Aristolochia, Aristolochia Macrophylla - Sow, Plant, Maintain jaime-jard

Aristolochia, Aristolochia Macrophylla - Sow, Plant, Maintain jaime-jard

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Aristoloche, a climber with imposing and lush foliage

The large-leaved aristolochia is a climber, a herbaceous liana native to South America, which produces stems developing tendrils that can easily reach a ten meters, adorned with a heart-shaped foliage (heart-shaped) superb all year round. The foliage is particularly amazing when autumn comes. It is for him that enthusiasts cultivate it in the ornamental garden. The leaves are then tinted and the foliage evolves in 4 stages. The color of the veined, glazed, shiny leaves fades a beautiful green to a blazing orange, they then take on a beautiful bright red and then, the aristolochia being obsolete, they fall.

Flowers of the aristolochia are more discreet, or at least not nearly as remarkable as the foliage, although they are not without interest. Indeed, they are original shape and color, tubular, red or black, sometimes spotted. They appear at the very beginning of summer, unfortunately they are largely eclipsed by the beautiful large leaves. The flowers give way to angular berries which contain the seeds ... Are they ready to be sown? Yes, when the plant is in conditions that it likes, young plants appear every year. All you have to do is withdraw to offer them to friends!

Botanical name:

• Aristolochia macrophylla

Type of plant

Family : Aristolochiaceae, Aristolochiaceae
• Cycle: Perennial liana
• Hardiness: Rustic (-15 ° C) See hardiness map France - Canada (Quebec)
Foliage : Obsolete
Exposure : Sunny and partial shade
• Plantation: Spring
• Flowering: Summer
• Harvest:
Ground : Rich, fresh and drained soil
• Harbor : Vine
• Honey plant: No
Interview : Stump mulching
Height: Lianas length up to 10 m.
• Rooting: Roots
• Origin: South America
• Crop rotation: Perennial plant stays in place.


• Genre Aristolochia contains around 200 varieties some of which are deciduous and others can only be grown indoors as they are sensitive to low temperatures.
• The whole plant is poisonous.
• Its roots are creeping.

Warning Toxic!

Aristoleches are all toxic by ingestion, causing serious, possibly fatal, effects upon ingestion. In the middle of the XXth Century, in the Balkans, a curious disease, causing in particular kidney failure. In Belgium too, at the end of the 20th century, this is also when the explanation was made. It was the mistaken ingestion - confusion in ingesting the plants that was responsible for the disease. In the Balkans, the plant had spread in grain fields and mixed with flour, it is responsible for poisoning populations.

What soil for Aristoloche?

• This climber appreciates cool soils, rich in organic matter, and draining.

When to plant it?

• Aristolochia is a deciduous plant that it is best to plant in spring, from April, March for the milder regions.
• A plantation atfall is possible, before the cold weather.

How to plant the aristolochia?

• Dig a hole well twice the size of the root ball of the container kiwi.
• Place a very mature compost or leaf mold at the bottom.
• Dip the stump in a bucket of water.
• Place the root ball of the liana and fill with a mixture of garden soil and compost in equal parts.
• Press down well with the foot, forming a slight bowl which will facilitate watering.

If you are planting several aristolochia plants:

• Make a trench considering 3 m between each foot.
• Make it deep enough to receive manure (compost or leaf mold) and that the plants are planted deep enough.
• Position young subjects correctly.
• Place stakes to guide growth.

A word from the amateur gardener:

The issue of support is important. The aristolochia can reach ten meters in 2 or 3 years. On a facade, a trellis supports the plant and allows you to guide it more easily.

Maintenance of the aristolochia:

• Watering:
For the first 2 years, it is important that the plant never runs out of water.
Then water regularly in the summer, especially in drought conditions where watering may be more intense.
• Guidance:
Prune any creepers that have escaped away from their support so that they do not remove light by invading windows and openings. Repeat those that can still be guided.
• Mulching:
Mulching can be used during the summer to keep the soil moist longer.
For winter, aristolochia is hardy, but you might as well avoid the cold snap, winter mulching will be welcome.
• Fertilization : In spring, in March, mix well mature compost by placing it on the surface of the plant.

When to prune the aristolochia?

• In spring, adjust slightly.
• In autumn, replace and prune the lianas that are too long.

How to prune the aristolochia?

Maintenance size:

Every 3 or 4 years, some branches show signs of fatigue, less vigorous in general. Cut them off. Be careful during the larger fall pruning to keep the general shape of the vine.


• Multiplication can be carried out by seed or by cutting.

When to sow the aristolochia?

• Sow in the spring, when hot.

How to sow the aristolochia?

If the aristolochia is easily reseeded in the garden, managing the sowing yourself requires special conditions.

• Soak the seeds for 24 hours
• Sow hot at 18 - 20 ° C.
• Prepare buckets filled with 70/30% soil and sand.
• Press the seeds in about 3 times their diameter in depth.
• Cover with potting soil and water.
• The lifting will take place within 30 days.

When to cut:

• Cut the aristolochia in August - difficult result.

How to cut the aristolochia?

• Select a semi-august branch (green wood branch of the year)
• Make segments of about fifteen centimeters,
• Remove the leaves from the base and keep one or two at the end of the segment, they will act as a sap extractor.
(you can cut the blade of this leaf in half to conserve energy when creating roots and new leaves)
• Dip the base of the cutting in cutting hormone, if you have it, and scoop out the excess.
• In a large pot (or in independent medium pots), filled with a mixture of sand and potting soil ...
• Plant the cuttings and keep the substrate moist until resumption.
• Be careful, cuttings are not always successful.

Diseases and Parasites:

• No illnesses.

Aristolochia varieties:

A. giganteahuge, dark red, cream-veined, drooping flowers, producing a pouch of seeds.

A. sempervirens, produces the smallest leathery leaves, purple and yellow flowers, tubular.

A. clematis : This is one of the only Aristolochia varieties with evergreen foliage, the flowers are tubular yellow and develop an unpleasant "scent".

Image by Olaf Studt - - Creative Commons 3.0 - Aristoloche Siphon - retouched by jaime-jardiner.

Quick sheet:


Item name

Aristolochia, Aristolochia Macrophylla


The large-leaf aristolochia is a climber, a herbaceous liana native to South America, which produces stems developing tendrils that can easily reach ten meters, adorned with cordate foliage (heart-shaped) superb all the year. The foliage is particularly amazing when fall arrives.


Editor's name - THE garden media partner of the portal

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We speak of climbing plant for plants capable of rising with the help of a support.
There are Several types:
twining: the main stalk curls up (bean, twirling, hops.)
with tendrils (vine, cobé.)
with studs and suction cups (ivy, Virginia creeper.)
with thorns or hook (climbing rose, bramble, madder.)

They are suitable for embellishing walls, as a green plant, for protection on a balcony, for dressing arbors and pergola.

There are flowers (sometimes fragrant), evergreen, hardy and hardy, annual.

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