Detailed characteristics and description of the Rodnichok F1 cucumber
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Cucumbers are a very popular garden culture not only in our country, but also far beyond its borders. The demand and popularity of such a vegetable prompts breeders all over the world to develop more and more new and improved varieties of this crop. But no matter how excellent all the novelties have, there is one variety that Soviet breeders invented, but which is still out of competition for any varietal varieties. This is the well-known "Rodnichok". Regardless of its "age", Rodnichok confidently holds a leading position in the agricultural market.
Description and characteristics of Rodnichok cucumber
Spring is a mid-season varietal variety that needs pollination. The harvest begins to be harvested 50-55 days after planting seeds.
The plant is quite tall: reaches 3 meters... Branching is weak by description.
Manufacturers position this variety as versatile in cultivation and use. You can grow a crop both in the open field and in greenhouses.
When growing in a greenhouse, it is necessary to provide access to bees inside for timely pollination and high yields.
The quality of the fruits of this variety is excellent. Vegetables are small and flavorful, identical in size: do not exceed 12 cm... Fruit weight does not exceed 110 grams.
The cucumbers are sweet and crunchy. Genetically, they lack bitterness. There are no voids inside, even during heat treatment. Resistant to cracking. The peel is soft, tender green color, medium tuberosity.
The fruits are suitable for fresh consumption in salads and for canning for the winter. Neat identical cucumbers look very presentable in pickled and pickled jars.
Cucumbers have an excellent presentation, long shelf life and good transportability. And even the most innovative and improved varieties can envy their resistance to various diseases.
The yield of the variety according to the characteristic - high... With normal care in open soil, one square meter is harvested up to 7 kg... ripe crispy and juicy vegetables. And with the greenhouse method of growing, you can collect up to 25 kg. vegetables of excellent quality.
This crop can be successfully grown both in summer cottages and household plots, and on an industrial scale.
Advantages and disadvantages
Culture has many benefits:
- High productivity.
- Excellent fruit quality.
- Resistance to various diseases.
- Excellent presentation.
- Versatility in use.
- Growing versatility.
- Unpretentious care.
- Long terms of fruiting.
- Long shelf life.
- Resistant to cracking.
- Lack of bitterness and emptiness.
- Good transportability.
There were no flaws in this variety. Reviews of consumers and vegetable growers only positive.
Our cucumbers can be grown both from seedlings and seeds. Regardless of the cultivation methods, the culture needs neutral soil fertilized with manure.
Only rotted manure should be used.
For planting in open soil, it is necessary to prepare a site in the fall. To do this, first it is cleaned of last year's plants, then organic fertilizers are applied and only after that they are dug up. If fertilization has not been possible since autumn, you can do it in the spring. The soil must be loose with good breathability.
There are also standard requirements for seed. Need to purchase or already ready-made glazed seeds... They are already disinfected and treated with growth activators.
But in view of the relative high cost of such seeds, you can take ordinary seeds and prepare them yourself. To do this, they are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate, then germinated in a warm, humid environment and then tempered, taking them out to moderate cold.
To grow plants in a seedling way, you must also adhere to some recommendations:
- Plant seeds right away in separate containers, since the plants are very delicate and sensitive and do not tolerate picking well.
- The seedlings are transferred to the soil when they have already appeared 3-5 true leaves.
Plants are planted in open ground when already the threat of night frosts has passed.
In open soil, seeds are planted at the rate of 3-4 plants per square meter. This is subject to the garter, which the tall bushes of our cucumbers really need. The garter of plants not only contributes to greater productivity and compactness of crop placement, but also serves as a prevention of root rot.
The soil should be loose and moist. 3-4 seeds are planted in each well to a depth no more than 3 cm... and gently crush with fluffy soil. If all the seeds sprout, then they must be thinned out.
Our varietal variety, like all other types of cucumber plants, is very fond of cleanliness and order, and also needs timely regular watering and feeding.
The beds with plants must be constantly loosened, weeds removed and fertilized.
Watering is recommended daily... Moisten the plants in the evening with warm, settled water. Experts recommend root watering so that water does not get on the leaves and stems. But you also need to ensure that there is no stagnation of water under the bushes, such stagnation will certainly provoke root rot.
It is also necessary to fertilize the crop regularly throughout the growing season. The yield of the variety directly depends on the dressing.
Organic fertilizers, superphosphate, nitrogen and potassium products are perfect as top dressings. You can feed the plants every 2 weeks.
Diseases and pests
This type of cucumber positions itself as very stable to various diseases and pests. But if, nevertheless, the plant is damaged, to fix the problem it is necessary to use the means intended for this, which can be purchased at any specialized store.
As a preventive measure for root rot, plants must be tied up and water stagnant must not be allowed during watering.
It is strictly forbidden to use chlorine-containing agents as top dressing.
Due to the high yield of the variety, it is recommended to carry out daily harvest.
Adhering to all of the above recommendations when planting and caring for a plant, you will provide yourself and your loved ones with an excellent harvest of excellent tasty and crunchy fruits.
Cucumber "Rodnichok F1" is a hybrid of Soviet selection. In terms of ripening, it belongs to mid-season varieties. It takes about 50 days from the first shoots to harvest. Insects are needed to pollinate flowers. Cucumber bushes grow up to 3 meters, the bulk of the fruit is formed on the central whip, lateral shoots are poorly developed.
A distinctive feature of this variety is that all the fruits are even, one to one, as in the selection. Zelentsy are light green in color, with white stripes on the skin, covered with black thorns (see photo). The average weight of one cucumber is 100 grams, and the length ranges from 9-12 centimeters. The fruits are distinguished by excellent taste characteristics: juicy, crunchy, without bitterness.
The yield of cucumbers variety "Spring F1" depends on on the way of growing... Up to 7 kilograms of zelents can be collected from the lashes creeping along the ground in the open field, but by growing cucumbers in a greenhouse using a trellis, you can collect a high yield - 20-25 kilograms per square meter of planting.
"Spring F1" has a high resistance to common cucumber diseases.
Breeding history of the variety
The cucumber variety Rodnichok was included in the State Register in 1979, although the application was filed in 1974. Its author is the breeder A. A. Mashkov, an employee of the Transnistrian Research Institute of Agriculture located in Tiraspol. This is the first of the hybrids that are immune to powdery mildew and other diseases that can be grown in a greenhouse.
Later on, the Rodnichok cucumber became a genetic source of the lack of bitterness in fruits and complex resistance to infections for other varieties. This hybrid is recommended for growing in open ground, greenhouses and under film shelters throughout Russia.
Description of the variety
Spring hybrid is a mid-early variety, pollination occurs with the help of bees. The plant is very tall with spreading branches, almost all flowers are female. You can harvest the crop 50-55 days after the appearance of the first leaves, but the main advantage of the variety is undulating fruiting, that is, the fruits can be harvested not immediately, but gradually, first some ripen, then others.
Cucumbers A fontanelle with a characteristic light green hue. The mass of one is about 100 g, the length is from 9 to 12 cm. There are stripes on the peel, and small spines of black color are located over the entire surface. When cut, cucumbers give off an excellent smell, crunchy taste without voids and bitterness.
Productivity and fruiting
The fontanel hybrid is characterized by bundle formation of ovaries, several per knot, but it happens that about 5 shoots appear on the 1st plant. When grown in greenhouses, you can from 1 sq. m to collect about 18-26 kg of cucumbers. In open soil, these figures are much worse - about 6-8 kg.
In addition to high yields, the variety has an excellent presentation, which makes it suitable for commercial large-scale cultivation.
Rodnichok cucumbers are not very cheap, so many people eat them fresh. Also, the reason for using it not in conservation is the possibility of long-term storage of the crop. But many housewives used the variety for preparing winter platter, salted the fruits.
Features and differences from other varieties
The Rodnichok variety is exactly the same as other hybrids of this culture. But there is one nuance that slightly distinguishes it from others - perfectly similar fruits of the same size. Cucumbers of identical length can be removed from one plant. This feature makes the hybrid the best variety of this crop to grow for sale.
If you want to grow a variety for commercial purposes, then plant it in a greenhouse. In this case, the plants will bring the best harvest and acquire the presentation you need.
Disease and pest resistance
The variety is not afraid of downy mildew. In breeding, it is used to create other varieties and hybrids, because it is an excellent donor with innate genetic immunity to a number of infections that harm this vegetable crop.
In the open ground, the plant can attack aphids, so regularly treat the beds with a solution with soap, ash or other means from the pest. If insects start in the greenhouse, then in this case, not the Spring is to blame, but its owners.
Regardless of the ripening time, as well as the belonging of the plant to hybrids or varieties, the quantity and quality of the crop is directly dependent on the sowing technology, seed preparation, choice of place (soil, predecessors, illumination). Although "Spring F1" is resistant to specialized diseases of cucumbers, it is not worth growing it after the representatives of pumpkin seeds, since there is also a stock of pests on the plots - melon aphid.
Site selection and soil treatment
Cucumbers of any variety, including the Rodnichok hybrid, must participate in a garden crop rotation. The best predecessors are nightshades, legumes and cruciferous crops. "Spring" grows well in sunny areas with a neutral soil reaction. The latter should be loose and fertile. The corresponding indicators can be achieved by the autumn preparation of the site, in which the earth is dug up on one and a half bayonets of a shovel and organic matter (compost, humus) is introduced. If necessary, when the acidity of the soil is increased, it is limed using dolomite flour. Consumption rate - ½ kg / m2.
If the seeds are purchased from large growers, as a rule, additional processing is not needed. This is evidenced by the shell on the seeds. In the case when it is not there, the inoculum must be disinfected by keeping it in a manganese solution for about 20 minutes.
The water should be hot (50 ° C), which stimulates the rapid emergence. Also, growth stimulants can be added to the solution, which also increase the immunity of future seedlings.
Sowing technology and timing
14 days before field work, in which the seeds are sown directly on the beds (the soil should warm up to 15 ° C), additional phosphorus and potassium are added.
Rodnichok responds very well to these macronutrients. Sowing sequence:
- The furrows are made 10 cm deep with a row spacing of 60 cm.
- If necessary, install trellises.
- 2-3 seeds are thrown into holes with a distance of 30 cm.
- The seeds are covered, the beds are covered with mulch.
Diseases and pests
This hybrid variety is highly resistant to most diseases common to other varieties of this vegetable crop.
Meringue cucumber is resistant to diseases:
- cucumber mosaic virus
- powdery mildew.
Medium resistant to downy mildew.
To provide additional protection to the cucumber lashes, it is necessary to treat the seed material for preventive purposes with approved chemicals.
Cucumbers Meringue and Unicum in the greenhouse
Agrotechnics of cultivation and care
Cucumbers Rodnichok are equally well suited for cultivation in open and protected ground. They are planted both simply in the beds and in greenhouses. Depending on the region and place of cultivation, gardeners practice the seedling method of planting crops or sowing seeds, tie the plants to trellises or allow them to spread along the ground.
In the open ground, the ground is prepared in autumn, in greenhouses - 1-2 weeks before planting seedlings or sowing seeds. On 1 m 2 area, 5-10 kg of humus, phosphorus-potassium mineral fertilizers are applied at a full rate. Ash can also be used. On heavy clays, sand or sawdust must be added; with high acidity of the soil, liming is carried out.
The seeds of the Rodnichok hybrid are sown in the ground or greenhouse in May - June. To get seedlings of cucumbers, they are planted a month earlier. Prepare fertile soil or buy ready-made soil mixture for vegetable crops in a store. Individual pots or cups are stuffed with the substrate, moisten the soil, and the seeds are embedded there to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. It is better to grow cucumbers Rodnichok without diving, they do not tolerate transplantation very well.
There is also no need for special preparation of the planting material. Usually the seeds have already been calibrated and treated with fungicides by the manufacturer themselves, which means they are completely ready for sowing. To get faster and more friendly shoots, they can be kept in solutions of growth simulators or germinated.
Care for cucumber seedlings The fontanelle is very simple. Until the emergence of seedlings, containers with plants are kept at a temperature of 24-28 ºC, then they are maintained at a level of 21-25 ºC during the day and 16-18 ºC at night. Provide daylight hours at the level of 10-12 hours daily. Water the seedlings as the soil dries up, preventing it from drying out or waterlogging.
During the growing period 1-2 times, cucumber plants are fed with complex fertilizers containing trace elements. They are hardened 5-7 days before transplanting into the ground. In order for plants to better take root in a new place, growth regulators are used.
Water the cucumbers regularly, preventing the soil from drying out. Before the beginning of the collection of zelents, the liquid rate is increased. Irrigation is carried out in the mornings or evenings, under the root and only with warm water. After watering, the soil is loosened shallowly to allow air to penetrate the roots.
Needs a hybrid Rodnichok and fertilizers. Cucumbers respond well to feeding with organic matter - a solution of mullein or bird droppings, herbal infusions, ash. They are alternated with the introduction of complex mineral fertilizers with microelements. The first time the bushes are fed 10-14 days after planting seedlings or emergence of seedlings, then every 2 weeks. A good increase in the yield is given by foliar dressing of cucumbers, as well as the use of growth stimulants during the period of mass fruiting.