Types, varieties and cultivation of zinnia

Types, varieties and cultivation of zinnia

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A beautiful American woman asks to visit our gardens and window sills

Zinnia, a magnificent plant, in the arsenal of which the widest spectrum is by no means a camouflage color. This plant is able to revive any, even the gloomiest corner of the garden.

Zinnia belongs to the genus of annual or perennial grasses, as well as shrubs of the Asteraceae family, which are native to Central and South America. These plants have whole, oval-ovate, sessile, whorled leaves located on the stem and single inflorescence baskets.

The name of the plant comes from the name of Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor Göttingen Johann Gottlieb Zinna, who brought these plants to Europe in 1796. Now, thanks to the efforts of botanists and breeders, we know more than 20 species of zinnia, but only two of them are used in culture - narrow-leaved and graceful. They gave rise to the majority of garden zinnias with a huge variety of cultivars and forms.

Types and varieties of zinnia

Zinnia graceful - This is a powerful, vigorous plant that has a spreading or compact shape with erect, strong and pubescent shoots, reaching a height of one meter and bearing large, often more than 15 cm in diameter, inflorescences of various colors. This species has been in culture on the European continent for over 200 years.

Zinnia angustifolia - This species forms branched erect bushes, reaching a height of 45 cm and bearing smaller inflorescences, usually yellow in color. This species has been known in culture for 150 years.

Naturally, zinnia is rich not only in species. She also has many varieties. They are ranked by height, among them there are very small ones, dwarf zinnias, which are not more than 30 cm in height, medium-sized, reaching a height of 70 cm, and tall, often exceeding a meter in height. Of course, zinnias are a rainbow of colors that can boggle your imagination. Flowers of its rich, bright color, or differing in calm, pastel colors. Reed flowers of various shapes are usually located in 2-3 rows - in non-double flowers, and even more in double such rows. Tubular flowers are usually yellow, very rarely they have the color characteristic of ligulate flowers, as a rule, they form a convex center pleasant to the eye.

Zinnias are also divided into groups according to the structure and shape of inflorescences, they are called scientifically - varieties. So the most common varieties in Russia are dahlia and pompom, a little less often you can see varieties belonging to the group of chrysanthemum and scabiozoa. So, let's describe them:

Dahlia zinnias - these are almost completely ordinary ligulate flowers, however, having an elongated-lobed shape. Their inflorescences are hemispherical, often terry, having a diameter of up to 15 cm, on one plant there can be up to 28 of them! Naturally, they are also ranked in height. For example, among tall dahlia inflorescences, zinnias are the most popular. Benary's giants seriesreaching a height of 120 cm and having old, pink, salmon, crimson and red, yellow, orange, lilac and even purple baskets.

No less popular are medium-sized dahlia zinnias - varieties Rosa with gorgeous pink flowers, Orange Kenig, Tango, Scharlach with beautiful, very bright red-orange flowers, the variety produces an indescribable impression Crimson monarchhaving magnificent dark red inflorescences, varieties Purple prinse and Cherry queen paint the space in purple and dark cherry colors. Pleasant to the eye and grade Lavandelkonigin, the baskets of which are lavender with a purple tint, and the variety Violett they are purple.

There are a lot of varieties of zinnia that have an unusual color of flowers, for example, white with a greenish tinge, like the variety Polar Bear, or completely green, like the variety Envy. Variegated varieties of zinnia are also becoming fashionable - Peppermint Stick, reed varieties, the flowers of which are colored red, cream or yellow-green - Carousel.

No less gorgeous undersized zinniaswith dahlia inflorescences, among them the series stand out - Magelan,

Peter Pan and Short Staff, having beautiful densely double inflorescences, sometimes reaching ten centimeters in diameter and having a variety of colors - white, cream, yellow, bright red, raspberry and cherry. Wonderful series Swizzle includes a pair of bi-color twin hybrids - Cherry Ivory with cherry blossoms and creamy petal tips and Scarlet Yellow with red baskets and bright yellow tips.

Pompom zinnias They are distinguished by abundant, simultaneous flowering, their inflorescences are round and terry, reaching 6 cm in diameter. An example is the varieties belonging to this group - medium-sized (40-50 cm) Rotkopchen and Tom-Thumb with bright red baskets, as well as undersized (15-20 cm tall) Zinnita with flowers from white to yellow and red.

Chrysanthemum zinnias. In these plants, reed flowers are rolled up along their entire length and are slightly curled into tubes that are bent in different directions, and the inflorescences reach a diameter of 15 cm, there are more than twenty such "sunflowers" on the flower. Such very large baskets in medium-sized (70 cm) varieties of the series New burpee's hybrids and Fantasia with flowers from white and pink to bright yellow, dark red and purple shades.

More recently, the seeds of a rather spectacular variety of zinnia, called zinnia, have appeared on the shelves of flower shops. "New Attraction"... It differs in anemic or scabiose inflorescences, crowned with the center of the basket is the so-called cushion, collected from tubular flowers, surrounded by a row consisting of wide and reed flowers in the form of a cuff. These plants reach a height of half a meter and have baskets of various colors.

Among the varieties of zinnia angustifolia, there are truly delightful varieties, for example, Glorienschein reaches a height of 20 cm and has red-brown flowers at the ends and dark orange flowers at the base. The mixtures of varieties are also beautiful - Persian carpet and Candy stripe with inflorescences that have yellow, brown and red shades, as well as contrasting spots located at the tips of reed flowers. British firms offer blends Starbright and Classic, which are represented by varieties of yellow, snow-white or orange colors, and these plants themselves have a height of about 30 cm. They have a weak and thin abundant stem, often creeping.

A significant achievement of breeders is the series Profusion... All plants in this series are hybrids from the crossing of graceful zinnia and narrow-leaved zinnia, they are characterized by a fairly high resistance to rain and cold. In addition, the advantages of plants are their compactness, short stature, as well as baskets painted in white, orange or cherry shades and reaching 4 cm in diameter.

Features of agricultural technology

Zinnias of the presented species and varieties are annual plants, all of them are drought-resistant and undemanding to the soil, they bloom for a long time and very abundantly, they reproduce well by seeds. By the way, about the seeds. They are quite large in zinnia, only 100 seeds per gram, usually ripen within 55 days after the beginning of flowering, and remain viable for more than three years. Usually the seeds are sold in mixed varieties, but now there is also a high-quality pure-variety seed on the market.

Zinnia is sown in open ground, usually in May, then, as the plants appear, the seedlings are thinned out, less often these flowers are grown through seedlings. Zinnia, alas, is not devoid of shortcomings, one of the most basic, perhaps, is a strong sensitivity to even slight frosts, therefore, it is possible to grow zinnia in more northern regions, where recurrent cold weather accompanied by frosts is possible, only through seedlings.

Sowing zinnium for seedlings

To get seedlings, seeds are sown in late March or early April. They are sown in loose, nutritious soil of a greenhouse, or in small containers, embedded to a depth of about 0.5-1 cm. The optimum temperature required for seed germination is within 20 ... 25 ° C. Usually, the first shoots appear in a week, for their normal development, a temperature of 16 ... 18 ° C is quite enough. After about three weeks, they begin to pick the seedlings, plant them in separate pots and leave them there until the end of May.

It is possible to plant seedlings in open ground only after the end of spring frosts, usually 4-5 weeks after germination. Plants need to be transplanted with a lump of earth, and planted at a distance of 12 to 35 cm, depending on the strength of the plant's growth. Usually flowering occurs a couple of months after the emergence of shoots, it is observed most often in July and continues until frost, the flowers are very tenacious, everyone can please the eye for up to a month.

As for the growing conditions, zinnias are completely undemanding to them, but they grow better in warm, sunny and wind-protected areas with loose, deeply cultivated, fertile and neutral soils.

Zinnia care

Caring for plants also does not differ in complexity, it consists in periodic weeding, loosening the soil and in fertilizing with mineral fertilizers during the period of plant growth and budding. Another plus is that zinnia plants are very drought-resistant, this allows them to be grown in places where there are frequent interruptions in water. Of course, plants may not survive a long drought, but they are quite capable of short-term dryness of the soil.

You can slightly extend the decorative effect of zinnias in a simple way - regularly remove faded and damaged inflorescences.

And finally ...

Zinnias today are represented by the widest range of colors and shapes, which allows you to grow single plants.

Zinnias of bright colors are used in the design of monocultural flower beds, mixborders, often large-sized arrays of plantations are created from them, especially those that look great against the background of the lawn. Tall varieties are often used to decorate solid flower beds, rabatok, such plants look great in group plantings, especially with marigolds, marigolds, asters, chrysanthemums. The lot of dwarf and medium-sized varieties is a pot culture, they can decorate both a flower bed and a window sill, both in the city and beyond.

Creeping varieties are ideal as ground cover plants, which are especially popular when creating alpine slides. Blooming zinnia is great when cut. She is able to decorate absolutely any composition, and varieties with both large and small inflorescences are suitable for drawing up bouquets. Cut the plants when about half of all buds have bloomed. The ends of the stems need to be cut off in warm water, so they will last longer - more than two weeks.

The so-called distillation is also applied to zinnia - in order to decorate your home with living flowering plants, you need to dig up plants with a lump of earth before frosts and transplant them into large pots, water them abundantly and keep them in the room on the window located on the south side of the building. Blooming plants will delight you in the winter cold for several weeks.

Nikolay Khromov, candidate of agricultural sciences,
Researcher, Berry Crops Department
GNU VNIIS them. I.V. Michurina,
member of the R&D Academy
Photo by Olga Rubtsova

Sowing and growing buckwheat

Towards the end of the 19th century sowing buckwheat was used on every 8 hectare of arable land in Russia. This indicates the importance of culture in the diet of the country's inhabitants. Buckwheat is grown throughout its territory, except for the far north. The most productive grain grows and bears fruit in the forest-steppe zone and woodland. There are usually loose and oxygenated soils that warm up easily. This is what buckwheat loves.

The yield and build-up of buckwheat green mass on heavy soils are minimal. Fertilization contributes to increased productivity. The knowledge that the formation of a centner of grain is spent on the formation of a centner of grain will help to correctly submit them to buckwheat: about 4 kilograms of nitrogen, 3 phosphorus and 6 kilograms of potassium. There is no need to introduce the full measure of trace elements. First, you need to determine how much of the mineral base is already in the soil.

Potash and phosphorus mixtures of buckwheat are given during sowing. Sometimes fertilizers are applied during autumn plowing. The exception is the northern regions of the country. There, the mineral base is introduced into the soil in the spring. Nitrogen fertilizers are added to the soil in the spring. Re-feeding is given during the buckwheat budding period.

  • reduces the graininess of grains
  • increases grain mass
  • improves the mineral composition of the crop

If ammonium nitrate is selected from nitrogen mixtures, 70 kilograms of it are applied per hectare. This is the average. If the heroine of the article needs phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen, then buckwheat does not tolerate chlorine. Fertilizers with chlorine should be excluded.

However, they are necessary on highly alkaline soils. Then, top dressing is applied in the fall. By the spring planting of buckwheat, the microelement will no longer harm it. It is recommended to cultivate not only the land, but also the seed. It is soaked in solutions with:

-sulfuric manganese, which takes 50-100 grams per ton of seeds

-zinc in the amount of 50 grams per ton of seed

-boron, which requires 150 grams in the form of boric acid

They also use ready-made solutions such as "Fenorama", "Roxima" or "Fundozola". They are used according to the instructions. Processing prevents buckwheat infection, accelerates its growth, and increases productivity. According to the rules of crop rotation sowing buckwheat carried out after certain crops.

Buckwheat shoots

These are legumes, winter crops and row crops. After clover, for example, buckwheat is harvested almost twice as much as usual. The productivity of cultivation of grain after peas increases by 29%.

The precursor potato promises a quarter more buckwheat yield than usual. The main thing is that the roots are not infected with a nematode. In this case, the grain yield, on the contrary, will decrease. The amount of harvested grain increases by 15% after sowing rye. Sugar beets and corn also have a beneficial effect on the future cultivation of buckwheat.

The predecessors of the grain can serve as an alternative feeding for it. It is enough to cut off the green mass of plants before flowering and lay in the ground. The herbs that have accumulated useful substances transfer them to the soil. Then it remains for buckwheat to take and use the nutritional base. This is called sideriding the soil.

Poor precursors for buckwheat are barley and oats. After the latter, the yield of the heroine of the article drops by 20%. Barley reduces production by 16%. Buckwheat is not recommended to be planted after all grain forage plants. This is the name of the grasses, the grain of which goes to feed livestock and poultry.

The re-sowing of buckwheat in one area reduces the yield by half. In the third year, there is almost no grain at all. It is more logical to plant cereal crops after the heroine of the article. They grow well after buckwheat, since it releases substances into the soil that prevent the development of root rot. All spikes are subject to it.

According to the sowing dates, buckwheat belongs to late crops. Seeds are laid in the ground, after warming it up by at least 11 degrees to a depth of 10 centimeters. In climatic and natural zones, it happens like this:

  • In the forest-steppe, the heroine of the article is planted in the first half of May.
  • In woodland, the third decade of May is used.
  • In the steppe regions, sowing is carried out in the third decade of April.

It is important to achieve fast germination.Then the green mass of buckwheat inhibits the development of weeds. To achieve rapid growth, not only the correct fertilizers, predecessors, but also plowing of the soil help. The heroine of the article is planted in the plowed soil in 3 ways:

  • Private. It is applied to early varieties sown on light, non-saline soils. Seed consumption per hectare is 3.5 million seeds.
  • Shirokoryadovoy. Suitable for fertilized, fertile soils. Suitable for mid to late ripening buckwheat varieties. About 2.5 million seeds are spent per hectare.

It is important not to thicken the crops. Then the buckwheat stalks are thin and weak, prone to lodging. The harvest should be expected to be low. Better to plant buckwheat a little less often. The plant is prone to branching, occupying a free area. The sowing rate depends not only on its type, but also on the soil and climatic conditions. In a drought, seeds are taken less.

Sowings of buckwheat in the fields are made in rows

In a humid environment, buckwheat is planted about a third more than usual. Also on marginal soils. On rich soils, on the contrary, the amount of seed is reduced, because the maximum germination rate is predicted. Buckwheat sprouts do not differ in root strength. It is difficult for cotyledons to break through the ground. Therefore, the planting depth is important:

- in light soils with a dry top layer, you can deepen the grains by 8-10 centimeters, otherwise it will wash

-in cultivated soils, 6 centimeters are enough

- only 4 centimeters deepen the grains in heavy soil

It is recommended to roll the crops on top. This traps moisture in the ground. Dryness for buckwheat is fatal. The crops are harrowed before the first shoots. This breaks down the soil crust and allows the weeds to get rid of.

Abundantly blooming buckwheat - not a guarantee of a rich harvest. The ovary gives about 5% of the buds. On one plant, depending on the species, there are from 500 to 2.5 thousand. Most fall off without ever becoming fruit. Therefore, buckwheat yields are not so stable, periodically the cereal becomes "golden".

From the legitimate 5% of the ovaries have to be taken away even in case of problems with pollination. It is cross in buckwheat. Pollen should be transferred from a flower with a long pistil to a flower with a short one, or vice versa. Pollination between buds of the same type is unproductive.

These are only assumptions, since the tests are ambiguous. In addition, scientists are embarrassed that they are dying buckwheat flowers at all stages of development, even during bud ovary. After pollination and the formation of a still frail fruit, dying off is also important. Apparently, the exact reasons for the loss of colors have yet to be discovered and proven.

There is an assumption that buckwheat simply does not have enough strength to bear all the flowers and fruits. Simultaneously with their active formation, the plant also actively grows green mass. This is one of the reasons why it is used buckwheat as siderat... This role of the herb will be discussed in detail in the next chapter.

From the moment of sowing to buckwheat flowering 15-40 days pass. During this time, the grass gains 1/4 of the green mass. Another 3 parts grow during flowering. The roots make up only 14% of the total mass of the plant, which indicates their weak development. This is not typical for field crops.

As if feeling the insufficiency of the root system, buckwheat forms roots even on the stem. Stimulates the hilling process of the plant. Ivan Pullman was the first to propose to produce it. He devoted more than 2 dozen scientific works to buckwheat.

Stem roots, if they do not increase the yield, well protect the grass from lodging. This is especially important for tall buckwheat varieties. Pollinated buckwheat plant by the wind or by bees. The latter cope with the task better. That is why buckwheat honey is so widespread.

Buckwheat flower nectars are open, accessible to most insects. However, nectar may not be produced if the weather is dry and windy with shade temperatures around 30 degrees Celsius. In this case, artificial additional pollination of the culture is required.

The ideal air humidity for buckwheat is 40-70%. At lower and higher rates, the plant is depressed, withers, more actively than usual, it loses flowers and fruits. Buckwheat harvesting begins when 80% of the plantings turn brown. It takes 5 days. During this time, the grain slices dry out. Their length is 20 centimeters. After drying, the sections are easily threshed. For 5 days, unripe grains ripen and dry out.

It is worth collecting buckwheat by direct combining if it is sparse, undersized and weak. In this case, the grains fall off early. Harvesting by direct combining is fraught with increased grain moisture and an abundance of weeds. Grain cleaning machines will be required. Otherwise, buckwheat will self-heat. She sprays.

Drying is required to a 15% moisture level of the grains. For the next sowing, the grain is stored in cloth bags. They are placed on wooden flooring. Usually, these are pallets. A maximum of 8 bags are placed on top of each other. If grain is stored using the open fill method, its height should not exceed 250 centimeters.

Spirea: growing and care. Types and varieties of spirea

Spirea - amazingly beautiful shrub

Spirea (or meadowsweet) - ornamental shrub, belonging to the Pink family. Spirea got its name for its peculiarity: the branches of the spirea are very flexible, and in translation from Latin the word "spirea" is translated as "bend". Spirea is very unpretentious, which is considered one of its main advantages.

At this time, there are about one hundred types of spirea, which differ from each other in the time and duration of flowering, the color of flowers and leaves, the level of frost resistance and drought resistance.

Brief description of spirea

To size spireas are different: from dwarf forms (up to 15 centimeters) to very tall (two, two and a half meters).

The root system is very branched, but does not go deep - because of this feature, some spireas freeze out if the root system is not protected.

The branches of the spirea are erect and creeping. The bark, depending on the species and variety, has a varied color: from light brown to dark brown.

Spirea leaves have a lanceolate or rounded shape. Also, the leaves can have a variety of colors: from light green (almost yellow) to dark purple.

Spirea flowers are small, but collected in large inflorescences. The color is white, pink, raspberry. The flowers have a subtle pleasant scent that attracts bees and other pollinating insects very well.

Spirea is a versatile plant... It is used in group plantings, rockeries and alpine slides, to create hedges, and also as a single plant.

Spirea: types and varieties

As stated above, spirea has a lot of species and varieties. All of them are divided into two groups, the main criterion is the flowering period. Therefore, there are summer-blooming and spring-blooming ones.

Spring-flowering varieties of spirea

Such spireas differ not only in that they bloom in spring, but also in that flowers are formed only on last year's shoots. The bush of such spirits is very thick and dense. The most common types of spring-blooming spirea:

Arguta. We bloom this type of spirea as the very first of all spiraea. The bush is very sprawling, an adult plant up to two meters high. The branches are slightly drooping. White flowers are found along the entire length of the branches. Arguta has a long bloom: three weeks.

Wangutta - another popular type of spirea. Spherical bush, up to two meters in height. Branches, like those of Arguta, drooping. White flowers are collected in inflorescences, located along the length of the entire branch. Flowering begins in mid-June, sometimes Wangutta can bloom again in August.

Spirea Gray. It got its name from the color of its foliage. The bush reaches a height of one hundred and eighty centimeters. Blooms from mid to late May to mid June. This type is the most popular in Russia.

Summer-flowering varieties of spirea

Spirea japanese little princesses

This type of spirea differs in that the flowers are formed on new shoots, and the old ones gradually dry out. The most popular type of summer-blooming spirea is Japanese spirea.

Japanese spirea. The bush of this plant is very beautiful, with a lot of drooping branches. Flowering in Japanese spirea is very long - usually 45 days. There are a lot of varieties of Japanese spirea, here are the most popular of them:

Spirea Japanese "Crispa". The bush is undersized, up to 1.5 meters in height, very delicate. The crown has a spherical shape, erect shoots. Flowering occurs in July and lasts 1.5-2 months. It blooms very beautifully - the flowers are pale pink with a lilac tint, collected in flat inflorescences with a diameter of up to 5.5 centimeters.

Spirea Japanese "Little princesses". The shrub is very dense, up to sixty centimeters in height. Blooms in June to July with red (dark pink) flowers, collected in dense corymbose inflorescences. Another value of this variety is its very slow growth, which makes it possible to use this spirea in mixborders, alpine slides, rockeries and other group plantings.

Spirea Japanese "Golden princesses". The variety is very similar to "Little princesses", but this spirea grows taller, up to one meter. Also, the leaves of this variety are yellow (golden) in color.

In addition to Japanese spirea, there are other summer-flowering species:

Spirey Bumald. Undersized shrub: from fifty to eighty centimeters. Shoots are erect. The leaves are green, but in the fall they acquire a red, yellow and purple hue. Blooms up to two months with pale pink or dark pink flowers.

Spirea willow. The shrub is very large and spreading, up to two meters in height. It blooms with white and pink flowers, collected in pyramidal and paniculate inflorescences.

Spirea Douglas. The plant grows up to 1.5 meters. Shoots are straight. It blooms from July to early-mid September with small pink flowers, collected in small inflorescences at the tops of the shoots.

Spirea Ballard. The bush of this type of spirea is very spreading, up to two meters in height. Flowering begins in mid-July. The flowers are bright pink, collected in pyramidal inflorescences.

Features of growing spirea

Spiraea is best planted next to junipers, thujas and spruces. Disembarkation and transplantation of spirea should be carried out in September in rainy weather.

Spiraea is very good to grow on leafy or turfy soil. It is also very responsive to fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers.

How to plant spirea?

As stated above, the best time to plant a spirea is autumn. However, spirea can be planted in the spring.

Spring planting of spirea

The main thing in a spring planting is to be in time before the leaves bloom. The spirea planting hole should be three times the size of the root ball. At the bottom of the planting pit, drainage must be done. The spirea is planted so that the root collar is on the surface. After planting, the spirea needs frequent watering at the root.

Autumn planting has no significant differences from the spring. Autumn planting is carried out in September. Water the planted plant abundantly, but not often, so that the plant has time to prepare for winter.

How to care for spirea?

Spirea has a shallow root system, therefore, it does not tolerate drought very well. Therefore, in the dry season, it is imperative to provide the spirea with a sufficient amount of water. You also need to regularly loosen the soil so that a sufficient amount of oxygen arrives at the roots. Spirea needs to be fed in the middle of summer. This can be done with mullein infusion at the rate of 10 grams per 10 liters of water.

Spiraea should be examined for the occurrence of diseases and the appearance of insect pests. However, most spirits are not susceptible to disease. But, if a disease or pest is found, then you should not delay, it is better to immediately treat the plant with the necessary drug (not at the time of flowering).

Another point to care for spirea is pruning. Since the bush grows very quickly (except for "Little Princesses"), pruning is carried out quite often. In early flowering plants, the frozen tips of the shoots, as well as the frozen shoots, are removed every year. Once every 5-7 years, it is necessary to carry out a renewal pruning, removing most of the shoots, leaving the 5 strongest ones.

Pruning of summer-flowering spirits is carried out every spring. Shoots are shortened to a strong bud, weak and diseased shoots are removed. It must be remembered that the harder you cut, the more you add weak shoots, the stronger the main shoots will be, the more and longer the flowering will be.

How to propagate spirea?

Spirea is quite easy to propagate.... Most Popular reproduction methods are layering, cuttings and dividing the bush. The first two methods can be carried out with a plant of any age, but dividing a bush is only possible if the plant is already three to four years old.

Preparing spirea for winter

The roots of the spirea are shallow, therefore, it is better to cover them. This can be done with foliage, a layer of 10-15 centimeters. The foliage will not only protect the roots of the plant from freezing, but it will also be a good fertilizer.

Spirea is very popular in Russia... It can be found in almost every third site. If you still do not have a spirea, then be sure to plant it, because it is not difficult to take care of it, but despite its undemandingness, it will wonderfully decorate your site.

How to collect zinnia seeds

There is no doubt that some varieties of zinnias grown on the site gave the gardener real pleasure with their flowering, so you can easily collect seeds from the plants you like in your flower bed. It's just that during the blooming of the buds, the brightest and largest inflorescences should be noted, fixing a ribbon of the corresponding color on the stem.

In addition, the number of buds on it is sharply limited. Leaving five inflorescences on the plant, the rest are removed and continue to cut off the newly emerging ones until the seed pod is cut. This will allow you to direct all the forces of the flower to the formation of seeds and their ripening.

After the inflorescence wilting, it is necessary to wait for the seed capsule to ripen. In total, it takes about two months from the moment the bud opens to the collection of ready-made seeds. But if the weather does not indulge, then ripening can also occur indoors. To do this, they are cut off and left in a place where it is dry and warm.

Having gutted the dried seed head of the flower, you can begin to select the required amount of seeds. It should be remembered that the best of them are located closer to the core and have a triangular or subulate shape.

Dry seeds are laid out in paper bags and must be marked: the name of the flower, the height of the plant, its color and the year of collection of the seeds.

Don't rely entirely on memory. Three years later, that is how much zinnia seeds remain viable, the summer resident will not remember which seeds are stored in his reserves without an inscription on the package.

Zinnia is a graceful beauty. Planting and leaving

Few people today do not know zinnia. But she did not immediately take her place in botanical gardens and flower beds. We can say that the first to consider its beauty was the famous Austrian botanist Karl Linnaeus. The name of the flower was given in honor of the German scientist Johann Gottfried Zinna, who brought Linnaeus a herbarium composed of zinnia.

Zinnia graceful

Zinnia began its ascent to fame in the 17th century, and by the beginning of the past it was grown on all continents. An interesting fact is that zinnia was the symbol of Indiana in 1931-1957.

The charm of zinnia is in its extraordinary unpretentiousness, harmony and beauty of inflorescences - multi-colored bright hats made of velvet petals. The genus includes about 22 species, many different forms, classic varieties and the latest hybrids.

Bright zinnias

I love zinnia for the fact that it does not require frequent watering, it can grow and bloom in such a sun that not every ornamental plant can endure. In the summer heat and dryness, I water zinnia quite rarely, but very abundantly. Zinnia does not like frosts and low temperatures.

Varieties and varieties

The flower is good in group plantings, to create a background and borders. Therefore, you need to get acquainted with the species and varieties, find out your preferences and start planting.

Zinnia is now planted all over the world, 20-22 species are distributed to varying degrees. The most famous are the graceful, thin-leaved, narrow-leaved and zinnia-linearis. We grow in our gardens only varietal varieties of graceful and narrow-leaved zinnias.

Graceful zinnia

This group of zinnias is very widely represented; many varieties and hybrids have been developed on its basis. As with all typical plants of the genus, the leaves and stem are pubescent, the coverage of the flower varies from 3 to 16 centimeters. The height of the bush is also different - from 0.3 m to 0.9 meters.

Distinguish in "graceful" species in the height of the bush, the shape of the inflorescence and petals, color. Depending on these indicators, there are: pompon, chrysanthemum and dahlia, as well as a group of Fantazia varieties and some others.

These are plants up to half a meter high, the bushes are more compact than those of other species. Pomponny zinnias branch well, have many shoots. Leaves are sessile, smallish.

The inflorescence is in the form of a pom-pom - a kind of fluffy hat. Flower coverage up to 5 centimeters, terry baskets have a dense structure. The petals are arranged according to the type of tiles, in layers.

This type of zinnia blooms very profusely, the caps of the flowers cover the entire bush, at the same time there are a large number of double baskets on the plant.

Tom-Tamb is a well-known variety in different shades of red. Terry inflorescences have a coverage of up to 6 centimeters, they are of a rounded flattened shape. The height of the bush is from 30 to 45 cm.

Little Red Riding Hood

The Rotkappchen variety is very popular among flower growers, it is medium-sized (up to 55 cm). Bright red flower caps dot the surface of the bush. The shape of the flower is from conical to the outline of a densely double pompon, its coverage is 3-5 cm.

Advantage! During their long flowering, zinnia baskets do not lose their color intensity, do not fade in the sun.

Dahlia group of zinnias

This variety is characterized by the following outlines: high growth (up to 1 meter), a powerful bush, a small number of primary shoots.

Leaves and inflorescences are much larger than those of pompom zinnia. The edges of the petals are slightly raised, the peduncles are long, standing straight. For this feature, this species was nicknamed "major".

Dahlia zinnias are very often planted by me, and all gardeners. There are many color options: purple, white, orange, red and cream. And you can't list all of them.

Orange king

An erect, medium-sized bush (up to 70 cm) has a double flower on a long peduncle, dense or loose structure. Beautiful red and orange colors.

The Violett variety is loved by gardeners and designers for its deep purple color. The bush is 75 cm tall and has terry inflorescences up to 20 centimeters in diameter.

Polar bear

The white variety Polar Bear is very decorative, its color is slightly greenish. The bush is dense, not spreading, the coverage of the flower is 14-20 cm.

Cherry queen

The height of the plant of this chic variety reaches 0.7 meters. The color of the petals is dark crimson, cherry. The diameter of the inflorescence is 10-16 centimeters.


My favorite variety with green flowers. Looks great with brightly colored flowers of other plants. It is gaining popularity due to its unusual color.


The name speaks for itself - the leaves are elongated, lanceolate. Like other types of zinnia, the leaf sits tightly on the stem, without a petiole.

Inflorescences of narrow-leaved zinnia are undersized (up to 40 cm), flowers are double and simple, their color in most cases is orange-reddish, but there are also white and other colors. The diameter of the basket is 4-6 centimeters.

The most widespread variety is Solnechny Krug. It is short, red-brown-orange flowers are small in diameter - up to 3.5 cm.

We love zinnia for its variety of hybrid varieties. Here are some photos of zinnia flowers with unusual shapes and colors.

Watch the video: Seven Gorgeous Zinnia Varieties To Grow In Your Garden


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