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Can garden figures be made from polyurethane foam? How?

Can garden figures be made from polyurethane foam? How?


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  1. Valentina Shpak

    5 years ago


    It is impossible to imagine modern landscape design without garden decor - cute and funny figurines, garden sculptures make the garden brighter, more colorful, add coziness to it. We will tell you how you can use such a seemingly non-standard material as polyurethane foam to create garden figures.

    All figures are made according to the same algorithm:

    1. Making a wire frame (you can also use plastic or cardboard) - this is the basis for the future image. For the frame of many figures, juice or milk bags, plastic bottles, cans, rope, various tubes, toys are perfect. To make the figure heavy and stable, sand or other filler is used.
    2. Fill the frame with polyurethane foam in several steps with a break of 15 minutes. Otherwise, the foam will creep, and the desired shape will simply not be fixed. It is most convenient to work with foam with a gun. It is better to use metal, it is more durable - enough for a few crafts.
    3. Coloring the figurine. For coloring, it is best to use acrylic or oil paints, and varnish to add shine and completeness to the figurine. If you like uneven, rough texture, you can leave it as it is, and in order to make the figurine smoother, you can use a primer before painting. It is desirable to work with gloves.

    As an example, we suggest that you consider the option of making a fox figurine. A plastic sand bottle is used for the frame. Fill the bottle with foam in layers, taking a break for 15 minutes so that it does not drip. The chanterelle's paws and tail are a foamed tube with a wire threaded through it. They are stuck into the base, and for strengthening at the base they are filled with foam. The fox's neck is a cardboard base for toilet paper. You can use a tin can as a frame for the head, gradually correcting its shape, cut the ears out of plastic or cardboard. While the foam has not yet solidified, shape the legs, tail, ears, bending them in the desired position. We make a mustache from fishing line, then they need to be painted with black varnish or paint. Eyes can be made from large shiny buttons. The finished figurine should stand in the sun for a couple of days, then it should be painted in several layers so that the colors are bright and varnished.

    Foam garden figurines, especially those that stand in the sun, can crack over time. To prevent this from happening, they can be treated with putty, tile adhesive or cement-based primer. If the figurine is cracked, the crack can be repaired and your garden sculpture can be repainted - that is, restored.

    You can decorate any area in the garden with such homemade sculptures - a playground, or a water area, using figures of dolphins, fish, frogs, sea shells, curls of waves. A beautiful lantern can be placed near the recreation area. The garden that you decorate by making figures with your own hands will be even more beautiful and comfortable.


Foam garden figures

Polyurethane foam is a unique building material that is widely used for mounting, sealing structures and increasing their thermal insulation. Garden decoration lovers have expanded the scope of this building material. Garden figures from polyurethane foam with their own hands can be easily made by every owner of a country house or summer cottage. In this article, you can see a photo of ready-made crafts, as well as step-by-step master classes of popular sculptures from polyurethane foam.

Advantages of polyurethane foam for Hand-made crafts

1. Low weight.
2. Convenience in work (applied to any surface, easy to cut).
3. Ability to make crafts of any size.
4. The finished product is not affected by precipitation and temperature drops.

Terms of use of polyurethane foam for garden sculptures

If you have never worked with polyurethane foam, we recommend that you read the instructions from the manufacturer. Do not forget that the foam inside the cylinder is a liquid mass, and when it comes into contact with air, it begins to harden. Complete solidification occurs after 10-12 hours. Wear personal protective equipment when handling foam. It is not advised to carry out work at sub-zero air temperatures.

Before each use of the polyurethane foam, shake the can well. During operation, keep the bottle cap downward so that gas does not escape from it and all the foam can be used. Do not apply many layers at once, as the uncured one will fall off. Do everything gradually, apply the next layer at least 10-15 minutes after the previous one. For ease of application, use a special gun.

Making the frame and the crafts themselves from polyurethane foam

The appearance of a polyurethane foam figure directly depends on the type of frame. First, you should find a picture of the figure or make a sketch to take into account all the nuances and the finished product looked like a wooden or plaster sculpture.

For the manufacture of the frame, you can take different materials, for example, plastic bottles or iron cans are suitable. You will also need wooden planks, fittings and wire. To make the sculpture stable, you need to fill it with sand.

Now you can start decorating the craft with polyurethane foam. Spread the foam evenly over the frame, taking into account the future relief of the craft. When it is completely solidified, you can remove unnecessary parts with a clerical knife and correct defects. If necessary, add foam to places where you forgot or want to fix something in the craft.

A layer of putty will help protect the polyurethane foam from destruction. To make the garden craft smooth, grout with sandpaper. Now take acrylic paints and cover the shape. Preferably in two layers or more. To extend the service life of the future masterpiece, it is covered with varnish on top.

Garden figures can be additionally decorated with a variety of materials, for example, beads, flowers, or made with LED lighting so that the sculpture shines at night.

DIY foam snail

To make a garden snail, you need half a can of foam. Cover the table with oilcloth and start applying the foam for the base of the snail. When the first layer dries up a little, apply the second and insert the kefir bottle in order to make the snail's neck. Cover the neck with foam too and shape the head with your hands.

Make the snail horns and a slightly elongated muzzle. Then you can start making the shell. To do this, a round hill of foam is applied to the snail's body. Now insert a bucket that will be designed for flowers and will turn the garden craft into an original flower bed.

Use a marker to mark where your snail shell begins and ends, and make curls. When the foam is completely dry, sand the product. It remains to decorate the snail and the garden craft is ready.

Funny frog made of polyurethane foam

Materials:
- old saucepan
- iron can:
- oil or acrylic paint
- foam balloon
- wire
- beads.

Master class craft frog for the garden

1. Separately cover a saucepan and jar with foam and let dry.
2. The jar is the head, and the pot is the body of the frog. Secure these parts with wire and secure with foam.

3. In the place where the frog's handles should be, fix the wire and also cover it with polyurethane foam.
4. Now shape the head and torso so that they look like a frog. Make the lower legs as well.
5. Paint the craft and then insert the eyes. The frog is ready, now it can be placed near the pond in the garden or near the pool.

DIY foam fox

To make a garden fox figurine, you need a plastic bottle. Fill it with sand or pebbles, then the wind will not be able to turn your product over. Penetrate the bottle, but not immediately with a thick layer, but gradually, pausing for about 15 minutes for the foam to set.

You can use a rubber tube to make the feet. To keep the legs flexible, insert a wire into the tube. The tail can also be made from a tube that will need to be foamed well. Use a toilet paper cylinder for the neck. Install some kind of round blank for the head on it.

Sing it all well and give the sculpture the look of a fox. After that paint the figure with oil paints and cover with varnish. Keep in mind that if the paint is white, then the varnish will make it yellow.

Garden figure bun

A plastic ball can be used as a frame for a kolobok. Place it on some kind of support, such as a jar or bowl. Now apply the lather, waiting for each layer to dry. Insert the wire to make the handles.

Form the kerchief from foam, and you can make the ears from cardboard. When the foam is completely dry, use a utility knife to cut out the eyes, mouth and nose. Make the legs from wooden planks. It remains to paint the craft and the bun is ready!

Foam garden lantern

Interestingly, polyurethane foam can be used to make not only garden figures, but also an original lantern that will give your backyard a touch of exclusivity and help you decorate a garden in Japanese style. To make a lantern stand, take a pipe that needs to be foamed from the bottom and set it on a flat wooden base. For the bowl of the lantern, you can use a plastic bowl that needs to be secured on top.

Now pour the foam in layers, waiting for each layer to partially dry. Come up with a picture to decorate a lantern, draw a diagram and implement the idea with polyurethane foam. You need to make a hole in the center of the bowl so that you can fix the lid with self-tapping screws. Insert the sticks into the bowl and seal them.

Let's start making the cover. To do this, you need to cut a square out of chipboard, a little more than a bowl and foam it on both sides.

Attach the lid to the bowl using self-tapping screws. Now cut a smaller square out of the chipboard. On one side, twist it, and on the other, secure the racks. In the center of the squares, you need to make a hole in order to then insert a solar-powered lamp into it. Hide the wires.

After that, a roof is made from a large piece of plywood, which is installed on the racks. To make the embossed pattern beautiful, draw it first with a marker on the surface of the lantern, and then gently cover it with foam.

The finished product is completely colored. To install it in the garden, you need to dig a little pipe into the ground or make a small flower bed around the lantern.

DIY foam figures help transform any garden area. Even without the skills of a sculptor and artist, you can make a beautiful sculpture that will bring your exterior to life.

Watch a useful video: foam garden figures


Foam crafts can also be used to decorate rooms or building facades.


Polyurethane foam sheep

You will need: 2 plastic bottles (5-6 liters each), 4 plastic bottles (1.5-2 liters each), a plastic bucket (for example: from ice cream), scissors, a stationery knife, sand or earth, izolon (linoleum underlay), spray can polyurethane foam, scotch tape, balloon or oil paint, furniture varnish, brush, wire, pieces of linoleum for sheep's ears, superglue.

Master Class

  1. Weight 4 matching bottles by filling them with sand.
  2. Create a skeleton of the sheep as shown in the image.
  3. Cut the isolon into 3 cm strips.
  4. Wrap the lamb's frame with strips of isolon, secure them with tape during the process.
  5. Make a lamb's tail out of wire, then attach it to the desired location.
  6. Apply polyurethane foam to the lamb's body. It should be noted that the foam must be applied carefully, in a well-thought-out sequence, evenly, in layers. Each layer must dry before applying the next.
  7. Wait until it dries completely.
  8. Cut out the ears of a sheep from linoleum, paint, then glue them.
  9. Cut out the lamb's face using a utility knife.
  10. Color the face, hooves and wait until dry.
  11. Cover the lamb completely with furniture varnish and wait until it dries completely.
  12. Place the sheep in your garden.

The polyurethane foam sheep is ready! I recommend watching the master class video!


Frameless technology: concrete drinker

If the product is small or thin, a large load is not planned on it, you can make it without a frame. This is how all kinds of bowls, slabs, small sculptures are made. For example, a leaf-shaped bird drinker. It can also be a stand for flowerpots and flower pots, other figures that are undesirable for contact with the ground.

We find a large leaf - burdock, rhubarb, etc. We put the sheet in water, form a gentle hill from sand on a flat surface (table), cover it with a film.

We spread the sheet on a slide, pressing it into the sand. We knead the thick solution - it should not drain. The composition of the mortar for sculptures is for 1 part of cement, 3 parts of fine sand, you can add a plasticizer. We spread the solution on top of the sheet, pressing it tightly. In the middle, the layer thickness is about 2 cm, towards the edges it becomes thinner - up to 1 cm. Shape the edges neatly. They can be adjusted, but this is not so easy.

Cover the sheet with a solution

In the middle we insert a piece of plastic pipe with a diameter of about 10 cm and a length of 10-15 cm. We coat the joint with a solution, fill the pipe. Cover with plastic wrap. It protects against overheating, rain, dirt. We press the edges with stones or something heavy, but it is not necessary to achieve tightness - excess moisture must evaporate.

Almost done, it remains to wait

Withstand the garden sculpture without turning it over for at least 2 days. Then remove the outer film, gently turn over, remove the sheet. If it does not come off, moisten and wait a couple of minutes. Remove residues and debris with a brush. Wait a few more days before painting - preferably two weeks.

Here's what happened ... the original bird drinker

Before painting, sand with sandpaper, remove dust. Can be primed if desired. Its type is matched to the type of paint. The primer is needed so that the paint lays down smoother and so that it is less wasted. When the paint dries, the product is covered with two layers of varnish. Choose varnish for outdoor use. Better - matte or semi-matte.


Foam frog.

If someone is interested in how it is done, then here it is, I'm spreading it.
You will need:

  • 1 cylinder of polyurethane foam,
  • 1 old saucepan, diameter
    20-23cm, 1 can (metal) from under tomato paste - volume 1l,
  • 2 beads (for eyes),
  • oil paint (white) and color scheme.


1. Fill and pour foam on both containers. Allow to dry.


2. Fasten the torso and head with a wire, hairpin, sticks ..., fix it right there with foam.
3. Insert the wire into the location of the intended legs. Pour over carefully, gradually at intervals to dry. Insert the eyes last, after painting the animal!

Sculptorva from polyurethane foam - Fox

To make figurines you will need:

  • Polyurethane foam
  • Polyurethane foam gun.
  • Foam cleaner. (needed to flush the gun and to clean your hands)
  • Cotton gloves, not one pair.

To make this figurine, I used a regular empty kefir bottle.

1. Pour sand into the bottle (for heaviness, so that the figurine is not blown away by the wind). Foam the entire surface of the bottle. Attention. It is necessary to foamer gradually, layer by layer, give time to dry each layer. The foam dries for about 10-15 minutes.


2, 3.For the manufacture of paws, tail, I used a tube with a threaded wire. Stick in the tail (the whole figure rests on it), paws (tubes), set the desired bend, foamed joints. Neck: Insert a toilet paper tube, foam. Dry.


5. For making the head, you can insert something round, foamed.
Ears:Cut from thick cardboard, soft plastic. Embed the ears in place, foamed, dry.

Mustache: Cut a thick line, paint over with black paint from a balloon, insert.

Eyes - these are rubber balls painted with the same paint.
Sculptures made of foam can be painted over with oil paint, you can varnish on top (if the figure is not painted with white paint, since varnish gives yellowness).

Sculpture from polyurethane foam to the garden "KOLOBOK"
For the basis of the bun, I took a Christmas tree toy, you can use a plastic ball, something round. Foam the ball, letting dry gradually, layer by layer.


The handles are made of a wire threaded tube. Set the bend, foamed.
Klondike - this is also foam. "Ears" on the kerchief: Cut leaves from cardboard, embed, foamed. Cut out the eyes and mouth with a sharp knife.

Inside the legs, foamed ordinary wooden blocks, setting the desired shape.

Paint over with oil paint, can be varnished.

Master Class "TACHI-GATA" Japanese garden lantern.
1. Place the pipe on a flat surface, foam along the bottom of the pipe to secure it. Dry. To secure the cup to the pipe, drill 3 holes in the tube (top) and 3 holes in the cup (bottom). Secure with wire.

2., 3. Fill with foam from the outside, according to a previously thought out drawing. ! Pour the foam in layers, drying each layer.

4. Drill a hole in the middle of the cup (for a self-tapping screw). Prepare a block, make 2 holes in it, then fix the lid with self-tapping screws. Attach the block to the bottom of the cup.

6. Cut out the first square from a sheet of chipboard or plywood, mark the center, drill for a self-tapping screw, foam, dry. Foam and reverse side (caps)

7. Pour the foam as accurately as possible (you can cut it later)

8. Fasten (with a large self-tapping screw) the center of the cover with a bar.

9. From a piece of chipboard or plywood, cut out the second smaller square, fix 4 blocks at the edges with self-tapping screws, to which the racks will be attached. Drill a hole in the middle of the square for a sun lamp.

Foam the back of the square, dry.

10. Secure the stands with self-tapping screws. Align this square with the first square and secure with self-tapping screws.

11. Foam the top of the second square. Place small carnations along the edges of the square, pull the thread in a circle, tie. On these threads "pour" foam, giving an even strip an edge.

12. Place 4 small slats between the posts, fix them, first make two or three holes in them for small studs. Fasten the slats with studs by simply sticking them into the foam. Foam.

13. Insert the sun lamp. (backlight)

14. Dig a hole to bring the wiring out.

15. Fix the solar panel to the side.
... Point 13, 14, 15 can be done later, before setting up the main dome, as it will be inconvenient to apply the pattern.

1. From a piece of chipboard or plywood, cut a square larger than the first square. ... We make a template for the racks. We take a sheet of paper, carefully put it on top of the racks, mark exactly the middle of the racks with a marker. We transfer this sheet to a square - a dome, we re-pin our points, - we mark. Drill holes in the dome and uprights (middle) to connect them later with self-tapping screws. Insert self-tapping screws into the dome! Do not remove the self-tapping screws, so as not to lose the holes!

2. Place a container like a pot in the center, foaming it carefully without touching the top of the container.

3. Place a container (small pot) on the top of the pot, foaming everything, leaving the top of the pot.

4. Insert another (flower) pot, foaming it only from the outside.

5, 6. Cut strips from plastic or (soft cardboard), fix them with studs as shown in the photo.

7. Foaming the inside of the dome to the stripes. We apply the desired drawing. Any tip - lance can be inserted into the hole.

8. We combine the finished dome with the printed pattern with the uprights, fix it with self-tapping screws.

9. Paint over the product! I took a chance and painted it with oil paint, I think that it should not peel off.

10. The craft will be fixed like this. We drive in a chock at the bottom of the pipe somewhere about 40 cm, paint over it with bitumen. The finished craft is dug into the ground by placing it in the central part of the garden. You can immediately make the craft high, without driving in a chock along the bottom of the pipe, but the ceiling in the basement did not allow me. IMPORTANT. We give a look to our craft! We take a gun with foam and painstakingly, carefully seal up all the small and not so - holes. You need to look at different angles in order to fill them thoroughly. This is the only way to avoid an untidy, "clumsy" look, and give the craft a clear relief pattern. ... It is necessary to apply a relief on the craft with a preliminary geometric calculation, that is, draw or mark the desired pattern with a marker.
Perhaps that's all!


Watch the video: Foam and Plaster Prop Tutorial part one


Comments:

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