Growing laurel in a room
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Decorates housing, refreshes the air in it and drives out insects In recent decades, some of the subtropical plants that have long been grown as such, but were very rare on windows, have become widespread in indoor culture.
One of them is the noble laurel (Laurus nobilis L.). It is not only known for a long time as an agricultural spicy-aromatic crop, but for more than 2 thousand years - since the time of Ancient Rome - it has been grown as a houseplant.
His homeland is the Mediterranean, Transcaucasia, Crimea. It is a dioecious evergreen shrub, occasionally a tree up to 15 m tall with smooth brown bark. It is durable, lives 300-400 years. It has many different forms, incl. differing in the size and shape of the leaves (they are different even within the same tree).
Leaves are alternate, short-petiolate, leathery, dense, oblong-lanceolate or ovate with wavy edges and a pointed tip, 8-20 cm long. They stay on the tree for about 6 years, emit a special aroma; young leaves are poisonous.
Their taste is bitter, astringent due to the presence of a large amount of tannins. The flowers are small, invisible, whitish-yellow on short pedicels, collected in axillary umbellate inflorescences. They have a weak but pleasant aroma.
There is a form with double flowers. Laurel blooms from March to the end of May. Fruiting from 4-5 years. The fruit is a shiny dark blue, almost black, single-seeded drupe. Seeds in nature ripen in October-November. The weight of 1000 seeds is 400-500 g.
Laurel is very hardy, adapts well to new, even unfavorable growing conditions. Relatively thermophilic. Drought-resistant, does not tolerate excess moisture. It is undemanding to the soil in nature, but prefers fresh, drained, especially clay and limestone.
Very decorative, tolerates haircuts and different shapes. By trimming it, you can give it the shape of a ball, pyramid and any other shapes. Stable in urban environments. Where it can be grown outdoors, it is used as tapeworms, borders, bosquets.
Both the leaves and the wood contain 2 - 3% essential oil, which has a characteristic pleasant, long-lasting odor that is not tolerated by flies and mosquitoes. In medicine, it is used for spasms, colitis, as rubbing in to strengthen the nervous system. It is also used in canning, confectionery and alcoholic beverage production. And fatty oil is used in perfumery, soap making, veterinary medicine.
Laurel essential oil can also be obtained at home. To do this, 30 g of finely chopped leaves are infused for two days in 200 g of hot, but not boiling sunflower oil (most conveniently in a thermos). Then the leaves are separated and squeezed, leaving a mixture of fatty and essential oils.
Dry leaves are the most common spice, which goes with almost all first and second courses. It is a strong antioxidant (antioxidant) agent. In addition to essential oils, there are about 3% of them, the leaves also contain tannins and bitterness. Therefore, they induce appetite and aid in digestion.
They are harvested from plants at least 3-4 years old from November to February. Dry in the shade. They are also used for medicinal purposes: with amenorrhea, colic, hysteria, they are a good diuretic, used for flatulence. In folk medicine, it is recommended as an anticancer agent for tumor localization. They are used in cosmetics.
Laurel in Ancient Greece was dedicated to Apollo, the god of science, art and beauty. Since then, the laurel wreath has been a symbol of victory and glory; it is still awarded to athletes, poets, artists and other winners who distinguished themselves in any competition. The word "laureate" also originated from its name.
Laurel grows well in indoor conditions. In room culture, it is especially good for decorating voluminous and cool light rooms: halls, halls, stairs, winter gardens; adapts well to existing indoor conditions. Forms a bush up to 1-1.4 m in height, the latter is regulated by pruning.
It grows better in a small container, therefore, when transplanting, a new pot should be no more than 2 cm more spacious than the old one. But at the same time, laurel requires rich, high-humus soils (black soil or humus), light in texture, i.e. with the obligatory addition of sand.
Loves regular and frequent feeding with organic matter, otherwise it slows down growth. In the summer they are fed every two weeks. Transplanted once a year, in the spring. Mature plants after three years. The most suitable soil mixture is 4 parts of fibrous sod land, 2 - leaf, 2 - humus and 1 part of sand.
In hydroculture, it is grown in double pots or flowerpots with expanded clay, or in a mixture of the latter in half with sand, on a nutrient solution "Gericke" at pH = 5.8-6.0. In summer, the laurel can be displayed on the balcony (street). During the growing season, watering and spraying are frequent, in spring and autumn - moderate, in winter - watering is limited; waterlogging of the soil at this time is dangerous.
Sometimes 1/2 teaspoon of baking soda per liter of water should be added to the water for irrigation. It is drought-resistant, but with a lack of moisture, the leaves turn yellow and curl. Requires good lighting, tolerates shading, but dislikes. For uniform formation of the bush, the plant must be regularly turned in different directions towards the light.
In winter, laurel prefers rooms with moderate temperatures, but not lower than 0 ° C. Only with a gradual decrease in temperatures can it withstand short-term frosts at -10 ...- 12 ° C. If the indoor temperature cannot be kept below 18 ° C in winter, the plant must be sprayed frequently, especially if steam heating is available.
The laurel is not afraid of drafts. The formation of the crown begins in the second year, for this the upper part of the main shoot is cut off at a height of 10-12 cm, this operation is carried out in May-June. From the buds located below, 2-3 replacing shoots will grow, which, in turn, shorten when they reach 15-20 cm.
As a result, the height of the bush will increase by about 10 cm every year with significant tillering of the plant. A properly formed three-year-old indoor laurel should have approximately 200-300 leaves, forming an extremely beautiful, lush and dense bright green crown.
Laurel rarely blooms in rooms. Propagated by seeds, layering, root shoots, cuttings. With seed reproduction, it becomes easier to get used to indoor conditions. Seeds are sown in the fall, immediately after collection, since they quickly lose their germination; to a depth of 4-5 cm. When two leaves appear, the seedlings are planted with a placement of 2x2 cm, and later in separate pots.
The cuttings are difficult to root. Better if they are with a "heel". They are cut in March-April-May, they should be ripe, but not lignified. The optimal length of the cutting is 6-8 cm. The lower two leaves are removed completely, and the rest are shortened by half.
Best of all, cuttings root in coarse sand at high humidity and a temperature of +24 ... 26 ° С. They are deepened by 1-1.5 cm when placing 10x10 cm. They take root no earlier than in a month. To increase the percentage of yield and accelerate rooting, it is advisable to treat the lower ends of the cuttings with growth substances (heteroauxin, root).
After rooting, the seedlings are planted in pots with a diameter of 7-9 cm. The root shoots are separated during transplantation. Pests for laurel in indoor conditions are: spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, leaf thrips or greenhouse thrips, scale insects - brown destructive, polyphagous and others, bay leaf flies. From diseases - various leaf spots.
Few other indoor plants, like laurel, can decorate a house, refresh the air in it, and expel insects. And if it happens that there is suddenly no dry bay leaf in the kitchen, he will help out here too.
Vladimir Starostin, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences
How to grow bay leaves at home
Laurel can be an excellent decoration for an office or apartment, although many are accustomed to believe that this is an exceptionally spicy plant. The bay tree is not as whimsical to the conditions of detention as, for example, citrus fruits or rhododendrons. It successfully develops on the northern windows of the apartment, but with good lighting it grows faster and becomes more luxuriant./ a> Growing bay leaves
Let's take a closer look at how to grow a bay leaf at home. The best breeding method is by semi-lignified cuttings. Mature cuttings with 3-4 leaves are cut with a sharp knife, a couple of lower ones are removed. In order to reduce evaporation from the surface of the leaf of moisture, the leaves remaining on the cutting can be cut off by half a leaf. Like most plants, Lavrushka has the best time to root is the beginning of spring, when the plants emerge from their winter dormancy period. For better rooting, you can use root formation stimulants such as "Kornerost", "Kornevin", "Heteroauxin" and others. The stalk is immersed 2-3 centimeters in a solution of any of these agents for about a day. For rooting, take a small flower pot, no more than 12 centimeters in diameter, and fill it with loose fertile soil.
On top of the slightly compacted soil, it is necessary to add a four-centimeter layer of calcined river sand to the pot. The prepared stalk is stuck vertically into the pot in such a way that the bottom just barely reaches the soil. In order for the stalk to be more stable, the sand around you need to squeeze slightly with your fingers.
The pot is placed in a warm place where the air temperature is not lower than +25 degrees and covered with a transparent cap or half-liter jar to maintain high humidity. During the first 2-3 weeks, the potted cuttings are often sprayed. In the first days, spraying is carried out 4-5 times a day, then gradually the number of sprays is reduced.
Subject to all the above rules, after 1 - 1, 5 months, the cutting takes root. As soon as the young plant starts growing and reaches a height of 10-15 centimeters, pinch the top of the cutting for branching.
Bay leaves are transplanted about every 2 or 3 years, each time increasing the volume of the pot by 3-4 centimeters. The acid reaction is detrimental to this plant, therefore, when transplanting it into the soil, it is necessary to add a little slaked lime.
As it grows, the plant is formed by pinching and pruning to induce more branching. The formation of a laurel tree begins at the beginning of summer. In early June, young shoots are shortened, but no more than a third of the length. Like all indoor plants, laurel loves feeding. During the growing season, it can be fed with mullein solution every 2-3 weeks.
We are all accustomed to adding to various dishes the bay leaf that has become familiar to everyone. Growing this plant at home will be a great pleasure for you. As a spice, leaves from indoor laurel can be plucked at the end of the second year of the growing season. Some of the leaves can be cut off in winter, as it is generally believed that it is in winter that the leaves contain more essential oils.
There is absolutely nothing complicated in growing laurel noble in an apartment, everyone can do it, even a novice gardener.
Laurel and ginger: how to grow aromatic crops at home
We continue the theme of the always (and more recently - especially) the fashionable herb garden in pots, closely examining each of its plant components.
Laurel ordinary - the perfect plant for the kitchen garden
Well-known green and spicy-aromatic crops appear before you in a new role: growing in a limited volume of substrate - in room conditions. And today a well-known pair is presented to your attention - laurel and ginger.
Growing homemade bay leaves
In general, we can say that laurel is not a picky plant, so with proper care, moisture and feeding, even an inexperienced gardener can grow a large tree at home. Not only will its leaves be used in the kitchen for all types of dishes: both the first and the second, the incredible fragrant aromas of a growing tree will soar in all rooms.
Growing laurel is known to release phytoncides, which are very effective against bacteria and fungi. So we can say with confidence that a home tree will protect the family from frequent illnesses and colds.
Location and lighting
Laurel - rightfully belongs to the unpretentious types of vegetation. It can easily endure even difficult conditions. But, nevertheless, if you want to see a fragrant, healthy and beautiful tree at home, then it is better to create the most favorable conditions.
So, many gardeners note that a flower pot can be placed in any part of the room: be it the south or even the north side. The plant will grow in both limited light and excessive sun exposure. The only thing is that the size of the pet depends on the conditions. On the south side, you will become the owner of a large and stately bush that can easily overcome even a two-meter height. In other light, your bush is unlikely to please the eye with exuberant growth.
In the middle lane, we advise you to keep the pot on the balcony throughout the warm season. Fresh air will certainly be beneficial. With the onset of cold weather, it is better to remove the plant in a room with a constant temperature.
Watering and feeding
Lavrushka is good for frequent hydration. In general, you should try to spill the potting soil well about once every 5 days in winter and at least once every 3 days during hot days. To prevent the soil from becoming too moist, it is better to organize good drainage at the bottom of the pot, allowing excess liquid to pass into the saucer. However, it will not be superfluous to water the plant even every day in a particularly hot season. It is necessary to monitor the need to moisten the soil according to the degree of drying of the upper layers of the soil.
It is advisable to defend water in advance, because most often in our country the liquid contains a lot of iron. Hard water is unlikely to please any representative of the flora, especially those grown at home.
Note that laurel bushes will be very happy if you spray a small drop of warm water over them. Let it fall on the leaves, trunk, topsoil. It is not worth it to part with this, but in the warm season it is better to spray water at least once a month.
A very good solution would be a container of water placed next to the pot. The liquid in the warm season will evaporate and humidify the surrounding air, creating pleasant conditions for the normal growth of the bush.
Laurel grows slowly, but it can grow to quite impressive sizes. In wildlife, trees can easily reach six or more meters. Of course, a home sample is unlikely to be able to boast of such growth. But this does not mean that over time your compact bush will not outgrow the room's capabilities.
The first pruning procedure is best done on a grown plant. Upon reaching two years, the upper shoot of the crown is carefully cut off from the bush. Then, when the top acquires lateral shoots, they are also carefully thinned out.
Pruning is best done at the end of summer, when the plant stops growing. It is not worth not at all to engage in flower formation. Otherwise, you will become the owner of an unkempt tree.
Temperature and humidity
Laurel is extremely unpretentious to temperature conditions. Few pets can boast of resistance to rather low temperatures in winter, and this tree will happily hibernate at 10 degrees Celsius. Of course, such a regime is not typical for a living room, but, anyway, try not to keep the lavrushka at high temperatures in winter.
Advice. As soon as the cold weather passes, and at night the average temperature ceases to fall below zero, you can safely send the tree to fresh air. For example, a balcony or summer garden works well.
In the summer, try not to overheat the bush. 20-25 degrees will be enough. Laurel does not like dry air. Therefore, artificially increase the humidity by spraying. Place a saucer of water near the flower.
Any kind of soil for your bay leaf will do. The main thing is to ensure good drainage of the pot and try to feed the flower so that it grows beautiful, with the correct shape.
What is laurel
A tree (or tree-like shrub) in nature grows up to 15 meters in height. The diameter of the plant can reach 0.4 m. Its dense crown usually has a pyramidal shape, the shoots are naked. The oblong leaves reach 20 cm in length, they are alternate, glabrous, have short stalks. The color of the upper part of the foliage is dark green, below it has a lighter shade. Due to the high content of essential oil, the leaves are very fragrant.
In nature, laurel grows up to 15 meters
The plant blooms with small yellowish flowers, which appear in the middle of spring and are collected in umbrella inflorescences. Fruits are dark blue, up to 2 cm long, have an elliptical shape. They ripen in half - late autumn. The culture is dioecious. Fruiting begins at the age of four.
In the open field, evergreen laurel lives up to a hundred years. Its main varieties are noble laurel, Canary and camphor. The culture is widespread in the Mediterranean, Asia, Indonesia, Africa, Australia, the Canary Islands, the Transcaucasus and the Crimean Peninsula.
Laurel family (Lauraceae)