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Growing perennial slanting onions - Allium obliguum

Growing perennial slanting onions - Allium obliguum


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A special place among wild-growing food (vitamin), ornamental and melliferous plants is occupied by the scythe (Allium obliguum L.), which is also called vinegar, uskun, mountain garlic.

This is one of the earliest plants. In the natural flora, it grows in the mountain ranges of Central Asia (from the Tien Shan to the Dzhungarskiy Alatau), in Mongolia, China, in the Altai, in the southeastern part of Kazakhstan (Kuznetskiy Alatau), in the southern part of Western and Eastern Siberia (the Ob basins, Irtysh, Yenisei - Novosibirsk, Tomsk, Kemerovo regions, Krasnoyarsk Territory, Khakassia).

The western border of the area runs along the Trans-Volga region, then its gap is observed, after which the scythe is found in the Carpathian and Tatra mountains. Botanists believe that it appeared in the preglacial period, and attribute it to winter-hardy relict plants of universal use. Typical habitats are woodlands, steppes, mountain slopes, river floodplains. It grows on different types of soil, preferring the reaction of the soil solution close to neutral. In places where it grows, this onion is actively collected by the local population.


Rural residents of the Southern Urals and Altai have long been raising scythe onions in their gardens. Outside of its natural range, it was successfully tested for the first time in the 19th century in the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden. Due to the intensive collection in natural habitat, it needs to be protected by creating varieties and introducing into culture. It is with this in mind, using individual and clonal selection from a local sample of the Altai Territory, that the breeders of VNIISSOK created the Novichok slanting onion variety.

Plants of this variety form false bulbs 4-6 cm high and 1.5-2.5 cm in diameter, which are attached to a very short, upright perennial rhizome. The outer dry scales of the bulbs are leathery, yellow-brown in color. Leaves of its dark green color, flat, broadly linear, gradually tapering from base to top, 32.7 cm long, 2.5 cm wide. The number of leaves (from 6 to 14 pieces) depends on the age of the plants.

The nutritional value of slanting onions is determined by the high content of vitamin C in the leaves (140-165 mg%), sugars (4-6%), carotene (6-9 mg%), and other biologically active and mineral substances. Leaves and bulbs that have a garlic taste and smell are good for spices when canning, for pickling and as salad greens. This kind of onion is good honey plant, and also has high decorative qualities.

Oblique onion Newbie is best propagated by seed. It is preferable to sow them before winter, then the germination rate is high, or sown in early spring, then the germination rate is lower. In the first year, the plants develop slowly and by the end of the growing season they form 2-3 filiform leaves with an octagonal cross-section, 13-17 cm high, and a bulb with a diameter of 0.8 cm.

Seedlings are planted in the spring of next year on the ridges according to the scheme of 20 x (10-15) cm. In the second year, the plant already has 5-8 pieces of leaves, they are flat, 30-40 cm long, typical of the variety. In one place, the slanting onion grows well from 5 to 10 years, after which it must be transplanted, while dividing the plants into parts. However, the multiplication factor by bulbs (by dividing bushes) is small.


The formation of peduncles and flowering begins from 2-3 years from mid-June to the second decade of July and lasts 8-20 days. The flowering stem is from 80 to 150 cm high. Inflorescences - globular umbrellas of golden yellow color with a diameter of 3-5 cm are very beautiful and are used in cutting for making bouquets and compositions.

Stamens with orange anthers protrude from the perianth and in the phase of mass flowering look like yellow hairy balls.The fruit is a triangular capsule, usually containing 3-4 seeds. The seeds ripen in late July - early August, seed productivity is 20-25 g / m2, the weight of 1000 seeds is about 2.5 g.

Oblique onion Novice - medium early (from regrowth to technical ripeness of leaves 33-35 days), winter-hardy, practically not affected by peronosporosis. Plants of this variety are of universal use (use - food, medicinal and decorative). In the conditions of the Central region of Russia, spring regrowth of leaves occurs in late April-early May, and in late May-early June, 50-60% of leaves from a plant can be cut, the yield being 1-1.25 kg / m2. If you cut off the leaves of plants whole, then they will grow poorly after that, and the plants may die in winter.

Oblique onion is a very unpretentious plant. In the first year, it is better to sow the seeds in a nursery, and in the spring of next year - on a sunny, dry place, preferably outside the crop rotation (on an onion bed). Plants are watered only in drought, feeding is best done immediately after the snow melts and the leaves are cut. Weeding and loosening of the soil is required in the initial period of the plantation's life, then the plants suppress the weeds.

For decorative purposes, oblique onions are planted in the background of flower beds, in groups along the edge of lawns, it is also good in rockeries... Umbrellas cut at the beginning of flowering stand in the water for about two weeks.

Read the next part. Salting slanting onion →

A. Agafonov, head of the laboratory of onion crops VNIISSOK,
candidate of agricultural sciences,
V. Alekseev, General Director of Poisk-Petersburg LLC,
candidate of agricultural sciences


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  • Susan, Vladimir Grigorievich
  • Doctor of Agricultural Sciences
  • Tyumen, 2009
  • VAK 06.01.05

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1 State of the issue under study.

2 Conditions and methods of research.

2.1 Agroclimatic characteristics of the Middle Urals.

3 Features of growth, development and productivity of perennial onion species in the Middle Urals.

3.1 Origin, distribution and meaning.

3.2 Morphological characteristics.

3.3 Comparative characteristics of rhizome species of onions.

3.3.1 Seasonal development of plants.

3.3.2 Dynamics of leaf formation and branching.

3.3.3 Formation of the root system.

3.3.4 Features of reproductive development.

3.3.5 Morphological features of seeds.

3.4 Seed productivity and seed quality.

3.5 Features of the biochemical composition of the leaves.

3.6 Productivity of perennial onions in the open field with periodic cutting of green leaves.

3.7 Use of rhizome types of onions for forcing in greenhouses.

3.8 Variety study and varieties of rhizome perennial onion species.

4 Features of growth, development and productivity of shallots.

4.1 Distribution, Significance and Use.

4.2 Morphology and morphogenesis.

4.2.1 Botanical characteristics.

4.2.2 Features of growth and development.

4.3 Chemical composition of leaves and bulbs.

4.4 Variety study of shallots.

4.6 Influence of the mass of planting material on the yield of shallots.

4.7 Growing shallots for greens in greenhouses.

5 Features of growth, development and productivity of garlic.

5.2 Biological features.

5.3 Biological and agrotechnical features of spring garlic.

5.3.1 Variety testing of spring garlic.

5.3.2 Varieties of spring garlic.

5.3.3 Agrotechnics of spring garlic.

5.4 Biological and agrotechnical features of winter garlic.

5.4.1 Variety testing of winter garlic.

5.4.2 Varieties of winter garlic.

5.4.3 Features of growing winter garlic from air bulbs with direct culture.

5.4.3.1 Quality of air bulbs.

5.4.3.2 Agrotechnics of direct cultivation of winter garlic from air bulbs.

6 Efficiency of onion crops cultivation in the Middle Urals.

6.1 Cost-effectiveness of growing onions.

6.2 Introduction and promotion of scientific developments.


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