Honeysuckle in landscape design: varieties with photos and their characteristics

Honeysuckle in landscape design: varieties with photos and their characteristics

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Honeysuckle is a beautiful plant that is in demand in landscape design and simply for obtaining fruits and decorating a suburban area. Its different varieties differ in appearance, characteristics and other features. Therefore, when choosing this plant, it is important to know its properties, which will allow you to grow the perfect decoration for the garden.

What is a plant and how is it used in landscape design

The honeysuckle plant is in demand among gardeners and is effective in landscape design. This is due to the fact that the greens are erect shrubs or creeping branches. They can grow berries of a red or bluish hue, and the tone of the flowers differs depending on the type of plant. At the same time, there are edible and inedible species, which should be considered when choosing honeysuckle for the garden.

Honeysuckle with bright flowers decorates the fence and garden

The bright greens of vines and other plant species are complemented by pink, yellowish, white or blue flowers arranged in pairs. The corolla is irregular and divided into five lobes. Thus, the buds of the shrub look lush and are a noticeable detail on the site.

Curly varieties are in demand for landscape design, but require a support about 2 m high.If the detail is larger, then the branches will not climb higher, and their length can reach 5 - 6 m.At the same time, they easily braid everything around and therefore such varieties are optimal for decoration gazebos, awnings, but grow best in warm climates.

A hedge with curly honeysuckle looks unusual and beautiful

For central Russia, shrubs that are resistant to cold are often chosen. The height of such varieties does not exceed 2.5 m, and they bloom in May. Bright greenery and a variety of shades of buds make the bushes a spectacular decoration of the garden. These plant options are best planted in a sunny area.

Honeysuckle bushes take up a lot of space and should be allocated enough space

All types of honeysuckle bloom with beautiful and lush buds. When choosing, you should take into account the purpose of the site where the bush will grow. For example, for a playground, options with edible berries are safe. Remote areas of the garden should be decorated with varieties with bright colors, but inedible fruits. Thus, the selection of plants is carried out not only from an aesthetic point of view, but also taking into account the purpose of the site, safety and comfort.

Species characteristics

Honeysuckle can grow up to 5 m in height and is a common plant in landscaping a garden or site. This is due to the beautiful clusters of inflorescences, curly or bush-like shape, bright greenery and the ability to control the growth of bushes and branches.

For the decoration of the site, decorative options for honeysuckle are optimal. Curly shrubs are especially spectacular, but shrubs also look magnificent. In any case, all options for decoration are characterized by the following features:

  • profuse flowering in spring and summer;
  • pronounced pleasant aroma of flowers;
  • the ability to give any shape by cutting branches;
  • fruits of an unusual blue color;
  • good plant plasticity;
  • easy care.

Ornamental greens need to be pruned regularly to control the growth, shape and direction of the branches. Thanks to this, perennial climbing or shrub honeysuckle will beautifully complement the design of the site.

Ornamental plants help to decorate arches, gazebos, sheds in the garden

Honeysuckle with edible fruit is a good combination of the beauty of the plant and the benefits of berries. This option is appropriate in any garden, because bright flowers will decorate the site, and at the end of summer, tasty fruits are harvested. It is worth placing the bushes so that it is convenient to reach the branches for picking berries. For example, plants can be planted near a gazebo or next to other fruit-bearing bushes.

The properties and characteristics of the cultivation of this plant are expressed in the following:

  • flowering begins at the end of May or the first half of June;
  • blue berries are saturated with vitamins, but they should not be consumed too much;
  • the crown has a spherical shape, and the height of the plant can range from 2–2.5 m;
  • requires a sunny spot in the garden for cultivation;
  • planting is carried out in early autumn, and honeysuckle grows in different climatic conditions.

The presence of honeysuckle with edible fruits on the site is optimal if there are children. Useful fruits are oval irregular in shape and bluish or almost black in color. It is important to remember that red and orange berries are dangerous and poisonous and should not be eaten. This feature is important when choosing a variety of any fruitful honeysuckle.

Blue honeysuckle fruits are edible and healthy

The choice of this or that option is based on many factors, but if the priority is precisely the design of the site, then it is important to think over the location of the plant. At the same time, optimal conditions should be provided in which the greens will actively grow, and the buds will be as bright and fragrant as possible.

What varieties are suitable for cultivation in different regions of Russia: table

The best varieties of edible honeysuckle with photos and descriptions

If it is planned to plant and grow a plant with edible fruits on the site, then it is worth knowing the features of the most common species. This will allow you to choose the ideal option, taking into account the decorative and useful qualities.

The following varieties of honeysuckle are in demand among gardeners, the fruits of which can be eaten:

  • Vasyugan plant species is a tall and sturdy shrub, resistant to light or severe frosts that occur during spring flowering. Berries of a dark blue color have a sweetish-sour taste, and in the process of ripening they crumble only in small quantities. Up to 5 kg of fruits can be harvested from one tree;

    The fruits of Vasyugan honeysuckle weigh about 1 g

  • the Cinderella variety is presented in the form of bushes about 1.6 m high and a spherical crown. Oval fruits are sweetish and blue in color. The plant is convenient both for decorating the site and for growing and eating berries;

    Berries with a pleasant taste make Cinderella's honeycomb in demand

  • variant Nymph - bushes reaching a height of 1.5 m. The fruits are dark blue, spindle-shaped, about 2 cm long. The plant has a pleasant and strong aroma, the berries are sweet, and the yield from one bush can be about 3 kg;

    The uneven shape of the berries of the Nymph variety distinguishes this type of honeysuckle.

  • The Kamchadalka type can have a height of up to 1.5 m and a rare cone-shaped crown. The fruits are oval in shape and are often used for making desserts. Berries do not crumble when ripe. The plant is best of all to bear fruit when grown in a sunny area;

    Honeysuckle Kamchadalka is characterized by easy care when growing

  • the Amphora variety has an average ripening period, the fruits are pitcher-shaped and have a sour taste. Berries with a dense and thick skin are easy to transport. When growing, you need to place others next to this variety, which will ensure high fruiting;

    Blue berries of the Amphora variety have a sour taste.

  • honeysuckle The Bakchar giant differs from others in its large berries, which reach 4 - 5 cm. Fruits ripen in the middle of summer, have tender pulp and small bones. The first fruiting begins 2-3 years after planting. When ripe, it is important to pick the berries quickly, as they crumble in large quantities;

    Large berries have a juicy pulp

  • aromatic, sweet and small-sized fruits characterize the Slastena variety. The modern version of honeysuckle bears well and provides high yields. This makes it in demand;

    High fruiting characterizes the Slastena variety.

  • bushy plants of the Delight variety can reach a height and width of up to 150 cm. The fruits are without a bitter aftertaste, sweet and sour, and their size is about 5 cm in length. Cross-pollination is required for fruiting. The plant is resistant to diseases;

    Blue berries are pest resistant

  • the dessert and sweetish-sour pulp of Borelias berries and the plant itself are in demand among gardeners, since this honeysuckle is unpretentious to care for. The bushes are spreading and reach 150 cm in height and about 120 cm in width;

    Juicy berries have a pleasant aroma and are rich in vitamins

Bushy varieties of honeysuckle are a common option for decoration and for a tasty harvest. The bushes are quite compact, but they look impressive on the site. However, they do not require special care.

Popular types of decorative honeysuckle

Climbing plants, which also have sweet fruits, can serve as a decoration in the garden. Shrub variants with orange or red inedible fruits are also popular in landscape design. Among these or those species, several popular varieties stand out.

Characteristics of decorative options for honeysuckle:

  • decorative options include the Blue Bird variety, which is characterized by bright greenery, miniature size, up to 1 m in height, and unpretentious care. Obtaining fruits is possible only if there are several bushes of self-pollinated honeysuckle varieties nearby. Therefore, the Bluebird can be used, if necessary, as a decoration of the site;

    Growing honeysuckle is possible without fruit

  • the Morena variant is characterized by fruits, the length of which reaches 3 cm. The sour-sweet taste of berries, rich aroma, bright flowers make the plant optimal for decorating the garden. The self-pollinating variety can be planted separately from other bushes;

    Morena bushes can be used as a garden decoration or for obtaining berries

  • The Blue Spindle variety is early maturing, forms large fruits, has a compact size, which allows it to be planted in a small area. Thin branches, graceful leaves make the bush an optimal element of landscape design;

    Oval blue berries effectively decorate the bushes

  • tall bushes of the Tomichka variety have spreading branches and often such plants are planted in spacious areas. Fruit setting is carried out with the help of the neighborhood of other varieties of honeysuckle;

    Fruits quickly crumble when ripe

  • The Violet variety is characterized by bushes up to 1.5 m in height. The leaves of a rich green color, blue berries and flowers up to 2 cm in diameter make the plant beautiful. Large berries weighing about 1.5 g, dark brown branches and unpretentious care distinguish the variety from many others. Fruit ripening occurs in early June;

    Large berries are juicy and have a rich color

  • the curly version of Caprifol is common and unpretentious to care for. Liana-shaped branches with lush flowers add to the beauty of your garden. The plant has red, inedible fruits, and the root system is resistant to cold weather;

    Honeysuckle is convenient for decorating gazebos

All decorative options have a graceful bush shape or are characterized by beautiful weaving around the supports. The lanceolate green leaves contrast with the vibrant fruit and make honeysuckle a good garden decoration.

Reviews of the most popular varieties

Honeysuckle is most popular as a source of delicious berries. If you need to decorate the site, then the curly varieties are spectacular. In any case, it is important to choose an option depending on the region and taking into account the peculiarities of plant care.

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The most suitable varieties of edible honeysuckle for growing

What do we associate the word "berry" with? These are round, red, yellow, less often green, taste sweet or sweet and sour small fruits. The first to come to mind are raspberries, gooseberries, and strawberries. But, even in our gardens, you can grow berries that do not correspond to this idea at all - this is honeysuckle, a berry that has an irregular elongated shape, a bright blue color and a very unusual, complex and refined taste. Many gardeners are interested in what varieties of edible honeysuckle are most suitable for growing in our conditions. Below we will provide descriptions of the most interesting varieties of domestic and foreign selection that can be bought in garden centers and nurseries, as well as what kind of care they need to provide in the garden.

Farms specializing in breeding honeysuckle varieties

The horticultural enterprise Bakcharskoe is located in the Tomsk region. For 84 years, it has been producing varieties of fruit and berry crops. Unique, frost-resistant species are grown here. At the moment, honeysuckle is the main crop of this farm.

Her plantation covers an area of ​​50 hectares. Many of its varieties are created here: Bakcharsky Giant, Tomichka, Bakcharskaya, Bakcharskaya Jubilee, Daughter of a Giant, Yugan and many others. Below we will consider each type in detail.

In 1926, near St. Petersburg, the Pavlovsk Experimental Station of the Nikolai Ivanovich Vavilov All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry was opened. There are 4 plant research laboratories. Employees study, grow plants, cross them and breed new species.

M.N. Plekhanova specializes in honeysuckle varieties.

  • Moraine
  • Nymph
  • Amphora
  • Violet
  • Yoke
  • Vlada and many others.

In addition, Russian breeders and biologists are engaged in the reproduction of this culture in other countries, for example, in Canada, China.

1. Altair

This early maturing variety has already managed to fall in love with many gardeners due to its resistance to cold, common diseases and pests. Delicious and sweet berries (blue-blue with a waxy bloom) ripen on a bush with a dense and squat crown in mid-June and do not crumble for a long time. therefore Altair great for people who come to the country no more than once a month. After all, even fully ripe berries remain on the plant until you pick them.

Watch the video: 15 Tips For Landscaping On A Budget. garden ideas


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