value of peppers, then a pepper garden can be turned into a corner no less beautiful than a flower garden. How nice it is to come to her every morning, not only in search of delicious fruits, but also for a good mood.
Last year experimented with colorful peppers... Purple varieties especially delighted me with their beauty and pleasant taste. These varieties were at their best, having withstood the test of the weather. They have a protective mechanism, which is contained in the unique color of the fruit. Anthocyanin is a purple pigment, it is he who colors the berries of currants, honeysuckle, and irgi in blue-black tones. Their winter hardiness is very high. So the pepper becomes more tolerant to cold snaps, especially when not only the fruits, but also the stems and leaves contain anthocyanin.
Red Black Bull variety
Altai Chameleon variety
Variety Altayskiy Black
In July, the purple color is not particularly needed for pepper plants, but in the spring, until the real summer warmth has come, or in the fall, when only memories remain from that heat, anthocyanins help to catch the sun's rays, like a kind of filter that chooses the best for itself. Anthocyanins are present in almost all plants, only their forms are different. And the substances in the environment of which they are located are also different, and the quantities of the pigments themselves are also not the same. It depends on this how much solar energy these substances will convert into thermal energy, which will allow not only the plants to survive in cold times, but also to give a crop, that is, seeds to prolong their genus.
Anthocyanins have always been present in plants, i.e. in leaves, but chlorophyll does not allow them to manifest themselves for the time being, and breeders have taught pepper anthocyanins to be independent compounds that do not obey chlorophyll. This is how the varieties of purple and black peppers were born.
Violet and black pigment appears clearly only in the technical ripeness of the fruit.
Black Marconi variety
Variety Purple Bell
The varieties Altai Chameleon, Blot, Violet Star of the East, Lilak Lovender, Purple Bell, Purple Beauty, Purple, Bagheera, Lilac fog, Lilac, Purple apple have a purple color.
Black fruits in varieties Black handsome, Black, bull, Black horse, Purple miracle, Maraconi black, Cardinal black, Star of the East black, Altai black, Africa, Red Black Bull.
All these varieties are similar: in technical ripeness they have different shades of purple and black, and in biological ripeness they become red or ruby-dark red.
I think that the most interesting of these is the Gypsy Baron pepper variety. The plant is only 45 cm tall, but it takes only 87-95 days to take the first crop. It strikes from the first loops of seedlings - already at the stage of cotyledonous leaves it turns purple, and later the leaves and even flowers shimmer with purple. Fruits are pyramidal, no more than 7 cm long, grow in bunches upward (bouquet), they are blue-violet-black in color, when fully ripe they acquire a pearlescent-violet-red color. They give a huge harvest.
Pepper is my weakness, and every year I set aside many beds for it, and take care of it in a special way. Here are some tips for growing peppers and producing a great harvest.
Agrotechnics of peppers
You need to grow peppers only through seedlings and in the greenhouse or on windowsills in more northern regions. Only such plants, when transplanted into open ground, will be strong and healthy. In order for the seedling to develop powerful, it is necessary to remove all the leaves from it below the fork of the stem.
At the age of two months we transplant seedlings into open ground... Northern gardeners transfer seedlings to greenhouses. The bushes should be watered and carefully transferred from the cups along with a lump of earth. It is imperative to ensure that the root collar is not buried in the soil during transplantation, otherwise the plant will decay.
For more peppers to be born, the distance between them should be at least 30 cm. As the plants grow, they need to be tied to pegs.
Variety Cardinal black
Variety Blot yellow
Variety Purple Bell
Peppers love frequent but moderate watering. After it, the ground must be carefully loosened, but you can do without this if you mulch the soil with sawdust or small straw, another mulch with a layer of 7-10 cm, then the soil will not crack from drying out, and the roots of the peppers will not burst, which will prevent the appearance of top rot ...
How to feed peppers so that real giants grow? It turns out that one should not spare ammonium nitrate and rotted manure: 1 tbsp. a spoonful of fertilizer in 10 liters of water, and the peppers will grow especially large. And so that nitrates do not accumulate, add superphosphate with potassium sulfate for planting pepper - 20-30 g per running meter of row spacing. Do not apply fresh manure under the pepper - the fruits will rot!
A couple of times over the summer, to prevent disease, peppers must be treated with preparations containing copper, for example, a solution of copper sulfate (5%).
You need to pinch the top of the plant so that the peppers will sing faster.
Fruit-bearing branches must be removed immediately so that the plant does not expend energy on them, but gives nutrients to new fruits.
But the most important thing for the growth of peppers is sun and warmth. In the south, there is no problem with this, but in the more northern regions, the beds for peppers must be broken in a calm from the winds, in the sunniest place. If this is not the case, then it is useful to plant peppers in a specially arranged warm bed - filled with manure and grass. Or in good greenhouses. Then the harvest ripens two weeks earlier.
For those wishing to grow the above varieties of peppers, as well as other equally interesting varieties, I can offer seeds. I will send a catalog for orders. Waiting for an envelope Those who wish to grow the varieties of peppers mentioned above, as well as other equally interesting varieties, can offer their seeds. I am waiting for a marked envelope with o / a. Write: Brizhan Valery Ivanovich, st. Kommunarov, 6, Art. Chelbasskaya, Kanevsky district, Krasnodar region, 353715. And also by e-mail. Mail: [email protected] or go to the website: Semenabrizhan.ru.
Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener
Photo by the author
Purple pepper varieties - garden and vegetable garden
Sweet pepper - a plant from the nightshade family. His homeland is Mexico and Guatemala. In the middle of the 15th century, it was brought to Spain, in the 16th century. spread to European countries, ended up in India, then through the south-west of Asia it penetrated to the south of Russia, and through Bulgaria - to Moldova and Ukraine.
In its homeland, this plant grows as a perennial, but in the conditions of European countries and Russia it is cultivated as an annual, self-pollinating, in the form of bushes from 0.5 to 1.5 m high. Its stem is herbaceous, lignified in the lower part. The leaves are soft, rounded with a pointed tip, from light to dark green, and the flowers are pale yellow, light purple, solitary in large-fruited varieties or connected by 2-3 on one pedicel - short or elongated, bending when the fruit grows.
Fruits are round in shape, attached to the peduncle with a wide end. The length and diameter of the fruit are different in varieties. The fruit is polyspermous, 2- or 4-celled. Inside the fruit are round yellowish seeds. The color of the fruit with pulp (in biological ripeness) depends on the variety and can be from light pink, yellow to red-violet. Fruits grow either upside down, or like candles - upside down.
It is believed that pepper two phases of ripeness: technical, when the fruit is green, but with complete growth, and biological, with a bright varietal color and ripe seeds.
In terms of the content of vitamin C (ascorbic acid) in fruits, pepper surpasses all vegetables and some fruits. Thus, with the technical ripeness of vitamin C, it contains 39.6-271 mg / 100 g of raw material, and with the biological ripeness, 125-306.3 mg / 100 g of raw material. Provitamin A (carotene) contains (at technical ripeness) 0.34-0.46 mg / 100 g of raw material, and with further ripening of the fruit, its amount increases. With the biological ripeness of pepper, the content of vitamin P (rutin) —300 - 450 mg / 100 g, vitamin B | - 60 mg / 100 g, In — 30 mg / 100 g of raw material.
In the pulp pepper biological ripeness there are: proteins, sugars, fructose, mineral salts and other useful substances.
According to VIR, 21 varieties have been zoned in Russia sweet pepper and 11 spicy. This culture grows and develops better with 12-hour daylight hours. Shelter is required during the white nights
Based on the results of the work carried out on one of the garden plots in the Leningrad Region, the following can be recommended pepper varieties.
Tenderness, VIR selection, average ripening period. The growing season is 115 - 120 days. Blooms and forms ovaries until autumn frosts. The height of the bush is 150 - 180 cm. The shape of the fruit is truncated-conical, with a blunt top. It grows up like a candle. Its diameter is from 4 to 8 cm, height is up to 15 cm, weight is 80-90 g, flesh is fleshy, juicy, taste is good. The color of the fruit is bright red, shiny. Productivity - 6-7 kg / m 2.
Swallow, VIR selection, medium ripening. The growing season is 115 - 125 days. The height of the bush is 90-100 cm. The shape of the fruit is oval-conical, weight -50-75 g, good taste. The color of the ripe fruit is bright red. The yield is 6-7 kg / m 2.
Winnie the Pooh, VIR selection (early maturing). Ripening period is early. The growing season is 90-100 days. The bush is not high, 25-30 cm. The shape of the fruit is conical, the height is 5-7 cm. The weight of the fruit is 40-50 g, the taste is good. The color of the fruit of biological ripeness is red. Productivity -3-3.5 kg / m 2.
Moscow, VIR selection, early maturing. The growing season is 95-110 days. Sprawling bush, 70-85 cm high. Fruits are conical (elongated) 10-12 cm long, with a sharp top. Fruit weight -45-55 g. The taste is good. The color of the ripe fruit is dark red, shiny. Productivity - 5-6 kg / m 2.
Pepper it is very demanding on heat and light, therefore in the Leningrad region it can only be grown by seedlings, and then only in greenhouses and hotbeds. Moreover, it must be borne in mind that with a decrease in temperature to 13 ° C, the growth of pepper stops, and at 0 ° C it dies. If the illumination is poor, the stem stretches, flowers and ovary fall off.
Before sowing, the seeds are calibrated - the largest are selected and immersed in a solution of table salt (a teaspoon in a glass of water), mixed well and wait for the seeds to separate - some will settle to the bottom, others will float. The floating ones must be thrown away, and the settled ones taken out, thoroughly rinsed with water, then they must be wrapped in gauze and immersed in a 1% solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per half a glass of water) and kept in it for 15-20 minutes in order to disinfect them. Then remove the seeds (in gauze) and rinse in running water. After that, it is necessary to scatter the seeds in one layer on a wet cloth and cover it with it, and then put it in a warm place for two days to swell, preventing it from drying out.
It is even better if, after rinsing in running water, immerse the seeds in gauze for 24 hours in a solution of aloe juice (a tablespoon of juice in 1/2 glass of water). After that, when growing seedlings in peat pots, they should be filled with soil from microsteo pots or prepared according to the following recipe: add 40 g of superphosphate, 10 g of urea, a glass of ash to a bucket of a mixture of equal parts of peat and humus, and mix everything thoroughly.
You can also grow seedlings in boxes with cells of 7X7 or 8X8 cm. Before sowing seeds, the soil must be well moistened. Then, in each pot (or cell of the box), you need to spread out 3 seeds (to a depth of 0.5 cm) and lightly pour water again, and then, covered with foil, put in a warm place with a temperature of 25-30 ° C. Do not let the earth dry out, you need to water it or spray it with warm water all the time.
After the first shoots appear, they need to be given more light. That is why drawers are placed on the window. The temperature in the room must now be maintained at 20 ° C.
Pepper seedlings are fed every 12-15 days with one of the solutions: for 10 liters of water 20 g of urea and 40 g of potassium sulfate for 10 liters of warm water 1 glass of ash and manure in relation to water.
In the phase of cotyledonous leaves, the seedlings should be cut open, that is, one strong plant should be left in each pot (or cell of the box), and the rest should be planted in pre-prepared boxes with soil, poured abundantly with water and covered with a plastic cap until they take root.
After two months, the seedlings should have a height of 20-30 cm. It should be planted in a greenhouse or greenhouse in the last decade of May. When growing pepper in the greenhouse, the soil is prepared in it in the fall, it should be light in structure, with a slightly acidic or neutral reaction and consist of a mixture of turf soil with humus and peat.
In the fall, for digging, it is necessary to add 60 g of superphosphate and potassium sulfate per 1 m 2. If manure or compost was not introduced under the previous crop, then one or the other should be added at 5-6 kg per 1m 2.
In early spring, it is required to loosen the soil with a rake, scatter 40-50 g of ammonium nitrate or 30 g of urea (and 100 g of ash per 1 m 2) over the surface, embedding them in the top layer of the soil. Potassium chloride is impractical to add.
Pepper seedlings planted in cold weather or in the evening. They make holes 30 by 40 or 25 by 35 cm, so that 6 - 8 plants are planted on 1 m 2, preferably in a checkerboard pattern. The wells must first be sprinkled with a solution of potassium permanganate, and then with warm water, add 2 tablespoons of ash to each, mix it with the ground and put the pots with seedlings in the holes to the level of the beds, without deepening. Plants immediately need to be watered a little with water.
After planting for two weeks, the pepper grows poorly. 12-15 days after planting, the plants should be fed with a solution - for 10 liters of water, 300 g of bird droppings and a matchbox of urea - 0.5 liters for each plant. You can also feed the mullein solution (1:10).
We must not forget about the possibility of spring frosts. To protect against them, the seedlings should be additionally covered with a film on the trellis or arcs. The second liquid top dressing should be done at the end of June by dissolving 2 glasses of ash in a bucket of water. Apply the third top dressing during the fruiting period. Here you need: a solution of foskamide (30 g per bucket of water) or a solution of 15 g of urea, 30 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium sulfate and 1 g of boric acid per bucket of water.
After each top dressing, the soil under the plants is watered and mulched with peat or earth. Watering should also be carried out as the soil dries out on the garden bed, and then slightly loosen the surface so that a crust does not form.
Subject to the specified agrotechnics, the harvest ripens at the end of July. A month after the formation of the ovary, fruits are obtained in the phase of technical ripeness, which are quite suitable for human consumption. Earlier than all, the fruits of the Winnie-the-Pooh pepper are ripening.
Seeds suitable for cultivation must be obtained from soft fruits in the phase of biological ripeness, having kept them for some time in a ripening room.
The final harvest takes place in the first decade of September. Bushes of low-growing varieties can be transplanted into pots with soil, and indoors they will bear fruit even in winter, of course, with appropriate care. Or, by cutting off a bush with unripe fruits, hang it upside down in the room and leave it for ripening.
Agrotechnics of pepper is less complicated than tomato, since it does not need to be pinned. Only aphids do harm to pepper.When it appears, the plants are sprayed with this solution: 40 g of soda ash and 40 g of laundry soap per 10 liters of water. Do this early in the morning or in cloudy weather.
Pepper fruits are used in salads, for preparing first and second courses, as well as for salting and pickling.
Here are some recipes for preparing peppers for the winter.
Salting. Remove seeds from fruits, immerse in boiling water and boil for 5-10 minutes. Take out, cool, put in liter jars and fill with hot brine. To prepare the brine, you need: 70 g of salt, a little dill, garlic, 3 grains of allspice, bay leaf, and boil everything in 1 liter of water.
Pickling. Cut the fruit in half (lengthwise), peel off the seeds, blanch in boiling water (2-3 minutes), remove, cool, put tightly in a liter jar, shifting each row with cloves of garlic and coarsely chopped celery and parsley, pour boiling marinade. To prepare the marinade, per liter jar you need: 0.5 liters of water, 1 tablespoon of salt, 2 tablespoons of sugar, a few grains of allspice and 2 bay leaves. Boil for 5-8 minutes in an enamel bowl, then add 3/4 cup 9% vinegar.
Snack. Take 2.5 kg of pepper fruits, peel from seeds, rinse and dry. Separately prepare 150 g of finely chopped garlic and a bunch of parsley. Prepare the marinade like this: for 1 liter of water 2 tablespoons of sugar, salt to taste, 8 bay leaves, 8 grains of black pepper. Boil everything for 5-8 minutes, then pour in a glass of vinegar and immerse the peppers in a boiling marinade for 3 minutes. Remove, dry slightly and (in an enamel cup) pour over 250 g of sunflower oil on the pepper. Then put the pepper in sterilized jars, sprinkle with garlic and parsley, pour boiling marinade and roll up the jars with lids.
Ripe peppers contain sugars, proteins, carotene, mineral salts, vitamins B1 and B2. And in terms of vitamin C content, it dominates among vegetables. But a patient with a disturbed heart rhythm, high blood pressure, an unstable, highly excitable nervous system should not get carried away with it.
Growing pepper not much different from growing tomatoes. Some peculiarities are that pepper is more thermophilic. Taking into account the variety of varieties and our relatively cool climate and short summer compared to the southern regions, it is more expedient to sow varieties and hybrids that are early ripening, disease-resistant, thick-walled.
Pepper has a long growing season. Therefore, the seeds are sown in February and grown for 80 days. When growing seedlings, you should pay attention to the illumination, with a lack of which the plants stretch out. Seedlings in the phase of the first true leaves should be fed with ammonium nitrate (1-2 g per liter of water). Pepper does not tolerate a dive (transplant), plant growth after that is delayed for one to two weeks. It is more expedient to carry out this work by the transshipment method, that is, to plant the seeds in small cups, then, together with the ground, without disturbing the root system, transfer them into a large container. And it is better to immediately sow seeds in half-liter pots in order to exclude intermediate transshipment. True, in this case, the supply of air to the root system of the seedlings is somewhat worse. But this method compensates for the loss of time in the development of peppers due to the poor formation of new roots.
Seedlings are planted, as a rule, under shelters (in film or glass greenhouses) with the onset of stable warm weather and in warm soil no earlier than mid-May. Pepper loves fertile, humus-rich soil. Plants are planted in a hole fertilized with one or two handfuls of humus, a handful of ash and 10-15 g of superphosphate, two plants each according to the scheme 30 x 40-50 cm in the phase of six to seven true leaves. Pepper does not like deep planting - they plant it at the depth that it occupied in seedling pots. Pepper requires high humidity. It should be watered by irrigation, often, but in small doses, with warm water (not lower than 18 ° C), especially during the period of fruit formation. Spraying the plants regularly with water stimulates fruit setting and protects against spider mites.
When the plants reach a height of 15 cm, it is recommended to remove the top bud, which promotes branching and increases yields. Stepsons do not remove, except for those that appear before the bush branches. They, like the flowers located at the bottom of the plants, should be pinched. After the appearance of the ovary, the tops of the shoots are also pinched. In this case, the plant directs its nutrients to the growth of the set fruits, and not to the formation of new ones that do not have time to biologically mature. To speed up the ripening of the fruits when they start to turn brown, you need to cut off the lower leaves.
Pepper does not tolerate even minor damage to the root system.
Pepper is very sensitive to temperature conditions. At temperatures below 15 ° C and above 30 ° C, flowers fall off, fruit ovaries are not formed. It reacts painfully even to short-term drying out of the soil and high temperature. At the same time, plant growth slows down, and the stem becomes woody, which reduces productivity.
An important point, especially during the flowering period, is the airing of the greenhouse. During the same period, the plants need feeding. For it, use 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 30 - superphosphate and 20 g of potassium per 10 liters of water. Spray the plantings with novosil or other growth stimulant as buds form. Feeding and extraction of ash is effective (insist 250 g of ash in 10 liters of water for a week), which is carried out during the period of mass flowering. And for the third time, the bushes are fed during the period of formation of rather large green fruits (1 liter of solution per bush) with superphosphate (20 g per bucket of water) and potassium sulfate (15 g).
The poured peppers are cut still green every three to five days, removing them from the stalk. It is not necessary to wait until the fruit turns red or yellow. From this, its taste and nutritional quality does not deteriorate. First of all, deformed and damaged fruits are removed. Two or four fruits must be left on the bush, then new ones will appear in the place of the removed ones and the harvest will be greater.
Which variety of bell pepper to choose
To choose the best varieties, you need to decide what they should be. The science of breeding does not stand still - today there are hundreds of varieties and hybrids of bell peppers. Each of them has its own strengths:
- disease resistance
- resistance to low temperatures and other climatic conditions
- taste qualities
- wall thickness, that is, the "fleshiness" of the fruit
- height and branching of the bush
- soil composition requirements
- conditions of care.
Based on these factors, they choose the best pepper varieties for their site. If you need vegetables for sale, it is better to choose something from fruitful hybrids. Vegetables for their own needs should be, first of all, tasty and healthy - choose "fleshy" peppers with good taste.
For growing in heated greenhouses, indeterminate varieties are a more suitable option. The height of this type of bushes is unlimited - from one meter. It will be possible to remove several kilograms of vegetables from each giant bush. But in the open field it is more convenient to plant undersized crops - they will not be damaged by wind and rain, it will be easier to harvest, there is no need to tie up bushes.
The cold resistance of the variety is important for regions with unstable weather and late summer. But resistance to diseases and viruses is important always and everywhere.
Based on the above considerations, it is necessary to choose varieties of bell peppers that best meet the conditions of the site and the needs of the owner.
This early ripe pepper is one of the first to appear on the shelves with vegetables. It differs not only in terms of ripening, but also in its unpretentiousness. It can be grown on any soil, the variety is not afraid of adverse weather conditions or drought.
The size of the fruits is average - the weight reaches 110 grams. The peel is colored whitish-green, sometimes has a pink tint. The shape of the fruit is conical. The aroma is weak, the flesh tastes sweet, but watery.
The "Lumina" variety pleases with high yields. The bushes, although small, have many ovaries. The fruits ripen together. The plant is rarely sick.
The wall of the fetus is about 5 mm thick. This vegetable is good for stuffing and pickling, but its taste may not be enough for salads or lecho. But "Lumina" perfectly tolerates transportation and long-term storage - vegetables retain their presentation and the entire range of vitamins for up to three months.
Another well-known early ripening variety, the fruits of which can be eaten already on the 113th day after planting seeds for seedlings. At this point, the peppers are colored white or creamy, but their taste is not yet fully expressed. The biological maturity of vegetables occurs on the 130th day after planting - the fruits turn orange or red, have a strong aroma and sweet taste.
The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-7 mm, the size is medium. The weight of one pepper can reach 120 grams, the shape resembles an elongated cone. The fruit is divided by partitions into four chambers, inside it there are many seeds.
"Ivanhoe" can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. This variety gives high yields - about 8 kg per square meter. But a cold, protracted spring and summer without rain can significantly reduce the yield of peppers.
Plants are short and compact. It is convenient to look after them, there is no need to tie up and form bushes. The culture is resistant to some diseases and viruses.
The fruits can be used for a variety of purposes: fresh or canned.
This variety gives consistently high yields - even under unfavorable growing conditions, about 12-15 fruits can be removed from each bush.
The bushes have an average height - up to 70 cm, but they need to be tied up, because the fruits are large and heavy enough - they can break off the branches.
The weight of one pepper "Marinkin tongue" with proper care can reach 230 grams, the average size is 15-180 grams. The fruit has the shape of an elongated cone, the vegetable is slightly curved. The color of the peel is bright red or deep cherry.
The wall thickness of the fruits of this variety is heterogeneous - at the top it is 7-8 mm, and at the bottom it can reach 13 mm. Taste qualities of peppers are very high - they have a bright aroma and a very rich "recognizable" taste. The vegetable is great for preparing salads, snacks, and other dishes.
The variety can be classified as super early - the first fruits are eaten already on the 100th day after planting in the ground. This pepper is even more unpretentious than the previous "Marinkin tongue".
The yield of the variety is simply impressive - up to 45 ripe fruits can be removed from each bush. The weight of each will be only 130 grams, the shape is cone-shaped, slightly rounded. The color of a mature vegetable can be yellow, red, or orange.
"Triton" can be grown in a garden bed even in the southern part of Siberia, for colder regions only the greenhouse method is suitable.
An important feature of this pepper, which the gardener should know about, is that the first ovary from the bush must be removed. If this is not done, the growth of the plant will stop, the fruits will become ugly and few in number.
Hybrid peppers with early ripening - can be harvested 110 days after planting. The height of each bush reaches 110 cm, so it is best to grow the variety in a heated or unheated greenhouse. The branches must be tied up, especially if the hybrid is planted in the garden.
The fruits are considered very large - their weight often exceeds 350-400 grams. The shape of the pepper is barrel-shaped, slightly elongated. The walls are very thick - the flesh is "fleshy".
The Atlant F1 hybrid is distinguished by its high taste. It can be used both fresh and processed.
Early ripe peppers of hybrid origin ripen on the 110th day after sowing seeds for seedlings. A distinctive feature of the variety is its high yield. If the seedlings are planted according to the correct scheme (40x60 cm), the plants have enough fertilizers and moisture, from one meter it will be possible to collect up to 12 kg of excellent fruits.
The bushes of the Ocharovanie hybrid are semi-sprawling, their height reaches 80 cm. The plant can withstand low temperatures and is protected from most diseases and viruses. Fruits grow medium - the weight of one rarely exceeds 100 grams. The walls of the pepper are of medium thickness - about 5 mm. At technical ripeness, vegetables are colored green or yellow, after full ripeness they turn red. The pulp has an excellent taste and pronounced aroma.
Another high-yielding variety of bell pepper, which allows you to collect up to 7 kg of vegetables from each square meter of land.
The height of the bushes is small - only 50 cm, but there are many ovaries on them, which ripen very quickly and at the same time. Most often the variety is grown in low greenhouses or small greenhouses, but "Snow White" is suitable for planting in open ground.
The peppers themselves are small - their weight reaches only 100 grams. The shape of the fruit is conical, standard. Each is about 12 cm long and has a maximum diameter of 7 cm.
At first, the peppers are colored white, after the onset of biological maturity, they turn bright red. The plant is protected from diseases and pests.
Hybrid with early ripening - the growing season is about three months. The plant is semi-spreading, compact, but has a rather large height - the bush reaches 80 cm. It is recommended to plant the hybrid in greenhouses and panic plants, which should be high and spacious enough. In the southern and central regions of Russia, Othello pepper can also be planted in open areas; on cold nights, it is better to cover the seedlings with foil or agrofibre.
Peppers grow not very large, but they have an interesting color - at the stage of technical maturity they are purple, and after the onset of biological maturation they turn brown.
The hybrid is considered high-yielding, but for the maximum number of fruits, the plants need careful care: timely watering, top dressing, loosening the soil. With this care, the yield can be about 9 kg per square meter.
The fruits of this hybrid ripen a little later than the others, but the variety has high yields. The bushes grow up to 130 cm in height, so it is better to plant them in a greenhouse, where the plants will be protected from wind and precipitation.
Bushes must be tied up, because they have many side shoots. There are few leaves on the branches, but there are enough ovaries here.
Peppers are thick-walled and are considered "fleshy" and juicy. The size of one fruit is small - the mass often lies in the range of 130-150 grams. At the stage of technical maturity, the peppers are colored yellow, and after full ripening they become bright scarlet, like a flame.
Gardeners love the Flame hybrid for its high yield (up to 8 kg per meter), excellent taste, good keeping quality and transportability. Peppers are great for commercial cultivation and are expensive.
Peppers of this variety are very large and thick-walled. Their pulp thickness reaches 9 mm. The shape of the fruit is a cone with rounded sides. The variety is especially appreciated for its high content of vitamin C in fruits and excellent taste characteristics.
The fruits are yellow and have an excellent presentation. Peppers can be transported a reasonable distance and stored for up to two months.
Belongs to varieties of Siberian selection - this pepper is intended for cultivation in the Urals or Siberia. Based on this, we can immediately say that pepper is resistant to low temperatures and is not afraid of a lack of heat and sun.
The variety is grown both in greenhouses and in open ground, but it was created specifically for unprotected beds, so you can safely plant it right on the site.
The shape of the fruit is standard - a cone. Its surface is shiny and smooth.At technical maturity, the peppers are colored yellow, and after the onset of biological maturation they turn red. The average weight of vegetables is from 100 to 150 grams.
They love the Siberian Prince variety for its durability and unpretentiousness, as well as for its excellent taste and strong aroma.
Pepper varieties with purple fruits
There are a great many purple varieties. Gardeners prefer unpretentious and tasty varieties. We will analyze in more detail the most popular types, identify their distinctive features, advantages and disadvantages.
An early maturing variety for open ground ripens within 100-115 days from the moment of planting... Summer residents recommend planting it in seedlings, after soaking the seeds. Amethyst is planted in fertile and sunny beds. In care, the variety is unpretentious, requires a minimum of time and effort. The yield is stable, from 1 sq. m farmers annually harvest from 10 to 12 kg of tasty and juicy fruits.
The bush grows to a height of about 60 cm, so it does not require a garter and shaping. The weight of one pepper varies from 130 to 160 g. The color is rich red or purple. The walls of the vegetable are dense, fleshy, thanks to which the pepper is stored for about a month without losing its beneficial properties. Stews and vitamin salads are prepared from the vegetable.
The hybrid ripens in 110-120 days. Farmers recommend planting it in a greenhouse or greenhouse. The plant is tall, so over time, a garter and pinching are required. Fruits are cone-shaped, deep purple color. The weight of one pepper is about 110 g, the wall thickness is 6-7 mm. The taste is sweet and juicy, so the vegetable is ideal for preparing pickled and dried dishes for the winter. From 1 sq. m collect about 9 kg of fruit.
Important! To obtain a rich harvest, peppers are regularly fertilized and fed. Organic fertilizing helps to improve the quality of fruits and their quantity: liquid manure, chicken droppings, burdock infusion, wood ash. Together with them, mineral complexes and growth stimulants are used, for example, "Heteroauxin" or "Kornevin".
The early ripening variety ripens in 100-110 days. It is grown outdoors or in greenhouses. The plant is cold-resistant, rarely sick. For a good harvest, the beds are watered every 5-7 days. The amount of watering depends on the weather conditions.
If the summer is rainy, then watered every 7-10 days. Bushes are compact, about 75 cm high. Peppers have a cone-shaped, elongated shape. The color is rich purple, the taste is soft and juicy. From 1 sq. m harvest 5-6 kg of the crop.
The variety ripens within 115 days of planting. Great for regions with unpredictable climatic conditions. The bushes are compact, the height of one is about 50 cm.
The plant does not need special care, the main thing is to regularly water, loosen and fertilize the beds. The fruit has a cuboid shape and a deep purple hue. The weight of one fruit is 120-140 g. Pepper can be stored for up to four months in a cool and dark place, for example, in the basement of a house. From 1 sq. m, about 6 kg of vegetables are harvested.
Important! Loosening is a necessary stage of crop care. Due to it, evaporation of moisture decreases, the earth retains liquid in itself, the flow of oxygen to the roots improves, which has a positive effect on the development of fruits. Constant loosening helps to avoid many diseases and unwanted insects in the beds. The procedure is carried out before watering.
Star of the East
The variety is one of the thermophilic and whimsical, therefore it is better to grow it in central Russia. Fruits ripen in 100-110 days. The shape is cuboid, the weight of one vegetable is about 200 g. Unlike many peppers, the Star of the East has a neutral taste.
For the best harvest, summer residents recommend preparing seedlings in March-April. The vegetable is planted in open ground after the spring frosts have passed. The yield is average, about 5-7 kg per 1 sq. m.
Lilac Mist F1
Medium early hybrid, ripens 120-125 days after planting. Recommended for cultivation in northern regions, for example, in the Urals or Siberia. The fruits are small, the weight of one is about 90 g. The color is bright, the pulp is juicy. The plant is rarely sick, resistant to insect pests. About 2 kg of exotic and tasty fruits are harvested from one bush.
Interesting! Purple peppers are a great base for stuffed dishes. Meat, fish, other vegetables, spices and herbs are used as a filling. This is an ideal dietary meal that will not harm your figure.
Small fruits ripen in 120-130 days. On one bush, vegetables of red and light purple colors appear. The length of the pepper reaches about 10 cm, the thickness of the walls is 6-8 mm. The hybrid is cultivated in any climatic conditions, be it sunny Volgograd or harsh Chelyabinsk.
The plant performs well both in greenhouses and in open beds. From 1 sq. m gardeners get 8 kg of harvest.
A mid-early vegetable shows the first results after 125-135 days. Recommended for growing in warm regions. A semi-spreading bush reaches a height of only 60 cm, does not need a garter. The fruit has a cone-shaped shape, on one plant red and purple vegetables ripen at the same time weighing 120-130 g.
The wall thickness is only 5 mm, so the vegetable is not suitable for long-term storage. From 1 sq. m farmers collect 3-4 kg of crops.
The literal translation of the name sounds like "lilac masterpiece". To find and buy seeds of this variety, you need to try very hard. A mid-early vegetable ripens within 110-115 days. It is planted in shifts in open ground.
The bushes are spreading, however, they reach a height of only 50-60 cm. They do not require special care. Fruits are large, conical, rich lilac color. The walls are thick and fleshy, the surface is glossy. The weight of one fruit reaches 400-450 g. Lilac Lavender is excellent for long-term storage and transportation. It is universal in application.
The mid-season variety is ideal for greenhouses and greenhouses. They are planted using seedlings, which are pre-hardened. Fleshy fruits at the stage of maturity in weight reach 200 g. Color blue-violet.
The taste is excellent, the fruits have a sweet pleasant aroma. The vegetable is actively used in cooking for the preparation of salads and snacks. Under film shelters from 1 sq. m summer residents collect about 8 kg of fruit.
The mid-early variety is suitable for all regions of the country. The bushes are semi-sprawling, the height of one is about 60 cm. The pepper is unpretentious in care. Fruits are medium-sized, black-violet or dark red in color.
The flesh is crispy, the surface is smooth and even. The weight of one fruit is 130-160 g. The vegetable is perfect for making pickled and dried snacks, peppers look attractive and appetizing in a jar.
The original ball-shaped variety matures in 125 days. Bagheera is suitable for open beds. Large fruits weigh up to 400 g and are not suitable for long-term storage. The color is dark, the walls are dense. The pulp is pleasant to the taste, there are few seeds.
The variety is resistant to pests, shows a stable yield, regardless of the region of cultivation. One bush gives summer residents about 2 kg of large and heavy fruits.
Burning handsome man: varieties of hot peppers that feel great in the middle lane
It comes in different colors, shapes, sizes, it is consumed fresh, salted, pickled and dried, used as a seasoning, medicine, garden and home decoration, and even a weapon! And all this is red pepper.
Burning handsome man - red pepper
However, this popular vegetable of the Solanaceae family also has a lot of names: we often call it hot pepper, bitter, pod, shrub, abroad - pepperoncini, chili, tabasco, jalapeno, habanero, cayenne ... The abundance of names is due to the fact that - firstly, the culture is very widespread throughout the world, and, secondly, in nature there are quite a few forms and types of this plant - from 20 to 100.
There are quite a few forms and types of hot peppers in nature.
They differ in the degree of pungency (from very sharp, capable of burning hands and respiratory tract to weakly sharp and piquant), fruit sizes (from 0.5 to 30 cm), original shapes and colors.
- There are, for example, varieties whose fruits resemble cherries in shape, they are called that ('Cherry')
- There are similar to bells or mushrooms ('Bell' or 'Mushroom'), or on a cardinal's hat ('Bishop Crown')
- With a nose like a scorpion's sting ('Trinidad scorpion'- recognized as the hottest pepper in the world)
- And of course, a wide variety of cones - both proboscis, truncated, and spindle-shaped, prismatic, pointed upward or hanging downward, smooth or wrinkled.
Left: 'Bishop Crown' pepper. Right: pepper 'Сherry'
Hot Mexican peppers conquer not only with spectacular shapes and pungent taste, but also with burning beauty: fiery shades of scarlet, yellow, orange colors (sometimes all at once on one bush), if such fruits are collected in a bunch, then together they look like tongues of flame.
Almost white, peach, lemon, purple, purple, and chocolate varieties of red pepper are no less decorative. They look especially elegant when white (and sometimes purple) flowers bloom on one bush at the same time and fruits of different colors hang (depending on the degree of ripeness). But that's not all, recently varieties of pepper with decorative dark purple or variegated (variegated) foliage have appeared on sale. Pepper bushes themselves differ in size and shape, there are tall (indeterminate) ones, there are miniature ones, and ampelous or semi-ampelous varieties have appeared.
Pepper 'Fatalii Yellow'
This tropical culture showed amazing tolerance to growing conditions: hot peppers in the middle lane can be grown in a greenhouse, outdoors, in a container garden, indoors. It can be easily propagated by seed (through seedlings) or vegetative (cuttings) methods. The bushes easily transfer the transplant in flowering and fruiting form from the pot to the soil and vice versa. therefore in the fall, they can be dug out of the garden, transplanted into a pot and brought into the house.
Varieties and hybrids of late pepper with photos, names and descriptions
Here are the names of pepper varieties with photos and descriptions, whose ripening period is more than 130 days.
"Paris"... The period from germination to the beginning of fruit ripening is approximately 130 days. The plant is medium-sized, compact. Fruits are cuboid, weighing 120-130 g. Wall thickness is 6-8 mm, with tender juicy pulp. Suitable for growing in film greenhouses. Recommended for fresh use.
"Hottabych F1"... Ripening period 170 days. Fruits are long, slightly curved, weighing 75-100 g. Wall thickness - 4-6 mm. In technical maturity, the fruits are green, when ripe they are red. The pulp is tender, sweet. Has excellent taste. Suitable for growing in film greenhouses. Good for fresh use.
"Kubik-K"... The period from germination to fruiting is over 120 days. The plant is 50-60 cm high. The bush is semi-spreading, the fruits are cuboid, smooth. Unripe fruits are dark green, ripe dark red. The average fruit weight is 120-160 g. The wall thickness reaches 7 mm. Recommended for growing in unheated greenhouses. The yield under such conditions reaches 5 kg / m2. It is used both fresh and for canning.
"Ruby"... The technical ripeness of the fruits occurs in 130-138. The plant is semi-sprawling, medium-sized, reaches a height of 45-60 cm. Fruits are flat-round, 5-7 cm long. In the phase of technical maturity, the fruits are light green, in biological maturity they are dark red. Wall thickness 8-10 mm, fruit weight 116-150 g. Productivity is about 5 kg / m2. It is used both fresh and for canning.
"Night"... A late-ripening hybrid. The period from germination to maturation is 135-140 days. The plant is a standard plant, 120-150 cm high. Fruits are prismatic, slightly wavy, slightly ribbed, slightly curved, weighing 100-140 g. In technical ripeness, the fruits are purple, when ripe they are red. The wall thickness of the fruit is 6-7 mm. Suitable for growing in film greenhouses. Recommended for fresh use.
"Black Cardinal". Late variety of Italian selection. The period from germination to fruiting is over 118-120 days. The plant is medium-sized. The height of the bush is 40-60 cm. Fruits in technical ripeness are black, in biological ripeness they are bright red. The shape of the fruit is a truncated pyramid. The pulp is dense, tasty. The yield is about 10 kg / m2. Used fresh, for preparing salads and canning.
"Aristotle F1"... The period from germination to the beginning of fruit ripening is up to 130 days. The plant is vigorous, the bush is straight. The fruits are very large, cuboid, four-chambered, with thick walls. Fruit weight 180-200 g. Taste qualities are high. Suitable for growing outdoors in the southern regions of the country. Differs in high productivity and disease resistance. Suitable for salads and canning.
"Capro F1"... High-yielding variety. The period from germination to the beginning of fruit ripening is about 130 days. The plant is medium-sized, the bush reaches a height of 1 m. Fruits are proboscis, glossy, with thick walls. Fruits in technical maturity are green, in biological ones - red. Weight is 120-130 g. The variety is recommended for growing in open ground and in film greenhouses. Suitable for salads and canning.