What you need to know about a fern before planting it on the site
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Not every gardener has enough time to care for flowers, so a beautiful fern can be a great alternative to them. This unusual plant easily adapts to any conditions, undemanding to care and feeding. However, before you purchase it for your summer cottage, you need to study the features of its cultivation.
Can a fern bloom
Fern belongs to the genus of spore plants from the vascular department. It has many species, both modern and the most ancient, which appeared 400 years ago, during the Paleozoic era. It has long been known that the fern does not have seeds, therefore it cannot bloom. It reproduces by spores that are on the inside of the leaf. These spores can be sown, provided the soil is sufficiently moist and warm. Otherwise, there will be no new shoots.
Plant advantages and disadvantages
The plant has become very popular among gardeners because it has beautiful foliage and is easy to care for. Ferns are perennials, they are hardy and shade-tolerant, which is their main advantage in comparison with other horticultural crops.But their huge minus of the flower is that it grows very quickly, fills all the free space and displaces other plants. He also loves to live in shady, humid places, because in nature it grows under the canopy of forests and in damp ravines. When purchasing a fern as an ornamental flower for your garden, you must remember that it should not be planted on the sunny side of the site. Because of this, its leaves become small, lose brightness and attractiveness.
What kind of care is needed
Ferns do not need to be constantly fertilized and fed, they grow well without it. But for more intensive growth and development, it is recommended to feed them with mineral fertilizers once a year.
It is necessary to water the plant quite often, and so that the soil in the fern habitats remains always moist, it is recommended to mulch it.
The flower prefers loose, oxygenated soil, so remember to loosen the soil periodically. Thinning is also one of the main conditions for the full development of ferns. To do this, it is necessary to thin out the bushes every 2-3 years, and if necessary, then transplant. Dried leaves should be cut off and removed from the site every fall.
In Slavic mythology, this plant had an isoteric meaning and was called Perunov's color. He was depicted in the form of an eight-pointed star, which was the personification of solar energy, which gives strength to all life on Earth. People wore this swastika on themselves, considering the fern to be their talisman, able to protect them from all adversity. There are many legends about the fern. For example, there is an ancient belief that a plant blooms once a year. This happens on a dead June night, on the eve of the holiday of Ivan Kupala. Many people still believe in this legend and believe that having found a mysterious flower with magical powers, they will become happy, rich, or meet their love.
During the period when disputes ripen, he is able to fulfill any, the most cherished desires. To do this, you just need to say them out loud so that the plant can hear you.
The fern will become a living guardian of your site, it is also believed that the plant is able to protect the home from evil spirits, the effects of black magic, villains and envious people. It will protect the crops in the summer cottage from the evil eye, so you will always have an excellent harvest. Signs say that if the owner of this plant is sure that it will bring him only happiness and good luck, the fern will do just that. Otherwise, he will reward only with negative emotions. In ancient times, with the help of its leaves, they caused rain if there was a drought. But it was forbidden to throw out the plant along with the root, since nature could punish for this with strong storms.
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Dacha with their own hands
Dacha, which is associated with the dacha and country houses. Site about suburban construction.
Planting currants in the garden
Planting currants in the garden. Everyone loves currant berries, both fresh and in blanks. In addition, currants are an unpretentious plant. Therefore, this shrub is grown by all gardeners. How to plant the bushes correctly to get a good harvest?
Planting currants in the garden
What to consider when planting black currant
It should be borne in mind that black currant is a self-pollinated plant, however, cross-pollination from other varieties allows you to get a richer harvest. In this regard, it is better to plant the crop in groups of several plants.
Planting is best done in spring or autumn. During the winter, the soil next to the bush will be compacted, and with the arrival of spring, the plant will begin to actively grow. When planting bushes, you need to maintain a distance of about a meter. In crowded conditions, it is difficult for plants to develop normally, they bear less fruit and die faster.
Planting currants in the garden
Black currant grows well in open and shaded areas. This culture loves moisture, so a low area, if it is closed from the winds, is suitable for it. It grows well on nutritious loamy soil.
A hole for planting currants is dug deep into the bayonet of a shovel. It is half covered with soil mixed with top dressing. Also, when planting, the seedling must be buried above the root collar.
However, before filling the hole, it must be well watered. Then you should make a small depression next to the bush and shed it again well. Then sprinkle the surface with peat. Also, after some time around the seedling, you can loosen the soil.
Features of planting red currants
Red currants prefer well-lit places, sheltered from the winds. As a result, the soil for cultivation should be fertile and light. The bushes are best planted in early autumn. If you are late with planting, the seedlings will not have enough time to prepare for the winter period and take root.
Planting currants in the garden
For example, when planting red currants, you should take into account the specifics of the variety. Small shrubs growing up will not take up much space, and spreading plants will need more distance. If the shrub can be planted one at a time, as it is considered highly self-fertile.
However, for planting currants, you need to prepare a planting pit in a week. The excavated soil should be combined with organic and mineral fertilizers, if leaving a little to cover the roots. It is advisable to plant the bushes at a slight slope, this is necessary for the formation of lateral roots. Also, after planting, the currants must be watered abundantly, and then sprinkle the hole with peat or humus. If frost occurs early, it is recommended to cover the plants with non-woven material.
Planting currants in the garden
Onion 'Red Baron': features of the variety
First, let's look at State Register of Breeding Achievements, approved for use on the territory of our country, because there is probably no more reliable source about the variety. In this document, onions 'Red Baron' incorporated in 1997 by the Dutch company BEJO ZADEN B.V..
In the State Register, the variety 'Red Baron' It is characterized as mid-ripening (92-95 days pass from sowing to mass lodging and yellowing of leaves), semi-acute. The bulb is flat-round, with purple-red dry scales and dark red juicy. The variety is recommended for cultivation in the Central, Central Black Earth, Ural, Volgo-Vyatka and North Caucasian regions.
'Red Baron' - lettuce semi-sharp onion variety
Onion 'Red Baron' belong to salad varieties. It is really good fresh, when you can fully appreciate the pleasant taste and juiciness of the bulbs, and the bright color. But after cooking, this onion looks, in my opinion, not very: instead of an attractive red-violet, it becomes somewhat brown.
Of the advantages of the variety, it is worth mentioning good yield and unpretentiousness - in any case, I did not notice that he made any special requirements for agricultural technology. The main drawback, from my point of view, is not too long storage (depending on conditions, of course, but on average - no more than six months).
In our catalog, which combines the offers of large garden online stores, you can pick up seeds for growing onions of various varieties from trusted and reliable producers. Choose varieties of onions.
All about siderates
If you mow the siderates at the dacha rye and clover and leave them to rot on the site, believing that the roots will rot under the mulch, then you will only achieve that these siderates will grow. Moreover, the rye grows up to the waist, and the stem of the clover will become woody, and the roots so penetrate the soil that it cannot be taken with a flat cutter or a walk-behind tractor.
Advice to summer residents - since winter rye grows back after mowing, it must be dug up immediately after cutting. Phacelia and oats decompose best during the winter. It is enough to cut them off and leave them in the beds in the form of mulch.
This green manure cereal has a strong root system, and left before winter, rye in the spring grows with renewed vigor. Mowing it is already useless. Therefore, if it is not possible to close up the rye in a timely manner, wait until it starts to grow, and immediately cut off the above-ground mass. After that, rye no longer bush, its roots gradually weaken, and the soil can be easily cultivated at the end of summer.
If the rye is cut before heading, the grain is restored. It is better to sow winter rye as a siderat without digging in early spring. When sowing in mid-September, after a month, the plot must be plowed. And one more observation: rye should not be allowed to ripen - the seeds fall and germinate quickly, clogging the site.
Mustard is a fast and cold-resistant green manure. It heals the soil well in the country, but cruciferous fleas and rape sawfly begin to feed on mustard. In addition, coarse stems do not rot well in the soil, interfere with the growth of garden plants. This is why mustard should not be allowed to overgrow. Mow it before budding and immediately embed it in the soil.
Siderat clover winters well in the country. If it is not mowed or dug up in time, it quickly grows, turning into a solid carpet, displacing garden crops.
Better to sow siderat vetch. This is an annual non-growing plant, and nitrogen, like other legumes, also accumulates.
Phacelia siderat - ideal for a summer residence. It cleans the beds well, makes the soil fertile and does not require planting. It is a pity that phacelia seeds are not cheap.
Phacelia and mustard can be sown in strips around the perimeter of cabbage, daikon beds:
- The pests will get to the mustard, and the garden crops under the cover of the phacelia will remain clean and whole.
- When the phacelia grows, cut it off and place it between the rows.
- Chop the mustard, spread it around the eggplants, even if they are well mulched, sprinkle with earth and pour the solution of Lake Baikal.
- The eggplants will grow.
It is best to use phacelia as siderates for summer cottages before winter - it creates a denser, than, for example, mustard, "cover" above the ground.
Siderates: oil radish, mustard and rapeseed also give good mulch, but these siderates are attacked by a cruciferous flea even at the end of the season. It turns out that favorable conditions are created for the pest.
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Ferns resistant to urban conditions
A huge number of fern species allows you to choose the most resistant species for urban conditions. According to the Association of Landscape Architects and Engineers of Russia, at present, about 20 species of ferns are clearly defined, which are distinguished by the highest decorativeness and resistance to dust, soot and dry air.
Park shade ferns
Common ostrich (Matteuccia struthiopteris) can be successfully grown in urban shady flower beds. It is the most common fern found in the city.
Shieldworm of Chartres (Dryopteris carthusiana) is perhaps one of the top three in terms of resistance to dust and dry air.
Onoclea sensitive (Onoclea sensibilis) is also recommended for the city, but suffers from cold, therefore sensitive.
Male shieldworm (Dryopteris filix-mas) is exactly the fern that we most often find in the forest and are trying to adapt to the culture. Due to the toughness of its foliage, it is also considered resistant to adverse conditions.
And here female kochedyzhnik (Athyrium filix-femina) is not adapted to urban conditions. Suffers from dust, grime and sunburn. Although for a country garden, it is a very effective and suitable look.
In addition to the usual forest ferns for growing in urban conditions, you should pay attention to the varieties Japanese coot (Athyrium niponicum) Pictum, Metallicum, Ursula's Red. These are unusually attractive plants with burgundy veins and a silvery bloom all over the frond. They are patient with the conditions of the city, they can withstand the winters adequately.
Kochedyzhniki are also unique in that they open new fronds during the entire growing season, while the plant is constantly renewed and has a fresh look.
Common leaflet (Phyllitis scolopendrium), or "Deer tongue" - this is a favorite of landscape designers, it also puts up with the dryness of the air and soil, but in severe winters it can freeze slightly, therefore it requires shelter.
What can and cannot be planted nearby?
There are garden crops that cannot grow and develop side by side due to the mutual intolerance of root and ether secretions. But there are also plants that are capable of "mutual assistance": planted in the neighborhood, they have a beneficial effect on each other.
They don't like neighborhoods:
- „Tomatoes and kohlrabi
- „Cucumbers and cabbage
- „Onions (onions, garlic) and potatoes,
- cabbage, legumes,
- „Legumes and nightshades (tomatoes, peppers)
Not recommended plant tomatoes and potatoes nearby, as this increases the likelihood of infection with diseases common to these crops (late blight, fusarium).
A variant of an ornamental garden with mixed plantings of ornamental and garden crops.
Grow well next to:
- celery, cauliflower and broccoli
- parsley and tomatoes
- white cabbage, dill, lettuce and celery
- carrots, tomatoes, lettuce, sage, marjoram, peas, onions.
Help against pests:
- Salad, spinach: from earthen fleas.
- Tomatoes: from cabbage whites.
- Onions and leeks: from carrot fly.
- Radish: from leaf beetles and spider mites, especially when planted next to cucumbers, tomatoes, beets and carrots.
- Garlic: from bear, slugs, nematodes, ticks, Colorado potato beetle, cruciferous flea, rodents.
- Calendula: from cruciferous flea beetle, leaf beetle, spider mite.
- Marigold: from aphids, nematodes, carrot fly, cruciferous flea, Colorado potato beetle.
- Sweet pea: from rodents.