ke.gardens-tricks.com
Miscellanea

Homalomen

Homalomen


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


The evergreen herbaceous perennial Homalomena is a member of the Araceae family. In indoor culture, only a part of the homolomene species is grown as an ornamental deciduous plant. This perennial comes from Asia and South America, and it prefers to grow in tropical latitudes.

The plant has a powerful root system, which grows very quickly. A large basal rosette is formed by heart-shaped long-petiolate leaf plates. On the surface of the entire leaves leathery to the touch, there are clearly distinguishable veins.

During flowering, an inflorescence appears, which is a dense ear. It is sometimes used in alternative medicine as a medicinal raw material. When growing homalomena, it should be borne in mind that poisonous substances are included in its vegetative organs.

This culture belongs to fast-growing plants. When grown in indoor conditions, flowering can be seen infrequently, while the inflorescence is recommended to be cut off immediately after it appears.

Brief description of cultivation

  1. Temperature... Feels best in a moderately warm room. The bush must be protected from drafts and hypothermia.
  2. Air humidity... Should be elevated.
  3. Illumination... Needs bright lighting, which should be a little diffused.
  4. Watering... The potting medium should be slightly damp at all times.
  5. Substrate... A nutritious, light and well-drained potting soil works best.
  6. Top dressing... For top dressing, organic matter is used, which is introduced into the substrate at a frequency of 1 time in 6-9 weeks.
  7. Transfer... It is carried out in the spring time once a year or only when necessary.
  8. Reproduction... Daughter processes or dividing the bush. It reproduces quite easily.
  9. Virulence... When working with a plant, you must remember about precautions, otherwise there is a chance of getting burned.

Home care for homalomen

Temperature

Homalomena reacts extremely negatively to drafts, low air temperatures and ventilation in the cold season. In the spring and summer period, it is recommended that the perennial be kept in a moderately warm place: 22-26 degrees. Remember that even during the winter months, the air temperature in the room should not drop below 15 degrees.

Air humidity

In order for the development and growth of such a plant to be within normal limits, and it itself had a spectacular appearance, it needs to provide increased air humidity. To do this, it is recommended to often moisten the bush from a sprayer, and you can also put any moistened material (expanded clay, pebbles) in a deep pallet, and put a pot on top. You can also use a household humidifier. Moistening the bush is carried out at least 1 time in two or three days. In winter and when kept cool, the perennial is not moistened with a spray bottle.

Illumination

Homalomena needs a lot of light throughout the year. However, prolonged exposure to direct sunlight on the bush should be avoided. Doing so can cause burns or discoloration of foliage. If the plant is in a too dark place, then its foliage becomes shallow and faded, and a suspension of the growth of the bush is also noted.

Watering

Particular attention should be paid to watering. Make sure that the potting medium does not dry out. It should always be slightly damp. Moisten the soil mixture immediately after its top layer dries out.

In spring and summer, watering is carried out 2-3 times a week. At the same time, in the cold season, the frequency of watering the substrate is reduced to once every 7 days.

Pot selection

The size of the pot for homolomena directly depends on the size of the plant. For each transplant, use a pot slightly larger than the old one. If the container is very spacious, this will lead to the formation of many daughter outlets, which negatively affects the appearance of the plant. The container can be made of plastic or ceramic, at its bottom there should be holes for drainage.

Substrate

The soil mixture should be chosen slightly acidic or neutral, it should also be loose and contain a large amount of humus. A ready-made substrate for aroids is perfect.

To prepare a soil mixture with your own hands, combine peat, coarse sand, leafy and coniferous soil, which are taken in equal proportions. Do not forget to make a high-quality drainage layer at the bottom of the container from any suitable material.

Fertilizer

Homalomen should be fed once every two to three months. For this, a mineral complex is used for aroid or decorative deciduous plants. Alternatively, you can use liquid organics. Top dressing is carried out in conjunction with watering, while fertilizer in liquid form is applied to the substrate.

Homalomena transplant

Such a flower is distinguished by a rather rapid growth of the root system. In this regard, its transplant should be carried out immediately after the roots become cramped in the container. While a young bush is transplanted every year, then the frequency of these procedures is reduced to 1 time in 2 or 3 years.

Pruning

Indoor homalomena only needs sanitary pruning. To do this, it is necessary to cut off the injured, dried and diseased leaf plates in a timely manner. Cut the foliage with a very sharp pruner or knife. Slices should be sprinkled with activated or charcoal crushed to a powdery state.

Dormant period

When grown indoors, the plant does not have a distinct dormant period. Moreover, if it is supplemented in the cold season, then it will develop and grow, just like in summer.

With a short daylight hours, a slowdown in the growth of the bush is observed. At this time, it is recommended to rearrange it in a cool place, away from working heating appliances. It is also required to reduce the frequency of watering. Remember that the room should not be colder than 15 degrees.

Bloom

During flowering in nature, Homalomena forms many very small greenish flowers, which are part of a rather dense inflorescence. Perianths are completely absent from flowers. The inflorescence has an ear-like shape. In indoor conditions, the plant practically does not bloom.

Reproduction methods

Dividing the bush

Homemade homalomen can be propagated by dividing the bush, and this procedure is combined with a transplant. Remove the rhizome from the substrate and divide it into several parts, while each division should have root shoots. Also pay attention to the fact that the delenki should not be very small, otherwise they will hurt for a long time and may even die.

Powder the cuts with charcoal powder. Plant the delenki in separate pots with a damp substrate. For some time they are kept in a light partial shade in the warmth.

Reproduction by daughter processes

During active growth, new leaf rosettes with their own roots appear next to the parent bush. Carefully separate the outlet and transplant it into a separate pot. This is a less traumatic breeding method for homolomens. At the same time, the daughter process takes root quickly when optimal conditions are created.

Possible problems

If the homalomene is not properly looked after, it can lead to problems such as:

  1. Yellowing of foliage and the appearance of specks... Excessively intense lighting.
  2. Drying and flying around the lower leaf plates... If the foliage is old, then this process is completely natural and is not associated with a disease.
  3. Slow bush growth... The plant is in dire need of nutrients. Transplant it, while replacing the substrate with a fresh one.
  4. The tips of the leaf plates turn brown or dry out... Associated with low air humidity.
  5. Strong stretching of the shoots, the foliage becomes faded, and the stalks become thinner... Poor lighting.
  6. Pests... Most often, the scale insect, mealybug and red spider mite settle.

Homalomena species

In natural conditions, there are approximately 120 species of homolomena. In domestic culture, only 2 species are most often found, which will be described below.

Homalomena Wallis

The length of large cirrus leaf plates is about 20-25 centimeters, while their pale red petioles are relatively short (from 10 to 12 centimeters). The foliage forms a compact shrub with an original shape. The upper side of the leaves is greenish and decorated with dark green spots of various shapes, and the lower side is reddish.

Homalomen reddish (Homalomena rubescens)

The plant can be about 100 cm high. Large, heart-shaped leaves have a monochromatic greenish color. They are included in large outlets. The petioles are pale red. The species grows normally in little shade.


Dyschidia care at home

Location and lighting

Dyschidia fully grows and develops only with good lighting. It is worth shading the plant from direct sunlight, otherwise burns will appear on the leaves.

Temperature

Since dyschidia grows in humid hot tropics, it will actively grow in room conditions at sufficiently high air temperatures - from 25 to 30 degrees in summer and at least 18 degrees in winter.

Air humidity

Dyschidia grows well only under the condition of constant high humidity, therefore it needs to be sprayed every day. For additional moistening, the pot itself can be placed on a pallet with wet expanded clay (sand), but provided that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water. A greenhouse, conservatory or terrarium is ideal for growing a plant.

Watering

In summer and spring, watering dyschidia should be moderate and carried out as the topsoil (2-3 cm) dries out completely. For irrigation, only soft, settled water at room temperature or slightly higher is suitable. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced, but not stopped at all.

The soil

For planting, a special soil for bromeliad plant species is suitable. It should be well moisture and breathable. Also, at home, dyschidia can be grown as an epiphytic plant: on the bark of a tree or special blocks filled with pine bark, sphagnum and pieces of charcoal. The container with the substrate must have a good drainage layer.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Dyschidia needs fertilization in spring and summer. The frequency of feeding is 1-2 times a month. For the subcortex, fertilizers are used for decorative deciduous plants.

Transfer

Dyschidia is best replanted in spring. A young plant needs a transplant every year, and an adult - as the pot is filled with roots.


Caring for araucaria at home

Coniferous crops have long attracted the attention of people. Their greatness and unfading greenery are often associated with eternity. Some evergreens have started to grow in pots. But this required much more effort. First of all, it was required to create a suitable microclimate in the room and decent care for araucaria at home. Let's consider each of them in stages.

Central heating causes dry air, depriving the plant of the necessary moisture.

"The sun is a source of heat and light"

So said the blind mole from the cartoon "Thumbelina". He doesn't need it, of course. For plants, however, the sun is the source of life. Likewise, a potted indoor Christmas tree (araucaria) without enough light will lose its decorative effect and may even stop growing. But here balance is needed, since the scorching rays of the sun can destroy the culture.

Araucaria is best "lodged" near windows that face east or west. If this option is not possible, diffused light is made using tulle or transparent curtains. In the warm season, the pot is taken out into the yard, where deciduous trees create a comfortable partial shade. Residents of apartment buildings can transfer the spruce to the balcony.

Once every 7-10 days, the plant is turned 90 ° so that the light falls on it from different sides.

Comfort temperature mode

The successful development of indoor araucaria directly depends on the microclimate in which the spruce is located. High temperatures often lead, at best, to shedding the needles. If nothing is done, the plant may even die.

In spring, summer and early autumn, the optimal temperature in the office or living space should not exceed + 22 ° C. In winter, indoor spruce prefers a cool habitat. Usually it is transferred to an unheated light room, where the temperature is maintained from +2 to + 12C

As a last resort, the microclimate can be maintained by frequent ventilation of the room where the tree is located.

Creating a tropical environment

To successfully grow araucaria at home, it is important to control moisture levels. To do this, it is regularly watered and sprayed with settled water at room temperature. It usually contains less calcium salts, which slow down the development of the culture.

Water the tree as the topsoil dries up. At the same time, water stagnation is not allowed, which leads to decay of the root system of araucaria. In the cold season, the plant is sprayed every day from a spray bottle. The procedure is necessary for plants that "live" in a room with central heating. The soil is watered as it dries.

Timely feeding

“A Christmas tree was born in the forest”, as it is sung in an old children's song, which indicates fertile soil. However, at home, this is not the case. Without proper feeding, the soil will turn into a "salt marsh". Fertilizers are applied every 3 weeks throughout the growing season. Special minerals are suitable. However, the dosage is reduced by about 2 times.

In winter, the coniferous plant does not need feeding.

Formation of a stylish crown

Let's try to imagine a tree with a height of 50 m and a trunk girth of 1 m, which grows in an apartment or office space. This does not happen in an enclosed space. However, even an inexperienced gardener can create a majestic plant at home.

To get a "stylish" crown, the home tree is cut. For example, to control the height of the crop, the top is removed. As a result, it ceases to "ascend to the sky," and the branches rush in breadth. To strengthen the root system, the side shoots are carefully cut. The same technology is used to create a bonsai tree.

It is advisable to carry out sanitary pruning in the event of the appearance of dry branches and damage to the plant by pests.


Watch the video: Semua Tentang Homalomena Ada disini.!! Jenis, Sifat, Ciri, Media tanam, Cara Perbanyak, Penempatan.