What to do when pepper seedlings grow poorly
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A good harvest brings a lot of joy to both a professional farmer and a simple summer resident. With the use of modern technology, this has turned into not so much hard work as an additional hobby. Especially when it comes to growing peppers in a greenhouse or in a vegetable garden that grows quickly and yields a harvest of juicy and sweet vegetables. But there are times when, at the stage of preparation, the seedlings begin to grow poorly and the future harvest may not meet expectations at all. Why does this happen and what to do?
The main reasons why pepper seedlings grow poorly
The problem with the growth or height of pepper seedlings often appears as a result of a banal deviations from optimal growing conditions plants.
Bad ground when disembarking
The productivity and growth rate of peppers directly depends on where they are planted in the open field. Incorrectly selected soil for sowing will lead to a slowdown or no growth at all.
Before the start of the season, you need to analyze and select a zone with maximum fertility or fertilize it in a timely manner and, as a result, take soil from those areas.
If there is an open field nearby, where no plants have been grown for a long time, a swamp or a forest, then you are very lucky. By the spring, moles begin to dig tunnels and in the process they throw clean soil to the surface, and it is most suitable for flowers and seedlings.
Soil with a low percentage of chernozem or a large amount of sand and the presence of parasites is best avoided.
When included in the mixture of soil, such soil is necessary roast in the oven in order to avoid the appearance of fungi and parasites, as well as additionally fertilize.
Store-bought soil mix can also damage the plant. Before buying, you should study the composition of such products and choose only the one that is suitable for peppers. The most dangerous are soil mixtures, saturated with a huge amount of synthetic fertilizers, it harms the plant, its fertility and the health of those who will eat such peppers.
A mixture of 1 part of stale sawdust, 2 parts of turf, 4 parts of peat and 1 part of humus, and poured at the end with a solution of potassium permanganate with water, has proven itself well.
Lack of seed preparation
Pepper seeds have some peculiarities in storage and preparation for planting. If they are not used during the period 3-4 yearsthen they become unusable and any attempts at cultivation will fail. Therefore, you should adhere to these deadlines and check the date on the packaging before buying and sowing.
For the maximum percentage of sprouted sprouts, experienced farmers carry out a procedure for selecting suitable seeds from missing seeds. Before planting, pepper seeds are processed 3% salt solution in clear water.
They are immersed in the solution for 10 minutes, causing the unusable seeds to float. The seeds that remain at the bottom of the container with the solution are washed in clean water and dried.
A common mistake is considered lack of seed treatment with water and antifungal agents... This affects the growth rate, the number of shoots and the presence of fungal infections.
The secret is that dry seeds are washed under warm water, placed in a room with a temperature of 25-30 degrees Celsius. Allow them to absorb moisture, spray them with a fungicide solution and leave them there until sprouts appear.
Wrong time to dive and land in open ground
An important omission in the cultivation of peppers can be attributed to the banal ignorance of the characteristics of the varieties.
The result will be a mismatch between age and size at the time of planting. Many in this case may not even guess that the problem of poor growth does not exist, and the seedling was sown at the wrong time before planting.
There are three types of varieties:
- Early - sowing two months before planting.
- Average - in three months.
- Late - in 75 days.
It also happens the other way around, when the seedling outgrows, and the transplantation of such plants leads to the loss of part of the crop.
Improper lighting and temperature conditions
Temperature setting error or insufficient lightinglead to slow growth and, in the worst case, to the death of a young plant.
Deviations from normal conditions most often occur due to a lack of knowledge about the technology of cultivation, an improperly constructed site, or a simple oversight of farmers. Average optimum temperature within from 25 to 27 degrees Celsius. A decrease to 15 degrees Celsius will lead to a slowdown in growth, and an increase will cause the sprouts to dry out.
Lack of light leads to abnormal growth and extension of the stems up in the direction of the sun, they become thin and weak, and in the future this will lead to a bad harvest or the pepper may stop growing.
It will be wrong to install containers on a cold window sill, a hot battery and in a darkened area of the room. But this problem is easily solved by choosing a suitable place or installing the lamp. Therefore, a properly equipped and selected room will allow you to grow seedlings more efficiently.
Watering and feeding mode
Watering and feeding peppers during the period of growing seedlings does not take much time, but mistakes in this process lead to many troubles. According to technology, normal growth requires only two dressings and maintaining soil moisture through spraying the sprouts with drops of warm water.
Abundant moisture leads to a thickening of the stem and the appearance of cracks on it.
It is not necessary to pour water into the soil, this will lead to the washing out of the seedlings from the soil or damage to them. Excessive water addition will turn the soil into simple mud, which will lead to root rot. Drying out of the soil will lead to drying out and death of the plant.
Top dressing takes place with special nutrients or growth stimulants, diluted in warm water, which in small doses added to the ground.
Traditional methods of helping weak pepper seedlings
Often, natural dressing is used to improve growth. fermented yeast solution and granulated sugar... It saturates the soil with nutrients and has a beneficial effect on seedlings.
Take 1 tbsp. a spoonful of yeast, 2 tbsp. tablespoons of sugar and diluted in water in proportions of 1:10. Weak sprouts on the third day will get stronger and begin to grow at home before picking at a normal pace.
An additional effect will give infusion of sleeping tea leaves on water defended 5 days. It is prepared with a dormant tea leaves 1 glass and 3 liters of boiled water.
To saturate the soil with potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen, use bird droppings... It is diluted in warm water 1: 2 and insisted for 3 days, after which the open soil is watered 1 time before planting.
To equalize pH and protect against pests, use ash from the fire.
Potassium and phosphorus in its composition has a beneficial effect on pepper sprouts. It is added at the stage of soil preparation in a small amount.
Additionally, in case of potassium deficiency, use chopped banana peeladded to the soil. With a lack of calcium, use in small quantities eggshell powder.
Suitable for disinfection decoction of onion peel diluted with water. 20 grams of dry husk insist for 3 days on 5 liters of water and irrigate the soil.
At first glance, growing pepper seedlings seems laborious and takes a lot of time, but knowing the characteristics of the plant and all the nuances of the technology, working with it will bring a lot of pleasure and in the future there will be many delicious fruits.
Why do peppers grow poorly?
Pepper is a frequent visitor to the gardens. It is planted by many summer residents, but not all of them can boast of a rich harvest. To avoid a garden fiasco, you should figure out why pepper grows poorly, how to care for seedlings and choose seeds to prevent this from happening.
Text: Olga Fomina September 14, 2016
How to feed pepper seedlings if they grow poorly
To stimulate the development of seedlings and accelerate its growth, there are special preparations. Their effect on plants is based on phytohormones, which gently stimulate cell division and increase the seedling's immunity.
These drugs include:
- Heteroauxin (enhances root development)
- Epin (increases the resistance of plants to stress, spraying is carried out on the eve and after transplantation)
- Sodium humate (improves the absorption of nutrients from the soil by plants)
- Zircon, Energen (general action stimulants)
- Kornevin (facilitates the survival of pepper after transplantation).
Important! Plants are sprayed or watered with aqueous solutions of drugs. The concentration of the solution should not exceed that indicated in the instructions. An overdose of the drug leads to the opposite effect - inhibition of seedling growth.
For adherents of folk remedies, aloe juice, honey, hydrogen peroxide are used as stimulants.
- Aloe. The leaf is removed from the plant, wrapped in food wrap and stored in the refrigerator for 2 weeks. After exposure to cold, the plant is crushed and squeezed out of juice. The liquid is mixed with water in equal parts and the seeds are soaked in the solution before planting, stimulating their germination.
Watering the seedlings with a solution (1 teaspoon juice per 0.5 glass of water) strengthens the immune system of the pepper.
- Honey. Honey water (1 teaspoon of natural honey per 1 glass) stimulates the vitality of pepper, accelerates its growth.
- Hydrogen peroxide. For watering seedlings, hydrogen peroxide 3% is dissolved in boiled or melted water - 20 drops per 1 liter. Watered once every 10 days during the entire period of growing seedlings.
What to do if pepper seedlings do not grow
You should start solving the problem only after you have accurately established the reason why the seedlings do not grow.
Improving soil structure
When sowing seeds in too dense soil, the structure is improved by adding any baking powder: perlite, vermiculite, peat.
Additionally, after each watering, the soil must be loosened. This helps to improve the water and air permeability of the soil.
When forming 1 or 2 true leaves, the pepper must be transplanted into the storey soil for seedlings of peppers.
Correction of picking errors
Even with the correct transplant, pepper slows down growth. The use of anti-stress drugs helps to solve the problem: Epin, Ecopin, etc.
If the root system is damaged during a dive, the seedlings are spilled with Kornevin's solution. The drug helps to quickly recover the underground part of the plant.
Changes to conditions of detention
After the seedlings of bitter or sweet peppers have sprung up, they are kept at a temperature of +23 - +25 degrees. At night, a decrease of up to 18 degrees is permissible.
To prevent overcooling the roots, the seedlings should not be placed on the windowsill. The best place to sit would be a table next to the window.
If the seedlings do not have enough daylight, which is important for early planting, the pepper must be supplemented with phytolamps.
It is necessary to water the pepper seedlings regularly, but not very abundantly. The soil should be constantly moist, but not wet.
The frequency of watering is largely dependent on the temperature of the content of the peppers and the structure of the soil. The warmer it is in the room, and the soil allows air and soil to pass well, the more often humidification is carried out. Watering every 3-4 days is usually sufficient.
The grower must also make sure that the earthy clod does not dry out.
Disease and pest control
It is unlikely that it will be possible to save seedlings affected by the fungus. Sick seedlings are pulled out - the rest are spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or Fitosporin. If the soil is too wet, sprinkle it with ash.
If pests are detected, seedlings are treated with insecticides. The best drug to date is Aktara.
After treatment for diseases and pests, you should not expect the pepper to grow quickly. A week later, the seedlings are sprayed with any anti-stress drug. This will help the plants recover faster and continue their development.
Work on bugs
If the peppers can't sprout or grow poorly, it's important to take action. Moreover, this must be done as early as possible.
If the seedlings cannot grow or have pale leaves, the plants are deficient in nitrogen. The introduction of a complex mineral fertilizer will help to cope with the problem. In this case, it is important to strictly adhere to the dosage. Usually, the funds are used in a low concentration - it is halved.
Normalization of light and temperature conditions
Pepper can sit in one place for a long time if it lacks light. The use of a special phytolamp will help to cope with the problem. Such devices are economical and benefit the bushes.
The average optimum temperature is + 25 ... + 27 degrees. If it drops to +15 degrees, this entails a slowdown in growth. When enlarged, there is a risk of drying out the sprouts.
Important! When placing seedlings on a cold windowsill, it is worth placing insulating material under the pots. This will protect the roots of the plant from hypothermia.
Use warm water to water the pepper. This will make the roots work better. Water for irrigation should be defended, since chlorine has a bad effect on seedlings.
Leaving after a pick
If the pepper does not grow after the pick, what should be done in such a situation? First of all, it is important to observe the timing of the transplant. It is recommended to do this at stage 1-2 of these leaves. If done too soon or too late, it may not go well. This will provoke the death of seedlings.
Often, after a dive, gardeners note that the bushes stop growing. This is considered a variant of the norm. Leaf feeding will help speed up the adaptation process. For this, Epin and Energen are used.
What to do with excess nutrition
If there is an excess of nutrition, it is important to stop fertilizing. Over time, excess substances will go deeper into the soil during watering, and plant development will be normalized.
When to feed tomatoes
In order for the seedlings to get stronger faster and begin to actively grow, fertilizers are applied to it. A few weeks after the dive, it is recommended to think about the future harvest. To get large and healthy tomatoes, the seedlings must be strong. It is advisable to spend no more than three feeding if tomato seedlings grow poorly. The break between them should be about several weeks. If you follow the rules, then what to do and how to feed the question will disappear by itself.
There is a fertilization scheme:
- The first feeding is carried out with a solution of 10 grams. urea, 20 gr. superphosphate, and 15 gr. potassium chloride. All this is diluted in 10 liters of water.
- After several weeks, 20 gr. ash is diluted in 2 liters of water. This solution is left to infuse for a day. Then it should be filtered and the seedlings fed.
- 3 liters of warm water are poured into a small container, and a quarter filled with crushed egg shells. Then leave to infuse for several days. After the time has elapsed, it is diluted with water at a rate of 1/3 and the young plant is watered.
Often, after transplanting, tomato seedlings grow poorly or stop growing altogether, so you should know the reasons. What to do and what to feed, gardeners advise:
- Before planting the seedlings, superphosphate, ash and humus are placed in the hole.
- Bread crumbs are an excellent fertilizer. It is recommended to collect them and dry them in the oven. Before using them, they are soaked in warm water and left to infuse for 7-8 hours. It is advisable to leave such fertilizers under the bushes. It allows you to significantly increase the yield.
- In order to quickly collect delicious tomatoes, superphosphate is diluted in a glass of water and left to brew for several days. After that, it is diluted in 10 liters of warm water, and the tomato foliage is treated.
- 10 drops of iodine are diluted in a liter of milk. Then everything is poured into 9 liters of warm water and stirred. The bushes are watered with this solution.
- Every few weeks, it is advisable to feed the tomatoes with infusions from ash. To do this, stir a glass of water with 10 liters of warm water. After several hours, the bushes are watered.
Also, do not overexpose. Over time, their roots intertwine, which subsequently they will not tolerate a transplant. Some gardeners recommend planting immediately in separate pots in order to avoid this process.
Problems when growing peppers, how to fix them: video
Pepper seedlings do not grow or grows slowly, what to do: video
It is not always possible to accurately understand the cause of poor growth or lodging of pepper seedlings, but we have mentioned the main factors. If you try to adhere to the planting rules and growing conditions, you have a good chance of growing pepper seedlings without too much trouble.