Fast Growing Trees: Learn About Common Trees That Grow Quick
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By: Teo Spengler
Mature trees add life and focus to a backyard garden andprovide shade for warm, sunny days. It’s such an advantage to have treessharing your space that most gardeners prefer fast-growing trees to reach thatgoal as quickly as possible. If you wish you’d planted trees years ago, you maybe looking for the quickest trees to grow. Keep reading for a round up of someof the most popular trees that grow fast.
What Trees Grow Quickly?
It may seem discouraging to plant a tree seedling that won’treach a reasonable height for years. This isn’t the case with all tree speciesthough, so look for trees that grow quickly. What trees grow quickly? Luckily,there are quite a few fast-growing trees out there, making it very likely youcan find one to suit your planting location. Be sure to select trees that growwell in your hardiness zone and exposure you can offer it.
Trees That Grow Fast
Some birches classify as fast growing trees. Riverbirch (Betula nigra) qualifies as one of the quickest trees to grow.It can get up to 24 inches (61 cm.) taller per year and offers gorgeous fallcolor. Paperbirch (Betula papyrifera) grows equally fast and is admired for itswhite, exfoliating bark. These birches are native to northern climates and don’tdo well in hot regions.
Some maples are also considered fast-growing trees. The redmaple (Acer rubrum) is a native tree that grows in the east. It iscultivated in many backyards for its bright and beautiful red fall foliage. Redmaples can grow 36 inches (91 cm.) in a year. Silvermaple (Acer saccharinum) is another fast-growing tree option.
For other tree species that grow quickly, try quakingaspen or hybridpoplar (Populus deltoides) from the poplar family. If you want awillow, weepingwillow (Salix babylonica) can grow up to eight feet (2.4 m.) in ayear. If you’d prefer an oak, consider pinoak (Quercus palustris).
It may be you’re looking for hedging trees that grow quick.In this case, the Leylandcypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) is certainly one of the quickesttrees to grow. GreenGiant arborvitae (Thuja standishii x plicata ‘Green Giant’) growsfast as well, getting broad and tall enough to be a great windbreak tree.
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Read more about General Tree Care
Care for Your Fast Growing Shade Trees for Optimal Growth
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With the right care, your shade trees will reach full-size before you know it. They need proper hydration throughout the year and slow-release fertilizer. However, you also need to make sure the type of tree you choose is right for your location.
Prior research and planning can help you ensure you plant the perfect tree in the right spot. Transplanting is difficult and can cause serious damage, so it’s vital that you find the best spot before planting. Think about your specific yard and the amount of space you can offer the trees.
Consider the plants your garden already contains that you may want to protect from harsh sunlight, and select a tree that will thrive in your USDA zone.
Tips for Growing Dwarf Fruit Trees
In most cases, growing dwarf fruit trees is part of the solution if you want fast-growing trees. These trees reach a height of 10 feet or less, in general, but some can be as small as three feet at full maturity. Despite their smaller size, their fruit is normal-sized, so you aren’t ripped off getting tiny apples.
Here are some tips and suggestions when growing dwarf fruit trees.
Always Look at Chill Hours
Some fruit trees need a specific number of days when the temperatures are at or below 45℉ every winter into spring. This period ends their dormancy, encouraging the tree to flower and start the process of bearing fruit.
If you live somewhere warm, such as Texas, you might want a try with low-chill hours required.
Know Their Heat Tolerance
What type of weather does the tree prefer? Apples need cool nights and warm days. Peaches prefer long, hot summers, but cherries prefer a cooler climate. You need to make sure the fruit tree you select can handle the average summer heat for your area.
Look At Pollination Needs
Some trees need to have a second tree nearby for cross-pollination. You don’t always need to have two of the same varieties, but you do need to purchase two trees at once. Other trees self-pollinate!
Pick The Right Container Size
You CAN grow dwarf fruit trees in containers, but you need to make sure you have the right container size. Look for a 15-20 gallon container with holes for drainage at the bottom of the pot. Consider adding rocks at the bottom of the container to help with drainage.
Dig A Deep Enough Hole
Digging a hole that is deep enough for your tree is essential. The hole should be 12-18 inches deep and wide, at minimum. Also, make sure that you pick an area that gets 6-8 hours of sunlight per day.
When you put the tree into the hole, make sure the grafted joint stays two inches above the soil. The joint should be visible at the base of the tree.
Trees need and love water, but dwarf fruit trees don’t need or want to be overwatered. This tip is especially true if you’re growing your tree in a container. Watering once or twice per week is sufficient. If you encounter a hot, dry week in the summer, you might need to add a third watering, but that shouldn’t be all of the time.
Make Sure to Feed Your Tree
Feeding your tree is an important step not to forget. Add compost around your tree once or twice a year. Try watering it with compost tea and using supplements for the soil. Feeding your tree is particularly important if you’re growing trees in containers.
Who wants to wait for years and years to eat fresh apples from their tree? Not you! While you might add some traditional fruit trees to your property, you also can and should add some of the fastest-growing fruit trees. That way, you can have a fruit harvest by the second or third year after planting!
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